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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 36-- THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Wednesday, February 14, 1973 YEARS OF BLOODSHED AND TERROR war settled out nothing An analysis By CHARLES IYIOHH New York Times Service SAIGON - What did more than a decade of war accomplish for South Vietnam? North Vietnam's Le Due Tho has already called the Paris "agreement on ending the war and restoring peace in Vietnam" a victory. President Nixon called it peace with honor and asserted that "the people of South Vietnam have been guaranteed the right to determine their own future without outside interference." Whatever the ultimate verdict of history, it seems evident that the prolonged conflict really changed very little in Vietnam. The catalyst of war, of course, did bring many subtle changes and some major changes to South Vietnam and South Vietnamese society. It is easy to cite just a few. Vast numbers of people moved into Saigon and other cities and towns. Large parts of rural Vietnam became sparsely populated and a largely peasant society became increasingly urban. Served The South Vietnamese armed forces grew vastly in size until about one in every 17 South Vietnamese carries a gun for the government - a staggering mobilization of military manpower. A whole generation of non-Communist members of the social elite entered public life or the army, were discredited and discarded. Vietnam seems to have more retired generals and politicians per capita than any other country. The years also brought a degradation of the quality of the BY FIRM OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS Must have 3 to 5 years experience and be able to prepare financial statement. Reply in writing to Box 136, Lethbridge Herald Vietcong opposition. Although directed by Hanoi and ideologically loyal to it, the early insurgents were almost wholly indigenous to the South. Although few in numbers, they were impressivelv motivated, well led and subtle. Today the leadership is heavily northern, more brutal and less effective politically, many here believe. One thing that has seen astonishingly little change is the attitude of the South Vietnamese elite - the upper middle-class that monopolizes power and privilege. The bourgeoisie, after having lived through years of "revolutionary" or political warfare, gives virtually no sign that it has recognized the need to make, or will make, any significant social reforms. Corrupt won a great psychological victory in their 1968 offensive, seriously eroding American support far the war. But they have never won a single strategic military victory, and relatively few tactical ones. One of their worst failures was that they could not pre-, vent the slow drift of population away from areas they held. That many people moved out of fear of allied bombs and firepower was true, but does not reduce the Communists' problem. Chart A modest land-reform pro* gram has been pushed, but one reason for this is that urban economic opportunity, war-born corruption and other privileges have made land less inv portant to the ruling elite. Their attitudes toward education, authority and privilege seem unchanged. The old American advice to "win hearts and minds" is hardly even given lip service anymore. South Vietnam remains what it was in the late nineteen-fifties, an inequitable society that functions poorly. South Vietnam's enemies have not done well either in the last decade. The Communists Simply... sew. much better! \ fierriina, without a doubt, the finest sewing machine in the world, wants you to' be the best sewer. ,^ Andhere's how BERNINA can do it, so simpJy and  ;so perfectly' ti \i '\ *>  BerrYiria, with its rigid needle bar, sews'a perfect stitch on'any . fabric automatically., � ' ' ' \r  Bernina leaves both hands free to guide the fabric through � those precision turns. ' � :  Berriiria makes buttonholes automatically without you even having to turn the fabric.  Bernina has a built-in fabric sensor and sews a perfectly straight, unpuckered line.on.any stretch fabric. 1 Bernina sews an exclusive Varir,Overlock stitch, blindatitch, . - . ^embroidery and gives thernta.hand-finished look. The BERNINA 830 Nothing comes close to it. Wide choice of cabinets available and of course, a lifetime guarantee is yours with every BERNINA. SEE THE BEAUTIFUL BERNINA AT: A CALL FOR FREE HOME DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCE & TV CENTRE 812 4th AVE. S. PHONE 323 1673 OR 323-J332 Directly across from Enerson'i Downtown Showroom The amount of territory "held" by either side has gone up and down like a fever chart.-Right now the amount of countryside not under government control is quite large. All of this has a special relevance because of the cease-fire provisions, which essentially forbid further seizures of land. The relevance of control is limited, however, because of factors that much of the world's public has never clearly understood. There has always been a necessity during the war for troops to pull into tight defensive perimeters at night. They cannot occupy a "line" as in wars with fronts. There has also been a need in many insecure areas to patrol or move in large units. The result is that in large areas 'control" has a limited definition. If the cease-fire provision prohibiting all armed patrolling is honored, it will make it difficult to detect, much less deter, clandestine movements. Elections The most significant part of the agreement is the provision that the two South Vietnamese parties should agree to general elections to be conducted by a national council for national reconciliation and concord. There are so many dangers in this procedure for both sides that it seems difficult to believe that such an agreement will ever be reached. As long as the elections can be delayed, the government's police forces may well be strong enough to prevent serious political gains and subversion by the Communists. But the government's position seems to political observers less strong if the elections are s c h e d uled. Presumably, no agreement would be made by the Vietcong unless the agreement abolished "those restrictions written into South Viet' namese election laws that tightly limit competition among South Vietnamese factions. Split In a free atmosphere, the Communists would stand united and the noncommunists would probably split into many relatively weak parties. And, if the elections are intolerably delayed or evaded, the North Vietnamese and Vietcong would have an excuse to resort to war again. After a long war South Vietnam is in some ways stronger than it was in late 1961 when American advisers and helicopters began arriving. Despite great losses and a resulting loss in the quality of personnel, the Vietcong have been heavily reinforced by North Vietnam, and are also strong. The second Indochina war, therefore, cost much blood and suffering but settled almost nothing. Company fined for sales plan CALGARY (CP) - Golden Products Canada Ltd. was fined $5,000 for operating a pyramid sales scheme and four employees were fined $1,000 each. Provincial Judge W. J, Harvie dismissed a request for an absolute discharge for the employees. Individuals convicted were Julian Coucke, 37, Roger Kaw-kins, 34, Lawrence Frechette, 39. and Ivan C. Weltzin 47. The four along with the company, were charged with running a scheme whereby a person on payment of a sum of money becomes entitled to a larger share of money because of the investment of others. Tho company dealt in the door-to-door sales of household cleaning items. WETNAMTHEIMJMANCOST Americans Killed 45,933 Wounded 306,616 Missing 1,340 Confirmed POW 589 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong Killed 924,048* (Figures on wounded not available) bouth Vietnamese Civilian Casualties as Result of Viet Cong Terrorism Killed Abducted 31,463*** 49,000*** South Vietnamese Killed 183,528 Wounded 499,026 South Vietnamese Civilian Casualties as Result of Combor Killed 415,000** Wounded 935,000** South Vietnamese Civilian Casualties as Result of Saigon Government Actions Against Viet Cong Killed Imprisoned 20,587**** 29;978***� * Estimated by South Vietnamese command ** 196S through 1972 estimates by U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Refugees and ftcopeet *** 1966 through 7572 figures from U.S. Department of Defense *"*1963 through 1971 figures from Agency for International Development UNEASY TRUCE PREVAILS IN A DIVIDED NATION TOTAL KILLED: 1,630,559 TOTAL NONCOMMUNIST WOUNDED: 1,840.642 Vietnam ceasefire finds opposing Communist and Saigon government forces in approximate situation shown on map. Areas held by Viet Cong guerillas and North Vietnamese regular troops are shaded. While numerous scattered pockets of territory are still disputed, major centers of South Vietnamese civilian population are in government-controlled territory (unshaded). Map also locates-major U.S. air bases in Thailand, which will remain after Indochina peace treaty and American troop withdrawal. , MYRNA'S SOME GAL! - Actually, she's not a gal at all, but a teaching aide at McMaster Universily's School of Medicine in Hamilton; Ontario. Read about this amazing computer capable of simulating hundreds of medical problem* that graduating doctors will have to face in real life. IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE TOWNE & COUNTRY FURNITURE and Admiral combine to offer you 0F A I a Sale EXACTLY AS ILLUSTRATED 22" Instant Ploy. 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