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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THIRD SECTION The lethbridge Herald Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, February 14, 1973 PAGES 33-48 COLONEL IS ON ANTI-ARMY CRUSADE The army's pride is noiv a pariah, The war hero is now a shunned pariah crusading against an 'elitist officer caste he sees responsible for the failures in Vietnam By RALPH NOVAK NEW YORK (NEA) - In another time, another place, another war, Anthony Herbert was a hero. He was the pride of the U.S. Army's resourceful public relations apparatus. He was the most decorated soldier of the Korean War, a brave All-Am-erican killer of our unAmerican enemies. He was a man who ]oved being an infantryman, who knew "what it meant to have that taste in your mouth and that burning In your gut to just be a soldier." Today Herbert is, from the Jordans "Probably the most outstanding carpet event of the season." ? INSTALLED BR0ADL00M SALE! 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MAVERICK Installed with luxury * rubber cushion 9 .99 Brightly coloured tone-on-tone Level Loop Nylon, durable, practical. 8 colors. BEGUINE Sale Installed with luxury rubber cushion 16 .95 The most elegant of oil carpets - all-wool - lush plain velvet - 10 colours. Wo have Carpets for Everyone! Use Jordans' Convenient Budget Plans - No Down Payment! CHEERLEADER Sale Installed with luxury rubber cushion 14 An exciting new variation - multi-colour nylon yarns in plush texture - 16 colours. Jordans 49 Downtown at 315 6th Street South Out of town residents may phone 327-1103 collect for service right i n t he ir own homel Army's point of view a pariah. PERSECUTED Relieved of his command of an infantry battalion in Vietnam in 1969 and accused of "lack of loyalty and moral courage," he SDent the next three years in the Army trying to prove he was being persecuted. He insisted the Army wanted to ruin him because he persisted in bringing charges against American troops who, he said, he had seen commit war crimes, including permitting Vietnamese soldiers the Americans were advising to murder civilians and torture prisoners. When his superior officers in sisted he was imagining things, he brought charges against them for failing to investigate his original charges. And finally, saying that the Army was harassing him and his family because of his campaign, he resigned, as a lieutenant colonel. That was in November 1971, not quite 25 years after he had first enlisted as a private. JOINED ("Hey kid, you wanna be a paratrooper?" a recruiter in Pittsburgh had asked him. 'What's that," the 17-year-old Herbert had said. "You jump out of planes and fight," the recruiter said and Herbert joined.) Now, 14 months later, Herbert is still far from estranged from his military life. He still wears his hair in a crewcut short enough to make an old drill sergeant happy. And when he answers a phone, he doesn't say "hellow;" he says, in automatic staccato. "Colonel Herbert speaking, sir." But his life these days revolves around a grim anti-Army crusade. His critics call it a vendetta. He says he is doing it to keep the Army from "destroying the country. Do I enjoy it?" he says to a reporter, with the aggressive, tense edge in his voice that seems to be typical. TIRING "Not only 'no,' but 'hell, no.' This is physically very tiring and I'm getting tired of saying the same things over and over again. But it's necessary because the military establishment counts on grinding you down, making you give up; I won't let them ho that to me." So Herbert, ironically enough supported mainly by his $950-a-month Army pension, is making speeches, being interviewed, appearing on television (he is a favorite of Dick Cavett's) and promoting a book, "Soldier," he has written with journalist James Wooten. "Soldier" is a morbidly fascinating catalogue of his charges against the Army in biography form. In considerable nightmarish detail, he accuses the Army of everything from refusing to allow him to play Joan Baez records in a barracks ("She's a Communist", a superior officer told him. "Either the records go or you go.") to ignoring his eye- nmui.............. witness accounts of atrocities j involving American troops. RAVINCiS? His protests at times reach such a nearly shrill self-righteous pitch that it is tempting to discount them as "paranoid ravings. But the Army in the Vietnam era became a place where officers talked about combat patrols as "the hunt." It was a place where combat infantrymen sat in bunkers in isolated outposts watching portable television sets that brought them "Bonanza" via the Armed Forces network. It was a place where commanding generals of ini'ancry divisions went stan oi-ficers to Japan to scour Tokyo for Polynesian trinkets to decorate an officers' mess. So on the one side you have Herbert's superiors inthe 173R Airborne Brigade In Vietnam, Maj. Gen. John Barnes and Col. J. Ross Franklin. They have been cleared by an Army investigation and have vehemently denied Herbert's charges, calling him a liar and questioning his sanity. On the other side you have Herbert, armed with boundless determination, c o r r oborating eyewitness statements and a polygraph machine that indicated he was telling the truth. DOCUMENTS These days Herbert is even carrying around a sheaf of classified documents signed by high-ranking Army and Pentagon officials. The papers, sent to him by a sympathizer in the Defense Department, discuss his case in terms that seem to support his contention that the Army wanted to ruin him. The malady that has caused both the campaign against him and the failures in Vietnam that started the whole thing, Herbert argues, is "careerism." Career officers are dependent on promotions and later their pensions for their existence," he says. "Even their sense of manhood is tied up with being an officer; most of them don't get married until after they become officers and they're afraid their wives wouldn't respect them if they weren't officers any more. So they protect each other and become an elitist group completely out of touch with the people they are supposed to represent. OVER "Now that the war is over I think we'll see the careerists drag out. the stab-in-the-back theory. The German military used it after the first World War because 'their leaders were too weak.' The French used it in World War II because "the people'didn't support them.' And we can expect the same thing here." Herbert himself might easily have fallen into the careerist syndrome. The son of a Western Pennsylvania miner, he performed enthusiastically and well as an enlisted man. He says he enjoyed "the sense of excitement" of combat and he was sent on a world tour as a glowing example of American manhood after the Army decided he was its most - decorated soldier in Korea. But he left the Army in 1952 to go to college at the University of Pittsburgh. When he returned with a direct commission as a second lieutenant in 1956, he was not the same man. And by the time he was sent to Vietnam in 1968, he was a stu- ple. And even at the higher lev- as such has been generally well els, for an officer it's like play- received by journalists, ing chess, moving people (There have been some dis-around on little boards. senters. The conservative "Na- "When I got to Vietnam I tional Review," for instance, saw that standard- operating' commented that Herbert "says procedure for the officers was he represents the best tradi-to get on a helicopter in the tions of the Army. His friends morning, go out to watch over a in politics and the media are mission and be back in time for | only too ready to agree, for it is cocktails in the evening. It i in that role that he is of maxi-wasn't exciting any more when mum use to them ... if he what I was doing was just giv-1 hadn't existed, they'd have had dent of Kafka and Tolstoi and ling orders that made other men I in invent him. Which come to had already acquired a reputation as someone who was not "a team player." "I'm not ashamed of anything I did in the Army," he says now. "But I am disappointed in my naivete. It took me a long time to see that war is not too far removed from playing cowboys and Indians, running up and down hills and chasing pec- die. "There comes a time when you have to stand up and say, "I've been a fool.' " Herbert has not become a dove. He thinks we could have won the war in Vietnam with better leadership and he doesn't criticize our participation in it. But he has become a symbol of the frustrations of Vietnam and [think about it, perhaps they did." And he has refined his style, doctoral student of psychology that he is. When he called Sen. Barry Goldwater, (R - Ariz.), an "ass" during a discussion of war crimes on Cavett's TV show recently, it was not a spontaneous outburst. Kamloops man, 82, claims credit for Wankel engine KAMLOOPS, B.C. (CP) -The widely-acclaimed Wankel engine is "just a poor abbreviation" of a rotary motor which an 82-year-old retired mechanic here says he helped invent nearly 40 years ago. Alton Demmon said in an interview he and his late brother Walter developed a working model of a rotary engine during the 1930s that would have revolutionized the transportation world. Mr. Demtmon said he also suspects foul play in the sudden death of his brother in 1919 and the disappearance of the engine model at the same time. "If we'd had the money to have it patented in North America and other key areas, everything would have been all right and we would have made a fortune," Mr. Demmon said. "But there were attempts to steal the model and the patterns for the engine parts. "My brother was killed when his car went off a road near Salmon Arm, and although there weren't any witnesses it was quite a coincidence that the model vanished without a trace at the same time," he said. "I think he knew someone was after the engine and destroyed it himself to keep it from being stolen." DESTROYED PATTERNS Mr. Demmon said he hadn't the resources to build another engine after Walter's death, and later destroyed the patterns so they could not be stolen. The engine worked on the principle of a wheel powered by a number of cylinders contained in it. The fisel was fired by a single stationary spark plug as each cylinder travelled past it: there were simple parts instead of valves and all moving parts were rotary. He said a small engine with only a four-inch power wheel would produce about 45 horsepower and, in a car, would deliver many miles to a gallon of gasoline with almost no noise or vibration. He and his brother had a knack with engines, he said, and spent most of their lives working with automobiles and heavy machinery. "We could have been millionaires, if only we had got our patents in time." lMMiiiiniiiiliiiliiiillii*.....in�nifflinnnnnM^ STUPID CUPID SHOT the ROBIN with LQY! for spring from 950 to 1250 sq.ft. -A.H.C. approved mortgages avail- Your sweetheart will love the features: four family rooms, patio doors, 1V* baths, formal dining room, built-in dishwasher, 3 bedrooms, on and on, - come see it. PARK MANOR1 A "Chandelier" just for you. Available in: Colonial, Mediterranean, Provincial decors. 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