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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHBRIDGE HERALD March 14, 1972 Bruce Hutchison Will Wallace win? Today's voting in the Florida pri- mary is of uncommon interest not because it will provide clear indica- tions of who is to get the Democratic presidential nomination but for what it reveals about the strength of the racist appeal of George Wallace. In a very real sense the main purpose of the primary has been subverted by the racist issue of school busing. On the basis of the crowds Governor Wallace has been drawing, it has been widely predicted that he will lead the poll. "However, New York Mayor John Lindsay has said that Wallace may not get as big a vote as every- body seems to think he will. This could be dismissed as wishful think- ing on the part of Lindsay who has been using the primary as a plat- form .from which to speak to the nation in opposition to the kind of racist views bedng expressed by Wal- lace. But Lindsay could be right. Commentator Bruce Biossat says there is no real fervor about the Wallace rallies this year. The frenzy Wallace was able to arouse in 1968 is absent. "The crowd comes for the show to be entertained, to recap- ture briefly old dreams of racial separation It's good fun, but it is fantasy. When it's over, people file out as from a movie house. They know they've been watching es- cape entertainment." Florida voters know that Wallace is not going to be nominated for the presidency by the Democrats. They also know that racial integration of the schools is well advanced and busing widely established. The coun- try is not likely to go back simply because the cost in social upheaval would be too great. John Lindsay may not get very far on his quest for the Democratic pres- idential nomination but he may make Americans think more deeply about the future of their country if a real accommodation between blacks and whites is not achieved. Crime and drug addiction which George Wallace thinks can be curbed by a tougher law and order stance is something that is aggravated by the freezing of racial divisions in the cities. "If we go the George Wal- lace says Lindsay, "we'll have a soldier every three feet. It's been tried and it won't work. It didn't work in Bangladesh or in Ireland, because people won't be put down." Such is the obduracy of many peo- ple that Wallace may very well lead the polls today in spite of Biossat's analysis and Lindsay's warning. But the sort of things Lindsay and Florida Governor Rueben Askew have been saying may have a tem- pering effect in the long run, to re- deem the primary from a futile exer- cise. The new chancellor Dr. James Oshiro's election to the chancellorship of the University of Lethbridge will be widely approved. He is a man who has distinguished himself in the medical profession and been recognized for it by his he is a director of the Canadian Medical Association and is president- elect of the Alberta Medical Associa- tion. He is also a man who is known for his concern for the expression of values. That the young university should be pleased by having two such dis- tinguished men as Judge L. S. Tur- cotte and Dr. James Oshiro as its first two chancellors augurs well for the future of the institution. Univer- sities gain their reputations mostly, we suppose, from the way their faculties perform and their student bodies behave, but the quality of the persons who occupy the chancellor- ships should never be underesti- mated. Judge Turcotte has left his mark on the University of Lethbridge; we expect Dr. Oshiro will do the same. The VD menace Although veneral diseases have not yet reached epidemic proportions in Canada, the day will not be far away unless remedial actions are taken. Penicillin alona will not pre- vent the spread of VD and, in the words of the Archbishop of Canter- bury, "we cannot cure a social and moral malady with drugs alone." It was the famous Canadian physi- cian, Sir William Osier, who said "of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse the most dreadful is undoubtedly, pestilence" and among the most sini- ter and deadly of all pestilences is VD. The Health League of Canada estimated that there were re- ported and unreported syphilis and gonorrhoea cases in 1970, or one in every 150 Canadians has contacted VD. National Health Week, now in its 28th year, will be held March 12-18. Dr. Gordon Bates, general director of the Health League, said a new campaign is needed for the promo- tion of moral as well as physical health. The importance of co-opera- tion of physicians, voluntary socie- ties and governments cannot be over- emphasized. How? and why communicate? By Eva Brewster "I7NGLISH is not your mother tongue: how and why do you manage to ex- press yourself so To the first per- son confronting me with that, apparently, puzzling problem I replied, unthinkingly: "When I make a word do a lot of work for me like that, I always pay it extra." He, obviously, did not remember Lewis Car- roll's Humpty Dumpty in Alice in Wonder- land at the time and looked at me as if he was doubting my sanity. To dispel his fears I explained how important it was to communicate. Where others use courage or religious convictions, the spoken word or physical strength to overcome obstacles in life, my one and only means, lacking all others, had to be the power of the written language. Verbal communications often had pitfalls. As a teenager in the French Resistance, I had to convince German occupation forces that I was of French origin without open- ing my mouth. Had I talked, my accent would have given me away in spite of fluency. Thus, having conveniently lost my voice, I wrote down iny fictitious history and, somehow, persuaded even the best linguist of the garrison to spare my life. Later, near the end of the Second World War, I was probably the only interpreter in the American forces who couldn't speak English. Oh yes, a few rules of grammar and some elementary expressions had stuck in my addled brain from the boring monotony of school lessons, but sentences like "Is it going to rain and "No, it is going to be "Would you like a cup of "Thank you, but I would rather have did not go very far in translating conversations between the occupying powers and their captives. As it happened, my commanding officer was, himself, a native of Berlin, the son of a well-known publisher. He anticipated what I was going to say and always thank- ed me courteously for my persuasive re- plies before they were given. However, did succeed in convincing me that English might help in the task, so logically en- trusted to me by the seventh American Army. The speed of picking up languages is comparable to that of learning to swim if thrown into the deep end of a pool. A few years after the war, in Vom, Northern Ni- geria, I was again faced with similar prob- lems, employing men who did not speak a word of English or any other known West- ern tongue. Playing games of "charade" is fine, up to a point, but making sweeping motions to people who have never seen a vacuum cleaner was a complete waste of time. I, therefore, learned Hausa in order to speak to them. There I found again that reading and writing a foreign language is one thing, speaking it is something else again. Many Hausa words, although spelled identically, vary their meaning with dif- ferent intonations. This was brought home forcefully when my steward carried a tray of glasses, full of iced fruit juice for our guests. Tasked him in my best Hausa to put the tray on the table. He, always eager to please, dropped it on the floor, to my consternation and the delight of a Hausa visitor who informed 'me I had requested just that by wrongly pronoucing some of the vowels. Intending to ask the same man how his sick wife was progressing, I apparently asked if she enjoyed walking the streets instead of "was she well." He was deeply offended and it needed the intervention of better linguists to apologize for my hei- nous blunder. Ever since those early attempts to com- municate, I have had plenty of time and opportunity and, more important, lately, the incentive to improve for, since I started writing, so many people have talked to me who, for twenty years or more, have been lonelier and more isolated in our modern society than I ever was in the African Jungle. North American economy mismanaged WASHINGTON It may be possible, some day, for the governments, business cor- porations, labor unions and oth- er giant power groups to sit down together sad accept the obvious fact that they are Jointly and dangerously mis- mana'ging the North American economy. They may also agree that this process, if continued too long, must end in disaster, as it almost did last August. But the time of candid, agoniz- ing reassessment has not come yet. And it will not ,corae in this election year if an able and daring president can post- pone it. What sort of long-term di- lemma, then, is facing Mr. Nixon, and the Canadian gov- ernment as well? It is, of course the dilemma of an economic system lavish, if uneven, in its reward but un- able, so far, to master its twin monsters of inflation and unemployment, w h i c h are widely, and wrongly, regarded as the necessary evils of an affluent society. This dilemma is familiar and boring but it will not go away because we are all tired of hearing about it. Nor will it yield, in a new and rapidly changing society, to the old orthodox remedies. The failure of those reme- dies has been fully demon- strated over the last four years but the demonstration is not admitted, even now, by the pol- iticians of Washington and Ot- tawa. Thej' cannot admit it, in an election year anyhow, with- out admitting that they have no better remedies to offer. For political reasons all parties must pretend that, given the chance to govern, they would somehow solve a problem which baffles them and the beat non-political economists everywhere. In the rush of "events the layman probably has lost track of the four-year demon- stration and certainly the politicians have done their ut- most to obscure it. Yet the facts, in retrospect, are clear enough. The Nixon and Trudeau governments were elected in 1968 to find the United States and Canada in a state of hot inflation. Neither of these men are responsible for the disease though both were ex- pected to cure it. In Canada the inflation had been launched by the fis- cal and monetary policies of Mr. Trudeau's Liberal prede- cessors and re-heated by their waige .settlements: in the Uni- ted States by the Democratic administrations of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. Now the Trudeau govern- ment can hardly attack a Liberal blunder, and the Con- servative party, while attack- ing it, has offered no solution, only still more inflationary measures. Ths Democrats, on the other hand, can and do at- tack a Republican president for the inflation which they gen- erated when in office, just as they attack him for failing to end, overnight, a foreign war which they started. Leaving aside the infinite irony of politics, the record shows that both Mr. Nixon and Mr. Trudeau boldly attempted, on taking office, to deflate the North American economy by the reliable, classic method of restricting public expenditures, and the money supply itself, on the assumption that too much money was chasing too few goods. Alas, that assumption was far too simple in a cost- push, not a demand-pull, infla- tion, and the policies based on it were far too crude, as ev- ents soon proved. The North American eco- nomy was quickly deflated in monetary and fiscal terms but not in terms of prices. Defying classic theory, a business re- cession, with high unemploy- >ment, did not reduce the up- ward pressure on production ''Second time this week he's treated them are you SURE he hasn't approached by the __________________ The biggest problem statesmen face By Flora Lewis, In The Winnipeg Free Press TVEW YORK It is fitting A" that President Nixon fo- cussed world attention on China at the time a new, firm- ly scientific prediction of glo- bal apocalypse has appeared. The prediction comes in a carefully computerized study, undertaken at the Massachu- setts Institute of Technology, on what will happen if we all go on seeking economic growth. It concludes that, if things continue as at present, there will be a sharp drop in world per capita output of food and industrial products by the end of this century, followed a gen- eration or so later by similar sudden declines in population and pollution. The team of scientists who made the study tried to take into account advanced technol- ogy not yet invented and vastly improved use of natural re- sources. They still came up with an answer of inevitable collapse unless growth is re- nounced. In other words, there isn't going to be a bigger pie for the poor nations of the world to share while the rich go on liv- ing in comfort. And if the na- tions go on a c t i n g as though there will be, the study warns, there won't be any pie at all but only crumbs for the miser- able survivors. Not all economists agree that doomsday can only be averted by quick and drastic measures. But the optimists offer just the hope that human ingenuity will somehow muddle us though to safety with happy surprises. It is tempting to draw reas- surance from the past and the foolishness of old prophecies. People expected the world to end at the end of the first mil- lennium. It didn't, and there may be something pervasively depressing about the approach of another millennium which Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 Eight films belong- ing to various Calgary ex- changes and two motion pic- ture machines in the Palace Theatre in .Cardston were totally destroyed by fire. 1932 City Manager Watson and Alderman Galbraith left by train to attend the confer- ence of government represen- tatives and mayors of Alberta. The representatives of the cities will bring before the government the necessity of the government assuming a larger share of relief costs. 1942 A warning to all mer- chants and business firms that they cannot legally transact business after March 31, unless they hold a licence from the Wartime Prices and Board, is given by Walter S. Campbell, regional representa- tive of the board in Alberta. 1952 New disruption o! Canada's agriculture loomed with the announcement that pounds of milk will be thrown on the Canadian market partly as a result of foot -and mouth disease in southern Saskatchewan. 1982 The 17-nation disarm- ament conference opened in Geneva today with a call from the United Nations to "bridge the chasm of international fear diBtrmt" twists the perception of hard intellects, so they cry havoc without knowing why. But the .insistent reality of China shatters that poetic fancy. There are 800 mil- lion or maybe 850 million peo- ple there. They are organized and put to work by a govern- ment determined on rapid economic growth and evident- ly quite capable of pursuing that goal. Ironically, China with its fervently collective ideology comes much nearer than any other country toward manag- ing its resources in the way the scientists said all the world must learn to do. Dr. Henry C. Wallich of Yale, who doubts that a no-growth, stable world is even possible, has said that at best it would require people to become "very routine-minded, with no independent thought and very little freedom, each gener- ation doing exactly what the last did." Dr. Dennis L. Meadows, who headed the MIT study, does not think a no-growth world would be that stagnant and stultifying, but only if people learned to behave quite differently. They would have to concentrate on producing food and services such as education and health instead of factory goods. While the experts China and all the other nations of the world, poor and rich alike, continue driving for eco- nomic growth as fast as they are able, Americans may take solace in the news that their own population rise is slowing down and there may not be more than 280 million in the U.S. by the end of the cen- tury. But Americans already con- sume half the resources pro- duced in the world each year. Many people on other contin- ents know it, resent it and want a bigger share. The beginning of some ear- nest talk between the United States and China can only be welcomed so that, as President Nixon said, there may be a chance of facing disagreements through negotiation instead of implacable hostility. But in view of the MIT re- port, the disagreements seem trivial. Who runs Taiwan; who runs Vietnam; shall there be one or two Koreas these seemingly overwhelming issues aren't likely to matter at all by the time the babies of 1972 reach maturity. By then, if the MIT report is right and the universal urge to growth has not been curb- ed, the turning point on the graphs will have been reached, Tne lines showing population, per capita output of food and goods, which have been climb- ing all through human history, will be starting the downward plunge. Farsighted statesmen should be talking about that. costs. Business profits fell, business investment lagged to worsen unemploy ment, but wages, and interest rates, con- tinued to push up prices. Thus, the American and Canadian governments had totally misconstrued the changed nature of the affluent society its inner rigidities and, above all, the power of business and big labor in their abrasive but inescapable partnership. Or if the govern- ments really understood the new society they were not pre- pared to use new, harsh and un- popular remedies against its diseases. Instead, they were horrified by their monetary deflation, with its accompanying unem- ployment. And having reversed the policies of their predeces- sors, they frantically reversed their own reversal to pump the economy up again. This retreat was rationalized, naturally, as a brave advance toward the ul- timate goal when in truth it was a disorderly rout. Reinflating the American economy with huge deficits and easy money, Mr. Nixon, an ardent football fan, announced his "game plan" and was as- sured by his experts that he would soon win the game of fun employment and stable prices. Mr. Trudeau did not give Canada such a handy ath- letic slogan but he gave it a similar assurance. Everything would work out all right, in both countries, provided that their people behaved sensibly and their wise governments were re-elected. But nothing worked out all right, mainly because too many people refused to behave sen- sibly and excessive costs were piled on the machine of pro- duction. By the summer 0f 1971 a desperate president found that the United States was within days, or hours, of Inter- national bankruptcy because the outside world would not play his game and took flight from the American dollar. Sfo, reversing himself again, and swallowing his life-long Re- publican principles, he lowered the shattering boom of August 15. At last, it seemed, the Am- erican government was grap- pling fundamentally with the changed facts of a changed so- ciety. Wages and prices were temporarily frozen and then, in November, the vast and clumsy apparatus of Phase Two began to control them by a formula so complicated and loose that not one American in a thousand can understand it, and few economists, if any, ex- pect it to work for long. What next? If the latest game plan lasts until the No- vember election, as it prob- ably will (barring another worldwide currency crisis) still the North American economy must continue to slide around what the economists call Pro- fessor Phillips' slippery Curve alternating spasms of in- flation and deflation, tile errat- ic tradeoff between high prices and high unemployment, as if there were no other choice. How and when the curve can be flattened out, and another choice devised, is the key eco- nomic problem of s h o r t term future, the unsolved riddle of our post-Keynesian era (though not the essential long-term problem of In the meantime it would be a mistake to assume, as many Americans and Cana- dians do, that all economic controls will be abandoned in the United States if Phase Two fails. For the president with all his power, does not control the C o n gr e s s, and if the next Congress is still con- trolled by the Democrats it will not abolish Phase Two by law and revert to the status quo ante Nixon. As some of the most power- ful members of the Congress told me, it will invent its own Phase Three with tougher con- trols and will expect any pres- ident, Republican or Democrat- ic, to accept them. After all, the whole theory of controls was a Democratic invention which Mr. Nixon purloined for his own use, temporarily as lie believed. But that brain-child of Professor John Kenneth Gal- braith now begins to wear a disturbingly permanent and in- creasingly non-artisan look in Washington. And in Ottawa, though rejected up to is by no means an orphan yet. (Herald Special Service) The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD r.Q. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stcond Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Mvtrfislno Manager Editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;