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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, February 14, 1972 THE lETHBRIDGf HUAID 11 hina, world's oldest surviving civilization, has had ups, downs A visilor to I'eluns passes milrpusts v.ealhereil liy ecu- lurics of struggle in world's oldest .surviving riv- llij.ation. The events that have paved Hie ancient dynasties to Man related in (his anil four articles to appear Idler tllis week. By WILLIAM L. HVAN AP Special riirrpsjion'lpiit A kite clutched in each hand, smoke belching from the black powder rockets lashed to his back, inventor Wan llu .soared aloft in his chair on wheels. The contraption blew up and so did Wan llu. But Wan had conducted man's first experi- ment with rocket flight Wan lived about yean ago. His s it, i is on' o' m from the world's oldest con- tinuing civilization Under the Chinese sun. there is lillle that is IK v. Centura s bdon could evui die MII tions, China had gunpowci ulaled on jet flight, developed Ihe first magnetic compass, a vaccination for smallpox, and perfected Ihe first system of civil service examination. Her scholars produced their wonders in majestic isolation from the rest of the world. They cansidered.it barbarian. 'Hie imposing spectacle of Chinese history seem.s to be forever repeating itself. FORTUNES WAX, WANE Through thousands of years, China was at times the world's mightiest and most populous empire, at others torn apart, contused, con- vulsed, tortured. Alter each major upheaval, after the fall of each great dy- nastv, China invariably expe- rienced IOIIR periods of tumul- tuous confusion before regain- ing her balance. Today's Com- munist epoch. in a China swollen UNO million popu- lation, is no exception. Kuriaus unrest, outbursts of seething hatred for foreigners, revolts of the young smashing China has seen them all time and again. Hy some estimates, in the years up to the founding ul the Chinese Republic in 1911, China experienced more than famines in one or another of her provinces, al- most one a year. T h e circumstances China's history, habits and culture made her people eas- ily usable by their rulers, eas- ily regimented. The Chinese, j indeed, invented collectivism i and socialism centuries before European p h i 1 o is o n h dreamed of them. At the same tin I daily life, the Chinese always SYMBOL OF OLD CHINA The Great Wall of China, shown here as it rambles across Ihe bilk of People's Republic of China, has long been symbolic of the old China. One of Ihe ancient world's greatesl engineering feats, the Wall was there when Marco Polo visited the China of Kublai Khan in Ihe 13th Century. Next week President Nixon visit the world's oldest surviving civilization. !-0m rags to riches i Lu.NUOX id" For many' IT. f was a down-and-out in dians you're part o( the j pop stars the story is one of Montreal for two years. No 1 wnole North American mar- rags to riches. Michel Pagli- money, no nothing. It was ACTIVE TV FEBRUARY CLEARANCE 26" R.C.A. COLOR Reg. SPECIAL 1238 3rd Avo. 5. Phone 327-5020 aro a French-Canadian, is no great exception I'agliaro. at 23. today is one "The thine is 1 know what of the best-selling pop artists it's like to wear rags." he said. in Canada. He hopes his popu- "Bcforc mv success as a sins-1 My sPread to EnT' I with the release of a single. Loving You Ain't Easy, on Jan.; 2! and an album sometime in Since ISM when his first sin- gle. a French version of the hit song My Way. shot into Can- ada! Pagliaro has never looked back. To date he's bad 12 chart- tcppers in Canada and reck- oned that 'Mf you walk down a ding t was an individualist, a hard in worker, a natural trader who norc probably had more ability in e or circumventing laws lie dis-al- liked than any man on earth. Today China is largely of heaven." and China was the middle kingdom, centre of the world, the universal empire. In the view of Chinese scholars, the rest of the world, all barbarian, il developed something like classic Greek democracy limited U> a small layer of aristocrats who would resist otal autocratic power for the based on Confucian .'deals of human relationships. The Hans produced the world's first welfare state under Emperor Wu Ti. He established state ownership of natural re- of and of young people ruled by and elders who have been in of notice. The beginning of also would, in time, be strongly influenced by imposed price controls, income taxes, profit lim- ever since the may date back Tao moans the and public works. eas- ist-s look over. Of China's as lO.Odd years. It Lao and by the successor carried Uiese nese, i million or so, about half traced with which infiltrated further by the vism under the age of 20. to the Shang There was no real of reforms which today efore ;now their country as which lasted from between the be called socialism. But i irs hua Jen-min Kung-ho-kuo, 1123 B.C. What were considered links system fell apart during Ihe People's Republic modern China man and the Lord period of civil war and the his the Hans, who ruled decline began. When it ft- ways China probably owes centuries until "221 A.D. i The Hans presided over fell. China was torn continuity, despite the years, the man- golden age. setting and chaos enveloped the bloodletting, to its of heaven concept was which would persist off and Warlords dismem- language. entrenched. So was the idea that bad conduct bv 20 more centuries, a it. from one part ol the country could read the justified rebellion. of another part, even though unable to converse. Thus the wide variety o! dia-ects did not erect rebellion at the top of the social ladder. There always was a wide chasm be-; tweeri the masses and barriers. who came from a long the d o m ina n handful of n was an important unifying factor. Other great empires in PLEASURE The system reflected a worship of learning for its times were sake rather than for the