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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 13, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, FtbriM'V 13, 1975 That special status The promise of Solicitor General Warren Allmahd that he would not allow the concerns expressed about the Cana- dian justice system in relation to Indians to be buried, could be the most important thing to come of last week's conference in Edmonton on native people and the criminal justice system. Scarcely anyone in Canada can be un- aware that a disproportionate number of Indians make up the population of the country's penal institutions, and just as few can be untroubled by that fact. Many studies of the problem have been made and all sorts of suggestions have been proposed by way of solution but little of a concrete nature has been done. A huge pool of frustration exists as a conse- quence. The holding of a national conference on the matter, of itself, is a gain. Reaching some sort of consensus on the causes and cure of crime among Indians should make it possible to move on proposals for change. It is noteworthy that the solicitor general, while personally perhaps not convinced by the arguments advanced at the conference, felt constrained to promise to give them further consideration. Hope for substan- tial change depends on approval from that level. A nagging doubt, however, exists that moving toward special treatment of In- dians in the criminal justice system could worsen the vexing problem- of special status that already exists. Ramifications of that condition are to be found in articles on page five today dis- cussing two recent news stories in Canada and the United States. They leave the reader wondering if attempts to make restitution for past wrongs to In- dians by granting concessions to that special status won't make things worse for them in the future. Uncertain allies Speaking at the sixth plenary assembly of the World Jewish Congress in Jerusalem recently, the president, Dr. Nahum Goldmann, warned that relations between Israel and the non Jewish world were fast deteriorating. This, he said, would soon cause.Jews everywhere to face a crisis of loyalty between their support for Israel and the countries in which they live. Not long ago Jews in most countries found their support of Israel paralleled in the support of their governments. With the exception of the United States, said Dr. Goldmann, this is no longer true. Middle East policies have radically changed. Anyone following what the commen- tators have been saying about the Middle East will be inclined to think Dr. Goldmann is generally right in his assessment. In the light of some recent columns by U.S. commentators it may- be doubtful if even U.S. support for Israel can be taken for granted. Unlike some Jews in the U.S. whom columnist Carl T. Rowan found were quick to equate comments about erosion of support for Israel with anti Semitism, Dr. Goldmann thinks the shifting political situation is unrelated to attitudes toward Jews. He sees "no real danger of a new holocaust, of pogroms, of a denial of rights for the Jewish people." Whatever policy shift has taken place in regard to Israel is undoubtedly due to the oil situation and the resulting finan- cial imbalance. The unseemly scramble to sell military equipment in the Middle East is probably more the result of finan- cial pressure than planned policy changes. The U.S. attitude toward Israel has not necessarily been altered despite whatever pressures may now be exerted ''on U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to do so. Nobody really knows what Mr. Kissinger plans to discuss while on his current Middle East diplomatic mission. He may apply a lit- tle pressure on Israel to get the Geneva talks under way and to demonstrate a willingness to make territorial concessions. The Economist (London) says "The United States remains reluc- tant to apply its pressure too crudely, but there is a limit to the time during which Israel can continue to shuffle its feet and antagonize its only major ally." Israel's reluctance to make concessions is surely understandable. For whatever tangible land concessions Israel might make there would be returned an intangible promise of peace. But maybe that gamble has to be taken, if Israel's allies are becoming an uncertainty. Letters A malgamation plans Two heads in the sand By Paul Hellyer, Toronto Sun commentator It was with great amuse- _ment that I read, CJOC-TV runner up in award, (The Herald, Feb. I' find it im- possible to believe that CJOC- TV merits any kind of award considering the local service this station fails to provide. For example, several months ago CJOC-TV dropped its late evening local news, sports, and weather program- ming. When I complained about this in a letter to the station manager I received only the completely ridiculous answer that the late evening news was dropped so that the Tommy Banks Show could be (letter to myself from Mr. R. C. Johnson, station manager, Jan. The Tommy Banks Show is taped and could easily be delayed until after an even- ing newscast for those who might wish to watch it. Having dropped its late evening news, and with ab- solutely no local news programming on weekends, CJOC-TV is quickly becoming only a rebroadcasting station for CFAC-TV in Calgary. Up- coming programs are increasingly advertised as "being on CFAC-CJOC." It appears that the owners of both these stations, who are the same, fully intend to amalgamate CJOC and CFAC in the interests of cutting costs and increasing profits, but to the detriment of serving the Lethbridge viewer of CJOC. One of the conditions of CJOC-TV's broadcasting license is that the station carry a certain amount of local programming and otherwise serve the residents of southern Alberta. If the owners of CJOC-TV are un- able or unwilling to provide better service, then their broadcasting license should be cancelled. I would like to urge all those who feel that CJOC-TV is not satisfactorily serving Lethbridge and area to write to Dr. Pierre Juneau, Chair- man, Canadian Radio- Television Commission, 100 Metcalfe Street, Ottawa, On- tario, K1A OE9, and ask that he investigate the manage- ment and operating policies of CJOC-TV. T. TILLACK Lethbridge The public in wonderland Energy Minister Donald Macdonald's new prediction that Canada will have a surplus of oil by 1985 is a change of mood, if nothing else, from that which preceed- ed the big Syncrude poker game. All reports leading up to the climax of re financing Syncrude were pessimistic about Canada's future supplies of oil. There were disagreements about when the oil would run out but the total impact of statements from government of- ficials, government boards and private authorities added up to a dire warning and created a sense of impending crisis. Now, instead of talking of shortages, Mr. Macdonald is speaking of possible surpluses and his rationale has nothing to do with oil from the tar sands. Instead, he suddenly foresees the possibility of Arctic oil on the market by 1985, providing, of course, that a pipeline is built up the Mackenzie to carry it. This seeming contradiction of previous statements is reminiscent of the recent flurry of assertions from Alberta of- ficials to the effect, first, that Alberta wouldn't bail out Syncrude and, second, that it would lend it money. Both claims, in spite of their seemingly contrary nature, turned out to be technically cor- rect. Alberta hasn't bailed out Syncrude; Ottawa, Ontario and Alberta have bailed it out. And it has lent the project money. Mr. Macdonald may be free on the same technicality. Canada will be a net importer of oil for a few years before 1985, which is cause for some pessimism perhaps, although not for panic. As for the current optimistic predictions about Arctic oil, possibly the energy minister didn't want to discuss this until the future of the tar sands was settled. Things are not what they seem in the wonderland of the petroleum industry. Small wonder that the public is beginn- ing to feel like Alice. They may also be wondering if public opinion is being manipulated. After all, anyone can play the game of Petroleum Predictions. It stands to reason that industry executives will play the game to suit their interests or what they foresee as their interests. There is nothing malevolent about this. But government officials, at least, need to be more open, more honest and more consistent with the public if they expect support for their energy programs. OTTAWA Prime Minister Trudeau's speech to a Liberal fund-raising dinner in Montreal was as intriguing as it was pessimistic. Long a critic of prophets of doom and gloom, the Queen's First Canadian Minister has become the chief purveyor. A few days earlier, the British prime minister, Harold Wilson, stopping off briefly to lunch with Mr. Trudeau and rendezvous with the press en route to Washington and talks with President Ford, had projected an optimistic mood. He was pleased with the way things were going back home. There were serious problems, of course, but the degree of co- operation in solving them was encouraging. It is difficult for an observer to understand the contrast. Both countries have problems but Canada's are pale com- pared to those of the U.K. Bri- tain has an enormous deficit in its balance of payments due primarily to its oil imports. This will continue until about 1980 when, Mr. Wilson predicts, self sufficiency in oil will be achieved. Meanwhile, those British Isles can stay afloat only by borrowing huge sums of money from the Arab world. The vulnerability of this solu- tion is obvious- Canada, on the other hand, is and can remain self suf- ficient in energy if we take positive action. Our trade position is deteriorating but this is due to other 'reasons including the fact that our labor costs have been rising faster than those of our prin- cipal competitor, the U.S. It is a problem, serious in nature but it is within the power of Canadians to correct. On the face of it, there is no justification for the prime minister's statement that "Canada is not as rich as before." Our work force is growing, our technology is increasing, our farmers and industries are becoming more productive and we have more natural resources per person than any other country on earth. This is no base for despondency. Or is the prime minister trying to tell us that the government has no intention of trying to stop, the inflationary spiral and that, as a consequence, some people will suffer. The maldistribu- tion of income, with roaring inflation, is exacerbated and unemployment will rise. Is this the bad news Mr. Trudeau was giving us by inference? Was he saying that there will be no "social contract" here, no guidelines and no real effective concensus? Can we expect the present near total disregard for the relationship between money, wages and the produc- tion of real goods and services to continue? If that is government policy or rather lack of it the social unrest that will result could be the basis of self- fulfilment for Mr. Trudeau's dire prophecy that "violence is coming to our land." Is the prime minister suggesting that he and his government will sit idly by and watch the law of the jungle enacted from the sidelines? "We must look for respect and tolerance, define our spiritual and cultural values" the PM told us. Surely we can all say amen to that sugges- tion but what are these values to be? Will high standards of excellence be set or will we continue to be content with mediocrity? Will our society' reflect uncontrolled per- missiveness or will it be dis- ciplined? The prime minister didn't say. Both Mr. Wilson and Mr. Trudeau give the appearance of living with their heads in the sand. The real problems are admitted but neither leader has suggested the kind of medicine that would give a sick society hope. Until there is some genuine consistent relationship between wages, prices and productivity, chaos will prevail. The economic, cultural and spiritual guidelines required have yet to be introduced. Repatriating a mountain I am writing about Alber- ta's "Mount Eisenhower" (formerly Castle Rock Moun- The campaign to repatriate our mountain was started in Edmonton, not Calgary, more than a year ago, mainly at the university. I addressed a plea to the very large class in Alberta geography on the subject in January 1974. The general election then intervened in my "Castle Rock Mountain" cam- paign. To refer to the name as simply 'castle', is to render this fine sounding name in- sipid. As a child in school, I learn- ed of four famous mountain "Rocks" of the world. They were The Rock of Gibraltar, The Matterhorn of Switzerland and Italy, The Castle Rock Mountain of Alberta, Canada, and the Ayers Rock of Australia. Cape Canaveral was renam- ed Cape Kennedy for a U.S. president, but the original name of Canaveral has now been restored, in response to the wishes of the people of the state concerned. Nobody, so far as I know, has called this "an insult to the memory of John I have nothing against Eisenhower, he did his duty in the war as did millions of others. Perhaps, a small section of the Castle Rock could keep his name. I do not expect the British to rename Gibraltar as "Franco Rock" and the Swiss still stub- bornly refuse to rename the Matterhorn as "Mount Nix- on" and so, as soon as suf- ficient public support is demonstrated, .1 plan to ask the proper authorities in Ot- tawa to repatriate our Castle Rock Mountain. ARTHUR YATES Edmonton Gun advertisements Why on earth does The Herald carry advertisements such as the one for military replicas, Jan. 27? It is definitely against the editorial opinion (gun control, Jan. 28) and even if the guns do not fire, a person in a hobby situation has no way of know- ing that. I think The Herald is doing the public a disservice by running such ads and it should be more watchful in the future. There are already too many guns in society now. A CONCERNED READER Lethbridge No effort being made in Canada to be realistic .By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator "I'll take them seriously when they call for smaller private heated swimming pools OTTAWA The long-range objectives of the government's energy conser- vation program are excellent but there is great doubt whether the steps announced by the minister, Don Macdonald, will have much effect. The trouble is .that, no matter what Maedonald says, the government itself is setting the bad example and encouraging wastefulness. For a fairly short period of 'time Canada will go on enjoy- ing good fortune in a world beset by serious energy problems. That brief period is not being used to gain time or to prepare for a more difficult time. In a bid for political pop- ularity, the Trudeau govern- ment goes on using it to en- courage waste. There is apparently .'little hope that many people in this country will realize that it is madness to subsidize the im- mediate consumption of the scarcest of our vital resources. The government clearly has no intention of tell- ing the nation that truth and, until it brings itself to do so, Canadian heads will go on be- ing thrust deeply into the sand. Yet until the government becomes more realistic, there is almost no possibility that the public will pay attention to MacDonald's exhortations.. Even if the government starts buying smaller cars and limiting their speeds to 55 miles an hour the popular response will be slight. The laughter in the House of Com- mons that greeted his conser- vation announcement last week is sign enough of that. The program itself was largely a rehash of the original conservation measures the government an- nounced in the Commons on Nov. 26, 1973, when the production cutback by some Arab oil producers raised doubts about the certainty of supplies in Eastern Canada. Canada is gaining huge revenues from the export tax imposed, on oil sold to the United States but these funds are not being put to responsi- ble or constructive use. They are being used to keep the Canadian price of oil and all its products far below the world level and the effect of this can only be to encourage consumption. That is what must always be expected when artifically-low prices are created by subsidy. If Canada had unlimited reserves of crude oil it would not matter so much that the effective policy of the Trudeau government is to en- courage wastefulness on one hand even if it exhorts with the greatest piety on the other. But this country does not have unlimited oil resources. We are not far away from the point when this will begin to have a serious effect on our balance of payments. No one in the government talks about it but the real justification .for supporting the Syncrude project is simply because it will usefully ease the balance of payments dif- ficulties that are wholly predictable a few years hence. The National Energy Board predicts, and is reasonably confident of the accuracy of its assessments, that in 1981 Canada will cross the vital line from oil self sufficiency over into the ranks, of net importers. That is the point at which oil will begin to affect adversely our balance of payments and the effect will grow rapidly from then on The energy board believes that total domestic demand for crude will be 1.5 million barrels a day by 1981 with domestic production only 1.4 million. By 1990, the board forecasts, demand will reach 1.9 million barrels daily and production unless signifi- cant new sources are found in the meantime will drop to only barrels. These are daily figures. Multiply them by 365 and then multiply the difference between demand and domestic supply by J10.60 a barrel. The result of that arithmetic is the adverse effect balance of payments that is now predic- table and which can be ex- pected to commence in six years time. Syncrude is worthwhile, despite its visible economic risks, for the sake of its favorable effect on our external payments. The situation forecast by the National Energy Board will develop if present trends continue and if there are.no major and accessible oil dis- coveries between how and the critical period. Quite a lot, however, can be done to affect trends if people approach the problem in good time. The board believes Canada's de- mand for crude oil will grow at a bit over three per cent a year and Macdonald, of course, is right in seeking conservation practices that will slow this down. One of the main reasons for condemnation of the oil sub- sidization program is its in- discriminate nature; it keeps the price of gasoline down for all uses and for all rates of consumption. This is non- sense. It also, however, interferes with the natural process of substituting energy sources. Ordinarily, if one source begins to grow expen- sive, people look for some cheaper means of securing energy. But if use of one par- ticular source is heavily sub- sidized there will be no incen- tive to seek out alternatives. The international oil in- dustry obviously is a target of great suspicion throughout the developed world and there is a lack of logic in this. The producing countries have more than enough reasons to feel hostile towards the great oil companies. These were the instruments through which the advanced nations ex- tracted non-renewable resources from under- developed countries, leaving ar little as possible in the hands of the original owners. At the opposite end of the pipeline, so to speak, the ad- vanced countries secured an extremely convenient energy source at prices so low that it encouraged the utmost ex- travagance in its use. It also, to a considerable extent, dis- placed other sources of energy either because they became more expensive or were less convenient. The oil companies were so fully back- ed by the most powerful Western governments in this process that it is nonsense now to place all the blame on the industry. In Canada, however, we are still trapping ourselves inside this pattern. We are doing it, with willful extravagance, when oil has ceased to be a cheap energy source and become an expensive one. Macdonald may exhort but we are not yet trying to come to terms with reality. The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge, Alberto LETHBRIOGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;