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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta ...C Tea for Ted Prime Minister Edward Heath of Britain has a cup of tea during a campaign tour in London. Offering him sugar bowl is Virginia Bottomley, wife of the Conservative party candidate for Parliament for West Woolich. Sidewalk Sale Special! t Go-Anywhere DRESSES In assorted colors Short sleeved Junior and Regular 19.99. Special only Ctntra Village Mail Lethbridge RILEY McCORMICK Sidewalk Sale! MEN'S DOWN FILLED WESTERN COATS By Pioneer Regular 65.00 Special ft sure to visit tin English Tack Shop (A dhfion ol Ritoy MeCormlek Wmtern NEW SHUNS STOCK OF ENGLISH TACK ltd RIDING APPAREL Arriving Daily! 2 SHADES OF KARMAN WESTERN JEANS and LEVIS Parma Press BELL BOTTOMS in Tan only Your choice bt-MMwdlMI RILEY McCORMICK South Alberta's largest and most complete stock of Western Wear and Saddlery CENTRE VILLAGE MALL PHONE 328-5644 SIDEWALK SALE! BOYS'LEATHER OXFOUDS and SLIP-ONS Reg.tot.ft SIDEWALK SALE IMPAIRS OF MISSES' SUP ON SHOES In Brown and WAOKEN SIZE RANGE IN LEATHER SHOES BROKEN SIZE RANGE IN FLATS ill PUMPS ne0.toU.tS SIDEWALK SALE CENTK HUME MALI The man who defied Mao lives in Canada Mao Tse-tung's closest rival for Communist power in China now is a frail, white- haired man of 76, discovered living on the outskirts of Toronto. In this, his first interview in many years, Chang Kuo-tao recalls his differences with Mao and the struggle that led to Chang's expulsion. By PETER f. SUM TORONTO (CP) The man who dared defy Mao Tse- tung in the early struggle for Communist political power in China says: "Canada is my second fatherland I like it here very much." Chang Kuo-tao adds: "I have washed my hands of pol- itics. I hope to lead a quiet life here Last November Chang, a frail man of 76, applied for his Canadian citizenship. His only ambition, he says, is to acquire that citizenship. Few Canadians know who Chang is Fewer still among China's 800 million people can afford to ignore the "crimes" which current leaders allege Chang committed in the party in the mid-1930s By studying these so-called crimes the Chinese must "learn a nega- tive lesson." "I am proud to be in Can- said Chang in his first interview since he arrived as a landed immigrant more than five years ago "I have no intention to return to the Mainland At the age of 23, Chang was one of 12 Chinese students and scholars who met secretly in a Shanghai tenement house July and three days later on a boat' near Shanghai to design and build the Communist party. THREE LEFT All but three of the original 12 are dead. Some died in prison, some succumbed to age and disease; others died in disgrace for collaborating with the Japanese during the war between China and Ja- pan The three survivors are Chang, Mao and Tung Pi-wu, who became China's acting president after the 1966-69 cul- tural purge disgraced Presi- dent Liu Shao-chi for daring to defy Mao. Chang and Mao worked closely, controlling separate armies, until Chang became a victim of a Mao political ma- noeuvre. Four years younger than Mao who is 80, Chang was born Nov. 26, 1897 He em- braced Marxism as a student in Peking university three years before he joined in the conspiracy to found the Com- munist party with the in- tention of sweeping the Na- tionalists from power. He participated in the anti- imperialism movement of May and a month later was jailed briefly for subversive activity among students. The May Fourth movement, as it is known among Chinese historians, was a protest against the gift of a German colony on China's Shantung peninsula to the Japanese as a reward for their support of the Allies in the First World War. When the fledgling Commu- nist party was established se- cretly, Chang was elected chairman of the first con- gress, one of three men re- sponsible for party strategy. The triumvirate was the fore- runner for the party's central committee political bureau which dictates policy today. AXE FALLS But at the seventh party congress in 1927, when the party suffered a series of set- backs, Chang was removed from the triumvirate and branded "a rightist opportun- ist." It was a dark moment for Chang but he recovered. The following year a new lead- ership reinstated him. He was packed off to Moscow as party representative to the Communist International He remained in the Soviet Union for 2 Vz years. His family says Chang was the only Chinese Communist leader received by Lenin. On his return in 1931, Chang was appointed party secre- tary in the regions of north central China and sub- sequently became military chairman of all Communist forces in that area. This gave him great power. In fact, Chang commanded the only Communist military force aside from the Chinese peasants army led by Mao in the early days of the long march to power. The two leaders later com- bined their armies in an en- larged Communist-controlled area but were forced back and encircled by Chiang Kai- shek's Nationalist troops ESCAPES DEFEAT Chang said in the interview, conducted in Chinese, that his troops broke out of the en- circlement early in 1935, fol- lowed by two armies led by Mao. The American writer, Ed- gar Snow, who was a close friend of Mao, wrote that Chang was Mao's "last rival to his leadership" during the retreat. Snow made that statement after interviewing Mao before and after the People's Republic of China was proclaimed Oct. 1, 1949. The showdown between the two leaders soon reached a crucial stage. At an enlarged political bureau meeting in Tsunyi, a town Mao's forces captured in southwestern China's Kweichow province in mid-1935, earlier Communist tactics of positional warfare were repudiated. Mao had in- sisted on the change. Chang was not at the meeting. While Mao was demonstrat- MAO'S ARCH RIVAL, CHANG KUO-TAO, NOW FRAIL MAN AT 76 Chang kept moving, first to Shanghai and later to Taiwan, seeking a quiet life. He set- tled eventually in Hong Kong before coming to Canada in November, 1968, "for rest and a peaceful and happy life ing his political power in Tsunyi, Chang and his troops were far away, having taken a different route in the retreat known in Chinese history as the Long March across China. The aim was to escape Chiang's encirclement and to seek new and safer regions for military and political op- erations against the Nation- alist government in Nanking. MAO CHALLENGED Chang and Mao met again in the small border town of Maokung hi western Szech- wang province several months later. Chang demanded that the troops be allowed to rest and that a new Soviet-style base be set up in western China. Mao insisted that the march be continued. Chang refused to recognize Mao's leadership. He claimed that since he and his troops were not at the Tsunyi confer- ence, the decisions taken there were illegal. Snow quoted Mao and Chou En-lai, the current Chinese premier, as saying the quar- rel between Mao and Chang was "the most critical mo- ment" in the party's history. The late American writer saw in the quarrel "a clash of wills" between Chang and Mao. In his interview, Chang agreed with Snow He said differences in per- sonalities were "a strong fac- tor" in the quarrel on "mili- tary, political and other mat- ters affecting the two Com- munist armies." But despite the differences, the two remained fairly close until 1938 when, Chang said, he became disgusted with the way Mao was handling party and military matters and quit the Communist party. Chang at that time was vice-chair- man of a government the Communists had set up in Ye- nan, the final destination of the Long March. Mao was party chairman. CHANG EXPELLED Chang was accused of splitting party unity, dis- obeying party directives and surrendering to the Nation- alists. He was expelled from the party Chang kept moving, first to Shanghai and later to Taiwan, seeking a quiet life. He set- tled eventually in Hong Kong before coming to Canada in November, 1948, "for rest and a peaceful and happy life." As a guerrilla leader, Chang was tough and rugged. Now at 76 he is white-haired and frail, walking slowly with the aid of a mobile metal support. He has suffered several strokes in the last 18 months, his 72- year-old wife, Yang Tzu-lieh, said. The strokes paralysed his right arm and weakened his legs "Otherwise, I feel Chang interjected The Changs have three sons, two in Toronto and one, a doctor, in the United States The first son was born in Vladivostok, in the Soviet Union, when Mrs. Chang was waiting for transport to Mos- cow where she was sent by the Culnese Communists to train as a student revolutionary. Asked about his final thoughts about Mao, Chang hesitated. "Mao has many good as well as weak points. He is a good leader of peas- ants but not good at leading a modern country As an afterthought, he mused: "Of course, you must remember that he is a Hun- anese (from Hunan province) They are very stubborn." Centre Village Mall Open a convenient Tip Top Charge Account. TIP TOP Phone CD 328-8255 DYUX MEN'S SUITS A limited number all-wool and wool blends in the more Conservative styles. Choose from Stripes, Herringbone, and Geometries. Sizes 36 to 46. While quantities last. 59 99 ONLY ALTERATIONS EXTRA PLEASE MEN'S SHIRTS Such famous name brands as: Forsyth, Tip Top private label, Arrow, etc. In fancy plains, and geometries limited quantities. STAHFIELD'S V, SHORTS and T-SHIRTS I Colors: white, red or Blue. I CLEARING NOW AT I PRICE ;