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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Tuesday, February 13, 1973 Ontario needs gas Last month the premier and provincial treasurer of Ontario visited Edmonton to discuss with Premier Peter Lougheed and colleagues Alberta's proposals for sharply increasing the price of natural gas. Ontario is gravely and understandably concerned; the proposed increases could add as much as a billion dollars - not a million, but a billion! - to Ontario's annual gas bill. But a larger gas bill is only part of the problem. In this expansionist society, demands for energy are ever increasing. Ontario, with its high proportion of Canada's manufacturing capacity, probably has faster rising energy demands than any other province. These demands have been carefully studied, and Alberta's gas has figured largely in plans to meet them. In Ontario's long-range plans, industrial energy is to be almost entirely in the form of electricity, the principal sources to be hydro and nuclear generating plants. At present, however, and for several years to come, these two sources cannot produce power in sufficient quantities, so must be augmented. There is no possibility of increasing hydroelectric generating capacity. To almost everyone's surprise, Ontario no longer has a single significant un-exploited source of hydro power left. Nuclear capacity cannot be expanded at will, either. Nuclear plants are extremely complex structures to design and to build, and they incorporate highly dangerous substances and processes. Their development simply cannot be rushed. So for the next several years, addi- tional sources of electrical power must be found, and it had been Ontario's intention to fill the gap by using thermally generated electricity, from plants burning Alberta natural gas, the simplest, cleanest and - heretofore - cheapest fuel available. That was before the Alberta government decided to raise the price of gas by some 60 per cent - and more if the market will stand it. Now Ontario is in a real bind. The only alternative fuel readily available to Ontario is coal, which might well have to come from Alberta. While there are obvious disadvantages in switching to coal, from Ontario's viewpoint, Alberta interests might be as well served by adding Ontario willy-nilly, to the growing list of major consumers who are returning to coal as a basic fuel. While it may cause a certain grim satisfaction to some westerners, it probably will be a bit of a shock for eastern interests to find themselves in the unaccustomed position of being over a western barrel, just as it will be a shock to many to realize that Ontario has run out of new sources of hydro power. Complicating the whole question is the rapidly worsening energy shortage across the border, which very probably will lead to a wide open market for Alberta gas, at almost any price the producers care to ask. One can only hope that if a real crunch develops, Alberta will not be faced with the unhappy choice between a high price in the U.S., and a less profitable one in Eastern Canada. End of supersonics? Opponents of supersonic aircraft are under the impression that they have won a signal victory. With the recent decision of Pan American Airways and Trans World Airlines to cancel plans to buy 13 of the Anglo-French Concordes a mortal blow seems to have been struck to the supersonic transport plane. However, the rejoicing may be premature. Danger to life was not the compelling reason for cancelling plans to buy and use the planes. It was devotion to the dollar and not respect for life that dictated the decision. Taking risks with breaking the sonic barrier or depleting the ozone which protects life on earth from deadly ultraviolet radiation is still acceptable; it is the risk of losing revenue that is anathema. When the technicians find ways of making supersonics economically viable they will be used. The truth is that despite the terrible blow administered the Concorde, production is continuing. This is because dollars are not sacred to governments, pride is. The Concorde is a joint project of the British and French governments. It does not matter that colossal sums of money have been taken from the public treasury, with huge amounts still projected, without hope of recovery; what matters is that Britain and France lead the world again in something. It seems almost certain that some Concordes will go into service - forced on the British and French national airlines, BOAC and Air France. Wealthy people and government officials, for whom paying twice as much to get places a couple of hours faster is feasible, will patronize them. In time the prestige associated with first rate people going first class will put pressure on other lines to get into supersonics. This will not happen fast enough to bail out the Concorde but it is likely to produce new agitation - in the U.S., for instance - to launch another SST project. Conservationists cannot afford to relax; the prostituting of high technology to serve status will continue. The casserole Since June 1970 a mother in Pennsylvania has battled the system to recover custody of her three children. She finally won, when the Pennsylvania Supreme Court reversed two rulings by lower courts to declare that she cannot be deprived of her children solely on the grounds that she, a white divorcee, had married a black man. In the face of the U.S. constitution, to Bay nothing of common humanity, that the lower courts could have twice ruled otherwise Is incredible. That the learned Supreme Court justices needed to be convinced, during the hearing, that "sociological studies established that children raised in a home consisting of a father and mother who are of different races do not suffer from this' circumstance" is almost equally incredible. t An oft-expressed fear in U.S. business and labor circles is that cessation of hostilities in Vietnam could bring about severe dislocation of the economy. They have assumed that military - or defence - spending would be cut by billions, as troops are brought home and demobilized, and expenditure of munitions reduced to peacetime scales. There could be some dislocation in the sense that patterns of expenditure may change extensively. But any fears of an adverse over-all effect are certainly not justified; projections of the 1973 defence budget show that even with sharply diminished . costs for Vietnam, it is to be the largest in history. At times, Canadians get a bit impatient with what they see as a rather leisurely attitude on the part'of the courts. Damage actions, especially those involving highway accidents, seem to take forever to settle. I Criminal cases are generaly handled more promptly, though every so often there are reports of some malefactor languishing in jail for what seems an unconscionable time while he awaits trial. Usually that means a month or so, and very seldom longer. To Canadians, then, it will be almost incredible that a criminal prosecution could stretch out as long as a celebrated Italian case has done. Since 1954 - nearly two decades ago - when police first broke a two million dollar fraud, kick-back and embezzlement case, involving many from the business and government community, no less than 1240 defendants have been awaiting trial. Not too impatiently, one supposes. Shoplifting is recognized as a very pervasive problem, and one that adds somewhere between 10 and 20 per cent to the prices of some goods. According to store managers, a large number of whom were polled on the matter, recently, probably half of all this type of theft in done not by amateurs or even professional shoplifters, but by employees of the firms being robbed. Anyone seriously thinking of becoming an octodecillionaire will be well advised to do it in England, rather than in the U.S. or France. Not only is the pound still worth a bit more than either the dollar or the franc, but a British octodecillion is a figure one followed by 108 zeroes, while the American or French versions rate a mere 57 zeroes. No one seems to know who said it first-it. is understandable that there could be several claimants - but it would be nice to be able to give proper recognition to whoever first observed that it behooves us to learn from the mistakes of others, because in one life there just isn't time to make them all ourselves. UNEMPLOYMENT 6tters "It all depends how you look at these figures .. / Whither the U of L? (2) Jeanne Beaty Casting an eye on absent students Enrolment Is the salient factor of the higher education scene today. The pattern in Alberta of declining university enrolments (and even some of the colleges are having trouble) is a part of a wide-spread, and unpredicted, trend. Last fall Statistics Canada, in analysing the drop, reported that one third of the potential students felt they could achieve a higher economic status by following a path that didn't include an institution of higher education, one third couldn't afford higher education and one third had diverse reasons. Enrolment at the University of Alberta remained constant at about 18,200 for a couple of years, according to President Max Wyman, and last year dropped off to 17,757. He said he felt enrolments would go down for a few years and then start to rise but not with the growth of the 60's. At the University of Calgary, enrolment has dropped two per cent, President A. W. R. Car-rothers said. The University of Lethbridge enrolment peaked at 1409 in 1970-71. Its big drop came the following year when the move was made to the new campus and in the fall of 1972 the enrolment stood at 1076. It is interesting to note that the summer session enrolled 856 students and in the fall there was . an additional enrolment of 453 part-time students. Significant numbers of Alberta students go out of province for their higher education. Of these, it is estimated that approximately 60 per cent attend institutions in the United States. Data from 1971-72 on their majors and institutions indicate that a vast majority are tak- ing courses they could, get in this province. Although information is not available on all of the students, many of them are funded by grants or loans from the students finance board in Edmonton, which is under the department of advanced education. Paul Tietzen, chairman of the board, said that in 1970-71 Alberta made out-of-province assistance in the order of $3 million, including $700,000 in grants, to about 2,000 students. He did not give the statistics on the number who were studying such courses as veterinary medicine, architecture or interior design, which they cannot take in this province. In the three census divisions south' of the 50th parallel, that is, Cardston, Lethbridge and Medicine Hat, approximately 300 students received financial assistance from the students fianance board to go out of the country for their education. Of these, Tietzen said, again stressing that these were very approximate numbers, about 200 were studying education, arts or science courses, which are offered at the University of Lethbridge. Presumably a proportion of the others were taking courses they could have studied at Calgary or Edmonton. Although religion is a major factor in this emigration of students, the fact that non-matriculant students are accepted in U.S. schools has some bearing on the matter. Li 1970-71, 118 Alberta students were supported at Ricks College in Idaho by $120,000 in loans or grants, and 335 were supported at Brig-ham Young University by $360,-000, a total of nearly half a million dollars. As for the picture within the "I've decided to smile about the bigger bite taken by Social Security, and tool them by Hying long enough to get those higher payments?' province, the three census, divisions export a large number of students, Tietzen said. About 40 per cent of students who attend university from these three areas attend the University of Lethbridge. More than 500 students from the area attend the University of Alberta and about 500 attend the University of Calgary. At the same time, aboui 23 students come to the University of Lethbridge from Edmonton and 27 from Calgary. Of the more than 1000 stu-. dents who attend either the U of C or the U of A from this area, about half of them are in undergraduate courses in arts and sciences or education. Universities would disagree with the arbitrary imposing of regional areas on them, each school feeling it has something to offer students from anywhere in the province. Indeed, Dr. Wyman took exception, in a recent conversation, to the Idea that the U of A should be thought to serve an area other than the whole of Alberta. Nevertheless, it is a fact that universities do draw most of their students from their immediate areas. Ninety per cent of the students at the University of Lethbridge come from the Lethbridge census division. An interesting statistical sidelight is the fact that 67 per cent of the students at the U of L have loams through the students finance board, according to the local student awards officer. All indications are that the government is taking a close look at all these figures and that some action is imminent that will improve the enrolment situation in Alberta and particularly at the U of L. It will undoubtedly be in the field of student finance. Roughly half of the money dispensed by the students finance board comes from the Canadian student loan plan, which is administered by the province according to guidelines set out by the council of ministers of education and the federal government. The rest is provided by the province under the Students Finance Act. Tietzen said there is a variation among the provinces in administering the money. Manitoba, he said as an example, is getting tough. He added that Alberta had been very liberal in allowing financial support to students who go out of the province. Ho used the words, "carte blanche." He said the only restraint had been financial need. The Students Assistance Act ?i dated 1959. It was amended in 1971 to read "The Students Finance Act." The amending act did not change section eight of the original, of which part (1) reads in its entirety: "A person is eligible to receive a loan, grant, bursary; prize or scholarship under this act who is a bona fide resident of the province and who is registered in a course of studies approved by the board (a) at a university under The Universities Act, or (b) at a public college established under The Colleges Act, or at a college in affiliation with The University of Alberta for which, in the latter case, university credit may be obtained at The University of Alberta, or (c) at the Banff School of Fine Arts, or (d) at any college or university when the course being taken is not available at a university under The Universities Act, or (e) at any school of nursing In the province, or (f) at any institute of technology or agricultural and vocational college operated by the province, or at any other publicly operated institution in Alberta offering vocational education, or (g) at any high school in the province operated by the board of a school district or division." In an appendix to the Students Finance Act entitled "Regulations under the Students Finance Act, "section 13 reads in its entirety: "Assistance may be awarded in each full-time students enroled in an approved course of studies at, (a) The University of Alberta (b) The University of Calgary (c) The University of Lethbridge (d) The University of Athabasca (e) The Banff School of Fine Arts, (f) a public college established under the colleges Act, (g) a college in affiliation with an Alberta university, (h) at any college or university approved by the students finance board when the course of studies being taken is of university level, (i) in schools of nursing approved by the committee on nursing education of the universities co-ordinating council of the province of Alberta, (j) in (i) an Alberta institute of technology, (ii) an Alberta agricultural and vocational college, (iii) the technical or vocational section of a public college estabished under the Colleges Act, (iv) other technical or trade schools operated by the government of Alberta, excepting apprentices registered under the Apprenticeship Act." Between item (d) of the act and item (h) of the regulations the words, "when the course being taken is not available at a university under The Universities Act" have disappeared, being replaced by "when the course of studies being taken is of university level." Real predator Recently the Coaldale Fish and Game Club staged a predator control hunt. This hunt was held on a Sunday and was advertised on a local radio station. I wonder if the Coaldale Fish and Game Club received any feedback from this activity? I work on a farm and we like to protect the predators that are living on our land. Predators are as much a part of our natural heritage as any game species. Predators catch the diseased, the starving, and the old of a game species. Predators kill only a small percentage of healthy animals in good cover (habitat). A disappearance of coyotes, foxes, lynx and bob-cat through a determined program of extermination whether by 1080 poisoning or shooting on a predator control hunt, can bring an alarming increase in rodenrta (mice, rabbits, and gophers), that are the predator's natural foods. Rodents do extensive damage to crops, pasture, hay, and farm buildings. Many a farmer has uttered unprintable oaths when he tries to load some bales on a 20 degree below zero morning, just to find the strings chewed off the bales by mice that invade a haystack. Ranchers and farmers must decide whether or not to risk a few lambs or calves (which may or may not have survived) in order to have the exploding rodent populaton brought under control. Abo, predators catch the blame for � killing a great number of farm animal? because they were seen feeding on a decomposing carcass. The animal probably died naturally or was sick and the predator came to feed on the carcass. Excuses for predator control by fish and game clubs, such as a decrease in game birds or game animals is rarely proven. Lack of escape cover is the biggest factor in excessive predation. Healthy gams usually exists in adequate habitat which - by definition ~ also includes escape cover. In good habitat, the predators rarely depress game supplies. Fish and game clubs could try to improve the habitat of game animals which would help them a lot more than trying to exterminate all their natural enemies. I feel that there Is a useless slaughter of predators for unjust reasons. People use hawks and owls for targets in sighting their favorite gun. Live trapping could be used instead of the use of 1080 poison baits, which incidentally, kill a great number of animals, birds, and dogs that it wasn't meant for. Selective control is an alternate method of exterminating the real culprit, instead of killing 10 coyotes, get the one that iJ doing the damage. All animals in the biotic com* munity have certain' roles to play. These roles interact on each animal and make these animals dependant on one an� other. Man is the real predator, let's control ourselves. GRANT LOVERINd Cardston Dog lover I couldn't keep still aftef reading the letter from the Raymond "Dreamer". I "strongly resent being placed in a category of ."dog lovers think their dogs should be subject to no restraint." Many of us do keep our "dear loves" under control, and it is very unfair to throw us all into one pot. Everyone knows that there are irresponsible dog owners, but that is no reason to accuse all of us. We lost our little dog last year, but during the five years we had her, she didn't have.a single enemy in the neighborhood; She never dug up a flower, or caused one car tire or fence post to rot (a ridiculous exaggeration). , If our friend in Raymond blames dogs for all of this, he ' or'she should wage war on the birds as well, because they certainly leave some unsightly trimmings on cars and fences, too. Wake up, "Dreamer", or you'll poison yourself with your own venom. I'd want any dog for a friend any day, before I'd call on you. A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN Lethbridge The Lethbrldgi 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING VILLI AM HAY Managing Editor Assocl' .e Editor ROY P. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Managtr Idltonal Pag* Editor "THE HERALD SERVES TME SOUTH* ;