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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 13, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Salurday, February 1J, THI IETHMID6I HERALD 5 Margaret Luckhurst Good husbands may be awful handymen ryOUG WALKER, our edi- lorial page editor down here at The Herald, has long since admitted to anyone who cares to listen to him, that he's an absolute flop as a handy- man. He has thought about building a fence around his backyard, but finds himself de- feated by such elementary things as proper measure- ments, hammers, saws and two by fours. At first, his inadequacy in this direction bothered him. Why, he wondered, couldn't he build 2 simple thing like a fence? It's one of the easiest do- it-yourself home needs, not nearly in the same carpentry category as, say, the skill re- quired in building a recreation room with panelled walls and inlaid tiles. But no matter how much coaching Doug got from interested friends, he simply couldn't do-it-himself, couldn't get interested friends interest- ed enough to do-it-for-him, and ultimately has abandoned the whole idea. Doug is developing some sort of complex over his UP. hardiness; a quality he seems to think should be in- grained in even- male, like the ability to grow a beard. The idea that all men should be able to take a pile of logs, a saw and a few nails and hammer a house together is an outrageous fallacy. Equally outrageous is the idea that all women are born cooks and all they need is a fire and a pot to brew up a dish worthy to serve Life beyond death by Walter Kerber to the Galloping Gourmet. Mind you, lucky is the man who marries a girl who de- velops into a satisfactory cook. Fortunate too, is the young woman who marries a boy who epitomizes the concept that all men can create miracles out of a few bits of board. But these attributes in marriage should be regarded as fringe benefits rather than fact as they don't necessarily follow at all. For a number of years we lived beside a hapless non-cook who was married to a man so remarkably handy the other husbands on the street were embarrassed to do their chores while this fellow was around. He could almost have a fence built in the length of time the other men took to cut their lawns. I once asked him, as a favor, to build our girls a doll house, and before I could de- cide what color to paint it he was back fixing the completed product in the designated spot under an apple tree. As a cook, his wife however, was a dismal flop. An intelli- gent girl, a good mother and fine housekeeper, she absolute- ly negated the theory that any- one who can read can cook. Obviously she could read, but what she could do to perfectly good food was beyond explana- tion. Her pastry, which she made regularly, (under close supervision of one of the neigh- bors) had the same texture as ballbearings. She stewed roasts, undercooked chicken and never failed to burn the vegetables. "What'll I ruin for supper to- was her sad comment of her menu planning. Naturally we all tried to help her, but it was pretty much a lost cause right from the on- set. For example, one day she made scalloped potatoes a first solo, into an uncompli- cated casserole. The outcome almost spelled disaster for the whole family when she absent- ly chopped up and consigned to the mixture two gladioli bulbs instead of onions. We all came to the conclu- sion that this girl's heart and mind obviously were not in her cooking. That her children grew and developed normally pays tribute to the nutritional value of canned meats, canned vege- tables, canned soups, fresh fruit and plenty of milk, cereal and cheese. Perhaps Elspeth Walker doesn't know it, but she and I have something in common. H a competition were held in town to establish the unhandiest man around, my husband Bill would beat out Doug so easily he Book Reviews U.S. courts have provoked radicalism "Trials of the Resistence" essays (New York Review and Vintage, 246 pages, pa- perback, S2.95, distributed by Random House of Canada "The Great Conspiracy Trial" by Jason Epstein (Random House, 433 pages, A series of political trials in the United States in- tended to bring the protesters of the Vietnam war and dis- senters from the American way of life into disrepute has succeeded mainly in Intensify- ing the 'alienation. Among the disaffected there is a wide- spread conviction that justice for their kind cannot be expect- ed in American courts. They see the legal cards stacked against them in the laws in- voked as well as in the be- havior of the judges. The book of essays is a good introduction to a growing liter- ature on the attempt of official America to deal with dissent. The essayists are sympathetic to the defendants in the trials and bring out the basic issues which have been avoided by the courts. It is a great pity that those in authority seem to be afraid to permit the issue of the legality of the Vietnam war to be examined. There are two essays on the case of Captain Howard Levy, MD who found himself unable to obey orders for reasons of conscience. Michael Ferber, a co-defendent with Dr. Benjamin Spock and Chaplain William Sloan Coffin in the Boston con- spiracy trial, contributes a short essay dealing mainly with why he joined the resis- tance. Then there is a thought- ful case made for not prosecut- ing in cases of civil disobe- dience. This is followed by a discussion of the issue that was avoided in the Spock trial the bearing of the Nuremberg principles on resistance to the Vietnam war. The trial of the Oakland Seven in connection with a Stop The Draft cam- paign is briefly reported in this trial, the jury surprisingly acquitted the defendants on the usually unbeatable conspiracy charge. With the trial of the Milwaukee Twelve, known as members of the Ultra Resis- tance, the issues behind the re- sistance came closest to getting an airing. The account of the trial is fascinating because the defendants, highly intelligent men, made their own defence. A review of Jessica Mitford's book, The Trial of Dr. Spock (reviewed in The Herald Octo- ber 29, follows. Finally, Jason Epstein's review of how Bobby Seals fared in the Chi- cago conspiracy trial is given. And this leads naturally into Epstein's book on the whole trial. Eight men were charged in connection with the Chicago riots at the time of the Demo- cratic convention in the sum- mer of 1968. They were ap- parently indicted because they were leaders of radical groups: Bobby Seale of the Black Pan- thers; David Dellinger of the pacifists; Jerry Rubin and Ab- bie Hoffman of the Tippies; Tom Hayden and Rennie Davis of Students for a Democratic Society; and two professors, John Ftoines and Lee Weiner. They were charged under a federal law making it an in- dictable offence to cross state Hues for the purpose of foment- ing a riot. In the judgment of author Epstein it is a stupid law and is seen by many to be simply a means of harassing dissident elements in American society. The way in which Judge Julius Hoffman conduct- ed the trial made it obvious that there was an intent to put down the radicals in any way pos- sible. Some of the defendants1 were undeniably crude and contemp- tuous in court. This behavior, which reduced the trial to a circus at times, is not dealt with extensively by Mr. Ep- stein. He was more concerned about the outrageous conduct of the judge. The prejudicial manner of Judge Hoffman and Judge Ford (in the Spoek trial) may have done more to dis- credit and disrupt the legal system than anything the Yip- pies have the Yippies set a deleterious example that seems to have spread even to Canadian courts, as seen in the current Quebec trials. Since the charge was that of conspiring to foment a riot it would be natural to expect the defendants to try to show what the intention was in calling dis- senters to Chicago. They at- tempted to call witnesses who were acquainted with the plan- ning but Judge Hoffman re- fused to let the jury hear their testimony. He even ruled out former Attorney-General Ram- sey Clark as a witness. Bobby Seale, who was sen- tenced to more than four years Treasure for typophile "A Short History of the Printed Word" by Warren Chappell (Knopf, 244 pages, distributed by Random House of Canada A NYONE previously u n- aware that there is such a creature as a "typophile" would soon become aware that there is and why there is by simply leafing through this book. The preparation of this history of printing was obviously a labor of love. Warren Chappell is a letterer, calligrapher, type de- signer, illustrator, and writer of typographic essays and books. I learned that the two main types used for heads on the edi- torial page Caslon and Bo- don! bear the names of their originators; an Englishman, Wil- liam Caslon 1692-1766 and an Italian, Giambattisto Bodoni 1740-1818. I also learned that Johan Gutenberg, the inventor of printing, was bom Johan Gens f 1 e i s c h. And there are many more things of like inter- est to be learned by the reader. The high cost of the book is due, doubtless, to the expense that must have been involved in reproducing the abundant sam- ples of various kinds of type in- cluded in it. This beautifully prepared book would make a treasured gift for anyone in the printing business. DOUG WALKER. for contempt of court, before the trial concluded is portrayed in the book as a man who was goaded into increasingly disre- spectful behavior by frustra- tion. The same could be said for the other defendants-, too. When Bobby Seale could not have his own lawyer he insisted on being his own defence. Un- fortunately, lawyer William Kunstler, who intended to as- sist with the defence, listed Bobby Seale as one of his clients. Even though Kunstler promptly tried to withdraw as counsel, the judge stubbornly refused to allow him and con- sequently -persistently denied Seale the right to speak for himself. Technically, the judge may have been right but his ad- herence to the letter of the law at that point comes through as unjust. While reading the book one may feel that the divergences away from the drama to dis- cuss background material in law and history are an uneces- sary interruption. They inter- rupt to be sure, but they are far from unnecessary. The in- dictment of the court in the tri- al of the Chicago Eight is sub- stantially strengthened there- by. It is a matter of judgment, of course, but the readability of the book would very likely have been enhanced for many people if the background ma- terial had been .included as ap- pendices. The trial in Chicago accom- plished nothing for the good of America. It is hard to see how it can have done anything but further radicalization and es- calate disrespectful behavior in court. One can only hold his breath in the face of the next conspiracy trial that of the Berrigan brothers and their co- defendants. Mr. Jason Epstein is a vice- president of Random House. It was comforting to note that the gremlins that haunt the print shops do not even respect vice- presidents. The bottom of page 127 and the top of page 128 reads as follows, "Immediately thereafter, communists, pac- ifists, and other opponents of the (turn page) and killed." DOUG WALKER. might feel confident enough to attempt his fence once more. I'm not boasting, mind, it's sim- ply a reality that ELspeth will have to accept: Bill is unhan- dier than Doug, no contest needed. I have often thought how sat- isfying it would be to casually say, "Bill would you mind put- ting up a shelf for me in the laundry room so I won't have to keep tiie soap and stuff on that old and know that this contribution to the conven- ience of our household would be attended to with efficiency and dispatch. However, after near- ly thirty years of patching Bill's bruised and bleeding thumbs, and nervously reminding him to watch his language in front of the children, and thanking him with artificial appreciation for shelves which tilt forward or sideways on props which wobble, 1 have long since come to term's with the fact. Bill is a natural born unhandy man. So the soap and stuff sits on the old beat-up chair which Bill bought years ago to refinish; however, as refinishing is akin to shelf-building, the chair will suffice for years to come and it's probably just as well. Think how "making do" saves on Bill's blood pressure, my nerves and money spent on mangled lumber. Occasionally even Bill for- gets how unhandy he is. Re- cently he thought he'd replace a broken pane of glass in the back door. A simple enough job requiring only a couple of ele- mentary tools, some putty and a pane of glass. I thought when he cut his hand getting the old broken pane out that he'd give up on the idea then and there. No indeed, he was determined. He. whistled away cheerfully as he measured the window, then off to the hardware store he went, to return with the. re- quired glass. Too small just a smitch too narrow, but what good is a window pane too small? Next attempt the glass was just a smitch too large, but no problem, it can be re- cut, this time again just a shade on the smallish side. But no matter, lots of putty will hold it in, and all the family needs to do is to remember not to bang the door too hard or the whole window pane just might come crashing out, all over the floor! It's surprising how quickly a family can adjust itself to a few little rules around the house. In no time we were slip- ping in and out the backdoor with never a slam to jar Dad- dy's pane. We're just waiting for the meter reader, (who doesn't know the to thow up and really test that pane. I tried to place' a bet that the window was quite se- cure against any amount of slamming, but nobody would take me up on it. Not that I have any more faith in Bill's handiness than the kids have, but I was merely demonstrat- ing certain wifely loyalties. Even more recently I sug- gested that inasmuch as our bathroom door hasn't a key, wouldn't it be a good idea to get a hook and eye thing, so that guests at least could at- tend to their ablutions with a sense of security for their pri- vacy. But Bill was sure a skele- ton key would fit the lock and purchased several of different sizes. One worked beautifully in a bedroom door, but not the bathroom so the logical thing to do would be to change the locks, right? Right! So Bill, showing an affinity for locks which would have done justice to a s e c o n d-storey man, changed the locks. Now the bathroom door locked beau- tifully, but from the outside only. "I tell you I suggest- ed, "I'll try it from inside the bathroom, then if it doesn't work. I'll just take the key out, slip it under the door to you and you can unlock it from the outside again." Did you ever have to crawl out a bathroom window, in a sleezy dressing into a hedge banked with snow? No? Then you MUST be married to a handyman. The key of course, stuck. There was just no way I could wiggle it loose, and short of breaking down the bathroom door (which has its hinges on the .inside) there seemed no other way to get me out of there. Fortunately, our neigh- bors, like the Walkers', are very understanding and discreet they never mentioned the inci- dent. Like my non-cook friend, Bill and Doug simply haven't (lie true handyman's interest in either heart or mind. But Elspeth and I choose to dwell on all the positive characteris- tics and talents our husbands can be proud of and don't count ourselves unfortunate because we can't have fences, shelves and refinishcd chairs. I bet you anything Elspeth will one day have to climb out a window too, but so what, it's all part of the marriage scene. Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE j flexibility days. That is the proclivity students have-, in common with all mankind, for chang- ing their minds. This is perfectly sen- sible, as any of us should be prepared to change our minds when we have a little more information; and students at FLEXIBILITY, according to this in- stitution's statement of philosophy, is one of the distinguishing features of the University of Lethbridge. I cannot help wondering whether that means anything to those who read it. As a matter of fact, moTmfor: ctoed to make light of it. I don't really blame them; it's an easy claim to make, And, of course, sometimes circum- whether or not there is" anything behind stances change their minds for them. As it (And nowadays, inflexibility seems an illustration of this, consider the case vaguely sinful) of a man vvho arrives on our I am happy to assure you that, at this step with no other thought in mind than particular institution, the'concept of flex- of the profession of medicine. Heaven ability is more than just a nice-sounding knows where this got started; it could be expression. Flexible? You'd better believe something as simple as a favorite aunt it! In some wavs, we are almost ephe- him a junior doctor's kit when ha meral! (That's not really a fault; in a was five years old. Or it might have been szigz great university then some of us had How_ thought, rigidity of thought or legisla tion would be a critical failing.) There is one area in which our flex- ibility is admirable, and from the stu- ever it may have stalled, you can be sura it will have been reinforced throughout his life. People have a persistent habit of to any -f, that is indeed important, especially in this gdng ,0 te a doctor, pats day and age. him on the head and says how fine it is. Within certain rather general guide- uffle on head> lines, a student at this university- can m sayjng lt_ By the practically write his own degree pro- te 12 whole it, gram. That is literally true. We have the teens Mofter teUjng Ule usual assortment of majors some are nei hbors over backTard fence that rather structured, and some less so, and wmje to a By we have a fair variety of multi-disciphn- he believes it of ary programs. But in addition, we have a md it b tappy condition that he somewhat unusual featare in that a stu- k a program at dent who cannot find the particular major or E0me he wishes to follow is encouraged to pro- duce one of his own. If in the opinion of a quite liberal-minded committee his proposal has academic merit, and is with- in his competence and that of the institu- tion, it will be approved. other part of the program, and bang- now he's not going to be a doctor. This, or something like it, happens to lots of students. And it's no one's fault. There is nothing wrong with parents hop- is so important, to the youngsters who attend university a dentist, or a lawyer, or and the encouraging him in that direction. Tha ing rapidly. This is because of a phe- Acuity a that the circumstances that nomenon popularity an incorrectly, in lead a young man to an interest in a par- ray estimation known as the "knowl- ticular profession don't take any account edge explosion." I don't especially like the of whether or not he has the intellectual term perhaps because of my rather pe- and qualities required for admis- culiar views about what constitutes to that profession. What happened to knowledge; I would be more comfortable little Willie could have happened to a man with a phrase like "information ex- who eventually became a great doctor; plosion." But however that may be, there is no doubt that the future facing the average university student today is much more complex, subject to far more ran- dom considerations, and simply less predictable than that which university students had to contemplate even a few years ago. And there is another factor, too. It isn't new, but I get the impression that it is operating a little more forcibly these but, just as easily, it could happen to a youngster destined to be a plumber or a or a bum. Hence, my claim that, above all the undergraduate program at a univer- sity simply must be flexible, if it is to be any real value to the kind of young man and young woman we are sending to university these days. Ours, thank Heaven, is as flexible as any I know about The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Reflections on our time (4) 'T'E atomic scientist, Harold C. Urey, a Nobel Prize winner, says, "I write to make you afraid. I am afraid myself. All the experts I know are afraid." His task is an easy one. This is a scared rab- bit generation. Few men and women do not live in a state of fear and anxiety. Emily Dickinson wrote of bereaved peo- ple, "They have lost the face that made existence home." A Godless man has only one destiny and that is death. On Easter morning thousands gather outside the Mos- cow Cathedral to shout obscenely, "God is Suzanne Dietrich, that fine exposi- tor of Scripture, in "God's Word in Today's World" tells of a requiem at North Caro- lina Wesleyan College. The kettledrums reach a crescendo in the fearful question, "Why is there no The chorus cries out, "Your God is Then just before the final crash of the kettledrums, the chorus screams the litany's apocalyptic words, "God is There is very little difference if ar.y be- tween the secularist in the Western world and the Communist in the East. Their values are the same, their reliance upon science is the same, their contempt for human personality is the same, their ma- terialist attitude to "standard of living" is the same. The only factor making a dif- ference between East and West is the leavening influence of a sincere and pro- found religious faith in a minority. As a matter of fact the Communist rulers show more regard for human values in their fight against pollution than do the direc- tors of great corporations, for example, the automobile industry. Their contemptuous disregard for truth and for human b'fe make the executives of such business cor- porations scandalous from the point of view of any Christian measurement. But then they take their coloring from their social habitat. Secularism moves through society, per- vasive and deadly, appearing in various guise. Sometimes it takes the form of re- garding man as an animal so that a mother studies the apes to discover how to bring up her child. Sometimes it takes the form of scicntism which regards science as the solo .source of man's knowledge and the only way to man's salvation. As one of its advocates maintains, everything real is tangible phy- sical, and measurable. Such seientism, of course, is distinguished from science, be- cause seientism goes beyond the conclu- sions of science to philosophize on man's goal and destiny and the nature of reality. The faith of seientism is that of mechani- cal evolution and determinism and its ethics are naturalism. It is not strange, then, that a feature of our time is tha widespread belief in magic and the popu- larity of horoscopes. Most newspapers carry this absurd prediction of daily for- tune according to the stars, and news- stands and bookstores have horoscopes for sale. One encounters men and women who refuse to marry anyone not considered to have the correct star relationship. Nor is it unexpected that this age should be no- torious for its sexual bestiality, its lewd- ness on stage and screen, and that a cul- tural and religious centre like Toronto should sink so low that it becomes notor- ious for easy abortion. When true religion is thrown out tha window, something slimy and horrible comes up the drains. It is worth noting that the Nazi Goebbels, who advocated the lie of the Nordic race and slaughtered mil- lions of Jews, also put Germany's finest scientist to work to prove the moon was made of ice. Nor is the racism now ram- pant in Russia where whole nations hava been exterminated any cause for wonder. Yet racism is the most cruel phenomenon in today's world, propagated by a pseudo- science, and particularly disruptive to a world-wide industrial age. In such a world it is not surprising that the use of drugs has had phenomenal in- crease especially among youth. Nor is it unpredictable that "speaking in tongues1' and dispcnsationalism and advcntism should become popular in religious groups. Never in church history have healing culls been more popular. In all of this truth and superstition are often found strangely mix- ed and such desperate groping of the hu- man spirit may presage the ago of a reli- gious revival with fresh insights and pro- found meanings. The transition from old to new is always agonizing and there can be no doubt but that mankind is in Mich an age of transition now. ;