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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, February 12, 1975 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 39 Worst famine in 100 years engulfs Indian region By RAM SUNDAR CP Correspondent BOMBAY (CP) The worst famine in more than 100 years has engulfed the south Indian stale of Tamil Nadu. According to state Chief Minister Muthuyel Karunanidhi, "the situation is causing us much anxiety. But SEN.MAGNUSON Tanker issue battle looms WASHINGTON (CP) New United States Coast Guard regulations for ship construction are due out soon and a fight is shaping up over the contentious issue of double bottoms for tankers. It is a last-ditch battle that the double-bottomers appear almost certain to lose. The interior department wants the sort of outer hull running the length of the ship. below the made mandatory. The transportation department, godfather of the' coast guard, says no dice. Officially, whose West Coast huge oil tankers will begin sailing from Alaska in about three has taken no stand. Refusing to let the matter die are two U.S. senators whose ridings take in the loading and unloading ter- minals on the oil run from' Alaska to Washington State. The coast guard says in a white paper that it is "not op- posed to double bottom con- struction of oil tankers." However, it opposes for- mulating regulations that would make double bottoms mandatory "because it would deny the possibility of other combinations of construction and operating standards for tankers which may provide better protection for the marine environment." Both Senator Warren Magnuson, Democrat from Washington, and Senator Ted Stevens, Republican from _ Alaska, are pushing for double bottoms as a safety measure. Magnuson has introduced an amendment to the Ports and Waterways Safety Act, calling for double bottoms on all new U.S.-built tankers of more than tons. As chairman of the Senate commerce committee, Magnuson also plans to call for special oversight hearings to review the proposed coast guard regulations. Stevens says: "What we'd like to do is use the Alaska trade as a model for safety for the whole world." However, some en- vironmental sources in Ot- tawa are inclined to go along with the.U.S. Coast Guard's position on the grounds that double bottoms along the West Coast might cause more problems than they would solve. Admiral Owen Siler, coast guard commandant, says a vessel's strength and stability are the major consideration. The possibility of a tanker grounding in the deep fiords along the route probably is secondary to the danger of ripping open a side, he says, adding that the thrust must be on improved navigational aids. Magnuson, in a recent com- mittee hearing, dismissed the argument as "a technical matter" which he said will be taken up during subsequent hearings. He questions why the coast guard, after initially sup- porting the double-bottom concept, did "a 180-degree turn" on the issue and suggests the coast guard has been influenced by an oil lob- by. But the coast guard has come up with another argu- ment against making the construction feature man- datory. Admiral Silver said that safety regulations cover- ing U.S. vessels must even- tually apply to all foreign vessels trading into U.S. ports. Ninety-four per cent of all tanker traffic in U.S. waters is carried on by foreign vessels and 40 per cent of those fly the Liberian flag of convenience. we hope to deal with the crisis effectively." The famine has hit even Tanjore County, traditionally known as south India's rice bowl. Normally a lush area with waving paddies and .dotted with coconut groves, Tanjore has also produced some of India's top lawyers, administrators, musicians and film stars. According to the United News of India news agency, nearly 10 million of the state's population of 42 million people are affected by the famine. MONSOON FAILED Following the failure of the recent monsoon, more than four million acres dependent on wells and ponds have become barren. This will mean a loss of more than two million tons of grain. Reports from Tamil Nadu say thousands of poor peasants in the counties of Ramnath Puram and Pudukottai are migrating to other areas in search of food and jobs. Several thousand cattle have been shifted by their owners to the neighboring states of Kerala and Kar- nataka. Though Chief Minister Ka- runanidhi has expressed the government's determination to maintain law and order, hungry villagers in several areas have raided grain warehouses and looted trucks carrying food supplies. Bombay Times reported that groups of housewives in Madras, the state capital, laid siege to government ration shops clamoring for rice at cheaper rates, while police and demonstrators clashed at some places. Karunanidhi has asked Prime Minister Gandhi for special food aid from federal stocks. Kalyana Sundaram, general secretary of the Tamil Nadu Communist Party, has alleged that 100 starvation deaths have occurred. "Peasants in some areas are living on roots and Sundaram said. Sears paes Paris Star gets into the mood for spring with new polyester knit coords in luscious ice cream pales. Zests them up with tasteful prints. And the prices make them even more tempting! All, except where otherwise stated. in peach, mint green, aqua. banana, or chocolate. All items, except sweater, come in misses' sizes 1 0-1 8. a. Blazer. 07R 000 825 Printed interlock-knit shirt in 07R 000 1 54 Belted zip-fly'pants with sewn-on waistband. 07R 000 810 .00 b. 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