Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Canada skates on thin ice in U.S. issue By IRVING C. WIIYNOT Canadian Press Business Eilitor United States rejection of the proposed trade pack- age with Canada appears to make it clear that the U.S. has also rejected Canada's claim that it should be af- forded some special treatment because of its historic and unique trading position with Hie U.S. Canada tried to press this claim when the U.S. im- posed its stringent economic moves including the extra duty on August, but it was rejected out of hand. The U.S. argued that it had to treat every- one the same. There are no indications that the U.S. has changed ite stand since, so it appears Canada is skating on thin ice in the latest situation. What irks many Canadian businessmen is a hck of understanding or apparent lack of it of the Cana- dian position. Preoccupied by its own economic and political problems, the U.S. appears to many Canadians not to give a hoot about Canadian problems. Canadians point with concern at a comment by President Nixon when he told a news conference las', year that "Japan is our biggest customer in the world and we are their biggest customer in the world." The fact, of course, is that Canada and the United States are each other's best customers. But, say the Canadians, if the president doesn't know the Canadian position, is it any wonder that others don't understand the situation either? Seek better balance Object of the latest U.S moves is to achieve a better balance of trade with major trading partners such as Canada. But again there are Canadian concerns with such a move. The U.S. points out that Canada had a balance- But for 19 years before thai. Canada had a trade nf-trade surplus wilh the U.S. in 1970 and J971. deficit totalling billion in merchandise alone. That doesn't include payments such as dividends, man- agement fees and so on which would add U> the total considerably. And underlying the entire issue is the highly emo- tma.1 one of economic nationalism which seems to be gaining ground in Canada. The. federal government still has not announced its policy on foreign ownership but indications are that it will impose regulations which tend to slow down the rate of foreign investment in this country. Just how all these problems can be resolved re- mains to be seen. It seems essential for Canada that. agreement be reached. If if isnt, the threat from the U.S. is for "appropriate menas'' of reducing the trade imbalance. In such n situation, Canada would have little chance of winning. Claims judges soft on women TORONTO (CP) Tiro university researchers say Canadian judges are far more likely to send a man than a woman to prison. Nearly half the number of men convicted of seri- ous crimes in 1969 were locked up but only 16 per cent of women found guilty of the same range of offences ended up behind bars, say sociologists D. F. Cousineau of York University and J. E. Veevers of the University of Western Ontario at London. Their findings appear in the current issue of the Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections. The chances of being convicted are about equal for men and women, they say, but beyond that point "the judicial process appears to be much more punitive in response to men than to women." They said women "are much more likely" than men to get fines or suspended sentences without pro- bation. Shorter terms If a woman receives a prison sentence, the odds are that she will draw a relatively short term in a provincial reformatory rather than being sent to a' federal penitentiary where the shortest sentence is two years. Part n( 1.1m reason women get off more lightly, llwy said, can be Ira rod I" the fact that, "various agencies ol social control lend lo be more punitive" In dealing with men. Their sludy also noted that SO per cent of persons sent lo penitentiaries in I9B9 had been in prison be- fore. Two thirds of them also had three or more previous convictions. They said "such high rates suggest that the prison system in Canada at present "is not a very effective means of rehahililntint! and reforming criminals." Best way lo be educated jjel oul ol school HAMILTON tcp) The bosl. way lo Iw educated h In got (nil of school, ft Ninth York school trustee "'IV pxistinn of education is ivrcloviinl, rtvM.ly ;im1 K. Val Srol! to id nit nudipnrc of ;il ;HI symposium sponsored ny Llif1 I'imrn.ilv Students' tsnioii lie urged Ilifil. sliidrnl.s, osixn-inlly a I, l.hr secondary mid levels "drop out, of school en masse and drop in to tlio community." "At present, school boards hnvc the monopoly over the education lax dollar. As lonp as this situation ex- it is difficult, to develop viable alternatives to llio present, system. We have boon laboring under the myth that our present, educational instilulions are in- dispensable tit our society. It isn't Inic." Mr. Kcolt said ediiealion should Iw tied more close- ly In commnnil.y nctivilies, industry, mid 15 fats 100 PAGES Struggling book trade gets help MONTREAL (CP) Can- ada's struggling book industry will receive a million boost from the federal government this year, State Secretary Ger- ard Pelletier announced Friday. He outlined a six-point aid program to the annaul meeting of federal cultural agencies, which include the CBC, Canada Council and Canadian Radio- Television Commission, and said the total money injection represents at leasl one-third of the Canadian book publishing total yearly turnover, excluding textbooks. Mr. Pelletier said the pro- gram is "only a beginning" but necessary "because of the ur- gent nature of the difficulties being faced by the Canadian publishers." WOULD DOUBLE OUTPUT It would double production Canadian books, not counting school textbooks, in five years. The program includes: increase to mil- lion a year in direct grants from the Canada Council to pub- lishers to permit publication of more quality Canadian works; for the purchase Canadian books for free distri- bution in Canada and abroad; to aid the export nf Canadian books, with SUOO.onn earmarked for establishing dis- tribution centres in the IV.itcd States. Britain and Eudope and S100.000 for Canadian participa- tion at book fairs and exhibi- tions: in Canada Council grants, up from SI 15.000 in 1971-72, for translation of Cana- dian works "to encourage ex- changes between the two main linguistic communities of Can- ada'': Publication by private com- panies of "unofficial works on the government's behalf" for sale on the regular book mar- ket: of a standing com- mittee on publishing to work out an over-all policy of co-ordina- tion. REACTION WARM Reaction from book publish- ers was warm. "The government has taken Presses roll despite fire at Herald The Herald presses continued to roll today despite a late morning fire. A ceiling fire which broke out in the exhaust system in the stereo mechanical department on the second floor at about It a.m. brought city fire fighters tx> the scene. Quick action by the firemen Kllowed the Herald to meet its deadline in spite of the fire. an important step in recognizing that book publishing plays a major role in our cultural sur- said Peter Martin, head of Peter Martin Associates of Toronto. W. H. Clarke of Clarke-Irwin Ltd., Toronto, said he is very pleased with the aid. Seen and heard About town lliVG EXPERT .Inlins Mnllzatm telling friends he was pulling some line up the hill to the lake because il was easier Ulan pushing it Machinist Hans Wall- nclia explaining the long time to get In the phone with "a wheel fell off my roller skate." -John Van Sluvs getting to eat a cookie Ix'forR Hill Having because pos- session in nine tenths of the law. May tone down Connally talk U.S. government split on Canada trade deal ROBERT NIXON GARDEN PARTY Queen Elizobelh talks fo a group of children carrying British ond Australian flags, during a garden party at the British Embassy in Bangkok Satur- day afternoon. (Af> Rndio> Potato plant will close At the completion of the cur- rent potato crop processing season in May, Sun-Alta Po- tato Processors Ltd. will sus- pend plant operations, Joe Ni- cholson, plant manager said to- day. The firm will not contract po- tato acreages with growers for the next potato crop and docs not plan to resume production next fall in Taber. Mr. Nicholson said the shut down was made necessary be- cause of a shrinking export market situation. All Sun-Alta production is ex- ported. About 90 Sun-Alta employees and 38 potato growers in the southern Alberta areas will be affected. Mr. Nicholson said Sun-Alta will continue to explore other market possibilities. "If these materialize tire plant may resume operations in the he said. Stowaway had close call NAN A I MO, B.C. (CP) Twenty-year-old stowaway Lydia Estlie] del Rio Turino told Friday how she narrowly es- caped detection by Cuban police who searched the hold of a Tackle dock settlement SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Longshoremen's union leaders from Seattle to San Diego were to meet today to discuss a ten- tative settlement in the 127-day dock strike and arrange for s ratification ballot by Wesl Coast, members. The caucus could continue into Monday. Voting on the proposed settle- ment probably will take a week or more. Meanwhile, a spokesman for t h e International Longshore- men's Association on the East and Gulf Coast said his union's members are to vole on a now contrnct by March 8. Kast Coast dock-worker.-; struck from Oct. I lo Nov. 36 when Presi- dent Nixon imposed a Taft-IIarl- ley injunction there. Greek freighter where she had hidden after a 20-yard swim for freedom through Havana had- bor. Speaking through interpreter Mrs. Maria Beard. Miss Turino said she had thought about leav- ing Cuba for two or three years and on Jan. 17 she made her move. She now is awaiting word from Ottawa on her bid for po- litical asylum. Immigration department. Miss Tudino is staying at the Beard's Nanaimo home. Miss Turino, who lived hi Ha- vana for 10 years, said she found it impossible to live in Cuba. "They have a terrible system. There's no freedom it is impossible to live under com- munism." She also expressed concern WASHINGTON (Reuter) A split has developed inside the Nixon administration over wringing trade concessions from Canada, United States government, sources said here Friday. The dispute was a major factor in the delay in submitting a bill to Congress lo devalue the L'.S. dollar by raising the price of gold as part ol a currency re- valuation, the sources said. 'MUST FEEL PAFN" The legislation was submitted Wednesday night. The two na- tions had' been negotiating for some time and the U.S. had ob- tained a major part of the con- cessions it was seeking from Canada, the sources said. However, Treasury Secretary John Connally insisted that Can- ada be pressed even further and the Canadian offer was re- jected. A source guoted one Treasury department official as Raying "the Canadians must feel pain." But the U.S. slate department, was stressing the need for a sof- ter approach, maintaining that this would produce a bigger Ca- nadian response, the sources said. Other sources said the state department had fought to tone down a statement by Connally last Wednesday in which he stated: "Regrettably, no agree- ments have been reached with Canada. The United States will seek appropriate means of re- ducing imbalances in trade agreements with that, country.'1 SKEJIEU REASONABLE Jean-Luc Pepin. the Canadian trade minister, told a news con- ference Wednesday night that Ottawa tell it had proposed s settlement that was a reasona- ble compromise on issues such as trade in automobiles and de- fence equipment. He did not go into details. "But in Mr. Connally's Pepin said, "it was not juicy enough; not favorable enough for the United Slates." He added that some in the U.S. government wanted to ac- cept the Canadian proposals. Connally is said to have sug- gested that, as a trade conces- sion, Canada let U.S. cars into the country duty-free. Canada fears this would cut deeply into t h e Canadian car industry, which consists mainly of assem- bling U.S. cars. Administration officials have portrayed the effort to get more concessions from Canada as an attempt to head off protectionist sentiment in Congress. quits OTTAWA (CP) Robert Nixon today announced his res- ignation as leader of the Ontario Liberal party, saying the last two provincial ejections have shown that "my particular qual- ities do not precisely fill the bill." In a prepared speech, Mr. Nixon, 43-y e a r -o! d farmer- teacher from St. Gecree, Ont, told the parly's annual conven- tion he will stay on until -i new leader is He became party leader just prior to the 1967 provincial election. He called on the party's exec- utive board to establish a com- mittee to make "definite plans for a leadership He said the arrangement: should not interfere with r.ic federal election, expected thy. year. her Liberal MP lets something aojiLmi. one eisii Mrs. Beard agreed to care for for her parents, two brothers did X pending a decision by the and sister still living in Cuba. Mrs. Beard said Miss Turino broke into tears when she was taken into a Nanaimo store. "She just couldn't believe that there were so many things to buy." said Mrs. Beard. When Miss Turino left the ship in Nanaimo, crew mem- bers bought her some clothes and collected a goodbye gift of K86. '1'lwy ve found someone who understands tha White Oaks ol Week for kids KEY BISCAYNE, Fla. lAPi President Nixon proclaimed April 7-15 as National Action for Foster Children week Friday and urged government and pri- vate groups lo improve and ex- pand services for the more than children "who no longer live with their natural parents." WINNIPEG (CP) Did Bud Orange let something slip or was he just guessing out loud? The chairman of the Prai- rie, Liberal parliamentary mucus talked to reporters p caucus meeting Fri- day and said yes. wilh little more than a year left on the federal government's five- year constitutional limit there was some talk of an election. But many other policies were discussed "with impli- cations that go beyond June 27." "Is that your someone asked. Jt isn't. Mr. Orange. MP for Northwest. Territories, just, smiled and tried not to look embarrassed. ..educ marks anniversary of big oil line! liy KHKVICXCIMiK Alia, i API "Oil, oil." .in incilnl driller shinileil nn ;i i.imnv hut frosty winlrr afternoon in a farm field miles southwest of Kdniou- IJNI. lu was Feb. 13, and Im- perial Oil Lid., aflcr 27 years of searching, had found oil i n Wcslcm Canada. 'Hie discovery, 25 years ago Sunday, pushed Albcria inlo pe- troleum good rea- son to coU-hralo. liedur will do ju.sl Ihaf this wilh nn anniversary hanqunl, curling, hockey, and rat'e.s. '''Iho ll'flfls IKIVP bmi solid for .'i iitoiilh." Kiid MuiTry (Sparrow of I hr Ix'duf .'innivi'r .vi ry nun mil I co. "Their poing to lie a of oil people in town." No. touched off an ex- ploration scramble Mint, by 1052 had found the Redwnlor, Golden Spike, Bonnie Glen, Weslerose, Wizard Lake, Fonn-Bip Valley, Hometflon-Rimhey and .loffro oil fields. They form n croscont .shape from norlheasl to south- west of Kdnumtoii, which has ridden Ihc Ivwin lo hooonm s city of 450.WO. Tli.- exploration spilled river into other western provinces, r.ulliiu: iii major in British Columbia awl oil in Manitob.n ;md .Sriskalchcwan. KI'KXT OT MILLION Imperial spent million and came up with m dry tales on the prairie More Ix'duc. Until Inline, Canada imported 9ft per cent of its petroleum re- quirements. It TOW is self-suffi- cient and in 1071 exported 7M.200 barrels n day lo the United Stales. Secondai-y indusliT in u s h- roomed and nianufadurini! firms in Ontario Qucher ra- pauded In meet the needs of tlw polrolriini industry. uliir-h Ins billion on ,wl prndurliim 111 Weslern Can ada since 1017. Natural ga.s, crude oil s com- panion, has spawned an 80-plant petrochemical industry wilh an investment of billion which produces SiOO billion worth of products a year. By 1071, the gas-pi-ocessing industry has in- vcslod SfiflO million in 12fl plants, most of them in Alberta. Canada now is ninth among Ihc world's oil-producing I'onn- Irics in production of crude oil mid natural fias liquids, which exceeds 1.6 million barrels B day, ati'l third in natural pnvlnrtlnn for sale ?f more than five hillion cubic a day. Alberta accounts for about ".i per cent of Canadian oil produc- tion and more than 80 per cent of gas production. The largest single oil field in Canada is the IVmbina field in Alberta, discovered in 195.1. It contains an eslimnled cip.li! bil- lion barrels of oil, of which 1.7 billion aro calculated lo be. re- coverable. ASH NO TON i AT. diploma's hsvp hinted strongly I'neir government may agree to face-to-face negotia- tions with Israel if Israel makes a firm withdrawal commitment. The Washington-based diplo- who cnuid nol he named, also said Friday that the gov- ernment of President Anwar Sadat might drop its insistence on crossing the Suez canal if the Israelis make a "clear commit- ment'' to withdraw to pre-war borders within fix months. Prime Minister Golda Meii' of Israel has mainfiiined that no Kgyptian troops should cross the canal if Israel withdraws from the prime defence line in fierordanco with Ih'1 t'.S. pro- posal to reopen the stalled wa- terway. The Egyptians have in- sisted their troops cross the While tho I'.'ivo shunned direr! negotiations. I> rael h.is maintained Hint only fnce-to-face l.ilks would pdoduce real peace in the Middle fi-'ast. Bowl brings bundle I.OM10N1 (AIM A r..ro sit ver punch howl, made arouiu 1720 by a New F.nghnd silvers- inilh, was sold at a London auc- tion Friday for a iTrord The price paid hy a Ixmdon merchant, was the highest ever pnid for a pieep of Ameriejin sil- ver in British sale.