Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Canada skates on thin ice in issue By IRVING WIIYNtlT Canadian Press Business Editor United Stales rejection or the proposed trade pack- age with Canada appears U> make it clear that the U.S. lias also rejected Canada's claim that it should lw af- forded some spcciaJ treatment because of its historic and unique trading position with the U.S. Canada tried to press this claim when the U.S. im- posed its stringent economic moves including the extra duty on August, but it was rejected out of hand. The U.S. argued that it had to treat every- one the same There are no indications that the U.S. has changed fe stand since, 50 it appears Canada is skating on thin ice in the lalest situation. What irks many Canadian businessmen is a lick ol understanding or apparent lack of it of the Cana- dian posilion. Prraccupied by its ov.n economic and political problems, the U.S. appears to many Canadians not lo pive a hoot about Canadian problems. Canadians point with concern at a comment by President Nixon when he told a news conference las1, jear that "Japan is our biggest customer in the world and we are their biggest customer in the world." The fad, of course, is that Canada and tfie United States arc each other's best customers. But, say the Canadians, il the president doesn't know the Canadian is it any wonder that others don't understand the siluslion cither? Seek better balance Object u[ Lhe latest U.S moves is to achieve a bettor balance of trade wilh major trading partners .such ii.s Canada. But again there are Canadian concerns uilh such a MHHC. The U.S. poinl.s oul that Canada had a balance- But for 13 years before thai, Canada had a trade nf-lradc surplus with the in 1370 and J97I. deficit bjlalling billion in merchandise alone. That doesn't include payments such as dividends, man- agement fees and so on wliich would add to the total considerably. And underlying the entire issue is the highly emo- hnal one of economic nationalism which seems to be gaining ground in Canada. The federal govern men I still has not announced its policy on foreign ownership but indications are that it will impose regulations which tend to slow the rate of foreign investment in tliis country. Just how all these problems can be resolved re- mains to be scon. Tt seems essential for Canada that. agreement be reaclierl. If it isnt, the threat from the U.S. is for "appropriate menos'1 of reducing the trade imbalance. In such A situation, Canada would have little chance of winning, Claims judges soft on women TORONTO (CP) Tiro university researchers say Canadian judges are far more lilcely to send a man than a woman to prison. Nearly half the number of men convicted of seri- ous crimes in 1969 were locked up but only 16 per cent of women found guilty of the same range of offences ended up behind bars, say sociologists D. F. Cousincau of York University and J. E. Veevers of the University of Western Ontario at London. Their findings appear in the current issue of the Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections. The chances of being convicted are about equal for men and women, they say, but beyond that point "the judicial process appears to be much more punitive in response to men than to women." They said women "are much more likely'1 than men to get fines or suspended sentences without pro- bation. Shorter terms H n woman receives a prison sentence, the odds are lliat she will draw a relatively short term in a provincial reformatory rather than being sent lo a' (cdcraJ penitentiary where tire shortest sentence is hro vear.s Part nf MIR reason women Ret off more Lightly, IVy said, caji br I raced in tlir fact thai ''various acenc.irs nf r.ocial control lend lo be more punitive1' In dealing wilh men. Their study also no ltd lhat 80 per cent of persons sent ID penitentiaries in had been in prison be- fore. Two thirds of them also had three or more previous convictions. They said "such Irpli rales suggest thai the prison pyplom in Canada at present "is not a very effective means of mid reforming criminals.'1 Best way lo be educated lie! out oi seliool The best way to Iv wliicnterf IT lo pel (nil of sellout, rt Ntnlh York school trustee Kjnrt- ;.lem of rducalion is ivreleviinl ;inrl hnrmfiil." II. Val Seoll Inkl an nudiener nf ;'nii ;m sponsorcil hy Llir I'liurr; ilv StndmlN1 l-nion Me Ihal sliidrnl.s, esixM-inlly at Ihr secondary mid levels "drop out. of school en masse and drnj) in to the commimily." ''At present school boards have the monopoly over Ihe eduealion lax dollar. As lonp as this situation cx- il is difficult to develop viable alternatives lo the present system. We have been laboring under the myth that our present, educational inslilulions arc in- di.sprn.sable lit our society. II isn'l Inic." Mr Seoll said education sliould Iw more elose- in rnmninnilv nctivities, industry, nnd Strussling book tone down Connally talk trade gets help jj.S. government split MONTREAL (CP) Can- an important step in recognizing on Canada trade deal MONTREAL (CP) Can- ada's struggling book industry wiU receive a million boost from the federal government this year, State Secretary Sw- ard Pelletier announced Friday. He outlined a six-point aid program to the annaul meeting of federal cultural agencies, which include (he CBC, Canada Cniincil and Canadian Radio- Television Commission, and said the total money injection represents at leasl one-third ol lh? Canadian hook publishing total yearly turnover, excluding textbooks. Mr. Pelletier said Ihe pro- gram is "only a beginning" but necessary "because of the ur- gent nature of the difficulties being faced by the Canadian publishers." WOULD DOUBLE OUTPUT It would double production Canadian books, not counting school textbooks, in five years. The program includes: increase to 51 mil- lion a year in direct grants from the Canada Council lo pub- lishers lo permit publicalion ol more qualily Canadian works; for Ihe purchase of Canadian book1; for free distri- bution in Canada and abroad: lo aid the export nf Canadian books, wilh S-ino.nno earmarked for eslablishinc dis- tribution renlrcs in Ihe Stales. Britain and Eudope and for Canadian participa- tion at book fairs and exhibi- tions: in Canada Council granLs up from SI 15.000 in 1971-72, for translation of Cana- dian works "to encourage ex- changes between the two main linguistic communities of Can- ada' Publicalion by private com- panies of "unofficial works on Ihe government's behalf for sale on the regular book mar- ket: of a standing com- mittee on publishing to work out an over-all policy of co-ordina- tion. REACTION WARM Reaction from book publish- ers was warm. "The government has taken an important step in recognizing that book publishing plays major role in our cultural sur- said Peter Martin, head of Peter Martin Associates of Toronto. H. Clarke of Clarke-Invin Lid., Toronto, said he is very pleased wilh Ihe aid. ROBERT NIXON GARDEN PARTY Queen Elizobelli talks lo a group of children carrying British ond Australian Flags, during a garden party al the British Embassy in Bangkok Salur- clay afternoon. (AP Radio) Potato plant will close Presses roll despite fire at Herald The Herald presses continued to roll today despite a late morning lire. A ceiling fire which broke oul in the exhaust system in the stereo mechanical department on the second floor at about II. a.m. brought city fire fighters to the scene. Quick action by the firemen allowed the Herald to meet its deadline in spite of the fire. f i I i ll'll'ili'Ml At tiw completion of the cur- rent potato crop processing season in May, Sun-Alta Po- tato Processors Ltd. Bill sus- pend plant operations, Joe Ni- cholson, plant manager said to- day. The firm will not contract po- tato acreages with growers for the next potato crop and does not plan to resume production next fall in Taber. Mr. Nicholson said the shut down was made necessary be- cause of a shrinking export market situation. All Sun-Alta production is ex- ported. About 90 Sun-Alta employees and 38 potato growers in the southern Alberta areas will be affected. Mr. Nicholson said Sun-Alta will continue to explore other market possibilities. "If tlrese materialize the plant may resume operations in the he said. Stowaway had close call Seen and heard About town 1SXFKHT .Inlins Mnlu.ilm telling friends he w.is pulling some line up the hill to the lake because il was Ulan pushing il Jlochinist linns Wall- nrlia explaining the long time lo got In the phone willi "a wheel fell otf my roller John Van Sluys Collinc lo cat a conkip ln'foi-R Hill iljn-inttt Ix'fvilisr pos- in nine Lcnlhs of the W, NAN A I MO, B.C. (CP) Twenty-year-old stowaway Lydia Estiiel del Rio Turino told Friday how she narrowly es- caped detection by Cuban police who searched the hold of a Tackle dock settlement SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Longslwremen's union leaders from Seattle to San Diego were1, to meet today to discuss a ten- tative settlement in the liT-day dock strike and arrange for s ratification ballot by Coa5l Tlie caucus could continue into Monday. Voting on the proposed settle- ment probably mil tnke a week or more. Mcamvhilc, a spokesman for l h e. IntcrnaLiaiul Longshore- men's Association on the East and Gulf Coast said liis union's members are to vole on n new contract by March 3. Cpa.M dockworkor.-. si nick from Ool. I lo JVov. M Prrei- fienl Mxon imjioswl a Tafl.-IIarl- ley injunction there. Greek freighter where she had hidden after a 20-yard swim for freedom through Havana had- bor. SpeaJdrig through interpreter Mrs. Maria Beard, Miss Turinrj said she had thought about leav- ing Cuba for two or three years and on Jan. 17 slie made her move. She now is awaiting word from Ottawa on her bid for po- litical asylum. Mrs. Beard agreed to care for her pending a decision by the Immigration department. Miss Tiiduio is staying at the Beard's Nanaimo home. Miss Turino, who lived hi Ha- vana for 10 years, said she found it impossible to live in Cuba. "They have a terrible system. There's no freedom it is impossible to live under com- munism." She also expressed concern for her parents, two brothers and sister still living in Cuba. Mrs. Beard said Miss Turino broke into tears when she was taken into a Nauahno sloie. ".She just couldn't believe that there were so many things to bm." said Mrs. Beard. Miss Turino led the ship in Nanaimo, crew mem. iip.rs licr some, dollies and collected a goodbye gift nf K56. WASHINGTON (Reuler) A split has developed Inside the Nixon administration over wringing trade concessions from Canada, United Stales government. sources said here Friday. The dispute was a major factor in Ilic delay in submitting ;i bill to Congress to devalue Ihe I'.S. dollar by raising the price of gold as part of a currency re- valuation, Hie sources said. 'MUST FEEL PA A" The legislation was submitted Wednesday night. The (wo na- tions had been negotiating for some time and the U.S. had ob- tained a major part of the con- cessions it was seeKing from Canada, the sources said. However, Treasury Secrelary John Connally insisted that Can- ada be pressed even further and the Canadian offer was re- jected. A source Quoted one Treasury deparlmenl official as saying "Iho Canadians must feel pain." But Ihe U.S. state department! was stressing the need for a sof- ter approach, maintaining that this would produce a bigger Ca nadian response, the sources said. Other sources said the stale department had fought to tone down a statement by Connally last Wednesday in which he stated: "Regrettably, no agree- ments have been reached with Canada. The United Stales will seek appropriate means of re- ducing imbalances in trade agreements with that, SF.KMF.I) REASONABLE .lean-Luc Pepin. the Canadian trade minister, told a news con- ference Wednesday night that Olia.vn tell it had pnjprfied a settlement. was a reasona- ble compromise on issues such as trade in automobiles and de- fence equipment. He did not go into details. "But in Mr. Connally's Pepin said, "it was not juicy enough1, not favorable enough for the United Stales." He added that some in the U.S. government wanted lo ac- cept the Canadian proposals. Conrally is said to have sug- gested that, as a trade conces- sion, Canada let U.S. cars into the country duty-free. Canada fears this would cut deeply into t h e Canadian car industry, winch consists mainly of assem- bling U.S. cars. Administration officials have portrayed the effort lo get more concessions from Canada as an attempt to head off protectionist sentimenl in Congress. leader quits OTTAWA (CP) Robert N'ixon today announced his res- ignation as leader of the Ontario Liberal parly, saying the last two provincial eieclions have shown that "my particular qual- ities do not precisely fill the bill." In a prepared speech, Mr. -Ti-y e a r -o 1 d farmer- teacher from St. Gecree, Ont., told Ihe party simual conven- tion he, will on milil .1 new leader is cirasvn. He became party leader just prior to the 1967 provincial He called on Ihe parly's exec- utive board to eslahli5h a com- mittee to mate "definite plan! for a leadership He said the arrangement: should not interfere uilh rrie federal election, expected till.', year. Liberal MP lets something slip-or did he? 'They found someone who understands tha White Oaks c! Week for kids KEY BISCAYNE, Fla. (API President Nixon proclaimed April 7-15 as National Action for Foster Children week Friday and urged government and pri- vate croups lo improve and ex- pand servicrs for (.he more Ih-in HO.OOO children "who no longer livo with Iheir natural parenls.'' (CP) Did Bud Orange let something slip or was he just guessing our loud? The chairman of the Prai- rie Liberal parba-inenlarv mucus tallied lo reporters p caucus mccfinc Fri- day and said yrs. wilh litlln more than a year loft on (he federal government's five- year constitutional limit Uion? was some talk of an election. But many other policies wore discussed "with impli- calions that go hejond June 27." "is that your wnieoue asked. Jt isn'l. Mr. 0 r .1 n p e. MP for Tmitorics, smiled and Iried not to look embarrassed. Leduc marks anniversary of bis oil find By Kiir. MIl'MT. 'API fl's oil." ;in mrilnl di-dler s'linilei) nn hut fnKiy IIT Tielfl '.''t southwest of ICdnion- In was Fell. 1H17, and Im- perial Oil Lid., aflcr 27 of searehing, bad found oil i n Weslcrn Canada, Tlie di.scovei-y, 25 yrors ago Sunday, pushed Alborla into pe- troleum good rea- .son lo celchrale. will do this with an mini versa ry hanquol, ciirliim. horkey, pknling and ll'ilelf, havn br-cn Mil id fni :i inniilh." >'iifl MlM'iT" of Ix'duf ;inniver .xnry rtimmidce "Tliore an11 Coins lo Iw dormer line in nerorflance thn I'.S. pro- posal lo reopen the stalled wa- terway. The ERyplinns have in- fitted (.heir Iroops Die canal. While1 (lip I'liTVpiifins h.'jv shunned direr! nocolialinns. I> niel h.i.s maintained thai only lalks would pdoduce real peace in the Middle iKnst. Bowl brings bundle LONDON" (Al1) A r..vo sil- ver punch howl, made annim 1720 by n iN'ew Knghnd silvers- miln, was sold al a London anc- lion Krirtoy for ;i inwd The price paid hy a Ixnidon men-haul, I he hiiJuM ever paid for a pierv of American sil- in fl BiiMsh snlo.