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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 11, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD Monday, Ftbroary 11, 1974 Newcomers: Hawaiian headache that's bound to get worse By GERALD V. LOPEZ The Christian Science Monitor What can a state do when vast numbers of newcomers threaten to change the life- style of the old-timers? Oregon can announce that it wants no more residents and isn't welcoming visitors but, according to Fred Smith, associate of Laurance Rockefeller and consultant to President Nixon's Citizens Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality, "Hawaii, America's front door, is the one strategic stop on the only Pacific sea and air highway to Western society, to the Western economy and Western institutions. "The Japanese, and someday the Chinese and all the others coming on business from that rapidly emerging quarter of the world, will depend upon it because it is there; and because it has so inviting an environment, they will send for their friends. "Hawaii cannot escape becoming the primary staging area for a growing army of pilgrims moving on both directions to build an unprecedented and crowded bridge between East and West." Mr. Smith spent four months organizing the North American European trade conference last year. In noting the growth of trade alliances between Western Europe and the Soviet bloc, he said, "Nobody wants to build relations with the United States. "They all want to go it alone. They all want to become self sufficient. That leaves the United States with Japan and China. We are going to have a vast network of trade, thinking, and social development between East and West. And Hawaii is sitting right in the middle of it. "There are going to be more World's real crisis may be shortage of food By RICHARD L. STROUT The Christian Science Monitor WASHINGTON, D.C. There is real possibility of famine in the underdeveloped countries this year because of inflated energy and food prices, says Lester R. Brown of the Overseas Development Council, a world authority on food and population. "Never before in my memory has it been possible to say positively in advance that with less fertilizer and a percent increase in population there will be a reduction in food in Asia this he said in an interview. While the United States has the luxury of worrying about a shortage of gasoline, in lands holding perhaps a billion people it will be a question of staying alive. "The issue that may well arise before this year is Mr. Brown said, "is whether the more affluent nations will tighten their belts to fill what will be by far the largest food deficit in Asia that we've ever seen." Even as Mr. Brown talked, the U S. House by a vote of 248 to 155 was killing the administration's bill for a new four year billion contribution to the World Bank to aid the economic development of the world's hungry countries. Wheat reserve down Simultaneously, the U.S. agriculture department announced that it had over estimated summer wheat reserves, depleted by exports, and offered a new figure of 112 million bushels by next July, the lowest since 1947. In the past, the U.S. has been the world's reservoir of food to cushion famine, but now, for the first time, all arable land is under cultivation. High administration officials expressed dismay that the House rejected the World Bank contribution. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and Secretary of the Treasury George P. Shultz in a joint statement said: "This money formed part of an equitable shared effort among all industrualized Fertilizer short It has been almost impossible, Mr. Brown says, to get Americans to lift their eyes from their own gasoline shortage to what is likely to happen to the poor countries. High cost fuel is linked to high-prices food through the scarcity of fertilizer and through other interactions. Mr. Brown's thesis, presented in his latest book "World Without and in an article in the winter issue of the quarterly, Foreign Policy Next Crisis? is that population nations to provide the capital and know how to help the poorest of developing countries. In this most critical of times for international amity and harmony, this action represents a major setback to our efforts of co- operation and to the ability of the United States to provide leadership in a world where there is an increasingly serious tendency for nations to believe that their best interest lies in going it alone." They said that they would confer "immediately" with members of both parties "in an effort to find a way in which the United States can continue to play a role of leadership fully consistent with out own economic situation." threatens to outspace food. They have been running nip and tuck for the last 10 years, but now a world food shortage may develop, triggered by the energy crisis. The world's population of around 3.8 billion increases about two per cent a year (80 million he says, and will double by around the year 2000. Already malnutrition is endemic in large parts of the world. "About one third of the world's people go to bed hungry at he says. Seafood catch off Here are new factors, Mr. Brown says: is no longer a reserve of arable land in the United States, the world's great breadbasket which has repeatedly been used in past famines. Experts, however, forecast a bumper crop this year. which exported 2 million metric tons of grain in 1934-38, will need to import 39 million tons in 1973. grain reserves in an "Index of World Food Security" prepared by Mr. Brown, was 95 days' consumption in 1961, down to days in days in 1973, .only 29 days projected for 1974 world seafood catch is off