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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 11, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta KUCAST HIGH The LetHkidge Herald VOL. LXIV No. 52 LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11. 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 28 PAGES Jobless numbers rise sharply OTTAWA (CP) The num- ber of unemployed rose sharply last month to an estimated from at rod-De- cember and a year ear- lier, it was announced today. It was an increase of in the jobless count in a month, and put the unemployment rate at eight per cent of the January labor force of But in making the announce- ment, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the manpower de- partment said the underlying unemployment situation i m- proved last jr.onth. The increase of was the smallest December-toJanu- ary increase in unemployment in many years, the DBS-man- power report said. Putting aside the usual high incidence of unemployment in the dead of the Canadian win- ter, the statisticians said the seasonally-adjusted rate of un- employment really fell last month to 6.2 per cent of the labor force, from 6.6 in Decem- ber. The last time the actual rate of unemployment touched eight per cent wa- in the winter of 1962-63, when it hit 8.3 in Janu- ary and rose to 8.4 in February and March. The eight-per-cent unemploy- ment rate for January com- pares with 6.5 in December and 5.7 per cent last November. It was 6.1 per cent in January last year. The goal of relatively full em- ployment is usually regarded as equivalent to an unemployment rate of about three or 3.5 per cent for Canada, though some economists think four per cent would be tolerable. Another increase In unem- ployment this month is being freely predicted. As for those who had full or part-time jobs last month, the report said there was a drop of to from at mid-December. This was a smaller decline than usual for two reasons, the report said. Part-time employ- ment for women was strong, and the employment picture had been more slack than usual in December. Unemployment increased la all regions. The actual rates, not adjusted for seasonably, rose to 10.2 per cent of the labor force in the Atlantic provinces and to 10 per cent in Quebec from December figures of 8.i and 8.4 per cent, respectively. Unemployment in Ontario and the Prairies bounced up to 6.4 per cent of the labor force in both regions, front 4.7 in On- tario and 5.3 in the Prairies in December. British Columbia's rate rose to 9.4 last month from eight per cent in December. DAM UAKAGE CAUSES EVACUATION-This is earthquake-damaged Van Norman Reser- voir, Angeles' largest, which caused the evacuotion of from their homes. Concrete section, right centre, collapsed and sank In the Southern California quake and then water began eating into the earthen section. Water is being rapidly pumped out to ease ihe danger of flood. Laos lunge seen major U.S. gamble Big bundle of legislation placed before Alta. house ,_____________________________-----------. KmrnNTON (CP) A bin others failed to gain re-nomina- death toll reaches 52 LOS ANGELES (CP) With the known death toll in the Cali- fornia earthquake reaching 52, Mayor Sam Yorty of Los Ange- les extended for 48 hours the no-return order for per- sons evacuated from the valley below a cracked reservoir dam. It was feared the dam might crumble if another sharp tremor occurs. Searchers continued to sift ruins of a Veterans Administra- tion Hospital wing where 34 bod- ies were found. Four patients and five nurses still are miss- ing. ByCYFOX f Canadian Press Staff Writer Crane kills The American-'backed lunge into Laos by South Vietnamese troops Constitutes a major gamble for Washington', strategically and in terms of world opinion. Defence Secretary Laird says the United States now should meet or even'surpass the arm of withdrawing a further 50 000 of its troops from Vietnam by May 1. This kind of statement accords with the officially announced reasoning behind the latest extension of the fighting in Indochina, which protrays the Laotian offen- sive as an attempt to cut vital Viet Cong supply routes into South Vietnam. A severing of Viet Cong supply routes would re- duce the Communist war capacity in South Vietnam and thus facilitate the process of American withdrawal there, Washington argues. But such expressions of optimism are being coun- tered with predictions front elsewhere of hard times ahead for the troops currently driving into Laos under an umbrella of American air power. Fear weather SPARWOOD, B.C. (CP) One man was killed and an- other injured Wednesday when a crane toppled over at the Kaiser Resources operation in Sparwood in southeastern Brit- ish Columbia. A Kaiser spokesman said the crane was moving some equip- ment at the time of the acci- dent. The workmen were em- ployed by a subcontractor working on expansion of the Kaiser coal preparation plant. The dead man was later identified as Peter Seida, 33, of the Vancouver suburb of Buni- aby. Marines for Laos From AP-Heuter SAIGON (CP) U.S. mar- ines of the Third Division have returned to the Vietnam war front for the first time in more than a year, poised for combat should the North Vietnamese cross the demilitarized zone in retaliation for the U.S.-sup- ported South Vietnamese cam- paign in Laos. A helicopter carrier and other ships of the U.S. Seventh Fleet brought with tanks and artillery from the division headquarters on Okinawa to the coast below the DMZ. The marines remained aboard the ships, ready to reinforce U.S. and South Vietnamese troops should the Communists launch an offensive with ele- ments of three Worth Vietnam- ese divisions believed to be within striking distance of the DMZ. Nine thousand U.S. troops that normally operate along the DMZ were moved west to the Laotian border last week to act as a blocking force for the South Vietnamese troops that have crossed into Laos in a campaign to cut the Ho Chi Minh 'Trail. Another to South Vietnamese troops were shifted to the east this week, to protect the eastern border of the DMZ. South Vietnamese troops who Wednesday occupied the town of Sepone a major supply centre 25 miles inside the Laotian pan- handle, reported they blew up two large ammunition dumps on their drive to the town. The drive into Laos was in its poised duty fourth day, but still no major ground fighting was reported. State Secretary William Rog- ers meanwhile has endorsed a proposal that a conference of Asian countries, including China and the Soviet Union, be convened to write a lasting peace for Indochina. But of- fical Soviet sources today re- jected the idea of a "new Ge- neva." Gladstone: Indians on move and they won't be stopped EDMONTON (CP) Can- ada's Indians are on the move and "I don't see how anyone can stop Senator James Gladstone said Wednesday night. Speaking to the north-central Alberta Teachers' convention, Senator Gladstone, the first treaty Indian appointed to the Senate, said he favored eco- nomic development of reserves by Indians. An example was a trailer factory on his own reserve near Cardston in southwestern Alberta. Such projects "give Indians the the initiative, to do something." He suggested the Indian Act be tossed "out the window" be- cause it is beyond saving and said a new act should encour- age a municipal, style of gov- ernment for reserves. But the reserves, he said, must be preserved until the in- habitants are ready to do with- out them and "I don't look to that for a long, long time." EDMONTON (CP) A big bundle of Social Credit govern- ment legislation will be placed before the Alberta Legislature which opens today. "We have given consideration to more changes within one year than most governments look at within an entire (four- year) term of the says Premier Harry Strom, in- sisting the cramming has no- thing to do with an expected provincial general election. ELECTION PROBABLE "I feel it is necessary be- cause of the changing trends we find ourselves living in." Mr. Strom admits there will probably be an election this year but says he has no inten- tion of holding a short session to make way for a vote. He's out to dash claims by the opposition Progressive Con- servative party that Soda! Credit has gone stale after 36 years in power and can't cope with the problems of the 1970s. The last provincial general election WES May 1967. So- cial Credit holds 55 of the 65- seats in the legislature while the Conservatives have 10. Because of redistribution there will be 75 seats up for grabs to the next election, ex- pected in June. LAST SESSION It will be the last session for at least 18 of the 55 Social Credit members, including Alf Hooke and Bill Tomyn, who were in on the party's first election victory in 1935. Thir- teen, including Mr. Hooke and Mr. Tomyn, will retire.. Five Anti-war rallies in U.S. Critics of the operation say the South Vietnamese troops may find themselves badly hampered by a com- bination of tough terrain, bad weather and skilful re- sistence on the part of Communist elements long ac- customed to campaigns in this kind of country. Last year the Americans plunged into Cambodia, another territory adjacent to South Vietnam, with the idea of destroying crucial centres of support for the Communist operations against the Saigon government. To the contention that the Cambodian campaign is a heartening precedent for Washington in its current enterprise, critics are arguing that the Laotian terrain is worse than that in Cambodia, the local population less friendly and the element of surprise lacking. All this adds up to a risk that the American-backed South Vietnamese will become embroiled in a new and long-lasting extension of the war instead of being able to implement the brief and effective foray envisaged by Washington and Saigon. Scored by France Moreover, besides setting off the predictable anti- American tirades from Hanoi, Peking and Moscow, the Laotian operation has brought hostile words from such sources as Secretary-General U Thant of the United Nations and tlie government of France. Britian, on the other hand, terras the Laotian ven- ture understandable and "a direct consequence of the flagrant violation of Laotion neutrality by North Viet- namese troops, which has been going on for years." Generally speaking, however, the American stra- tegy will have to pay off swiftly if it is not to worsen in world eyes Washington's record of behavior in Viet- nam. But the greatest fear of all is that, unless the American reasoning is correct, the fresh fighting in Laos may make the ugly Indochina situation less sus- ceptible to the sort of political settlement considered by so many world leaders the only way to Special interest rates announced OTTAWA (CP) Robert An- dras, minister responsible for housing, presented an optimistic forecast Wednesday of new housing starts this year. Mr. Andras said the 1971 capi- tal budget of Central'Mortgage and Housing Corp. will he million, a million decrease from the previous year.______ companies accused OTTAWA (CP) Canadian General Electric Co. Ltd., Cana- dian Westinghouse Co. Ltd. and Sylvania Electric (Canada) Ltd. have been operating a monopoly in the large electric lamp field to the detriment of the public, says the restrictive trade prac- tices commission. Corporate Affairs Minister Ron Basford, who released the commission report today, said: "According to the report, the companies were also parties to an agreement to prevent or lessen competition unduly in the manufacture and sale o[ the lamps. He also announced that spe- cial interest rates for construc- tion of low-rental housing pro- jects, public housing, student accommodation, sewage treat- ment and land assembly pro- grams are being lowered to 7Vi per cent from SVi and 7% per cent. Mr. Andras said that although the capital budget for CMHC this year is less than in 1970, the predicted housing starts show a significant increase over last year. PREDICTS STARTS Mr. Andras said the govern- ment predicts new hous- ing starts in 1971, creating be- tween and man- years of work. In 1970, there were housing units started with the CMHC capital budget set at ?854 million. An additional mil- lion was allocated to housing last August. Mr. Andras said a total of million out of the new CMHC budget will be spent on the provision of housing for low-income Canadians. Of this, S253 million has been allocated for provincial public housing programs. Another million of the CMHC budget is to be allocated to non-profit organizations, gov- ernments, contractors and pri- vate groups wishing to arrange special housing projects for the c 1 (1 e r 1 y, low-income families and other disadvantaged per- sons. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Generally peaceful demon- strations were held in cities and on campuses across the United States Wednesday to protest the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese military strike into Laos. Turnouts ranged from about persons at a Boston rally to a score of students who pick- eted in Pocatello, Idaho. Sporadic incidents of violence during a march following the Boston rally resulted in injuries to several policemen and the ar- rest of 14 persons. Six policemen were treated at hospitals after a melee in Balti- more and police in Berkeley, Calif., used tear gas to break up a march after a car was burned and one patrolman injured. Washington police arrested six pel-sons in clearing a crowd of 700 youths who had marchad to the White House from nearby George Washington University. In New York City, some persons gathered in Times Square and then marched to Rockefeller Centre to protest news media reporting of the war. Two persons were ar- rested. At the University of Wisconsin in Madison about 500 demon- strators took over the .eight-sto- rey Social Science Building. Two arrests were reported. At Stanford University in Cali- fornia, an estimated 150 to 200 Seen and heard demonstrators forced the Stan- ford Computation Centre to close down. About town SEPARATE school trustee Paul Matisz observing that a special dinner can be scheduled any time for him because, "any day they pro- vide the food and wine, Bac- chus is willing." Sylvia Me D o u g a 1 1 threatening to. charge one fellow twice the. registration fee at a local workshop "because he looks like he could well use the help offered by group discus- sions." Looking for an apartment? try Calgary OTTAWA for an apartment? Your best chance of find- tag the flat of your dreams is in Calgary where a De- cember, 1970, survey by Central Mortgage and Hous- ing Corp. showed a 6.8-per- cent vacancy rate in apart- ment buildings, highest in the country. Montreal was only slightly behind, with a 6.4 vacancy rate. The worst cities for apart- ment hunting were Ottawa, Hull, Que., and Hamilton, where vacancy was only 1.5 per cent. Windsor, Ont., with 1.8 per cent, and Ed- monton, with 1.9 per cent, weren't much better. others failed to gain re-nomina- tion. The list includes two cabinet ministers Treasurer Anders Aalborg and Russ Patrick, mines and minerals who in- tend to retire for health rea- sons. In facing the challenges of the 1970s, Mr. Strom, who be- came premier in 1968, regards management of the environ- ment as of "extreme impor- tance." The speech from the throne is expected to call for an en- vironmental improvement de- partment to deal with pollution and land use and in the pre- mier's words, "greatly im- prove our ability for a total management concept." It would have the power to shut down industries that pol- lute. MAJOR REORGANIZATION The government's adminis- trative structure, and probably the cabinet, wfll-Tbj realigned through a major reorganization of departments which hopeful- ly will lead to better co-ordina- tion. The health and social de- velopment departments are due for amalgamation, the youth department for expan- sion and the provincial secre- tary's department for a reduc- tion. One of the byproducts of the resculpturing will be a hospital services commission with a rational approach to health ser- vices which Mr. Strom said could "hopefully cut down costs." The attorney general's de- partment will surrender con- trol of correctional institutions to the social development de- partment. There are plans for a uniform juvenile age of 18, rather than the current 18 for girls and 16 for boys, and for a reduction in the age of majority to 18 from 21. SPUR DEVELOPJIENT Mr. Strom said the govern- ment is unhappy with the un- employment situation and "will spare no effort to bring about the kind of programs that will give immediate help." To spur development, and thus create more jobs, indus- trial incentives will be offered, with rural areas getting an in- creased slice of the funds. In other fields, the govern- ment will call for compulsory but privately run automobile insurance to begin in 1972, a !0- per-cent tax 'on the gross re- ceipts of sweepstakes and lot- teries, a limit on hospital spending that could only be ex- ceeded through a plebiscite, a provincial police commission and a rewritten wilderness areas bill. Countries sign seabed treaty WASHINGTON (CP) Presi- dent Nixon joined with repre- sentatives of the Soviet Union and Britain today in expressing hope that a new treaty to ban nuclear weapons from ocean floors will be followed by one to control such weapons on earth. Nixon spoke at signing cere- monies here, which followed similar ones in Moscow and London. S i x t y -t w o countries were involved. Among those signing in Wash- ington was Canadian Ambassa- dor Marcel Cadieux. The United States, the Soviet Union and Britain are the chief treaty sponsors. All arc nuclear powers. ''This was a modest step) U is an important Nixon said the ceremony here. "We hope that we will be meeting for the final great step in the control of nuclear arms; the control of nuclear arms on earth." Soviet Ambassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin spoke in like vein. INCREASE SECURITY Lord Cromer, British ambas- sador, called the seabed accord "a valuable step toward en- hanced security." France, Communist China, India and Israel are among those not joining the treaty at this time. In Moscow earlier, Canada, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union were among 40 signers. After Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko signed on be- half of his country, Premier Alexei Kosygin said Russia as- sumed the treaty was the "first important step toward complete demilitarization of the seabed." Kosygin told the Moscow dip- lomatic corps the Soviet govern- ment "in the future, too. will not spare efforts to find solu- tions to urgent problems con- nected with stopping the arms race and disarmament." Among the others who signed the treaty in a half-hour cere- mony at the Soviet government House of Receptions were the foreign ministers of Poland, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary and Ro- Sponsors say the newest treaty covers underwater areas comprising about 70 per cent of the earth's surfaces, starting 12 miles offshore from national coastlines. The treaty prohibits placing mass destruction weapons, and structures for such weapons, on the ocean floor or its subsoil. It does not ban moving atomic weapons gear such as missile- firing submarines. Each party to the treaty may Inspect the seabed floor to check against violations, and take complaints to the United Nations. Any country can withdraw from the treaty if it finds this to be in "its supreme interests." ;