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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, February 10, 1975 Hard to beat Opposition party leaders have already found fault with the budget presented by Provincial Treasurer Gordon Miniely. That was to be expected; that's their job. In the election campaign, expected soon, those same opposition party leaders and their cohorts will have to continue to argue that the management of provincial affairs, as projected in the budget, leaves much to be desired. They face an uphill struggle in their cam- paigning to win support for such a view. The Conservative government, thanks largely to world developments in the -energy situation, finds itself in the en- viable position of having an abundance of money to manage. Its proposals for spreading it around seem to cover all areas of concern: agriculture, housing, public transportation, recreation, senior citizens, business development, research, education, etc. A large amount of money is to be put away in a trust fund to meet future contingencies. And then there is to be a handout to everyone in the form of a reduction in provincial in- come taxes. Such proposals are both progressive and conservative, almost certain to meet with the approval of that majority of Albertans who nearly four years ago voted for a Progressive Conservative government headed by party leader Peter Lougheed. Candidates in other parties will have to flail away at the budget as a symbol of the government's performance but their best bet will be to argue for the need for an effective op- position. Iran and Iraq Although the Shah of Iran enjoys mak- ing scathing remarks about "western he has learned a great deal about power politics, and he buys the tools of power politics, from the West. And his support of the Kurdish rebellion in Iraq leaves him in no position to criticize other governments who interfere in the internal affairs of their neighbors. There is, of course, no law that says that dictators have to be logical. Iran is building the biggest air base in the Middle East and it has the most sophisticated missile system in the Third World. It is, in fact, supplying anti tank missiles and surface to air missiles to the Kurds and training them in the use of such advanced weapons. In further fact, Iran is supplying artillery fire over the border in support of Kurdish troops. While the Shah's long -range purpose is leadership of the Middle East, in the short run he hopes to overthrow the Arab Socialist government of Iraq, which has close ties with Russia. The Kurdish rebellion, in northern Iraq, has been go- ing on for about a year. The Kurds want to be independent and they have clung to their mountain stronghold stubbornly, at first as a guerrilla movement and now as a full fledged rebellion, with the assistance of Iran. The Soviet Union supplies Iraq with weapons, including MiG fighter bombers which come equipped with Russian pilots. There is even evidence that senior Soviet military men are advising on the ground. In return, Iraq provides the U.S.S.R. with its only foothold'on the Persian Gulf, an important point now that the U.S. has begun upgrading its base on Diego Garcia and has also asked to use Masira Island at fhe mouth of the Gulf. Relations between Iraq and Russia are somewhat strained because of Iraq's championship of Palestine extremists, lack of Soviet support for Iraq's quarrels with neighboring Iran on the east and neighboring Syria on -the west and Russia's profits from re sale of Iraqi oil, bought at low prices under old contracts and sold in Europe at higher prices. The Shah apparently feels that, with his new friendship with Egypt, he has isolated Iraq from the rest of the Arab world. This may suit his purposes and it may lead to the overthrow of the present Iraqi government. On the other hand, it might also mean that Iraq will be the first Arab state to break the oil cartel. Iraqi oil, piped to the Eastern Mediterranean, is miles closer to European markets than Persian Gulf oil. With the recent decline in freight rates, it is over priced and under sold and northern Iraqi fields are producing at 20 per cent below capacity. A slight reduc- tion in price would give Iraq an advan- tage over the Persian Gulf competition and Iraq could use the money. Letters Questioning use of salt Trudeau's gloomy mood By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator Winter weather Lethbridge has been basking in an un- usually balmy winter. Prolonged cold spells have been fewer than usual and the December mean temperature was about nine degrees above normal. Although some people might have preferred more snow in the Castle River area and less snow on the city streets, very few complaints have been heard about the weather. Nearly halfway around the world and at the latitude of Peace River, the Rus- sian capital city of Moscow has also been experiencing a balmy winter. January temperatures, which usually hover have below 20 degrees Fahrenheit, seldom dipped below freezing. And what has been the typical Muscovite reaction to air this balminess? Bitter disappointment! It has been call- ed the worst winter yet. Residents of Moscow, it seems, pride themselves on the severity of their winters, described by Intourist as "fairy like, with bright sunshine, sparkling snowflakes and dry frost." This year, un- der leaden skies, parents are complain- ing that the warm weather is unhealthy and children grumble because there is. no snow for sliding. It all depends on one's point of view. ART BUCHWALD Forget the Alamo WASHINGTON Last week it was reported in the newspapers that a Saudi Ara- bian sheik made an offer to buy the Alamo, Texas' most revered shrine. It seems Sheik Al-Aharis Al-Hamdan contracted a Houston lawyer; told him his son had been in San An- tonio and had been taken with the beauty of the famed Texas fort and, since he loved his son very much, he wanted to buy it for him. The attorney immediately contacted Gov. Dolph Briscoe and was informed the Alamo was not for sale. Tnis came as a surprise, since this is the first time since the oil crisis that anyone in the United States has refused to sell something to an Arab sheik. But I'm sure there will be other calls from the Middle East concerning our monuments. "This is Sheik Abdullah Ben Doom. I am looking for a small wedding gift for my daughter. What would you "Wai, Sheik, how about a priceless dia- mond necklace and "I had something a little more sentimental in mind. When my daughter was a schoolgirl she visited the Mormon Tabernacle in Salt Lake City." "Iwould like to buy it for her." "I'll check it out for you, Sheik one Mormon Tabernacle. Let me ask you this. If for some reason it's not for sal? rould you give me A second "She also said she liked Yosemite National Park." "Right. If I can't get Yosemite, do you think she'd take the Yellowstone National Park "My daughter didn't say anything about Yellowstone. It has no sentimental value for her." "What about Las Vegas, Sheik? It would be OTTAWA The black and gloomy view the prime minister now takes of world problems attracted a little ripple, of attention some time ago when he expressed his forebodings frankly, at a meeting of Liberal members of Parliament. Because the sessions of the Liberal caucus are that speech was not reported. Accounts of it that trickled through to correspondents were scrappy and incomplete. The prime minister, however, has now laid out this same troubled assessment of the world situation for the Cana- dian people as a whole. Perhaps because he did so at a Liberal party event rather than on a non-political or parliamentary occasion, his gloomy view of things are attracting surprisingly little public attention. Wherever they are expressed, however, his view of the world is that held by the head of the Cana- dian government. Whether one agrees with it wholly or not, it must be accepted as an important factor in our af- fairs. The prime minister believes that things are now going less well rather than better in the world as a whole and that at this point, early in 1975, it is possible to have a better un- derstanding of the gravity and magnitude of the world's problems in certain basic areas. His areas of deep concern are those that trouble us all: the rapid growth of the world population measured against possible food supplies, the magnitude of the balance of payments deficits arising from high oil prices and the attendant problems of social and political order, both in the world as a whole and even in this country. He uses striking com- parisons in his attempt to drive home to people the im- mensity of the balance of payments deficits arising from oil alone. The figure last year was billion and the prime minister notes that this is almost two-thirds of total American foreign investment. At this rate, the head of the country's government goes on, in a little less than 10 years the oil producers could control the industry of the en-, tire world. It seems to me of some sig- nificance that the prime minister has favored the kind of fun when site cuts open the wedding cake to find the deed inside." "It's too frivolous. My daughter is a very serious person; Could you tell me how much they're asking for St. Patrick's "Not offhand, but I'll call the cardinal this afternoon and see if he'll accept an offer. You wouldn't consider the Metropolitan Museum of Art as an alternate would "Sheik Al Rumallah gave his daughter an art museum last month. I want to do something better for my child, who is twice as beautiful." "I gotcha'. You want something tasteful but different than the run-of-the-mill sheik wedding present. I'll tell you what's really nice the Supreme Court Building in Washington." "No, I believe that is more for a boy. I want something that has a little romance to it." "There's always the Grand .Canyon." "I think that's a little showy." "What about Princeton "Hmnn. That's not a bad idea. But I'll be honest with you. If I'm going to buy her a school, I'd rather buy her Oxford. It has a more antique feeling to "I don't want to knock the British, but I hear Oxford is really run-down. She would There's a popular notion that dogs and their a 1 masters to resemble one another, but a up. With Prince on the upkeep is cheaper and. St0ry out of Tokyo still seems a bit far she can move right in tomorrow." "I am not interested in bargains. This is my eldest daughter and price is no object." "Of course. Well, I think I have a good idea of the bail park we're talking about. I'll make a ,'ew calls and get back to you." "Thank you. By the way, what news do you have about my offer to buy Grant's Tomb for my blackest comparisons in his attempt to lend easily-grasped meaning to enormous figures. The same billion deficit can be expressed in other ways. It is, for instance, about 1.5 per cent of total world Gross National Product. The individual deficits of some of the hardest hit countries run well above that percentage of their own GNP. This is enough to create problems of great magnitude for countries like Britain or Italy. Nonetheless, the amounts that must be returned to the United States each year from Canada as service of the huge American investment in this country do not run below one per cent of GNP and in some years have been as high as 1.5 per cent. Viewing the deficits as a fraction of GNP presents a less hopeless picture because it indicates the effect that a resumption of economic growth and a new expansion of international trade would have. That is not, however, to dis- pute the seriousness that Prime Minister Trudeau at- taches to the problem. No one should just dismiss his reminder of the role that the far smaller amount of money involved in German re- parations after the First World War played in setting the world on the road to the Second World War. The rapid growth of world population plays a large part in the prime minister's sombre assessment. He points out that short of miracles in transferring food from one part of the world to another, it is mathmetically almost cer- tain that before two decades are. over tens'of millions of children will starve to death. He warns too of the growing hazards as the world turns increasingly to nuclear sources of energy, pointing out that a blob of plutonium the size of a by-product of kill .three billion people. Turning to Canada in the course of his assessment, the prime minister foresees that slower economic growth will create tensions in our society: "Violence is coming to our land." "Already we are seeing these tensions at work in front of immigration problems. We are beginning to see racism raising its ugly head and rocks thrown through windows of people who've come from other lands. And people are worried about law and order It creates problems, it creates insecurity; violence is coming to our land. Not the kind of confrontation we knew in the Sixties but a more per- vasive, less organized, less collective individual violence. Mr. Trudeau believes the public is not much impressed by comparisons between Canada's favored situation and conditions in less for- tunate countries, that the reaction is only uneasiness and suspicion. Because there are no easy solutions those who attack the government propose none, but pose other problems instead. "The atmosphere of Water- gate has polluted the atmos- phere of all democratic coun- tries. Suspicion, everybody is living in a glass bowl. How much did you get to pass such a law? Who bought you over to become elected? Where do you get that support to run your election? Suspicion. Nobody trusts anybody any more in government. The civil climate in our society is beginning to weaken." Inevitably, the prime minister dwells on the vacuum of opposition that ex- ists in this capital and, less disapproving of the press than usual, considers that it tries to fill the vacuum. "They are probing the gov- ernment, as they should, and looking everywhere, looking under carpets and looking through the files. They too don't have solutions They don't have to be consistent. But they are filling that void (of opposition) and in that sense, although they are doing their duty, they are adding to the worry, the uneasiness in our country. "So it's not a good telling ourselves that, the members of Parliament, the other day in caucus.'it's going to be a tough year, 1975." On this particular occasion the prime minister went on to talk about the work of his gov- ernment and "the directions in which we are pushing this country." That, however, is a better known story. It is part of the public record. But the mood of a national leader is a very important part of the background against which government takes place. It seems to me that it is something to which the public must pay attention. It has been increasingly evi- dent that the university (west side development) and use of salt on our streets are syn- onymous. Only one year ago we were told by the city engineer of the extremely high costs of snow removal and the need for the use of salt. All this when we had a very good winter as regards snow and road conditions. This, and subsequent statements by the city engineer were all based on the knowledge that road grades to and from the new 6th Street bridge are at a maximum and present an extreme winter time problem to prevent icing. So to maintain autonomy and independence for the well heeled professors and their well wheeled disciples, we are faced with the pressure for salt on Lethbridge streets. Already, because of its loca- tion and the resulting steep roads on campus, the univer- sity is using salt on its roads. But it now appears we will be required to follow the same course. Not by public desire, but by the unstated (publicly) need to provide safe roads on steep grades from east to west Lethbridge. Has the city engineer, and have the city fathers, con- sidered the following questions in the evaluation of the use of salt: 1. Corrosion costs in 1971 estimates were that in the area of salt use, corrosion cost each vehicle' owner over J100.00 (one hundred dollars) per year. 2. Damage to roadside vegetation agronomists know salt and plants are not compatible. What about protecting big earth fills from erosion? Need selective road- side plantings. 3. Storage of mineral salt piles aresan excellent source of pollution. Sand does not dis- solve in rains. 4..Salt (sodium chloride) is not operative when temperature is below 5. What are the environmen- tal effects of special additives (e.g. one is sodium Do we know for certain? 6. Salt poisoning of wildlife pheasants, rabbits and quail have been killed by ingestion of sodium chloride along roadsides. 7. Algae growth there is increasing evidence that amounts of sodium and potassium are necessary for growth of blue green algae in our waters. 8. Salt assisted accidents there are cases that definitely indicate that where the right climatic conditions prevail, e.g. South Alberta, salt can assist the formation of ice (flash icing) and cause accidents rather than prevent. 9. Structural damage salt's affect on metals has been times but what about concrete? It is definitely recommended that no salt be applied on new concrete for at least one year (6th Street Concrete pipes (drain pipes) are also adversely affected at any time. It is hoped that all aspects of this particular situation are evaluated before we become tied to a practice basically because "we are doing It would be interesting if the city were sued for damages resulting from a salt assisted accident. S. 0. D. Lethbridge Opposed to use of salt I am writing with regard to the letter concerning the use of salt on Lethbridge streets (The Herald, Feb. I agree whole-heartedly with Concerned about the use of salt. I am dead against it! So is everyone I have talked to. But they all say the same thing, what are we going to do about it? The city does whatever it wants anyway. Well, maybe the members of city council can afford to buy a new car every three to five years, but most people can't! If anyone thinks they will last longer, just go to Calgary or Edmonton, or better yet On- tario, and see what their cars look like. I saw a 1970 Model car here in Lethbridge the other day from Ontario, and there was rust up to the door handles on it. Not just surface rust, you could stick your fingers right through the door or the fenders. I also saw a 1969 model car from Edmonton that was rusted the same way (is Edmonton as dry as The cars may be good mechanically, but what good is a car without a body? At the price of new cars the average person.just can't buy one every three years to get a good trade-in price. City coun- cil should think about this! DENNY MORGAN Lethbridge The quality of life Through the ages the pattern of the rise and fall of civilizations has been repeated time and time again. At this point I am tempted to think that our civilization is on the decline. Crime has reach- ed serious proportions. Robberies, kidnapping and enough to reach the knob on the television set and strong enough to turn it on may well be in for an early education in the world of violence and crime. People can express themselves fluently and for- _ cibly, if necessary in every- murders are not things that- day life, without resorting to happen in faraway places, crude and vulgar language so They are happening here on our doorstep in an affluent society of well educated people.. Once upon a time not too many years ago people were not subjected to television. On Saturday after- noon one could listen to the Metropolitan Opera on the THECASSEROLE Quebec's program of free dental service for all children under eight years old has had a few growing pains, but it seems to be off and running. Most of the province's dentists are participating, and they report a signifi- cant increase in the number of under eights who are visiting dentists for the first time. one of the several oil Canadian foreign aid. rich recipients of radio and on Sunday evening the Lux Theatre and the Ma- jor Baives Show. Those were the days that people were careful about the language they used if they knew children were within range. Today we are living in an era of technological and scien- tific development that is un- surpassed, an era of educational facilities and op- portunities that are almost un- believable, but what is happening to the quality of life? The child who is tall why should they be subjected to it on television. Oh yes it's fine to say, "If you don't like it turn it but a person purchases a set for the pur- pose of using it and he or she does have the right to expect respectable programming on Sunday evening, or at any other time for that matter. The program on Feb. 2, about the depression years could have been presented much more effectively without the use of deplorable' language. It is an absolute dis- grace to our nation to have these people resorting to filth and expecting the public to accept it. It is time we demanded respect and demanded better quality programming! MARIE SORGARD Iron Springs story out of Tokyo fetched. It quotes a police official as saying they arrested a factory worker for biting another man, because the latter's dog barked too much. It has been calculated that if Henry Kissinger had used ground.transport instead of jet planes to make all those Middle East trips, he'd have worn off the humps of four camels. Things may not be so tough, after all. Candy-makers in Canada increased over-all production significantly in 1974, despite rapidly rising costs. The largest production increases came in chocolate bars, notwithstanding their prices having doubled. The Lethbrutge Herald 504 7lh St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and Publisher "I'm working on it, Sheik, I'm working on Arab interests have offered to lend the Canadian government billion for housing. In announcing the offer, Urban Affairs Minister Danson failed to identify the exact source, so it is not known wbttiMT It to from While the scientists and entrepreneurs are frantically searching for better and cheaper energy sources, wouldn't it be nice if someone ran across an abundant source of integrity? DONi H. PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager 1 KENNETH E, BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;