Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
14 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, February 10, 1975 Western cattlemen may suffer under rail freight differences By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer A more rapidly increasing freight rate for dressed carcasses than for live animals shipped to Eastern Canada could kill the meat packing industry in the West and put western cattlemen at a decided disadvantage to their eastern counterparts, says an official of Burns Foods Limited in Calgary. Art Linnington, general manager for transpor- tation for-Burns, said Alberta's natural advan- tages in large cattle numbers and surplus feed grain supplies would, under normal circum- stances, make it the fastest growing area in Canada for livestock and beef production. But, while Alberta overtook Ontario for Canada's leadership in livestock and beef production in 1971, the eastern province has been making larger gains in recent years despite more favorable natural advantages to livestock production in the West. In 1974 alone, livestock slaughter in Ontario in- creased head, while Alberta increased only head. In terms of value added in slaughter and meat processing operations, On- tario increased by million, while Alberta increased by only million. Saskatchewan and Manitoba did not do even as well as Alberta, he said. "This indicates to me that Ontario beef production is beginning to increase at the ex- pense of the western he said. "Some of this increase in Ontario slaughter can be attributed to the fact that fat cattle are being shipped by rail from Alberta to points in Ontario at freight rates which make it marginal- ly profitable to slaughter in the east rather than here where the cattle a-e fattened." Elaborating on a talk he gave at the .annual meeting of the Western Stock Growers' Associa- tion the end of January, Mr. Linnington said the big problem facing the expanded meat packing industry in the West is the freight rate differen- tial between shipping dressed meat and live animals to the East. In 1964, the best freight rate on carcass beef was per hundred pounds. The rate for live animals was per hundred pounds, a difference of 78 cents. By December, 1974, the rate for carcasses had increased to per hundred pounds while the rate for livestock increased to only per hundred pounds, a difference of "This larger differential makes it economical- ly feasible for some eastern packing houses to import live slaughter cattle from Western said Mr. Linnington. Under the latest move by the Canadian Tran- sport Commission, which controls the freight rates for moving livestock, rail companies were allowed to increase rates 12.5 per cent after charging 15 per cent for a few weeks and 30 per cent for a few days following a court decision. But also allowed by the latest decision is the right for the companies to apply immediately for another 12.5 per cent rate increase, bringing in total a freight rate increase of 25 per cent. Under the first part of the latest increase, the rate for carcass beef will increase to per hundred pounds while live animal rates will in- crease to per hundred pounds, a difference of When the second 12.5 per cent rate hike is okayed, the carcass freight rate will increase to per hundred pounds with the live animal freight rate increasing to per hundred pounds, a difference of "One of my concerns increase in freight rates will radically change the relationship which has existed between the cost of moving carcass beef and slaughter cattle to the eastern he said. "On the surface this may appear to be a good thing for the cattlemen. So much more competi- tion in the sales ring. This will be true in the short run Mr. Linnington said local packing houses have provided the steady demand needed for the growth of livestock production. And because plants have large capital outlays, high labor and overhead costs, they need sufficient livestock for their daily requirements. But with the sufficiently high rail rate differential under present conditions, eastern packing houses have the option of buying eastern cattle or imported fat cattle from the West. "If total costs were equal they would naturally fill their regular requirements as much as possi- ble from local he said. "They would use the western supplier to fill in." If the differential continues to favor the move- ment of fat cattle to Eastern Canada for more economical slaughter, the western packing plants will have to take "drastic measures" to compete. The western packing plants would be leffwith two alternatives, said Mr. Linnington. They can accept smaller returns on their in- vestment or move their investment to Eastern Canada. If unprofitable operations are the answer, the packing plants will have to offer less money for the raw product cattle. That would hit direct- ly at the pocketbook of cattlemen. City Scene Five injured in weekend wrecks Five minor injuries and in damage from traffic ac- cidents Sunday kept city police busy on the weekend. Inga M. Chille, 1918 19th Ave. S., lost control of her vehicle at a.m. Sunday and struck a power pole on 2nd Avenue in the 1400 block. The pole was sheared off. Jim Tyrer, 1430 7th Ave. N., a passenger in the vehicle received minor injuries. Two persons were admitted to St. Michael's hospital follow- ing an accident that city police described as "spectacular" at 4 a.m. Sunday. Richard William Johnston, 1415 7th Ave. S., driver of the vehicle, and Barbara Gayle Alssop, 113417th St. S., are reported in satisfactory condition this morning. Police say the Johnston vehicle was proceeding south on Scenic Drive when it went out of control, skidded across the green strip, through a snow fence and over a five fool high snow drift sideways, flew through the air for 38 feet, lit on its roof before flipping back to its wheels and striking a power pole in the alley at 1222 13 St. S. Damage was Two passengers in another accident received bumps. Vehicles driven by Siegried Strafehl, 3110 llth Ave. S. and Wilfred Rega Jones, 1105 6th Ave. S. collided at p.m. at the corner of 9th Avenue and 10th Street S. Joseph and Grace Bachan, 1250 5th Ave. A S., passengers in the Jones vehicle, received minor injuries. Damage to the two vehicles was Card arrives two months late John Jones of 3319 20th Ave. S. isn't convinced that postal codes speed the mail. Last Nov. 26 his aunt in Bexhill-on-sea, Sussex, mailed his' Christmas card with his Lethbridge address and postal code clearly printed on the front of the envelope. The card was delivered Feb. 6 without a mark to indicate what had delayed its arrival. Rat poison offer fruitless Army provides brains while volunteers sweat An advertisement for rat control poison in The Herald Friday is "like whistling in the says Joe Gerba of Edmonton, head of the pest control and crop protection German Made Entitle Noodle Machine With brass gears. Make your own delicious noodles. PRICED AT 84 95 Call Housewares 327-5767 DOWNTOWN branch of the Alberta depart- ment of agriculture. Mr. Gerba said the chances of the firm selling rat control products in Alberta is "zilch." There just are no rats in Alberta now, said Mr. Gerba. Through the provincial government, a rat-free zone 18 miles wide along the length of the Alberta Saskatchewan border is maintained per- manently. Poisons are distributed at normal rat habitefs and along migration routes. Then when winter and cold weather comes in the fall, the pest control officers search out all areas of infestation in Alberta and eradicate all known populations. "This has been said Mr. Gerba. "We should be rat free until spring when some will come across the border from Saskatchewan. BILL GROENEN photos North side zig-zag As an LTS bus reaches the intersection of 19th Street and 5th Avenue N., it rounds the corner and makes a hard left on to another stretch of 19th Street. City council will today consider a letter from the transit union, asking that routes 5 and 5A be moved back to 20th Street. The union says the 19th Street intersection is hazardous because buses block traffic both ways on 5th Avenue N. while making the jog on 19th St. Four-year LCC enrolment may jump one-fourth FOX DENTURE CLINIC Esl. 1922 PHONE 327-1565 E. S. P. FOX, C.O.M. FOX UTHBRIDGE DENTAL LAB 204 MEDICAL RENTAL BLDQ. OPEN WIDE! Maybe ten or twenty years ago those words struck fear in the heart of a person sitting in the dentist's chair. But, this no longer is the case, for modern day dentistry is really easier to take. One important reason is the emphasis on prevention of dental problems before they occur. If you follow his advice very carefully and get your check-ups on a regular basis chances are that most of your visits with the dentist will just be a pleasant stop in one of your otherwise busy days. George and Rod say... Teaspoons? Cubic Centimeters? Millimeters? Dessert Spoons? Pick up your complimentary measure spoon. DHAFFIN'S DISPENSARY AND DOWNTOWN By MURDOCH MACLEOD Herald Staff Writer First of a series Enrolment at Lethbridge Community College could increase by 23 to 29 per cent over the next, four years, ac- cording to the college's master plan. The report says the difference in the two alter- natives depends on the possi- ble use of Lethbridge Municipal Hospital facilities by the school of health ser- vices. This would allow an ex- tra 40 students per semester beginning in the fall of 1976, it says. The college's day credit enrolment, reported in January as could go as high as to by the winter of 1979. Significant increases are forecast for the schools of continuing educa- tion and health services. Health services enrolment could increase by 78 per cent, 41 per cent or 103 per cent, for the fall, winter and spring semesters respectively. But the increases could go as high as 225 per cent, 159 per cent and 277 per cent, says the plan. For the school of continuing education, enrolment could increase 60 per cent for the fall semester and 38 per cent for the winter semester. Day credit increases forecast for continuing educa- tion are 40 per cent and 114 per cent, with total credit increases in the school of 62 per cent and 66 per cent. This could mean as many as students in continuing education, 633 of them in Pantera college credit courses. The school of technology and trades should experience moderate increases, of up to 23 per cent, with its enrolment reaching more than 200 students by 1979. The fall, semester automotives enrolment is ex- pected to increase 33 per cent, to 20 students. Drafting is ex- pected to decline seven per cent, to 93 students. No change is forecast for the school of business education, and moderate increases for the schools of applied arts and sciences and agriculture. Applied arts and sciences should increase 31 per cent, with the increase spread among the courses and programs. The prediction would give the school 685 students by the winter of 1979. Organized recreation and conservation enforcement, journalism, law enforcement and radio arts are expected to show significant increases. The agriculture school's biggest increase is forecast for the vocational agriculture program. An increase of 40 per cent is forecast in the number of winter semester second-year students, and 20 per cent in the fall semester. The master plan, prepared by Contract Education and Training Services Ltd., was to secure and analyze data about the college to determine its possible futures, and make recommendations concerning them. The "new" army rolled into Lethbridge last week with 26 olive green trucks and 86 men. Since the first Canada Winter Games in Quebec City in 1967, the Canadian Armed Forces has provided a strong back for the bull work needed to stage an event like the Games. But not this time. The six officers and 80 men on loan to the Games from CFB Calgary are not here to lift that barge or tote that bale. Instead, they're here to direct volunteers and provide technical assistance to Games organizers. NEW SHOW For the "new" Army, it's a new show in another sense. "We're here to show visible proof to people that we're more than hired killers, I says Maj. Ian Barnes, commanding officer for the Games corps. "The men like this duty. They can see they're doing something helpful and someone else is benefitting." But supporting civilian campaigns like the Games is also a mandate for the "new" Army, Maj. Barnes adds. "This is one of our roles It's what we call national development, offering assistance to local organizations." OLD DAYS GONE But gone are the days of local organizations calling on the Army in the eleventh hour for unlimited support. Austerity in Armed Forces budgets and political demand for accountability to tax- payers has killed the massive support offered by the Army to earlier Games. The total Games budget for out of pocket Army ex- penses is says Games assistant general manager Archie Logan, himself a retired Army major. He describes the accounting system used by the depart- ment of national defence as "pretty but commends the work done by CFB Calgary for the Games. Mr. Logan credits Brig. Gen. Phil Neatby, com- manding officer of CFB Calgary, with "interpreting every situation to maximize benefit to the Games Society." GENEROUS "Brig. Gen. Neatby has been most no, extremely generous in his interpretation of the Games organizer adds. "Our budgets are based on known ex- plains Maj. Barnes. In effect, the 86 men who will help with transportation of officials and athletes, food, stores and medical services have been donated to the Games. The 26 vehicles, including two "box ambulances" three quarter ton, four wheel drive trucks equipped to transport any injured skiers from West- castle to Pincher Creek and three "flying kitchens" two and one half ton trucks converted to mobile cantines have also been donated by CFB Calgary, which will ab- sorb the cost in its budget for local operations. The task of transporting pounds of beds, mattresses and barracks box- es from bases .in Edmonton Wainwright, .Calgary and Banff to Lethbridge.is also be- ing treated as a CFB Calgary "exercise." TRANSPORT JOB Because the Games is a regional event, transportation is the major' job for the military. Eighteen men will drive Games cars for visiting VIPs and 26 will drive trucks to venues throughout Southern Alberta. Others will stay in Lethbridge, organizing and dispatching some 200 Games vehicles. Other Army men (there are no women) will co ordinate food services at venues, and two hygienists will provide medical assistance. Army cooks will provide hot drinks and soup from the "flying kitchens." Military support good but costly For federal health and welfare officials, the 1973 Canada Summer Games in Burnaby and New West- minster proved to be an ex- pensive lesson in military in- volvement. "The military can do a first class, job for explains Norm Henderson, former military administrator with the Burnaby Summer Games. "But it's not he adds. The former Army ma- jor, now general manager of the, 1975 Western Canada Summer Games in Regina, says local Games organizers faced a serious problem after the Burnaby Games. "The military only did what they were supposed to do in Burnaby." The problem? The Army was asked to do too much, he replies. By the time the 250 Armed Forces personnel, mostly from CFB Esquimau near Victoria, had finished their Games duties, the Army had run up a bill of A hassle, followed, Mr. Henderson says, because "there was no budget." The lack of a budget for the Army resulted in "some static" between the depart- ment of national defence, which billed the Games for services rendered, and the department, of health and Welfare, which underwrote the Summer Games operating budget. This wrangle landed Lethbridge Games organizers in a difficult position, explains Mr. Henderson. "In 1973 we saw the attitude (toward military support for civilian activities) change." The job facing Lethbridge Games organizers was complicated not only by Burnaby's spen- ding, but also by budget restrains placed on the Armed Forces by the federal Federal health authorities and local Games organizers realized in 1973 that the Lethbridge event would have to cut back on military sup- port, consider the cost of hiv- ing the Army and budget ac- cordingly. Burnaby had 250 Army per- sonnel, while Lethbridge has 86 men donated for three weeks by CFB Calgary. The support is less, Mr. Henderson points out, but a staff of 86 men with a complement of 26 Army vehicles is still a bargain for the which the Games has budgeted for Army expenses. "I know what they (local Games organizers) are going through But I know they'll make a good show of the Games." Father-son talk experiment pending RODNEY 8. Dvlfvvry HM7-MJ4 QEORQE IMgMMHclHSMg. Ml Ml t. Now Through February 15th CHMMDtMriMfClwltc CLIFF BLACK, BLACK DENTAL LAB LomrLnd M7-II3I An experimental program to assess the effectiveness of father-son communication may be expanded to Lethbridge from Calgary. Prem Fry, a University of Calgary psychologist, has just received a national health grant to establish such .a program. The first volunteers for the program will be selected from Calgary families but if successful the program will be later expanded to Lethbridge, Red Deer and Medicine Hat. The aim of the program, Dr. Fry says, is to train fathers and sons to counsel each other in improving their com- munication and relationships. Families where the father takes the major role in com- munication result in -the adolescents achieving a higher emotional adjustment and achievement level. "There is a need for both fathers and sons to break down communication Dr. Fry stresses. "Previous research indicates that a lack of effective com- munication between fathers and sons is. one of the major causes of delinquency, distur- bance and emotional instabili- ty in youth. "Much of the communica- tion problem lies with the fathers. The majority of them are ill-equipped emotionally and psychologically to relate to adolescents." ARTDIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC DENTAL MECHANIC 321-4095 NOTICE The Annual Meeting ST. PATRICK'S SAVINGS and CREDIT UNION LTD. will be held Saturday, Feb. 15th, 1975 it SVEN ERICKSON'S FAMILY RESTAURANT Supper at p.m. Business mMtlng to follow Dance to music of the Raymond Canadians TICKETS WILL ONLY BE AVAILABLE AT THI CREDIT UNION OFFICt GUESTS WELCOME!