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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Relief from rising living costs expected in Turner budget By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA - A substantial cut in personal income taxes and an increase in old age pensions are two moves the federal government is expected to make shortly to provide relief for Canadians struggling to cope with the rapidly rising cost of living. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau assured the House of Commons Friday that his" government is preparing to take action to provide "relief" in the upcoming federal budget for pensioners and low-income families as well as Canadians generally. The House was in a hubbub as opposition members zeroed in on Finance Minister John Turner and Consumer and Corporate Affairs Minister H. E. Gray demanding action to offset the soaring cost of living. Mr. Gray said a policy would be announced in the House when it was ready to be announced. J. A. MacLean (PC-Mal-peque) asked the finance minister if the government had made a study of the impact of the high rate of federal taxation coupled with the rising cost of government on all levels as a factor in the rising cost of living. _ Mr. Turner said the government had made such a study. He said it has analyzed the effect of taxation on every aspect of the economy, including the cost of living. Mr. MacLean asked if the minister had concluded from the study that action should be taken by the governments to do their part in directly lowering the cost of living by lowering taxation rates. Mr. Turner in a guarded reply said, "I certainly got the point of view of the member, but this is not quite the appropriate occasion on which to answer his question." The answer will be given by the finance minister when he brings down his budget Feb. 19. Later Stanley Knowles , (NDP-Winnipeg North Centre) demanded to know from Health and Welfare Minister Marc La-londe if the "substantial" increase in the old age pension which the minister has promised will be "soon" announced by the government, would be incorporated in Mr. Turner's budget. Mr. Lalonde merely smiled and said nothing. There was bedlam in the Commons Friday during the question period as the opposition hammered the government over the rise in the consumer price index. It advanced 0.8 per cent to 144.5 in January from 143.3 in December. This is the largest increase hi the cost of living between those two months since before 1961. The major impetus to the latest increase was due primarily to food prices which advanced two per cent. Prime Minister Trudeau and Finance Minister Turner both acknowledged that the rising cost of living had the government concerned. They blamed it on the jump in food prices. Mr. Turner said this rise in food price's added to the urgency of the task assigned to the committee of the House probing rising food prices. He blamed the rise in food prices on the world shortage of many staples, including grain and meat. The minister said the cabinet has been looking at ways to increase the supply of food. David Lewis, New Democratic leader, said the cost of living has gone up "dis- astrously." He said the nutritional level of lower income families was affected. He demanded to know if the cabinet was considering some emergency, even temporary measures, if necessary, to halt the rise in the price of food at least. Mr. Trudeau replied, "The government is of course considering every way in which a successful attempt might be made to halt the cost of living. In the case of food in particular we hope we will receive some insight from the committee that has been set up and on which members from all parties are participating." The lethbtidae Herald VOL. LXVI - No. 52 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA,'SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1973 PRICE: 15 CENTS SIX SECTIONS 74 PAGES Controversial oil line suffers fresh setbac Cloivning around Former stale secretary Judy LaMarsh (centre) appears in good humor Friday as she tours the campus of the University of Lethbridge prior to a lecture she delivered at a U of L-sponsored seminar on discrimination. With the controversial former Liberal Cabinet minister are Prof. Frank Jankunis of the U of L geography department and chairman of the university committee which organized the seminar, and Jesse Snow, chairman of the U of L Students' Society Council. (See other stories, picture pages 8 and 14). ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) - Alaskan leaders have reacted with shock to a United States appeals court ruling which again, has sidetracked at least temporarily construction of a pipeline to tap the oil riches of the Arctic Slope. . Opponents of the line hailed the decision as a rebuff to oil companies and a victory for environmentalists. The 150-page opinion made public in Washington late Fri- Gov't asked to extend Queen's tour EDMONTON (CP)-Alberta has asked the federal government to place Edmonton and Fort Macleod on the itinerary for Queen Elizabeth's visit to Canada, Premier Peter Loug-heed said Friday. The premier told the annual meeting of the Broadcasters Association of Alberta that the province has petitioned the federal government to hi elude "these other two historical places". Plans to date call for the Queen to visit Calgary as part of the RCMP Centennial celebrations this year. Researchers discover new flu vaccine By WALTER SULLIVAN New York Times Service NEW YORK - Researchers at the Pasteur Institute in Paris have produced an influenza vaccine that they believe will be effective against strains of the disease yet to evolve. They expect it to provide protection against flu, viruses that will not appear in the human population until three or four years from now. Dr. Jacques L. Monod, director of the Pasteur Institute and winner of a Nobel prize for his work in molecular biology, termed the achievement "revolutionary." Those in the United States who have explored the possibility of "outflanking" the ever-changing flu virus in tins manner spoke in laudatory terms of work in Paris. However, they said the long-term validity of the contention could not be assessed until new strains appeal- in the natural course of events over the next few years. Dr. Robert G. Webster of St. Jude's Children's Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., said if the vaccine does, in fact, give protection against future strains, "it will be quite fantastic." He added that from the information available on its production and testing it was difficult to evaluate the prospects for success. The new vaccine is designed to provide protection against all influenza strains likely to appear in the human population until about 1978. That, from past experience, is when an entirely new type of flu virus is expected to appear. From year to year the existing virus strain "drifts." That is, it gradually evolves so that the chemical defenders, or antibodies, generated in the body (or produced by a vaccine) for the original strain become less and less effective. New import surcharge threat issued bv U.S. WASHINGTON (CP) - The United States has warned other countries that unless major currencies are realigned, some form of independent American action, such as a new import surcharge, may become necessary to reduce a persisting American trade deficit. This morning, emanating from the White House and other government quarters, appears to be a form of pressure on West Germany, Japan, and other great currency earners to find some immediate method of revaluing their currencies upward to make it easier for the U.S. to sell its goods abroad at lower prices. Presidential press secretary Ron Zeigler' told reporters at Nixon's home at San Clemente, Calif., Friday that an import surcharge is among a variety of measures under active consideration by the president. Similar warnings were aired by key government officials before congressional committees earlier in the week. Under the surcharge, the government would slap extra duties on imports to push up their prices and discourage sales in the U.S. Canada strongly protested when the last surcharge was imposed in August, 1971. The U.S. move finally led to agreement by West Germany, Japan and other countries to push up the value of their currencies while the U.S. devalued the dollar in relation to gold. But the realignment did not seem to go far enough. The U.S. still finds it is buying more from other countries than it is selling with heavy dollar surpluses flooding foreign ex- changes to the point where West Germany in particular has been forced to consider emergency measures to reduce the flow. IRA plans march BELFAST (AP) Leftist supporters of the Irish Republican Army said they would march through Belfast today in defiance of a government ban-bringing the threat of yet more sectarian clashes and bloodshed. "The British Army will have to use force to stop us," said Michael Farrell, leader of People's Democracy, a Catholic-based student group. The group called three separate marches to converge on City Hall. William Whitelaw, Mailmen urged to reject pact OTTAWA (CP) - Roger Decade, national president of the Letter Carriers' Union of Canada, is recommending that union members reject a settlement reached two weeks ago. About 28,000 members of the Council of Postal Unions will vote Feb. 13 and 14 on whether to accept the tentative agreement. B r i ta i n's administrator in Nothern Ireland, ordered them kept out of the city centre but organizers insisted they would go ahead. All police leave was cancelled and army riot squads were on alert. Tension was heightened by fears of Protestant riots protesting a riundip of militants after Wednesday's outburst in which five persons died. Seen and heard About town /""OLLEGE president Dr. C. D. Stewart referring to newly - elected Socred leader Werner Schmidt in the presence of Advanced Education Minister Jim Foster and Mr. Foster asking "who's he?" ... Pat Webb offering private tutoring lessons in English to commercial artist Inga Hanson and Miss Hanson "drawing" her own conclusions to decline . . . Dr. F. Q. Quo bidding a fond farewell to guests after a party than returning to find bis shoes. day overturns a lower-court decision by ruling that an extra-wide federal land corridor for the proposed 789-mile oil pipeline violates provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920. "This is the worst possible opinion that could have come," said an aide to Alaska Gov. William A. Egan. The 1920 law specifies that rights-of-way over public land must be limited to a width of 25 feet on either side of the pipeline. Hence, the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia declared, the 146-foot right-of-way the interior department has proposed granting to Alyeska Pipeline Service Co., is illegal. Alyeska is a consortium of several oil companies with interests in the Prudhoe Bay oil fields of the Arctic Slope. LAW CHANGE NEEDED .. "Since ail parties agree that construction of the proposed 48-inch-diameter pipeline is impossible if all construction work must take place within the width limitations ... we must enjoin issuance of the special land-use permit until Congress changes the applicable law," the court ruled. An oil company spokesman here called the 150-page ruling "ungodly complex." Alyeska declined to predict the effect o fthe ruling. The proposed pipeline would run 789 miles from Prudhoe Bay on the North Slope, at the northern tip of Alaska, to the ice-free port of Valdez on the Gulf of Alaska, where the crude oil would be transferred to supertankers for. shipment to U.S. markets. Among those contesting construction were the Wilderness Society, Environmental Defence Fund Inc. and Friends of the Earth. . Also opposed were the Canadian Wildlife Federation and David Anderson, British Columbia Liberal leader. MAY BE SCRAPPED Anderson commented Friday night that the court ruling. means postponement and possible scrapping of the line. Anderson said in Victoria that the ruling probably means the case will go to the U.S. Supreme Court, where the battle will be continued. "But the fact that we've won in the Court of Appeals makes it unlikely, or more difficult, for them to get the Superme Court to reverse that decision. "What it means," said Anderson, "is that the tiling is stopped dead as of now." Canadians expressed fear that the B.C. coast would be polluted by spills or accidents to ships carrying the oil from the southern terminus, the warm-water port of Valdez, on Prince William Sound. Environmental groups argued that the U.S. interior department had not adequately considered the alternative of a Canadian pipeline. RULES ON APPEAL Friday's ruling came on an appeal of an opinion issued in Washington last August by U.S. District Court Judge George Hart, who had lifted a temporary injunction blocking pipeline construction. He had ruled that the interior department and Alyeska had abided by the National Environmental Policy Act in publication of a 3,000-page environmental Impact statement. Demarcation lines cease-fire issue By SYLVAN FOX New York Times Service SAIGON - The Saigon government and the Communists have been unable to agree on clear lines of demarcation separating their respective territories and have thereby delayed achievement of an effective cease - fire in South Vietnam, it was reported today. The report came from Michel Gauvin of .Canada, this months chairman of the International Commission of Control and Supervision which is to oversee the Vietnam ceasefire. Speaking in an interview as the second week of the ceasefire neared its end, Gauvin said the establishment of demarcation lines- between Saigon's troops and Communist forces was the key to an effective cease-fire. Thus far, he said, no such lines have been drawn and the cease - fire remains less than effective despite what he called "an encouraging substantial reduction in fighting." Gauvin said the responsibility for establishing lines of demarcation between the two waring sides lies with the Four - party Joint Military United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam and the Viet-cong. "The joint military commission has as yet failed to get an effective cease - fire all over the country. It has failed to establish lines of demarcation between its own troops," Gauvin said. "The joint military commission," Gauvin continued, "is Bomb scare NAKINA, Ont. (CP) - A man was in custody today after Ontario Provincial Police evacuated a 13-car CNR passenger train following a bomb scare Friday night. The trans-continental resumed its journey to Montreal from Vancouver after police conducted a search that took six hours. No bomb was found and no charges have been laid. net operating to a sufficient degree." Until the lines are drawn and an effective disengagement of forces is achieved, Gauvin said, the international control commission can do little to police the cease - fire. His commission consists of Canada, Hungary, Indonesia and Poland. Gauvin said the joint military commission is now attempting to.define the areas of control in South Vietnam, but he said it was "unrealistic" to expect forces that have been fighting for a decade to agree quickly on which side controls what territory. ; Gauvin declared that agreement on demarcation should have been reached before the cease - fire went into effect Kissinger arrives for talks SAIGON (AP) - Henry Kissinger opened four days of postwar talks in Hanoi today, while United States and Vietnamese representatives in Saigon made final plans for the release of about 142 American and 3,000 Vietnamese prisoners of war Monday. President Nixon's chief foreign-affairs adviser landed in an air force jet shortly before noon at Hanoi's Giam Lam Airport, which was heavily damaged last December by U.S. bombers. He was the first ranking U.S. official to set foot in Hanoi in more than a decade. Kissinger told reporters in Vientiane, Laos, before going to Hanoi that his visit was one "of good will and conciliation." He said that Nixon, "hopes that tliis visit can inaugurate .an. entirely new relationship between the United States and North Vietnam." He said he hopes his consultations with North Vietnamese leaders on post-war relations, a lasting peace in Vietnam and a bait to intensified hostilities in Laos, will "usher in an era of peace for all the people of Indochina." Inside Classified ............ 22-25 Comics ...................18 Comment ............ 4, 5 District ............ 3, 19, 26 Family ............ 8, 9, 15 r0w. I Livestock ................ 20 ^--^ Local News ......... 13, 14 Markets .................. 21 Religion ............ 16, 17 Sports ................. 10-12 Theatres .................. 7 Such is the patriot's boast TV ........................ 6 where'er we roam. His first- Weather ...................2 best country ever Is at home. , QW TONIGHT 10-15, Oliver Goldsmith (1720-171r 11IGH SUNDAY NEAR 20; SNOW FLURRIES, COOL ;