Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THI UTHMIDGI HttAlD rtbruary 10, Joseph Kraft Laotian adventure Most of the world expected the an- nouncement that South Vietnamese troops, with American air support, had crossed the border into South- eastern Laos. It did not come as a shock, as the Cambodian invasion did, and in the United States the news was received with relative calm. Although the Secretary of De- fence Melvin Laird had had little to say prior to the announcement that U.S. air support would be extended to the invading South Vietnamese, on- the-spot suspected that something big was in the making and said so. Secretary Laird says that there will be no American ground troops involved and there is no rea- son to doubt this statement. But it is hard to believe that some air force personnel other than those actually flying the planes will not be involved, if only for maintenance repair and rescue purposes. Hanoi's protests against the inva- sion have a hollow sound. After all, the North Vietnamese have them- selves trampled on the independence and sovereignty of the Laotians for years, have built up the Ho Chi Minh trail through Laotian territory with- out a please or a thank you. They are hardly in a position to criticize the enemy for attempting to destroy their handiwork now. The U.S. administration hopes sin- cerely that the Laotian adventure will hasten American troop with- drawal, and prevent many casual- ties. It must now prove that its hopes are logical, that the operation is worth the risk, that it will not widen the war or hinder the phased with- drawal. It's a tall order. Many lives depend on its success, and one of those is a political life that of U.S. President Richard Nixon. Shopping centre nuisance One of the tiggest advantages of- fered by shopping centres is the large, free, parking space. Downtown areas, plagued by a shortage of easy-to- reach parking, and hampered by coin meters which are a nuisance, have long been aware of the popular- ity of shopping centres for they hit them where it hurts: in the pocket book. But shopping centre parking lots present their problems too, to faith- ful shoppers. When there is plenty of space, speed artists take the oppor- tunity of turning them into raceways, tearing hither and yon without re- gard to other traffic. In winter, when snow obliterates the driving lanes arid parking lines, drivers park untidily without any pattern at all, creating a maze through which traffic must wind to get back onto the main traf- fic artery. Added to these hazards we have those irresponsible idiots who park anywhere at all, most often behind two parked cars, thereby locking the one in the middle into an immovable situation. Anyone who has had to wait a cou- ple of hours while this type of thoughtless driver finishes up a month's grocery shopping is bound to think fondly of downtown areas, where more stringent parking rules are followed. The shopping centres would en- hance their popularity even more if they did something to assist the traf- fic which they invite. Surely employ- ing more personnel to direct and keep an eye on traffic would help shop- pers whose support of the centres was encouraged in the first place be- cause they presented "efficiency and comfort." Failing this measure, a "locked-in" driver should have some redress. He should be permitted by law to for- ward the offender's license number to the police who in turn should be able to pursue some official repri- mand. In the eyes of a layman, this procedure of bad parking should con- stitute a traffic offence. In all areas where heavy parking is expected, whether it is in a shop- ping centre, or at a special event at the exhibition grounds, enough com- missionaires to assist the traffic should be employed. And those in- volved who encourage citizens' sup- port should see to it that they are. The absent guest For-fifty cents, CANSAVE, The Canadian Save the Children Fund, has been promoting the well-being of children around the world. During that time it has amassed a fine rec- ord of serving aild saving children to become significant adults. The Alberta division of CANSAVE is observing the golden jubilee of the national organization by an Absent Guest Appeal. It simply asks that when people sit down to a group dinner that a few pennies be col- lected from each person to provide a meal for an absent guest. Although it is never easy to feel concern for the needy who" are ab- sent from view, the genuineness of the cause can scarcely be doubted. If love and compassion fail to prompt generosity, perhaps logic and imagi- nation can move in to serve the pur- pose. The best congratulations for CANSAVE are contributions. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON Everyone seems to "But that would mean closing the PXs have his own theory as to how we and the officers' I protested. can get out of Vietnam. Many critics are "Right he replied. "The sooner we questioning President Nixon's strategy of close the PXs, officers' clubs, movie Uie- winding down the war by enlarging it. aters and public relations offices, the Prof. Heinrich Applebauir, who works at sooner all our troops will be forced to leave Vietnam. No American Army can re- ing man in Vietnam there are nine men to elude soldiers who work in the PX, the of- ficers' clubs, the supply depots, special services, and the post offices, plus cooks, chaplains' assistants and public informa- tion specialists." Applebaum wrote on the blackboard. "For each fighting GI the president pulls out, he leaves behind nine soldiers who arc not equipped to defend themselves. When doing to protect American lives, lie is really talking about the support troops who are expected to remain in Vietnam after the fighting troops arc pulled out." "What's (he saifl Anplehnum, "once again U.S. taking great risk in Laos action WASHINGTON The cen- sorship which was called an embargo and then broken all over the place is not the only ludicrous feature of Uie latest operations along the Laotian border. The whole epi- sode smacks of "Catch-22." Only it isn't funny. On the contrary, the new offensive shows once again that Presi- dent Nixon has no reli- able plan for a safe exist of American forces from the war in Southeast Asia. To understand the latest op- erations, it is necessary to look at Southeast Asia through the eyes of President Nixon and his chief foreign policy advi- ser, Henry Kissinger. For their view is something else. the Institute for the Study of Undeclared War, has been highly skeptical of the pres- main anywhere without the amenities of ident's secret plan to get us out of Viet- life." "It's awful risky." said Applebaum, "the president says he wants an orderly withdrawal of all troops from Vietnam. What is more or- Darn. "Nixon's big said Applebaum, "is that he's withdrawing the wrong troops." "I don't I said. "He is pulling out an average of wno can't fight? The fighting GIs must ground combat troops a week. That sounds ?tay behind to protect the rear, good on paper. But the men he is with- drawing are fighting men." "What's wrong with The professor went to his blackboard. "We know that for every American fight- derly than first withdrawing the troops "Once the support troops are out, Nixon can start withdrawing the combat troops.'1 "It makes sense on your I "It's the only Applebaum said. "The more combat troops Nixon with- support him behind the lines. These in- draws, the more danger there is to the the president has all his priorities fouled collldn.t scml Boh IIopc to Vietnam, he'd up. If he really wanted pull our Amen- nf om. can troops out of Vietnam, he would with- draw the support troops first and the fight- ing icen last." (Toronto Telegram News Service) It is not that of the military chiefs who have now lost in- terest in Vietnam. It is not that of Secretary of State William Rogers who is at least deter- mined not to lie to the Senate and the public. It is poles apart from that of the cynical, in-the- know journalists who assume the president concentrates mainly OB winning in 1972 and, therefore, on getting American troops out before that dead- line. Unlike all the others, Mr. Nixon tod Dr. Kissinger really care about what happens in Vietnam. They believe, as they have said over and over again, that a Communist takeover there would have disastrous consequences all over the world. Public pressures, and now the progressive demoralization of American forces, have forced them to wind down this country's role in the war. They have articled for the progres- sive transfer of the military burden from American to South Vietnamese forces. But they do not sing the lyrical rhapsodies Secretary of De- fence Melvin Laird sings about Victnamization. The gritty men in the White House have been sending in- vesitgators of their own to the scene Sir Robert Thomp- son, for one; Brig. Gen. Alex- ander Haig, Dr. Kissinger's deputy, for another. They know that the South Vietnamese army, which couldn't hold the Communist forces with the support of half a million Am- ericans, is not awfully likely to hold them without the Ameri- cans. They also know that Am- erican bombing has only lim- ited impact on interdicting Communist troop movements. Accordingly, the president and Dr. Kissinger have been casting about for ways to build, barriers against Communist exploitation of a situation bound to worsen. They have been looking for blows, or bet- ter still the threat of blows, that would make the Commun- ists think twice about exploit- ing the advantages which are shaping up for them. noncomfaat troops, and eventually the pres- ident will have to do something very stupid to fulfill his promise of protecting Ameri- can boys." "Would the Pentagon go for I asked. "They have to. All Hie trouble the Army is in Vietnam with its own troops is being caused in the bases behind the lines. That's where all the fiphts, pot the president justifies all the tilings bc's smoking and fragging of officers is taking place. If you close the rear bases and send those GIs home, morale will pick up 100 per cent. "Does this mean you wouldn't send Boh Hope over to Vietnam any I asked. "I'm afraid so. If ths president knew he "I don't know what I would have done without my university degrees this they've kept my feet from The Cambodian invasion of last sprir.g was one attempt, and it did jolt the other side briefly. But now a relatively small force of Communist in- fantry is able to move all over Cambodia. As a result, the South Vietnamese army, which already has its hands full at home, is also now obliged to undertake the defence of Cam- bodia. Punitive bombing of North Vietnam, particularly visible at the time of the Son Tay raid, is a second attempt. The raids carry an implicit threat that serious Communist moves will mean devastation of North Vietnam. But so far Hanoi has not flinched. The Laotian border opera- tion is a third move in the same direction this time with a double option left open to the president. The recent sweep could be the prelude to a sustained operation across the border designed to close off the main Communist supply lines leading down through the Ho Chi Minh Trail. At the least, the sweep could pose the threat of such an operation in the future. Maybe the move will prove successful. But there is a strong probability that both op- tions will turn out to be empty. For Hanoi will only credit the threat if it has serious fears of an actual attack. But a sustained attack into Laos would extend the over- extended South Vietnamese forces even further. They would be plunging into the Communists' favorite hunting ground the very place where the French, in pursuit of the selfsame goal of dosing off supply lines, ran into the funny thing called Dienbienphu. Moreover, things are prob- ably going to get worse before they get worse. For Mr. Nixon and Dr. Kissinger have hooked themselves on a des- perate ratio. The more the number of American troops in Vietnam dwindles, the more the remaining troops become vulnerable, and the more the president and his assistant are prone to lash out at the enemy. In their frustration with a pol- icy that doesn't work, they are backing themselves into a position where they will have to resume the serious bombing of North Vietnam a truly dangerous step that could once more blow off the lid in this country. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell Compulsory ID cards may serve useful purpose .rjTTAWA Most of the fuss over the Quebec proposal to issue every citizen with an ID card, complete with picture and fingerprints, misses the vital point. The important issue is not what identification you carry, but on what grounds you can be made to produce it by a peace officer. As long as you can walk down the street without fear of being stopped by a cop and arbitrarily made to explain yourself, it does not greatly matter what sort of card you have in your pocket. This is the freedom it is es- sential to protect, and once it is secured, there may be ad- vantages in the idea' of an of- ficial ID system. The House of Commons might explore the question when it gets around to discuss- ing Justice Minister John Letter to the editor Turner's new law reform bill. But first let's clear up the confusion o v e r ID cards. We all carry identification al- ready. Just look in your wallet or, for example, in mine: Driver's licence listing name address, age and height, issued by the Ontario govern- ment. Motor vehicle permit issued by the Ontario government. Certificate of financial abil- ity to pay damages, issued by an insurance company by re- quirement of the Ontario gov- ernment. Social security card issued by the federal government. Card with picture proving membership h the parliamen- tary press gallery, signed by the sergeant at arms of the House of Commons. All these are official ID cards and more or less neces- sary to daily living and per- formance of work. In addition, there are credit cards, club membership cards, a" union card and a forgotten oddity which certifies that the holder is a member in good standing of the Resolute Air- port Arctic Circle Club and el- igible for all benefits. All these cards are issued expressly to identify the bear- er, but they are voluntary in the sense that they are mere- ly conveniences. There is no reason there- fore to take automatic fright at the idea of just one more ID card. In fact, it might be eas- ier for us all if government could issue a master card link- ed to a central computer and usable for all purposes. Private information about in- dividuals is probably more se- cure in the hands of public au- thorities, where its use can be Get a copy of Petit Larousse closely regulated by law, than in the keeping of private con- cerns which have an interest in selling or swapping their files. So it is not the ID card which is the problem, but the use to which it may be put. Under the criminal law, a police officer cannot make you produce your identification un- less he has reasonable and probable grounds to believe you have committed an of- fense, or are about to do so. If you refuse to identify yourself, the officer can of course arrest you, but he leaves himself open to a possible charge of wrongful arrest if you were simply going about your law- ful occasions. Turner's new reform bill touches indirectly on this vital freedom. The aim is to reduce the number of arrests and the ex- tent to which citizens are held in prison awaiting trial. The police can now arrest you for being, sayi drunk, charge you, and throw you into Jail, and its up to you to raise the money for bail so that you can be free while waiting to appear in court. The new bill would In effect- reverse the procedure. The po- lice would not be able to ar- rest you and hold you for trial where there were reasonable and probable grounds to be- lieve that the public interest would be served just as well by leaving you at liberty under summons to appear in court to fac trial later. But the police cannot issue a summons to a citizen who will not identify himself, or who may be giving a wrong name and address. There is a re- quirement under the bill there- fore that the citizen establish his identity to the police, as an alternative to arrest. So a recognized ID card, un- der proper legal limits, could serve the cause of freedom, 'and it's hard to understand why Turner and civil libertar- ians are so conventionally op- posed to the idea. (Toronto Star Syndicate) "What is a This is the question asked by Maurice Western of The Her- ald Ottawa Bureau, in an ar- ticle which appeared on the editorial page of the Lcth- bridge Herald on February 4, 1971. Entitled "Dictionaries no help with 'Francophone' the article appears to he designed to add fuel to the current red- hot debate over the recent gov- ernment proposal to hire 250 French-speaking graduates for the public service this year. In the House, Mr. Yewchuk had asked Mr. Drury for the gov- ernment's official definition of the world 'Francophone.' Mr. Western complains that after having consulted I.1) dif- ferent dictionaries, four in the FP Ottawa bureau, six in the Parliamentary Library, ono belonging to a colleague, and two others, he found both 'Franco phile' and 'Franco- phobc', but was unable to lo- cate 'Francophone.' Consequently, lie assumes that 'rrancophone' is an ersatz word, 2nd he asks, "Was it in- vented by the public service or inspired from the outside? If the latter, the most probable source is the B and B Com- mission." It is unfortunate thai Mr. Western did not think to con- sult the "Petit Larousse" dic- tionary, which is usually found as a standard reference in any classroom where French is taught. Regularly revised edi- tions of this dictionary have been published since 1856; as its editor states, "One no long- er says today, 'Let's consult the but: 'Let's see what the Larousse says'." Although 'Francophone' docs not appear in the 1940 edition, we find all three of Mr. West- ern's words in the 1952 edition. Francophile: Ami de la France et des Francais. Francophobe: Hostile a la France et aux Francais. Francophone; Qui parle le Francais. Surely, if a word has been accepted (or at least twenty years, it. cannot be considered nor erin the B ami R Commission be. blamed (or having coined it. The meaning is quite clear: a Francophone is a person who speaks French. The word can- not be confused with 'Franco- phile' which refers to an ad- mirer of France or of the French and their cusloms, or with 'Francophobe' which re- fers to a person who fears or dislikes French or French things. We would suggest that Mr. Western purchase a copy of "Petit Larousse" for assistance in understanding some of these expressions which he claims "chill the blood or set the nerves on edge." This same dictionary includes an excel- lent historical and geographi- cal section for ready reference. Surely, as Canadians who claim to be sincere in our de- sire for national unity, we should be devoting our ener- gies to more useful purposes than merely keeping the bilin- gual controversy hot by quib- bling over pseudo-semantics. ISABEL WTLKINS, Depart nieni, of l.niiRiiages, Lcthbridge Collegiate Institute. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 Several cars of liquor destined for Lcthbridge have been held up in Saskatchewan as it failed to reach the prov- ince before the Feb. 1 deadline. 1931 India's new capital city, New Delhi, was officially opened after 19 years of plan- ning and construction. 1941 The city will buy two new buses to meet the in- creasing traffic. There is a big call for service to the Flying School at Kenyon Field. 1951 An all-out campaign in Lcthbridge to raise funds for the construction of a headquar- ters for the Boy Scouts has been launched. Scouting has been severely handicapped in the past by a lack of facilities. JMl Tenders are to be called for the construction of a Presbyterian Church, when members of St. Andrew's congregation approved the de- cision at their annual meeting. The new building will be ad- jacent to 'he present hall and will seat 520. TIic Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S.t Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 001! Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager ROY MILfi Advertising Manager HAY I-' WAUTR editorial Pago fcdllor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"