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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY IN 40s LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 10. 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 30 CENTS THREE SECTIONS Conference optimism nothing new By STEWART MacLEOD OTTAWA (CP) Optimism expressed at the end of the federal-provincial constitutional conference Tuesday was reminiscent of a sinalar meeting seven years ago when political leaders also had agreed on a method of amending the constitution with made-in- Canada machinery. _ Two years later that method, known as the Fulton- Favreau formula, lay scrapped. A review of the constitution, the British North America Act of 1867 which still requires nominal Brit- ish parliamentary approval for any amendment, be- gan in 1968, still hung up on inability of Canadians to agree among themselves on how to relieve Britaan of an unwelcome, obsolete responsibility. Now, Prime Minister Trudeau and the 10 pro- vincial premiers have agreed on another formula for amendment. They say it is "a feasible approach." And while there was general, restrained, optimism that such a formula will be formally adopted next June at an- other session in Victoria, there are clearly some hur- dles to clear. All provinces will be keeping their eyes on Que- bec for the next three months while the proposed formula is aired through the legislature. It was here that the Fulton-Favreau formula came crashing down after the former Liberal premier, Jean Lesage, had originally accepted it. Clear progress This week's conference made unmistakable pro- gress in a number of constitutional areas, but the question of the amending formula was uppermost in most minds. Justice Minister John Turner bad visited all 10 provinces, laying the groundwork for discus- sions on the formula. Most premiers came here agreeing that time was running out unless clear progress could be demon- strated in the constitutional review process, spurred by sentiment that Quebec's recent crisis demanded some progress. The one specific area in which such progress could be demonstrated would be through the acceptance of an amending formula. This would enable all con- stitutional changes to be made without the now- embarrassing request for Westminster approval. And once approved, actual constitutional changes could be pushed through to 'give some tangible mean- ing to three years of the review process. But previous, .experience indicated it wasn't easy to arrive at. a formula satisfying all governments that their constitutional rights and freedoms would be fully protected. The Fulton-Faweau formula, named after E. Davis Fulton, a Conservative justice minister, and the late Guy Favreau, a Liberal counterpart, would have re- quired unanimous approval of all 11 governments. Strong feeling Discussions that followed the original approval generated strong feeling in Quebec that the formula would place the province in a constitutional strait-jack- et. Changes could only be made when the nine other provinces there are wide-ranging provin- cial opinions on such vital issues as centralization of government and services. This time, the proposed formula would require ap- proval from Ottawa and a majority of the constitutional changes. Those six, because population requirements, must include both Quebec and Ontario. The effect is that Quebec needs the support of only five other provinces for desired changes instead of the nine required under the Fulton-Favreau for- mula. And, on the other hand, both Quebec and On- tario have effective veto powers for all proposed con- stitutional changes. Premier Robert Bourassa of Quebec said the new formula is not he said it might be accepted. Meantime, he made it clear to reporters he isn't going to become solidly committed to the proposal until it had been discussed hi his province. Had he been able to take tome concessions on in- creased provincial jurisdiction over welfare which he soughMt would have made a more attrac- tive package. It would have clearly demonstrated tire need for. an easier, and more flexible, method of con- stitutional change. Ottawa indicated a willingness to get closer to Quebec's position on this issue but there was no clear breakthrough at the conference. Meanwhile, as all legislative bodies in Canada dis- cuss the amending formula over the next three months, most eyes will remain on Quebec. If the for- mula is rejected there, the subject could be effec- tively buried, and the entire constitutional review pro- cess could go under with it. Winter drivers warned OTTAWA (CP) Winter drivers should not put much faith in snow tires to provide quick stops on icy renditions, the Canada Safety Council says. It says tests prove snow tires have traction on snow but do not reduce stopping distances on icy surfaces. A council report says studded tires reduce the slopping distance but, can engender over-confidence in the driver, A proper following distance, which many drivers don't observe, is crucial to preventing winter acci- dents. It can lake a car up to nine times as long to stop on ice as on a dry surface. In dry conditions, the correct following distance is one vehicle length for every 10 miles an hour. In winter, especially in fresh snow, this should be in- creased four limes and in icy conditions up to nine limes. The report says Canadians always take the first Rlagc of winter to get, the feel of road conditions, and then becoma crm-oinfident, Wary eye kept on cracked dam in killer quake HOSPITAL TEETERS AFTER QUAKE Part of the second floors of a Veterans Admin- istration Hospital teeter amid the ruins of yesterday's Southern California earthquake. The hospital where there were many dead and missing, is in the Sylmar section ot Los Angeles. It was the worst California quake in years. __________ Canada's march continues toward new constitution OTTAWA (CP) The outline of a new constitution has been accepted as feasible by the 10 premiers after a twcnlay con- ference here. Prime Minister Trudeau said the conference marked "a substantial break- through" in the march to repa- triate the British North America Act. "Here indeed you might begin to see the shape of the future enthused Mr. Tru- deau at a news conference, re- ferring to a state- ment issued Tuesday following the discussions. He and the premiers will meet in Victoria June 14-16 to either scuttle the proposals or endorse them. Public reaction between now and then probably will decide whether the embryo lives or dies. The framework etched in the statement would: an amending for- mula by which six of the 10 provinces, plus Ottawa, might make constitutional changes. Approval of the British Parlia- ment would no longer be re- quired. fundamental rights, including elections "at least every five in the constitution. English and French constitutional protection as offi- cial languages. Still under dis- cussion is a way to extend this right to education. the Supreme Court of Canada a child of the constitu- tion rather than Parliament, making it rather than Parlia- ment "the court of final ap- peal." KEY ASPECT Key aspect is the amending formula, sought off and on for nearly 50 years. If the formula is endorsed at the June meeting, Parliament and the legislatures would .then be asked to approve it. Once they did. the stage would be set to ask the British Parliament to recognize a pro- clamation giving Canadaa abso- lute control over its constitution for the first time. The proposed formula would require consent for constitu- tional changes from the federal government, Quebec and On- tario, two western provinces representing 50 per cent of the West's population, and two of the four Atlantic provinces. Quebec and Ontario would be automatically included under a prevision that would give any province with 25 per cent of the Canadian population veto power. This might someday in- clude growing British Columbia. Quebec Premier Robert Bour- assa said the proposal is "a considerable improvement" over the Fulton-Favreau for- mula accepted in 1964 by gov- ernment leaders but rejected by Quebec a year later. INewark bias I rips plan! NEWARK. (AF'i AD explosion ripped through two adjoining chemical companies parly today, shaking a 27-block area and shattering windows for miles around. One body was re- covered from the rubble and two persons were missing, po- lice said. The owner of tire Radion Chemical Corp.. Walter Gilc- was one of three persons believed to have Ijeen insido when blast occurred, Because the Fulton-Favreau formula didn't give Quebec veto power and required approval of all provinces for. on federal-provincial division of powers, Quebec nationalists de- scribed it as "a constitutional dog-collar" and forced its rejec- tion. Mr. Bourassa, anticipating a fight at home, was guarded. He said his province, might accept the formula. Other premiers ranged from reluctant to enthusiastic in ac- ceptance of the formula. Ontario's John Robarts, who provided the initial thrust for the current round of talks, said his last conference made "sub- stantial progress." "What we have to do now is hammer it out in the kind of language acceptable in a formal said Mr. Robarts, who retires this month as pre- mier. Premier Ed Schreyer of Man- itoba was an enthusiast and Premier Ross Thatcher of Sas- katchewan gave the formula grudging acceptance. Ky threatens drive into N. Vietnam SAIGON (AP) South Viet- namese troops reported today they had reached Sepone, the North Vietnamese supply base 25 miles inside southern Laos. The troops moved hi appar- ently with little or no opposition in the deepest penetration of Laos since the drive opened Monday. Engineers were re- ported rebuilding Sepone's air strip. About more Soutn Viet- namese troops crossed into Laos during the day and it was disclosed Vice-President Ngu- yen Cao Ky had urged a drive into North Vietnam to strike 3t Communist command bases. U.S. and South Vietnamese helicopters lifted the fresh Sai- gon troops across the border, raising the number in southern Laos to more than field reports said. Vietnam Press, the Saigon government's news agency, quoted Ky as saying that if nec- essary South Vietnamese forces may cross the 17th parallel into North Vietnam to flush out sup- ply bases in the area. Informed sources said several battalions of the South Vietnam- ese force that pushed into Laos Monday had advanced along east-west Route 9 to areas north and south of Sepone, a main North Vietnamese trans-ship- ment point and base area on the Ho Chi Minh trail. The town 25 miles from the South Vietnamese border has been reported v i r t u a 11 y de- serted, and there were no im- mediate reports of any fighting there. The aim of the operation is to choke off the North Viet- namese troops and supplies moving down the network of jungle trails to South Vietnam Cambodia. British banks close doors to convert to new money LONDON (AP) Britain's banks close tonight for four days to convert the coun- try to a new kind of currency. After 12 centuries of compli- cated shil- lings, half crowns and florins is changing its money to the decimal system, bringing it into line with dol- lars, yen. francs and other world currencies. Decimal Day, or D-Day, is Monday. From then on the an- cient pound sterling will be divided into 100 new pence' in- stead of the 240 pennies am' 20 shillings. The pound is worth and under the old style of money the shilling, I Seen end heard About town II UERO-TYPE (Wdon Elliit, carrying a basket, to the lop of a telephone pole try- ing to reach and rescue a stranded cat Ken Sra- man trying to convince a co- worker she should leave a supply of candy out where he could use it to cany him through a long meeting Bob Whillaw feeling like cry- ing over spilt milk when a quart of the cold substance spilled ia his lap, representing one-twentieth of a pound, is worth 12Vz cents. The new coinage vastly sim- plifies the old system because Britons will count in 10s rather than a mixture of 12s and 20s1. But confusion is For the next 18 months, until decimalization is com- plete, the new coins will circu- late side by side with the old. This means that there will be two prices for package of cigarettes will be either six shillings or 30 new pence, depending on which store the buyer enters. Shop- pers are bound to compare the new prices with the old. In many cases this will be im- possible because exact con- versions can't be figured. Luxury iraiii jtuups rails at 'death curve1 (Renter) A ]IK- nry express train apparently was travelling well over the speed limit when it jumped the rails near this south West Ger- man village Tuesday, at a curve known as the "death a prosecutor said today. Thirty- three persons were killed. Among the dead was Dr. Ed- ward Wood of New York, and liis wife Helen was amona the M injured, Quake woes mount From AP-Reuter LOS ANGELES (CP) Au- thorities kept a wary eye on a cracked main reservoir dam for fear aftershocks might cause it to burst, and rescuers sifted wreckage of a big hospital for bodies today in the wake of a killer earthquake that left at least 44 persons dead and more than injured in Southern California. The r u m b 1 i n g quake that struck Tuesday at a.m. PST and the hundreds of after- shocks dealt heavy destruction to a wide area of Los Angeles County and its environs. Officials said 25 persons were missing, some buried in the rub- ble of too collapsed buildings at a Veterans Administration hos- pital in the hard-hit west end of the populous San Fernando Val- ley. Twenty-five bodies had been found in the hospital wreckage; 45 persons were rescued. One hundred persons were injured. So heavy and so interlocked were huge chunks of concrete from the virtually levelled three-storey structures that res- cuers said it might be another day or more before all victims could be reached. HEAR CRIES FOR HELP Although cries of "Help me! Help could be heard Tues- day night, authorities said there was little likelihood of more sur- vivors being found. The bodies of persons were extricated in the night and early morning hours. It was too early to give a full damage estimate, but it will run in the hundreds of millions of dollars. Los Angeles is the third-larg- est city in the United States and the area around it is one of the most populous. Some Ca- nadians who emigrated to Cali- fornia live there. President Nixon declared the quake-stricken scene a disaster area, making it eligible for gov- ernment help, including low-in- terest loans to rebuild. Tens of thousands of residents in the San Fernando Valley were ordered to leave their homes lying in the path of the big dam's lake holding billions of gallons of water for the city of Los Angeles. The mam shock Tuesday was centred 26 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles. It crumpled much of the con- crete facing of the 150-foot-high dam of Van Norman Lakes, the city's largest reservoir, and cracked its main structure of earth fill. As water experts began drain- ing it. police ordered a forced evacuation Tuesday night of some 100.000 persons hi a 20- square-mile area of the San Fernando Valley. Officials said that barring a strong new after- shock, the dam should hold. Hundreds of commercial buildings and factories were damaged, along with uncounted homes, highways, bridges and public buildings. Los Angeles County estimated loss to its buildings alone of million, with 427 damaged structurally and 42 evacuated. GOT. Honald Reagan surveyed the damage and said: "It's shocking. When you look at this you feel pretty helpless." ff "ft GOVERNOR INSPECTS DAMAGi-Head bowed, Gov. Ronald Reagan inspects the wreckage of the Administration Hospital in the Sylmar section of loi Angeles yesterday following the early morning quake. Reagan flew to Los Angeles from Sacramento for a first- hand look at the damage.__________________ Rose may return if he behaves .MONTREAL (CP) The trial of Paul Rose on charges of kidnapping and non-capital murder in the case of Pierre Laporte was adjourned today until Monday to give the Mont- real Bar Association time to provide an observer. Mr. Justice Marcel Nichols announced the adjournment in Court of Queen's Bench and also reiterated his offer that Rose could be readmitted to the pro- ceedings .under certain circum- stances. Rose, banished from the courtroom Monday because of repeated outbursts, can return if he promises to mend his ways and apologizes to the court for numerous insults. "In these circumstances it would be with great pleasure that I would readmit said Mr. Justice Ni- chols. The accused was not present. The judge also made it clear that his request for an observer had been made to the Montreal Bar Association, rather than the Quebec bar, as 'had been be- lieved. He said the Montreal bar had asked for time -to select an ob- server to allow him to boneup on the case and to put his office in order. Uniforms banned Invented mop PHILADELPHIA pr S. Vosbikian, 78, inventor of the fpongp squeeze mop, died here. Vosbikian recalled once that, he invented the mop after his wife complained at the din- ner table about the mops she had in her kitchen. Mao said well HONG KONG (AP) Ameri- can author Edgar Snow says Mao Tse-tung, Chinese Com- munist parly chairman, "is in excellent health and mentally BELFAST (AP) The gov- ernment of Northern Ireland took legal moves against the un- derground Irish Republican Army today, banning uniforms of illegal organizations and making it an offence to withhold information about persons killed in riots. Prime Minister James Chi- chester-Clark's riot-weary gov- ernment also was studying a ban on funeral processions cal- California quake By THE CANADIAN PRESS Here in brief are facts on the earthquake which hit southern California Tuesday: Casualties: 44 deaths re- porlcd, more than 1.000 in- jured. Damage: Expected to mount into the hundreds of miUioas of dollars to homes, commercial and public build- ings, highways, bridges. Scientists attribute it. In the Soledad Canyon fault in the San Gabriel Mountains, where a vertical slippage was reported. Magnitude: 6.6 on the Ri- chter scale, comparable to the 1933 Long Beach quake which killed 115 persons. Ffilcral aid: P r c s i d t n t Nixon declares the quake sec- tion a disaster area, eligible for help from federal agen- cies. culated to stir the political pas- sions of feuding Protestants and Roman Catholics. The moves announced by Chi- chester-Clark forbids the wear- ing of illegal uniforms in public. Mourners at the funerals of two IRA men Tuesday paraded in traditional IRA uniforms and berets. Protestants, enraged by the sight, fought with Catholics near the coffins. The regulation against with- holding information of riot vic- tims is aimed at republican sympathizers who smuggle bod- ies of civilians away for private burial after battles with secu- rity forces. 'Not that supply line, you fool! That's ;