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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IE1HIM5IHOE IIFBAIC Wrilnrsilny, February V. 1973 Carl Roivaii, Population bomb still a threat to India uneasy atch i in Ilii' Irish sil- uaUun i.s (lillirull lo It'll; whal is likclv In liappi'ii in llu- fului'c is nearly impussiblu ID predict. UHK distance all llial is open lu Hit' con- cenii'd is an uneasy v.'alcli. It si-ems unlikely Ilia! Ihc I. o v tl Chief .Iiislk'f of I'niilainl's iin'cslitia- lion LoiuliimlciTy's ''JSIoody .Sun- day" iicn.-iiiplisli cycn if lie is able lo cslnhlish Ihc fads. Too many people already have 1 li c i r minds closed on Iliaf Some uf Iliem do not M.inl lo believe UiiiL I rained soldiers could liavc been in- volved in shootings. Olliars arc ccrlain Ibal liio killings look place provocalion of any kind. The Lord Chief-luslicc will confronl Ihc same kind ol c'onllielin.Li leslimoay as has reached Canadians IhroiiLlh Hie press and media, liadio listener-: heard I-'aihei1 Denis I'.radley slaie Hint he and oilier priesls s.iv. absoi nlely no al IJritish troops, but Ihc London Observer earned the re- port of MII mien lev: by .Mary Hol- land a wounded JUA in hiding who admitted firing on a sol- dier on that lateral Sunday. Probably Hie investigation has al- ready become irrelevant. So changed has the silualion become as a result of Ihe dealhs Ihal once unthinkable propositions are being given serious consideration. One sueli scheme calls for :i revised partilion Ireland, with Ihe transfer to flic Eire Republic of Hie overwhelmingly Catholic scc- lors. including Kcwry and perhaps Londonderry ilsclf. Passions have become .so inllamed throughout all Ireland that no propos- al may be acceptable. A fearful pos- sibility exisls. according to some gloomy observers. Ihal the cry for re, uniiicalion now increasingly being heard in the South could lead to strife on an even greater scale. Miracles are slill believed in by some people. II might make believers oul of others if Ihc Irish problem yielded lo a peaceable .solution. The watch continues. TyCW DKLIII Tlie threat of homhs ri'din Pakistan or Hcil China may slill seem rual Id millions here, Init the grealL'sf long-run threat lo India is slill an explosive of India's own making: the pon- nlalion bomb. When I first visited India in liiiV! there ijllii million in- habitants Tlie-'C arc now million, meaning that in less than 18 years the equivalent of France, Creal Britain and West Germany combined has licL'n added to India's popula- tion. Demographers say that Uie population Ls now growing at Ihe rale of 1-1 million per year and (hat there will be mil- lion Indians here by the year 20IW. That is a mere L'fi years Tins is the .staggering siory of "people pollution.11 despite Ihe exislenee here of one of die in o r e ambilious biiih control efforls on earln, with major re- sources being pumped in by Ihe Indian governmenl. the Foundation and the United Na- tions. This program has succeeded in reducing the crude birth rate from '15 per residents in l'JS-1 to M today. Bn! Ihc "death control" measures have been far more successful, with the death rate per residents dropping from in 105-1 lo 1C today. That means that while In- ilia's population was rising by only I.L per cent Jfl years ago, it i.s going up by 2.3 per tent a year now. Yet, without the significant .successes of India's family planning programs, ann'.her 2 million babies would be born here this year. India is spending million a year of its own money to sup- port 123.000 f a m i 1 y planning and birlh-conlrol workers. Tim extent of their success is evi- dent in the fact Iliat 111 years ago fewer than families used conventional contracep- tives and well under 100.0CO sterilizations had been per- formed. Today 2.5 million In- dian couples use conventional contraceptives, women employ an inlrn-ulcrinc device [the loop) and several million .sterilizations have been per- formed. Another 1.11 million men are expected to undergo vasectomics Ihis year. Those figures would scorn Impressive in most countries, but here they represent only a hopeful beginning. And some nl the hope is fading as xenopho- bia and a euphoric new na- tionalism hold sway. Taking up the cry of "self- reliance" so popular here in the wake of military victory over Pakistan, Indian officials have pretty much invited U.S. aid people and Ford Founda- tion employees to leave popula- tion work to Indians. Tins "foreigners go home'1 attitude surely does not arise frorr: Indian conlidcncc in their ability lo meet Ihe population crisis alone, for India's villages have scarcely been touched bv the birth control Sadat in trouble Pres'denl Sadal de- parted after a three day visit lo Mos- cow, a joint Soviet Egyplian com- munique "resululely denounced" Is- rael and declared that Moscow would continue lo build up Cairo's military arsenal. i( did not mention specific armaments but most commentators believe that they Mill not lie in an amount or ol a calibre lo pose any grave threat lo Hie Israelis. According to Rowland livans and Robert Novak, that extraordinarily perspicacious Washington commenla- lor journalist learn. Moscow lakes a dim view of President Sadat and pri- vately believes that he has shown less than due respect for Soviet policy in the Middle East. The reason is thai Mr. Sadat, believed that Israel would eventually accept ih? Rogers plan for settlement of the Kgypfian Israeli dispute. This proposal was built on the premise that Ihe Israelis would withdraw all I heir forces from xhc Sinai prior lo peace negotiations, and that in return for this, ihc Kgyplians would reduce Soviet, arms and influ- ence on their territory. This tenta- tive arrangenienl and agree- menl lo it looked loo much like, ;u> commodfdion v.'iih the V..S., to Hie So- vicls. Due in the inlransigency and far sighledncss of Mrs. Mcir. wiio has con- sistently relused lo he intimidated by I .S. Secretary of Slate William Rog- ers, by the Russians, or by Egyptian threats to renew hostilities, Israel has not only maintained her presence in the Sinai, but has got a lot of the hell) she was asking from Ihe U.S. help lor her own weapons industry and a promise of more Phantoms. This leaves President Sadat in a very awkward position al home. The Russians arc urging restraint at (lie same lime that militant factions in Egypt arc growing more restive. Al- though Israel has agreed lo ''highly restricted" talks about reopening Ihe Suez canal, the pre-conditions have been publicly rejected by 'Mr. Sadat. Jf he should back down on these, he would face political suicide in his own country. Evans and Novak stale flatly that Soviet policy today "is not to bail oul Sadal, at. home but lo wait for a more friendly regime to replace him in the future." 11 all poinls to a stalemate for the time bciim unless the Egyptian hotheads lake it upon Ihcm.selvcs lo oust Sadat and that's a possibility which no one is totally discounting. idea. This xenophobia may re- flect a lack of enthusiasm tor jxipLilalion control in lop politi- cal circles. Last November in London Prime Minister Indira Gandhi said in a press conference: "Perhaps only a couple o[ years ago the world was saying thai India would never be able to feed ils population. Well, this year 1971 we are fully sell-siifficienl in food- grains for our entire popula- tion, and we could easily feed some. more. Even if the pop- ulation grows, as il is bound to, although il is not growing as fast as il would have if we did nol have our family plan- ning program, we have no clonbl lliat we can handle the situation. I do not Ihink that population is a very serious problem now I do nol (liink it is as black a cloud hanging over us as it used lo be." As many Indians see il, lliat "black has been ob- by the "green revolu- tion." Good rains for three straight years (a rarity) have produced bumper crops. In- dians (and some American agricultural experts) say that the irrigation and fertilizers available would give India adequate harvests of wheat and rice even i[ the monsoons failed to come this year or next. This kind of optimism about the food supply robs the pop- ulation program of much of its urgency. one here makes a fuss over Ihc fact thai the birth control pill is nol part ot t li e government's programs. The spinster minister of health and family planning has ex- pressed fears of had side- effects such as hepatitis from the pdl. Parliament has passed a lib- eral new aborlion law, but gov- ernment officials have empha- sized that they do not want abortions lo become a major element of population control. The basic truth is that India has not made a dramatic breakthrough to family plan- ning on a massive scale, and there is no early prospect ot such a breakthrough. .So Ihis country will go on, .itlding a population equal lo Ihal of the Netherlands every year, with everyone praying Ihal the "green revolution" re- main equal to the challenge of so many hungry moulhs. (Field Enid-prises, Inc.) ANDY RUSSELL I horse named Elk Army government leading Argentina to disaster A'O wilderness "working unit of hcrscs is complete without a pond leader under the saddle of the head guide, for upon Ihe judgement and the courage of this horse rests Ihc difference between easy going and confusion, Among the fifty animals that might ir.ake up a trail outfit there are a.s individual characteris- tics a.s can be found in as many people. Well trained ns Uiey may be, die con- fidence and couraue of the leader lele- graph through every horse in seconds, and by the same token the lack cf it can cause chaos. II is the leader thai picks the trail, sets Ihe rate of travel and develops Ihe ne- cessary atmosplierc for safe going. In a Rocky Mountain pack outfit, the horses arc never led on a rope bnt Lraxel free, so good leadership is paramount and the man sitting the lead horse knows this and interferes ns little a.s possible. About one in a hundred n good leader. In tueriU sfvcn of trail experience only three or four stand oul in my inemon- a.s being tops. The best of these was KIk. a big grey cover- ed with light lemon colored freckles, a hide around a slrong body and cour- ageous heart. P.eside.s ins share of courage, ue had a quality of endurance and equine wis- dom matched by very iew of his kind Itc never forgot a trail. He made the toughest going look jn some- thing transmuting his. (onfirlcncc like an electric nnrrnt reached horse in Ihc string coming behind. When travel- ling, he and 1 worked logelhor, although I often relied on his judgement. Rut if I made a decision, he responded easily and .so Miiuothly no hint of any difference of opinion was ever evident. Not once in many years ot travel did he ever fail mo. Klk's in.slam of nnii.sual or dan- Kcrotis situation and In.-, quick coo] reac- tion to it was Tlicre was ,in earlv [all evrnuir! when we came up a .-Irclcli uf monnlam slope workim; on! a Inrliiuii.s l.riil along a stt-i'p slope covered wilh hii; uld fire kill- ed logs, when: a different kinds of trriuble waited for us. It h.-irl bocn raining off and on for davs and Ihc footing was livaohoi-onx ,-ilnn'i ihi> ronsi.ini dc- lonring aruuiul Ilii- llui the- uholo out- fit of Ihiiiy loaded JIITIVIYI nl. Ilio summit v.iihcut a rider gelling as much as a knee bumped or a pack slipping. When Elk and the following packhorses broke oul into open going on the crosl of the divide, I was instantly aware of a bad Ihunder.s-lorm about to break over us. It had become almost dark under the om- inous clouds, and I was startled to see green balls of St. Elmo's fire glow- ing eerily in little halos on Ihe lop of equip- ment slicking up above the packs. A shove] protruding up through a diamond hitch on the pack of a big marc right behind me had a green ball of this static electricity adorning the lip of the blade. This was no place to be caupjit in such a storm. We could not retreat. From wlicrc I sat my horse the (rail followed and crest of Hie ridge, where I lie horses would at Ihe mercy of Ihe lightning. The only other way v.-as straight the oth- er side onto a limbered bench, and this meant descending through loose talus where no horse had ever gone before. Elk seemed lo know on Hie instanl what was wauled, for he responded lo the light loueh of the reins and headed down between luo lurrcls of rock through the deep loose shale. Knee deep in the sliding stuff. Hie whole string plowed along behind him mak- ing a trail a.s they went. In minutes we had dropped to limherline, where we un- packed and look shellcr from Ihc Inulo- casl of thunder and lightning and rain lliat followed. We made camp by a IMllc spring, and 1 was grateful lo a wise, horse as f rolled up in n-.y wing rimvn robe for I IIP night. IJUE.N7OS AIRES The Ar- gentine army's attempt to disengage from government while making ils retreat look like a victory, is proving as delicate, if not as bloody, an operation as President Nixon's withdrawal from Vietnam. Election day, slill over a year is set for March 21. 1973, and the nation's economy i.s deteriorating at such a rapid rate, wilh all the concum- milant social unrest, lliat many Argentines arc gloomily won- dering just what the civilians will inherit when Ihe last gen- eral has gone back lo the bar- racks. President Alejandro Agustin Lauusse is being harassed on several trails. His call for a consensus is derided by bolh nighl and Left. Vocal and apparently broad-based Pero- nisls are demanding elections wilhin a few months, hoping lliat a vigorous campaign would unite their party, which is split into factions that fight Letters to Ihe editor Permit Idtcli-hiking Wives! DOUR Bilker result of Margaret Year's column I have been giving M-- nnib. consideration to mure, (ireful iliim of copy, is. limes I have had guilty hvinges abniil. ki- ting IHT {lip he ,-ihnnl h-r liu.slviml Mill. II apparenlly divni'l do .-my r.nod h H her the she does. I had a feel- ing Hint in comparing me lo Hill my might not Ihink she has such a bad bar- gain. Hut the other day Maniarot hc bad received a note hum Kbpeih hrr inr pulling up uilii me! IHT! Please tell me wrong with hitch-Inking? docs everybody have lo hassle, put down, discriminate against, and most of all, misunderstand the philosophy, in oral rights, and principles of (he hitch-hik- er, along with his to do what he has the ught lo do as a citizen, hitch-hike? I'm .sure I hat if civic government F.nd-or The Tollbridge, City Po- lice Force want to keep Lislh- bridgo a democracy, they will consider the liiUh-liiker's right lo hitch-hike. Now, to do this, (hey (the LCTT) would have to reconsider the quite iinnce.e.ssaiy linsslo I hey do put on hitch-hiking in the, city of Lelhbridge. and instead of fining them (which 1 Ihink, is a pretty low down method of obtaining money) approach I hem (the hitch-hikers within this city) with friendliness. This could and would bo done by practising Ibe freedom that they preach, and reconsider i-ily hitch-hiking as nlber Ilian a crime. If Ihe liCMT' will jn'1-mil lulcli-hikrrs lo do MiMr Hung iiTy freely mi I lie lughuay, and if the mayor.s of other ei- lies, Ihe premiei s of o 1 h e r provinces, certain senators of certain slates, and leaders of other nations permit hitch- hikers lo hitch-hike, won't '.M.ivor AnrliTMin ulm has, in I. .said that lie is syitipallu1- l.ic }oulht, or whoever i.-; blame, appreciate tins mes- sage. and do something about hilcli-hiking in this city? But of course, as a my- self who has done over miles of it myself, who am f lo ask? .MK. Let abridge. I feel very uneasy for Ibe im- mediate future of Lellibridge. How on earth the city will sur- vive six weeks more bad veal her, I am sure 1 do not know. Surely piled win- dows of snow cannot gel much higher, or can they? It is like navigating in a sometimes top- less tunnel now. May he it would be an idea lo make all Ihc streaks one way, i.e. just Iiave a .submarine lunnel on one .side of the street and pile flic .snow on the rest of Ihc street. T li a t way anybody uonld bo able lo .see over the. drifts from Ins upslairs win- dow. By pulling in .some snow ,-i relies nl, intersections, snnu- mobile.'i could make of overpasses lo .serve Ihe. transit needs of the filled in road dwellers. The city surely can't afford lo remove Ibe stuff, especially wilh any more, of those winds Pineher Creek i.s so fond of and shares so gen- (TOUSlV. Mlihridge, among themselves wilh guns and bombs. Peron, still an exile in Spam, is 7G and said lo be aging visibly. Terrorist, groups, most of them claiming allegiance lo Peron, are as active as ever, raiding armories and banks and killing police officers two were murdered in the first week ol 1972. The Jong fight against terror- ism is corrupting many mem- bers of the stale's own secur- ity forces, templing them lo use terrorist methods against their foes. Almost -d'aily charges of arlwLrary arrest, kidnapping, torture and mur- der are made against the po- lice. Kew of these charges are .substantiated, but they are far too frequent to leave public opinion indifferent, and they u u d e r m i n e Lanussc's at- tempt lo project an image o[ avuncular solidity. There is also a whiff of cor- ruption in Ihc air. One of the members of the ruling junta, Admiral Pedro Gnavi, was forced lo resign at Ihc end of the i ail-end of an involved scandal concerning s ii i p ping contracts, although (inavi'.s culpability has ye I lo be established. Many high- ranKing naval officers resigned or (hreatened lo resign before (Jnavi finally stepped down. Murmurs of unrest in l.ho army and air force are .is per- Mslenl. as those that preceded I he uprising of ihc Azul and Olivarria garrisons last Octo- ber, (iencral Lanusse. as com- mander-in.-ehief of Ihe armed forces, as well a.s president, i.s far better placed to nip any coup in the bud than were his predecessors, (i e n e r a 1 ,s On- and whom hi: deposed. But as Ihe limn for the army lo relinquish pouer divus nearer, the mid- dle-rank ing officers feel personally affronted hy its manifest failure lo govern and sen their prospecls harm- ed by l.ho disappearanr.c of plum jobs al Ilio lop of Ihe nu- HUMMUS s I a I.e enterprises HicviLibiy their vieus Isiiou n. illidr.iwal be a ticklish manoeuvre at the best of limes, but it i.s being carried out against a disas- trous economic background that is threatening to knock all his political calculations out of line. In 1971 Ihc peso fell from 400 to the dollar to nearly to the devalued dollar. Prices rose by an average of about 50 per cent and, if anything, the process accelerated at the start of Although no accu- rate statistics arc available, unemployment is thought, to be at least 10 per cent, and growth is unlikely to exceed two per cent. Lanussc announced a pay rise of 15 per cent for all dur- ing his cnd-of-1071 message. This bitterly d i s a p p o i n L cd wage-earners, whose purchas- ing power is shrinking far fast- er than Ihe economic adminis- tration is willing to admit. White the, trade unions, closely linked lo the Peronisl move- ment, have yet (o go Iwyond a few ringing declarations, a na- tionalistic businessmen's or- ganization has promised a Looking THROUGH THE HURALD 1ni2 A clause was added In I lie ICflmonlon cil.y cliarler amendment, ad today granting every tenant., whether male or female, who was in the city on September first of any year, the rifiht. to vole in the next municipal election. After losses of over twelve million, shareholders of the Merchants Hank voted to campaign of lock-mils and lights-off lo express their dis- taste for Lanussc's policies. For much of 197J economic policy was paralyzed by the latest round in Lhc inter- minable quarrel between "lib- who favor, roughly, bal- anced budgets and a market economy, and nationalists, who like the state to play a major role, protecting local business and keeping foreigners out, while financing grandiose de- velopment schemes oul of massive budgetary deficits. Lanusse has yd lo decide which line to lake, but his fi- nancial team of two "liberal" bndgcl-balancers w a s obliged by circumstances lo produce a 1072 budget wilh a deficit of over million, and Ihe Cen- tral Bank president, Dr. Carlos Briguonc. i.s trying (o gel a loan of 51.000 million in En- and United Sirles (o tide Ihc nation over until the civilians lake control once again. (Written For Tlie Herald and The Observer, Lnmlon) backward sell out lo Hie Bank of .Mon- treal. Iladlinglon r.rolhcrs. the p-and championship in wheat at Ihe Alherla Provincial .Seed fair, npcnint! in Calgary today. ISI2 A party of some III members of Ihc Women's See- lion of Ihe Royal Canadian Air Force reached No. 7 M.ilion in Madcixl The Lcthbridgc Herald Vlh SI. S., Alhrrla iilDfiK IIURAI.D LTD., I'ropndnrs mid I'ublislicri Published 1 1 by Hon. W. A. IUICIIANAN Socnnfl Mnll RrqKlrnlimi TPSS nncl Hip r.inni rullllshrrv nncl Ihc ftuclil llur CITO W MOWFRS. ITdilrr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genrml OY vmrs v "THE HERALD SERVES IHE SOUTH" ;