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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 9, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 UTKtttDGE KKAUJ Tuesday, febtuary Wl Dave Humphreys Where will they goP The city lias decided to tighten up on the renting of unauthorized basement suites. There is some justification for this. Some of the suites are make-shift, many improperly vented, wired or heated, many with inadequate emer- gency escape windows, and so on. Additionally, many of them conflict with the single-family zoning regula- tions. But one other point may invalidate all of the above. By and large, these unauthorized facilities rent for less than standard apartments, and peo- ple go into them who cannot afford the standard rents. Close them, and where are these people to go? Into the streets? On welfare (if they are not It is easy for city officials to say these suites should be closed, but not so easy, for the occupants, to live anywhere else. Train travel Those who have a preference for travelling by train will only be par- tially reassured by the Canadian Transport Commission's order to the CPR to keep its crack train, the Canadian, running. They will be dis- turbed by the recommendation that the sleeping and dining services be put on a paying basis or dropped. There would be no surer way of getting the CPR out of trans-conti- nental passenger service than to withdraw the pleasant sleeping and dining facilities now available to train travellers. Who wants to sit up even a day coach from Montreal to Vancouver? Would anyone relish the thought of surviv- ing for a couple of days on sand- wiches and doughnuts? The main attraction of train travel is the luxury of getting away from the haste and harrying to which most people are subjected in their daily lives. If there is no prospect of real rest, and the possibility of having to dash off the train at the infrequent stops to find a lunch counter, the advantage of going by train would be nullified. Since it appears that the railways do not really compete with other car- riers for trans-continental passen- gers, the price for services should be raised. Then those who desire the luxury of train travel could have it and pay for the privilege. What's it worth? Canadian traditionalists of British stripe must be forgiven if they draw a startled, breath on reading the lead paragraph in a story in one of the most respected and relatively small "c" conservative English n e w s- papers. The article kicks off with the question, "what is the Commonwealth worth to The answer is, less and less in economic terms. says the London Observer on its fi- nancial page, "you could argue that we would have been better off with- out it in recent years." The figures show that the Com- monwealth as a trading area is dy- ing. The system of Commonwealth preferences was set up in 1932 at the height of the depression to help Com- monwealth countries help one another and to protect themselves from out- side competition. By 1951 Common- wealth countries were absorbing 51 per cent of Britain's exports, but in the last decade British exports to Commonwealth countries have been halved, and its imports are down at least a third. Commonwealth coun- tries are trading where they get the best deal, whether it's in manufac- tured goods or .raw materials. Can- ada, for instance, sold 14 per cent of its exports to Britain in 1965 and by 1970 had sold only 7. per cent. The proportion of Canadian imports sold by Britain is also in sharp decline. When Britain joins the Common Market, her trade with Canada and the other Commonwealth nations will decline even further. Preference will be a tiling of the past for Britain will no longer be the core of a world- wide family of nations, but a mem- ber of the European family instead. What is this all going to mean to Canada? Bruce Hutchison's fear is that Canada, "which has been for- tune's darling in an unfortunate world underwritten by huge American and British markets, defended almost for free by American power" may one day, find herself squeezed between two giant trade blocs American and European. Maybe it won't be that bad, but it is a certainty that Canada is going to. have to be far more competitive, far more independently minded, far more aggressive in making her own way economically than she has been. It also means that the Common- wealth, that broad community of in- terest which used to speak a com- mon political language, and still pos- sesses a broadly similar pattern of legislative, executive and judicial in- stitutions, will be further eroded .with the passage of time. The practical, in the end, is bound to supersede the sentimental and Canada will be the loser for it. Behavior in the House By Margaret PROPONENTS of our male-oriented so- ciety like to say the reason women cannot assume leadership fa the parlia- mentary arena is that they aren't tem- peramentally suited lo the role. Men fa the locker room or executive suite like to kid around saying that a matronly lady PM would never be able to suffer the humiliation of appearing fa the House of Commons fa the identical pant suit as, say, the slim girlish back-bencher from Buffalo Wallow. Presumably, according to rcasculfae theories, the discomposed PM would cattily chew the lowly b. b. out, then go home and have a good cry. The premise behind these well-indoc- trinated allegations is that politics is for those of tough mettle, and definitely no place for women and kids. But anyone who has ever visited the House when it's in session, or perhaps sat fa on a brief question and answer period one afternoon, is bound to question Ihe fallacy of suitability by sex. to political roles. Women perhaps Af> have a ten' dency lo shrillness when provoked or peeved, but there have never been enough of them in Ihe Commons at one time to assess Iheir true leadership qualities. How about the men? Well, they're some- thing else again. Indeed, small boys argu- ing over a game of marbles often dis- play more inherent courtesy, tact, and ap- preciation for their opponents' intelligence and expertise than is too often demon- strated in the Commons. Our representatives, green though some mav be, learn quickly when they first hi'. the benches; which says soir.cthing for in- nate aping qualities. All too soon, the charm which endfnred loyal constituents is displaced by parliamentary gamesman- ship. One must learn to laugh derisively, quack 'ho ho', hiss, boo huff and sr.cer, thrust and parry v.iih accusations and veil- ed hints. The 'veildiT' the IxMler. espe- cially for the media. Mltiim gfigqlcik-ml in their Rallcr. Recently an mi parliaim'ntap. put-downs was displayed when Robert Canada's Far Eastern policy obscure TO.VDON The Canadian government's attitude to- wards collective security, it seems, is something like the little boy looking through the telescope from the wrong end: the farther away the scene is, the more obscure it becomes. This emerged in one of those little asides, overshad- owed by the vush of urgent events, during the Common- wealth conference in Singa- pore. Another is the role play- ed before, during and after those crisis days by the mas- terful Canadian diplomat, Ar- nold Smith, the always positive and constructive secretary- general. Both may be considerable factors in the Commonwealth's immediate future. Canada is the leading candidate to chair the eight-nation study group examining the security of mar- time trade routes in the Indian and South Atlantic oceans. Mr. Smith is charged with making the study operational and has already sought to present it as Luckhnrst Stanfield, Mitchell Sharp and Edgar Ben- son got into a typical tired wrangle, while the PM was busy in Singapore. Mr. Stanfield wanted some questions an- swered on what the government was plan- ning to do on the unemployment not an unreasonable request. That's all it took to get the boys out with their mar- bles. Hools, because Mr. Stanfield had been "playing politics" visiting the unem- ployed; Mr. Benson in there huffing and puffing, stating flatly that inflation had been won and hinting under his aegis the unemployment situation was about to un- dergo almost a divine miracle "put your hand in the hand of the man who stilled the seas." Boo's from the NDP who are excellent boo'ers; no, no, from the Cred- itistes who hate to give anyone credit and shouts front the PCs who seem notorious- ly non-progressive. "what is the point of it all? The or- dinary, taxpaying, grass roots constituent is justified in asking this question. What conies first, the party or the country? What a silly question. Doubtless Mr. Stanfield's trip across the ration to search out unemployment problems had some political ends beliind it. But the put-down by (lie government, particularly by Mr. Benson in claiming everything was going to be better in 1971 without stating how it would improve, insults the opposition's in- telligence and underestimates the unem- ployed's patience. This soil of nit-picking has been going on for so many generations come to accept it as a tradition. It is one tradi- tir.n we could wnl! do without. We all realize the comitiVs business cannot be carried on without sensible debate and dis- agreement, hut. in the Inng run, what's good for the country should lip the scales. Bui. boys will Iwys, nnd the recent exchange in !.he Commons on the unem- ployment picture, sadly enough is pretty typical of parliamentary procedure. Where there is humility, on lidialf of dem- ocracy, far, far loo oftr-n liiere is only iii n.pinnv So much for men at ihe Ix'lm. Ymir turn, girls'.' a serious and effective proposi- tion. What then, it was asked in Singapore, is the Canadian position on the security of the Indian The" an- swer was essentially not to have a policy. The Indian Ocean is a long way away, af- ter all. And the withdrawal of Canadian forces from Europe was already putting into prac- tice the policy that our secur- ity effort must be concentrated closer to home. Even Europe was quite a distance away. Did any other countries hold to this position? Why, of course, Jamaica, too, was a long, long way away. But Canada is the larger power. Mr. Trudeau won his spurs as a mediator at Singapore. And with apolicyof studied disinterest, Canada awaits the call for another and more formidable rescue operation. The eight nations break down into alignments roughly in groups of two. India and Malaysia, closest to the action, as it were, Nvish that all for- eign power would just go away and leave them and their ocean in peace and neutrality. The only trouble with that posi- tion is that it won't happen. Britain and Australia are con- cerned about the trade routes. Britain believes the buildup in Soviet naval strength is a .se- rious problem. Australia tends to agree. Britain has already files of supporting information. Con- tinued cool restraint by the British members will be ne- cessary to conceal an attitude quite widespread here that the committee is an exercise in educating some of the others. Nigeria and Kenya, while moderate Africans, are never- theless committed wholeheart- edly to the view that, whatever the perils of the seas, the solu- tion does not lie in Anglo-South African defence co-operation. This leaves Canada, Jamaica and Mr. Smith to sort tilings out. There is no suggestion of detracting from the real achievements M r. Trudeau, Ivan Head and the others have already achieved in Common- wealth diplomacy' by pointing out the significance of what is happening. For the Canadian attitude in the Far East is a radical departure from the established Canadian Western collective security position. It is a logical extension of the thinking which led us to halve our contribution to NATO. The foreign policy white pa- per of the Pacific area an- nounced that Canadian policy for the region rested upon the maintenance of peace and sta- bility, leaving open the means to that end. Even as the chair- man, Canada will likely have to resolve this open-endedness before the study group re- ports in six months. For a start, the committee is merely a device to buy time. In this respect it is significant that before anyone went to Singapore Mr. Smith's strategy "No thanks, I don't want to endanger my was lo put the South Africa aims dispute in a longer time frame. That this has happened must be a considerate victory for him as well as for Mr. Trudeau, or Mr. Heath. But what then? Tte committee must whether Britain is right in her concern. If so, there are apparent options. One is for Britain to do all the patrolling herself. This is the East Afri- can solution but one which Britain finds financially and morally unacceptable. A second is some variation of the Simonstown base agree- ment, with Britain ifnot selling arms at least lending them or otherwise supervising the operation in co-operation with and including use of South African facilities. The thud is some alternate solution which Britain still fails to see. Mauritius in the heart of tile Indian Ocean offered itself as an alternative to Sirrams- town but the British saw them- selves alone financing and run- ning the base. Asked if Canada had been approached by Mauritius, a Canadian spokes- man replied negatively. This may have been technically cor- rect. Yet a member of the Mauritius delegation made it clear to an independent party that the conception of its pro- posal was such that Canada could, if so included, join in a co-operative effort. Discounting entirely Mauritius scheme, it remains highly unlikely that Ottawa's present conception of the Com- monwealth extends to any form of collective security re- quiring defence spending. What, then, is our- policy? Was Mr. Tnideau's remark about pulling the plug in the Indian Ocean for all he cared, off-hand or more serious? The study at hand is not to examine the scenario of race relations in Southern Africa at Mr. Trudeau has proven so adept. There may still be a role in separating the race syndrome from the question of maritime security. But that won't be enough. And at this admittedly early stage it is difficult to foresee any proposal for a solution in which members do not declare themselves one way or the er. It really will not do in 1971 to talk about areas being a long way away. They are also, in that 19th century concept, far away from Britain. They are never too far away for Canada to sign a favorable commercial contract or to spend millions mapping for- ests. And this is the age of the global village. Isn't it? (Herald London Bureau) Carl Roivan Women's Lib no improvement on tired world WASHINGTONS IF Ihe hands that rock the cra- dle really ruled the world, would it be a nicer, saner place? Not hardly. Not if we can be- lieve the results of a massive survey of women's opinions and attitudes conducted by Louis Harris and associates. This 1970 "Virginia Slims" poll is full of findings that are interesting, exasperating, and frightening. It shows women to be just as much at odds with their children, just as bogged down fa racial fear and preju- dice, just as intolerant of dis- sent'or people who are "differ- ent" as are males. Many a reader of the survey will sigh with relief at the end only because he notes that 58 per cent of the ladies believe "women will always bo more emotional and less logical than men" and that 07 per cent of women say, "There won't be a women president of the United Letter to the editor Stales for a long time, and that's probably just as well." The remarkable and disquiet- fag thing is that American wo- men are so hostile toward overt efforts to change this society. Although 51 per cent of women feel that their opinions "don't count very much" and large numbers of woman express deep alienation for a variety of rea- sons, more women oppose (42 per cent) than support (40 per cent) efforts to strengthen or change women's status in soc- iety. Sixty-one women out of every 100 feel that "women who picket and participate in protests are setting a bad example for chil- and that "their behavior is undignified and unwomanly." A much smaller percentage of black women, or single, or women under 30 share this hor- rible view of protests, however. It becomes apparent that gen- eration gap is more than im- Sanctity of the educated Insofar as it can he ascer- tained, Lethbridge does have an alarming drug problem which is, along with every other city and major centre in North America, getting more ludicrous every day. It seems that practically ev- eryone, whether he has long ha'ir, short hair, or no hair, is tripping cut on the abhorred likes of 'leth-pir. 'goldr-n'. or '0-V (to but few of the soft-line and 'Virgin's Delight', a 'mcscow- mule' or a 'rusty nail' are the "csprils de of the hard- line acklictives. To what, or whom can we at- tribute Ihe falling of our citi- zens and how can we find out more about the whole problem? A learned person has put forth the theory that n social 'crutch' i.s necessary in this day and age of pill- popping n'lirolics. I believe that lie is quite and if can all he attributed back to the days of when man first began lo worry. Since then he hasn't had a 'chance. Therefore, in what way has any one or num- ber of persons the right to say to another person what he may or may not put into his body for the various reasons of re- laxation, relief or euphoria? What is the difference if we die of nuclear fallout, narcotic fall-in or alcoholic drowning if. (and I assume that this is a universal belief) we all know thai we are all going to die anyhow? The key word lo the whole issue is KNOWLEDGE. For the world lo exist on the high- pressure attitude that if, has now, we must all be intelligent- ly informed as to exactly what kind of a world we are getting inlo and then leave the decision up lo the individual. The sanc- tity of the educated individual must he upheld and he must have the rifih! to do with his mind and buil> as h'.1 K. Ol.lVF.Ii. Lclhbridgc. agination when you note that 65 per cent of all American wo- men oppose the aims and goals of student protest (against 26 per cent who Eighty- five per cent of women oppose the tactics of student protesters, with only 9 per cent approving, in 3ft years Men are a trifle more toler- ant of student protests. It seems incredible, but when both women and men were ask- ed what kind of people are "more harmful" to American society, 72 per cent of both sexes said "student demonstra- tors at college." This put student protesters second only to "members of the Communist party." Followi n g hard on student demonstrators as "more harmful" were "peo- ple who don't believe fa "college professors who are ac- tive in unpopular "wo- men who gossip all the "college presidents who are le- nient with student and "prostitutes." Not far behind in terms of disfavor among women are "people who picket the war in Vietnam." "civil rights demon- and "homosexuals." It becomes apparent that turning power over lo women is not going lo infuse the na- tion with a new concern for civil liberties or Ihe righl lo dissent Women are, in almost ever y category mentioned above, a bil more likely lhan men to see the people involved as "more harmful" lo society. You aie left in puzzlement about the female mentality you note that although fil per cenl of women say they are against war, 57 per cent of them regard as "harmful" peo- ple who picket against the Viet- nam war. This is not the only area where women stand logic up- side down in Iheir attitudes. Harris finds 42 per cent of all women saying that black Americans are justified in their demands, as against 27 per (-ml who say are not jus- tified. But when asked whether blacks are moving too fast, 55 per cent of women say yes and only eight per cent figure they are moving too slowly. It is hardly possible to blame "female mentality" here, though, because men are just as inconsistent, with one per cent fewer saying blacks are justified fa their demands and two per cent more saying blacks are moving too fast. This survey raises some in- triguing questions about the in- fluence women really have on society or their children. Kan-is finds that "a deep puri- tanical moral strain runs through the thinking of most American women. They frown on pre marital sex, trial mar- riage, and common law ar- rangements." Yet, women concede that these "immoralities" have in- creased in our society, and three women out of four say that the marriage institution is Looking Through the Herald China, following the people of the western world, now has its women's suffrage association. According to the platform drafted at. the open- ing meeting every woman may have the right lo vote and men and women will have equal right under the law. Girl slav- ery shall be abolished and women shall have the right of possession of Iheir property. .lack Packwoocl and Mrs. S. Fintland of Vulcan were drowned while skating on weaker today than it was ten years ago. Do they blame men? No. Three times as many women blame "independent women" as blame men for shirking res- ponsibility or being out of the home too much. Perhaps the most disturbing thing about this survey is your realization that politicians read it too. Small wonder that dur- ing the fall election campaigns we saw a barrage of attacks on student protesters and other dissenters, appeals to racial fear and prejudice, and impas- sioned favokiigs of the puritan ethic. This survey suggests that such tactics ought to work like a charm. We will go right down to No- vember, 1972, wondering why they didn't and how zealous- ly those same tactics will be tried again. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) backward Lake McGregor and Miss Jes- sie Packwood had a narrow es- cape. 1841 According to a Turk- ish newspaper, Gennan troops are arriving steadily in Bul- garia and their officers state their goal is "the Bosporus and the Mediterranean." 1951 Another record was shattered this week at tha Lelhbridge stockyards when a consignment of 22 yearlings was auctioned for 35 cents a pound. The previous record was cents per pound. The Lethkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audi! Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAI.LA M.inf.pint] Editor MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY DOUGLAS K. WALKER L-clitorial Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;