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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 9, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY Forecast highs Wwlnttday 35-45 The LetKbrtdge Herald VOL. LXIV No. 50 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 22 PAGES Moon explorers blaze back to earth climaxing success story HOUSTON (AP) Man's most scientifically-rewarding moon mission neared an end today as the Apollo 14 astro- nauts hurtled toward a fiery dash through the earth's atmos- phere and splashdown in the South Pacific. They were on perfect course and Mission Control cancelled a final mid-course correction, tell- ing them they were on target for a p.m. EST touchdown 874 miles south of American Samoa. came the reply from the command ship Kitty Hawk. It was one of the few words from astronauts Alan B. Shep- ard, Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa as they per- formed last-minute stowage and systems checks. Their silence contrasted to Monday night when the trio held a televised news conference and termed their flight a smashing success. Mission Control reported that four of its tracking stations were temporarily affected by the Los Angeles earthquake today but that backup systems prevented any loss of communi- cations with the astronauts. Affected were stations in Ha- wai, Guam and two in Aus- tralia, Canberra and Carnarvon. Ground-link telephone circuits to these stations were rerouted around Los Angeles. Mission Control said it had lost some backup capability but all prime circuits were operating. Apollo 14 was to slam into the atmosphere 76 miles above the Pacific at miles an hour. The main recovery ship, the helicopter carrier New Orleans, reported the weather outlook in the landing zone was near per- fect with some clouds, winds 12 to 18 miles an hour, three- to six-foot seas and 80-degree tem- perature. HOLD NEWS CONFERENCE As the nine-day, adventure neared an end, Shep- ard, Mitchell and Roosa held a news conference Monday night in a final telecast from their command ship Kitty Hawk. Answering questions prepared by reporters at the Houston space centre, moonwalkers Shepard and Mitchell described their futile struggle to reach the rim of Cone Crater, talked of giant boulders and the nuisance of lunar dust, and assessed their mission. Shepard and Mitchell said that only the clock defeated their effort to reach the edge of the crater, which rises 400 feet abovs the surface up a long sloping incline. To reach it they hud to pick their way through a boulder field in which huge rocks loomed 10 to 12 feet in height above them. The major goal of the landing in the Fra Maura highlands was to obtain material gouged from deep within the moon when a massive meteoroid carved the Mare fmbrium, or Sea of Ralrs, 500 miles to the north. These rocks are believed to date back 4.600 million years to the birth of the moon. Shepard called the mission a "resounding success" and a "smashing success." "I think we can intuitively tell from what we've done, what we've seen, that we're bringmg back a wealth of information, photographically and geologi- cally." Signs of disagreement appear Los hardest Ut at constitution conference Bourassa caught in the middle PREMIER BOURASSA By DON MacPHERSON OTTAWA (CP) Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa Is stepping carefully through a political minefield at the sixth annual constitutional conference, trying to avoid nationalist booby-traps on either side. On one hand, the 37-year-old Liberal premier wants to return to Quebec carrying some proof of progress in the long series of negotiations toward a new Canadian constitution. On the other, he does not want to appear to be backing Quebec against a constitutional wall at the mercy of the federal government and the other prov- inces. The two political dangers were on his mind Monday as the leaders' of the federal and provincial govern- ments moved slowly toward agreement on a formula to amend the constitution. Mr. Bourassa says Quebecers will not remain pa- tient with the federal system- of government if drafting a new Canadian constitution or substantial amendment to the present one is delayed' much longer. The current series of constitutional negotiations Mas dragged on for years with what he regards as few concrete achievements. He feels that if Quebec is not given the necessary powers within the next few years to enable it to develop according to its own political, social and cultural char- acteristics, Quebecers may opt for political indepen- dence from Canada. But he would like to show Quebecers tangible proof that federalism can work for them a satisfactory amending formula. Mid-way through the conference Monday he said "substantial progress" has been made toward reaching agreement on such a formula. "It was one of the most fruitful days in several years of these he said, before going off to Prime Minister Trudeau's official residence for din- ner and further talks on the plan. Mr. Bourassa said the 11 government leaders have agreed to try and work out a final formula by June, when they are to meet again in Victoria. However, an amending formula in itself probably will not be enough to satisfy Quebec nationalists, if the experience of former premier Jean Lesage is any indi- cation. In 1964, Mr. Lesage accepted the Fulton-Favreau amending formula at a federal-provincial conference, only to withdraw his approval a year later under heavy fire from Quebec intellectuals, the opposition Union Na- tionale party and nationalist members of his own Lib- eral party. The formula was named for Davie Fulton and Guy Favreau, the federal justice ministers who led the talks on the formula from 1961 to 1964. Mr. Bourassa wants Quebec to be given the right to veto constitutional amendments that affect Quebec directly or indirectly. He said Quebec woiiM not accept an amending formula which did not include this veto power, although the province would agree to other provinces having such power. The veto power would allow Quebec to protect the constitutional powers it now has against possible future attempts to centralize power in the federal government, which Quebec strongly opposes. Mr. Bourassa also wants a tentative agreement on an amending formula to be submitted to the federal and provincial legislatures for discussion and a public debate before a final agreement is reached. This would enable him to avoid embarrassment by allowing him to hear the reaction from Quebecers to the plan before he has to make a final decision. While pressing for a satisfactory amendment for- mula, Mr. Bourassa is also trying to get the federal government and the other provinces to accept his gov- ernment's income-security proposals. The proposals would give Quebec the power to leg islate and administer in the income security field al- though the federal government would continue to fi nance such programs. Mr. Bourassa said he wanls discussions to conlinuo on both flic amending formula and income security, but ho would neither confirm nor deny thai Quebec was lioldinf! out agreement on the amending formula against support for its income security proposal. OTTAWA (CP) Canada's political leaders went back be- hind closed doors today, appar- ently in agreement on the word- ing of a formula that would per- mit constitutional- changes within Canada, but still unsure whether the formula itself would be accepted. Quebec Premier Robert Bour- assa is asking that agreement on a formula be accompanied by acceptance of his proposals for increased jurisdiction over welfare services, in his province. It was not clear, at the open- ing of the second day of the con- ference, whether, a compromise could be hammered out to allow general ac-ceptauce of the amending formula. In any case, the formula would have to be discussed in Parliament and various provin- cial legislatures before receiv- ing the final seal of approval. One conference source said Mr. Bourassa might be satisfied with some commitment that sought after constitutional change will follow on the heels of an amending formula. STRONGLY OPPOSED While there is strong opposi- tion to his demands for jurisdic- tion over all welfare services, sources said that his request could be "partially fulfilled." The sources predict that if agreement is reached on some of Mr. Bourassa's proposals, an agreement on -an amending for- mula will follow quickly. "The wording of the formula is not in said Pre- mier Gerald Regan of Nova Scotia today. Premier W. A. C. Bennett of British Columbia said an agree- ment in principle has been reached and a communique drafted. But whether an acceptable package can be worked out, Dief's brother in hospital OTTAWA (CP) Elmer Dief- enbaker, younger brother of the former prime minister, is in St. Paul's hospital in Saskatoon after suffering a heart attack Monday night. said Premier John Robarts of Ontario, "God knows." Prime Minister Trudeau and the 10 provincial leaders had appeared Monday to be nearing tentative agreement, but there also had been signs of discord. "If we'd quit at noon, we'll have been further Pre- mier Ed Schreyer of Manitoba said late Monday. Some observers said a break in the optimistic pace came Quebec moved to trade its agreement on the amending for. mula for concession on its in- come security proposals. The speculation on Monday's events came after a dinner at Mr. Trudeau's residence. Premier Alex Campbell of Frince Edward Island said the formula "provides more flexi- I than the Fulton-Favreau formula" of the mid-60s. California earthquake cracks walls, roads Israel bends a bit JERUSALEM (AP) Pre- mier Golda Meir-said today Is- rael is ready to help open the war-blocked Suez canal, but in- dicated that withdrawal of her country's armed forces from the east bank of the waterway is in- cumbent on peace with Egypt. Mrs. Meir, making an official reply to. the proposal of. Egypt- ian President Anwar Sadat to open the canal if Israeli troops withdrew, said: "It seems to me peculiar to propose a withdrawal out- side the framework of agreed arrangements for a total end of the war." The premier told the Israel Knesset (parliament) that the S'adat proposal "simply isn't clear" and needed considerable clarification. Mrs. Meir said the only con- cession Sadat made for opening the canal is passage for interna- tional shipping, but he refrained from specifying whether such passage will be given to Israeli AREAS SHAKEN BY EARTHQUAKE-Underlined are Los Angeles, Calif, and nearby areas of Santa Barbara, Newhall, San Fernando and Barstow all of which were shaken by a strong earthquake Tuesday. Five blown up in Irish blast From AP-Rentcr BELFAST (CP) Five civil- ian men were killed today when a tod mine blew, up their car on a hilly trail to a radio trans- mitter of the British Broadcast- ing Corp. A British army spokesman said the men were on their way to the transmitter, which is in a sparsely settled area of North- ern Ireland near Enniskilien, about 80 miles west of Belfast. The identity of the men was not immediately determined. The 150-foot transmitter tower, which relays television as well as radio programs, was damaged Jan. 6 by a gelignite explosion. Broadcast transmit- ters, power transformers and other public service installa- tions have been frequent targets of bomb attacks by Protestants and Roman Catholics in North- era Ireland's religious warfare. Wreckage from the blast was scattered over hundreds of yards. The transmitter is near Broughter about 13 miles from the border of the Irish Republic. Police said the mine had been planted by republican extre- mists. Authorities said dead were two BBC technicians and three construction workers who were driving to the top of Brougher Mountain to check the damaged transmitter. The incident followed six nights of violence in Belfast in .which British troops on a peace- keeping mission have been trad- ing shots with Irish republican extremists. A five-year-old girl died Mon- day night when she was acci- dentally rim down by a British army scout car cruising the streets of the troubled city. Roman Catholic mothers taunted British soldiers with the cry of "child murderers" after the youngster was run over. Seen and heard INJURED REMOVED AFTER QUAKE Several injured persons are taken by am- bulance from the downtown plain of the tos Angeles Herald-Examiner after a strong earthquake .-.truck los Angeles and surrou nding area. Several buildings were partially collapsed by tho ttrongait in Loi in About town i TJEPUTY mayor Rex Ilt- tic being applauded by fellow aldermen after com- menting that outlawed base- ment suites will "just go underground." Charlie lianrr making supper, get- ting the bouls up, cooking the jellied fruit salad and leaving the meat cold in the fridgs, From AP-Reuler LOS ANGELES (CP) A powerful earthquake hit Southern California early today, causing several deaths, numerous injuries and cracking buildings and highways. The tremor was felt over at least 350 miles from Fresno to south of the Mexican border but damage was worst in Los Angeles and its heavily-populated San Fernando Valley. Centre of the shock was reported as 17 miles north of the valley in the rugged San Gabriel Mountains. BUILDINGS SWAY Major damage was reported in the two closest towns of New- hall and Saugus, 35 miles northwest of downtown Los An- geles. The shock came as- a series of violent jolts, followed by a rock- ing motion lasting nearly a min- ute. Buildings swayed and cracked. Windows shattered. Highways cracked and buckled. One major freeway was closed. Merchandise in stores and household objects on tables and shelves tumbled to floors. Power and phone service was interrupted in many areas, with transformers and high-voltage lines snapping. WALLS COLLAPSE In a few locations, walls of old buildings fell out or roofs sagged. The two killed were in the Midnight Mission building in downtown Los Angeles, which suffered heavy structural dam- age when the roof of the ancient structure sagged downward. The magnitude of the first shock was rated at between 6 -and 6.5 on the open-ended Ri- chter scale, which rates major quakes at' or more. It was the strongest quake in the Los An- geles area since the 1952 tremor at Tehachapi, to the north, which had a magnitude of 7.2 and was strongly -felt here. It killed 12 persons. The 1906 San Francisco quake was 8.25. Numerous aftershocks fol- lowed the first shake, though lone was as powerful. Damage in outlying areas north and south of Los Angeles generally was slight. Holy Cross- Hospital in the San Fernando Valley reported: "The halls are jammed. We have injured people all over the place. Some are walking in. Some have been flown in by hel- icopter. There are lots of lacer- ation injuries. A few are seri- ously hurt." Police said Hollywood was one of the worst-hit areas. Many of the Spanish-style wood-and-plaster homes- were reported damaged or coUasped. Total eclipse of moon visible NEW YORK (AP) There'll be another lunar spectacular Tuesday night and early Wednesday morn- ing, not on the television screen but from your back yard. Weather permitting, resi- dents in much of the United States and Canada will see a total eclipse of the moon. The eclipse will begin at p.m. MST. Within a few minutes, the southeastern edge of the moon will darken as the earth's shadow spreads across the lunar disk. The beginning of totality, with the moon entirely within the earth's shadow, will come at a.m. and end at a.m. Tho western edge of the moon will clear the earth's shadow at a.m. Quebec losers happy MONTREAL (CP) Levesque, leader of the Parti Quebecois and Pierre Marois, defeated PQ candidate in the provincial byelection in Chamb- ly, Monday night termed the party's second place finish a "triumph." The PQ showed a slight gain over the general election last April 29. "We would have considered It a victory merely to hold our po- Mr. Levesque told a cheering crowd of 700 sup- porters. "This is a triumph." Labor Minister Jean Cour- noyer, representing the Liberals in the byelection to fill the seat left vacant by the October kid- nap-slaying of former labor minister Pierre Laporte, won the provincial byelection Mon- day, polling in unofficial results almost 66 per cent of the vote cast to win his first seat in the Quebec national assembly. Liberal party headquarters, in an unofficial breakdown, gave votes to Mr. Cournoyer and to his closest contest- ant, Mr. Marois. CLAIMS KEY ROLE Mr. Marois, with nearly 33 per cent of the total vote cast, said the results definitely estab- lished the PQ as the main oppo- sition to Premier Robert Bour- assa's Liberal government. By the results of the byelec- tion, Air. Levesque said, "the people of Chambly are telling the rest of Canada that Quebec independence is on the march and that it will be achieved through persuasion." Premier Bourassa said in a statement he was happy to see the voters of a 'support louder than have confirmed "the merits of gov- ernment action in its first nine months of administration." Pills stolen from hospital CALGARY (CP) About 32.000 pills of several varieties, valued at S2.000, were stolen from the Calgary Auxiliary Hospital. ;