Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tuesday, F.brutiry I, 1972 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 23 LeDain report on drug use misleading says psychiatrist THE GAMES IRISH KIDS PLAY Youngster in Belfast, points a toy machine gun at portrait of Britain's Queen Elizabeth to the amusement of his fellows. In its guer- rilla war against British troops, the Irish Republican Army has used youngsters to lure the soldiers into snipers' sights. Young women also participate in an IRA auxiliary. By KEN KELLY Canadian Press Science Writer OTTAWA (CP) Dr. Andrew lalcolm, a psychiatrist and au- ra- on non-medical drug use, ays the- LeDain commission's :port is incompetent, mislead- ig and potentially dangerous. "It is frequently out of date; contains a staggering amount f misinformation; its proposals ie often misguided and unreal- he says in a personal malysis of the Jan. 20 report. Dr. Malcolm is staff psychia- ust at the Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario and author of Pursuit of Intoxication and other scicn- ific studies of drug use. He says much of the informa- ion in the first volume of the commission's final report s perfectly acceptable. But he cautions that it is jeing received with too little criitcism. Dr. Malcolm says the com- mission applies a double stand- ard to the drug scene. It pro- motes the idea that society is to I blame for users of amphetam ines and illusiongenic drags but that the individual is at fault if lie is alcohol- or heroin-ad- dicted. DEFECTIVE ASPECT' "The most effective of their report" is the "failure to adequately consider the illusion- he writes. These drugs include cannabis, such as marijuana and hashish; LSD and drugs with similar ef- fects; MDA, mescaline and STP-type drags. While devoting many pages to other dmgs and treatments, the commission dealt with these in less than two. Dr. Malcolm says the com- mission apparently was una- ware of accumulating evidence that all these drags "do in fact produce both psychic habita- tion and physiological depend- ence." The report failed to note that j many street clinics, which once! nourished on the drug have disappeared, he says. It did sloppy research on the' value of some forms of treat- ment for opiate addiction. It misled readers about the symp- toms and effects of the drug mclhadonc, used in some treat- ments of heroin addicts. It made "insupportable and silly" statements about heroin in Canada and "useless'' refer- ence to studies in Montreal, To- ronto and elsewhere. DISPUTES PROPOSAL To make heroin legally avail- able as a last resort for use by herein addicts would nat reduce to any significant extent the black market for heroin. In the section on amphetam- ines or speed, "the assumpiton that society is solely to blame is typical of magic humanist thought in general." "They persist in promoting an excessively tolerant or laissez- faire attitude that is every bit as misguided as is the ex- tremely repressive one that they seem to feel is characteris- tic of our society." In suggesting total abstinence may not be necessary' for alco- holics, the commission seemed "ignorant and mischievous' "That the alcoholic might be- come a social drinker is an agreeable he says. The chapter on short-term medical management of drug users "contains numerous er- rors and very few people, I pre- sume, would be able to deiect these'' because it is "defiantly medical" in terminology. EltltOHS LISTED Dr. Malcolm lists 22 errors in this section, including a suggs.- tion that stomach pumping be, considered treatment. This could be serious for an uncon- scious patient, he says. "I consider this a very dan- gerous procedure in those cir- cumstances and there are many others like Dr. Malcolm said in a telephone interview. Tables in the text frequently contained erroneous data and are incomplete and misleading, he added. Only two lines are devoted to alcc'hol overdose although a tre- mendous amount of information I is available. The errors and om- missions make it extremely dif- ficult to diagnose the cause of a patient's condition. Yet Dr. Heinz Lehman, a j member of the LeDain commis- sion, had suggested this chapter be widely distributed as a man ual to clinics. Deaths Yesterday By THE CANADIAN PRESS Pirandello, 76, j playwright and winner of the coveted Viarcggio Prize in 1936 for his noval 11 Muro di Casa, The House's Wall. Caleb, 34, I labor union leader and president I since 1963 of Local 478 of the In- lernational Union of North American Laborers, shot to death by unknown assailants in i a parking lot. W. Schroeder, 59. former publisher of the i Prince Rupert Daily News and i an official of Northwest Publica- tions Ltd. Calgary wins fire award BOSTON (AP) The U.S. National Fire Protection Asso- ciation announctd today t h a t Vanier, Ont., is the winner of the 1971 fire-prevention content in Canada. The independent, non profit organization said the award is given each year to the commun- ity judged to have the best "year-round community efforts to reduce fires and to educate the public in fire prevention practices." The ranking of Canadian win- ners: Vanier; Scarborougli. Ont.; Ottawa; Calgary; a n '1 Kitchener, Ont. Providence, R.I., won the U.S. award. Ontario to curb aid ce case TORONTO (CP) Tile On- tario legal aid plan will clamp down on the amount of money spent on divorce cases, espe- cially on divorces for those who once could have afforded to pay their own lawyers but who spent the. money on luxuries. Sydney" L. Robins, treasurer of 'the Law Society of Upper Canada, told the society's an- nual meetirg here that dur- ing the fiscal year ended last March 31, 26 cjnts of every dol- lar spent hv the tax-supported plan went for lawyers acting in divorce actions. Mr. Robins said the plan will' refuse to issue legal-aid certifi- cates: an unemployed j cant is employable: an applicant can af- j ford to pay at least S23 a month toward a lawyer's fee; an applicant can i show no immediate need for a j divorce; an applicant plans to remarry but could pay himself I if he managed his money care- i fully: the intended spouse has the money; the applicant could have afforded the fee but spent the money "on luxuries such as clothes, travel and color televi- the defendant in the action disputes only the costs of the case. OF MONEY' Mr. Robins said the reason j for the restrictions are "simply n matter of money." He said he j has no idea what savings will' result from them. Kach divorce costs the plan Mfw, of which SI175 is for the lawyer's fee and sso for asso- ciated paper work. Many law- yers charge ?SM to for handling an unror-tesicd action iji private practice. In the HiTO-71 fiscal ycr.r, Ihe plan spent million of its I lotal budget of S10.3 million for i divorce actions. The Ontario i taxpayer, therefore, paid for al- most divorces, more than one-third of all those granted in the province during the period. j Mr. Robins said that in addi- tion to divorce actions. 33 cents i of every legal-aid dollar went j for criminal cases, 13 cents for other civil cases, and 10 cents for those lawyers as duty counsel and IB cents for staff salaries and administration. Rift develops between Tliieu, U.S. govt. SAIGON (AP) A rift was reported today between Presi- d-r.t Nguyen Van Thicu and the Nixon administration over polit- ical aspects of President Nix- on's new peace proposals. Thicu sent word to Washing- lea that South Vietnam's politi- cal future must be negotiated by Saigon and not by the United States. High-level diplomatic sources said Thicu was angered by State Secretary William P. Rog- ers' statement that the U.S. government is "flexible" on the provision of Nixon's eight-point peace proposal calling for Thieu's resignation one month before a new presidential elec- tion Nixon's plan does no! rule out Thicu as a candidate in the el- ection, and observers in Saigon say the longer the time between his resignation and the voting, the more his political slrength would weaken. 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