Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tuesday, February I, 1972 THE lETHIRIDGE HERALD 23 LeDain report on drug use misleading says psychiatrist By KEN KELLY Canadian Press Science Wrilcr O'JTAWA (CP) Dr. Andrew lalcolm, a psychiatrist and au- isr on non-medical drug use, ays the LeDain commission's eport is incompetent, mislead- and potentially dangerous. "It is frequently out of date; contains a staggering amount f misinformation; its proposals re often misguided and unreal- he says in a personal malysis of Ihc Jan. 20 report. Dr. Malcolm is staff psychia- rist at the Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation jf Ontario and author of Pursuit of Intoxication and other scicn- ific studies of drug use. He says much of the informs- ion in the first volume of the commission's final report s perfectly acceptable. Rut he cautions that it is xing received will) loo liltlc criitcism. Dr. Malcolm says the com- mission applies a double stand- ard to the drug scene. It pro- moles the idea that society is to THE GAMES IRISH KIDS PLAY Youngster in Belfast, poinls a toy machine gun at porlrail of Britain's Queen Elizabeth to the amusement of his fellows. In Us guer- rilla war against British troops, the Irish Republican Army has used youngslers to lure the soldiers into snipers' sights. Young women also participate in an IRA auxiliary. blame for users of amphelam ines and illusiongcnic drugs hut iat the individual is at fault if lie is alcohol- or heroin-ad- dieted. DEFECTIVE ASPECT1 "The most defective asiwct of Iheir report" is the "failure lo adequately consider Ihe illusion- he writes. These drugs include eannahis, sucli as marijuana and hashish; LSD and drugs with similar ef- fects; MDA, mescaline and STP-lype drugs. While devoting many pages lo other drugs and treatments, the commission dealt with these in le.cs than two Dr. Malcolm says the com- mission apparently was una- ware of accumulating evidence that all these drags "do in fact produce bolh psychic liabilua tion and physiological depend enco." The repcrl failed lo note thai j many street clinics, which once I nourished on the drug scene, I have disappeared, he says. It did sloppy research on the' value of some forms of treat- ment for opiate addiction. II misled readers aboul the syrup-' turns and effects of the drug melhadonc, used in some treat- ments of heroin addicts. It mEde "insupportable and silly" stafemenls alrnnl heroin in Canada and "useless'' refer- ence to studies in Montreal, To- ronto and elsewhere. DISPUTES PROPOSAL To make heroin legally avail- able as a last resort tor use by heroin addicts would not reduce lo any significanl extent Ihe black market for heroin. In the section on amphetam- ines or speed, "Ihe assumption that society is solely lo blame is typical of magic h u m a n i s I thought in general." persist in promoting an excessively tolerant or laisscy- fairc attitude that is every bit as misguided as is Ihc ex- tremely repressive one lhat they seem to feel is characteris- tic of our society." In suggesting lota] abstinence may net be necessary for alco- holics, Ihc commission seeme< "ignorant and mUchicvou1; "That the alcoholic mighl be- come a social drinker is an agreeable he says. The chapH'71 on short-term medical management of drug users "contains numerous er- rors and very few people, 1 pre- sume, would Ire able lo deled because it is "defiantly medical" in terminology. lillHOHS LISTED Dr. Malcolm lists 22 errors iu this section, ipduding a sugges- tion lhat sl.cmarh pumping be considered treatment. This could be serious for an uncon- scious patient, he says. "I consider this a very dan- gerous procedure in those cir- c-umstarces and there are many others like Dr. Malcolm said in a telephone interview. Tables in the text frequently contained erroneous data and are incomplete and misleading, he added. Only two are devoted lo alcchol overdose although a tre- mcndous amount uf information is available. The errors and om- missions make it extremely dif- ficult lo diagnose the cause of a palicnl's condition. Yet Dr. Ileinz Lehman, a i member of the LeDain commis- sion, had suggested Uiis chapter be widely distributed as a man ual to clinics. Deaths Yesterday By THE CANADIAN PRESS Pirandello, 76, playwright and winner of Ihc coveted Viarcggio Prize in 1936 for his noval 11 Muro di Casa, The House's Wall. Caleb, 34, labor union leader and president i since 1963 of Local 478 ol the In- ternational Union ol North i American Laborers, shot lo death by unknown assailants in a parking lot. W. Schroeder, 59. former publisher of the Prince Kupert Daily News and an official of Northwest Publica- tions Lid. Calgary wins fire award BOSTON (AP) The U.S National Fire Protection Asso- ciation announcld today that Vanier, OnL, is the winner n! the 1971 fire-prevention contest in Canada. The independent, non profit organization said the award is given each year to the commun- ily judged lo have the best "year-round community efforts lo reduce fires and lo educalc Ihe public in fire prevention practices." The ranking of Canadian win- ners: Vanicr; Scarborough Ont.; Ottawa; Calgary; a n 'I Kitchener, Out. Providence, R.I., won the U.S. award. Ontario to curb aid ce case TORONTO (CP) The On- tario legal aid plan will clamp down on the amount ol money spent on divorce cases, espe- cially on divorces for those who once could have afforded lo pay their own lawyers but who spenl the money on luxuries. Sydney'L. Robins, treasurer of "the Law Society of Upper Canada, (old Ihc society's an- nual meeting here thai dar-i ing the fiscal year ended last March 31, 2G ol every dol- i spent hv the lax-supported plan went for lawyers acting in divorce actions. Mr. Robins said the plan will' i refuse lo issue legal-aid certifi- cates: an unemployed tppli- j cajil is employable: i an applicant can af-1 ford to pay at least S23 a month toward a iawyer'b tec: an applicant ean; show no immediate need for a divorce; an applicant plans to if he managcfl his ninncy care- p lotal budget of million for divorce actions. The Ontario lax-payer, therefore, paid for al- mosl "e.OOO divorces, more than one-third of all those granted in Hie province during the period. Mr. Robins said lhat in addi- tion lo divorce actions. 33 cents of every legal-aid dollar went for criminal cases. 13 cents for other civil cases, and 10 cents for those, lawyers acting as duty counsel and IB cents for stalf salaries and administration, Jilift develops between Tliieu, U.S. govl. SAIGON CAP) A riff -was reported today between Presi- d-r.t Nguyen Van Tliieu and the administration over polil ical aspects of President Nix- on's new peace proposals. Tliicu sent word to Washing- the applicant could have afforded ths lea but spenl the money "on luxuries such as clothes, travel and color televi- the defendant in the action dispute., only the costs of the case. OF MONEY1 I Mr Robins said Ihc reason for Ihe restrictions are '-simply ii mailer of money." lie said IK- has no idea what savings will re-suit from them. ICach divorce costs Ihe plan Mfiii, of which is for Ihe lawyer's fee ami SSO for asso- ciated paper wmk. Many Ur.v-, yers charge f'afO lo STS'I for handling an inii'or.lc.'iled action iji private practice. In the IH70-71 fiscal Ihcj plan spenl 52.7 million of its I Slates. High-level diplomatic sources said Tliieu was angered by Stale Secretary William P. Rog- ers1 statement that the U.S. government is "flexible" on the provision of Nixon's eight-point peace proposal calling for Tliici.i's resignation one month before a new presidential elec- tion Nixon's plan docs not rule out Tl-.icu as a candidate in Ihe el- ection, and observers hi Saigon say the longer the lime between his resignation and Ihc voting, Ihe more his political strength would weaken. OLD SYSTEM The1 party system of pn'.ilics existed in Britain in one form or ajiolhcr since tire 17lh century. million earmarked for resources survey OTTAWA (CP) Canada will 1 system encompassing all the about 5-25 million during j physical, chemical nnd biologi- rlie next four years lo map out cal aspects of the world in resource inventories Iliniiigh re which we live and work.'1 mete, sensing from aircrafi or Th? Hirer-clay symposium as- spacv Resources Minister Don scmlilcs experts lo pool then- aid Maedonald s.iid Inday. i knau-lcdgo on ways to survey In a speech lo a symposium resources from afar. Forestry experts use aerial pholography lo calculate lum- ber reserves, nnd wildlife agen- on remote Mr. M ald said Ihe technique of sur- veying fon-sl or mineral rc- soiirces speedily from the air or dc.s use it lo Range populatimis j through fpace" satellites is of i of certain species. I imrnrlancn in a largo! The likelihood of finding CCT- country Midi Iain mir-orats can enhancod sin-iri: is polcn-. liy nirlxirnC'Fiirvoys Ihal lake liaily one of Ihc imbl impnrlaiil inaifliclic rcadinRs. Soil condi- melinxls of dala for lic.ns similarly ean he deter- an environmental information mined from the nir. i SIMPSONS-SEARS Here's an example of our low, low prices: F7B-14 (7.75-14 VVhirewall) 4-0. FIRST TIRE SECOND TIRE YOU GET BOTH FOR 20.49 61.47 TI3E FOR (8.25- PRICES INCIUDE WHITEWAltS AND 1: GUARANTEED THREE WAYS 1 Lvny pnsspnger lire is Gliar- r.ri'jjnsi ALL lire failmes for Iho ol regardless of (ha i-ausL-r.If.i.Uiis.Hcpliicemenlcobl based on iiend usprf. nm-rnlcd againsi cmient rrii-r 2 runciurcs aro fixed el no charge. -1- Guaranteed flnainst ircad VTaroul fr T specific number of monins. II urc cut hclore nuaran- icr. llT. follo-.'.ino discounl al lowanco of f the current prico V ill bB cn lownrds n DELUXE WIDE GUARD Polycsler cord body wilh Fibreglass Belts combine to give a smooth-riding 'no-thump' tire that will give you these benefils: O Extra long mileage Superior steering control 0 Road gripping traction ALL SIZES Tlicsc are qualify fires of lough nylon. Tliey are backed by Simpsons-Sears fam- ous Guarantee. Sizes lo fil these small cars: Maverick; Pinto; Volkswagen Horncl; Gremlin; Comet, etc. Also Fits Each 5.50-12 6.50-13 6.45-14 5.60-15 6.85-15 OUAL1TY COSTS NO MOKE AT SIMPSONS-SEARS SERVICE STATION HOURS: 0 o.m. to 6 p.m. Daily Thursday nnd Friday until 9 p.m. Centra 2nd Ave. and 13lh St. N.