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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Forxtnt high 35-45. The Lettibridge Herald VOL. LX1V No. 49 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 22 PAGES New formula reached Sleeping on BNA Act revision spacemen wakened LYNDON JOHNSON It Got Hun RICHARD NIXON Special Talent Crafty Nixon may escape LBJ's fate By ROD CURRffi WASHINGTON (CP) The intensity of the Indo- china war seems to be stampeding Richard Nixon to- ward Credibility Gap, that treacherous political prec- ipice that tripped up Lyndon Johnson back when the conflict was just the Vietnam war. The .six-day news blackout on the frantic military manoeuvres along me Laotian and Cambodian bor- ders, ordered by the United States defence depart- ment, has polarized opinion once again. In the process Nixon seems to have lost the sup- port of more of his most ardent and1 valued backers on war policy. Also, congressional and youthful doves are on the wing again, threatening all sorts of re- tribution. Still, with events threatening to alter the situa- tion on both the political and war fronts within the next few weeks, the early betting is that Nixon will manoeuvre better than did Johnson, driven from the White House over the war issue. There are a number of reasons, observers sug- gest, for this the least of which is Nixon's cool talent for easing himself through such crises. Views altered Another reason is that Nixon, despite the alarm- ing developments in Indochina this week, has some- how changed the American public attitude toward the war itself. Whether people have been partly anesthetized by White House, Pentagon and state department prop- aganda or whether they're simply bored with the long war is an open question. But the fact remains that the leaders of critical opinion have been considerably undercut by Nixon policy and, barring some terrible turn of events on the war front, it seems unlikely they can regroup to light a fire under public opinion. Obviously, Nixon war policy by comparison with that of Johnson has been a major factor. U.S. forces are being steadily reduced to an anticipated by next spring from the high of casualties are down and the South Vietnamese apparently are growing increasingly effective in prosecuting the war. Many college anti-war organizations have been disbanded in the wake of cuts in the draft calls, and as the congressional election campaign last fall dem- onstrated, Americans have turned their thoughts large- ly to concern about unemployment and inflation. In this atmosphere, the administration has es- caped broad public indignation even after being caught in a whole series of deceptions about the war and the use of U.S. personnel in it- Senator Robert C. Byrd (Dem. W. assistant leader in the Senate and a longtime supporter of U.S. policy, was moved to accuse the administration of "in- excusable bungling" and "creating an entirely unne- cessary credibility gap." Seeks safe level What it boils down to, perhaps, is that Antericans aren't so fired up against the war in general but detest having Americans fight in it. What Nixon has to find is the tolerable level of in- volvement, many observers agree. And he's an expert in this type of pulse-taking. For instance, when he talks of "full employment" he doesn't really mean full every- body knows it. He means a "politically acceptable" level of unemployment. In the same sense, there probably is a "political- ly acceptable" level of war involvement. Some ex- perts suggest there may be something like Am- ericans in Vietnam for another five or 10 years. Thus "politically acceptable" means a level low enough to keep the unemployed and the anti-war pro- testers from street demonstrations and generally to prevent war and joblessness from being political issues dangerous for Nixon in the 1972 presidential year. OTTAWA (CP) Canada's political leaders today reached tentative agreement on a for- mula whereby the British North America Act could be amended in Canada without reference to Britain's Parliament. Conference sources said the formula will be taken to Can- ada's Parliament and the var- ious provincial legislatures for approval. Formal agreement for the so- called repatriation then would follow at the next conference in Victoria in June. Premier Ed Schreyer of Man- itoba told reporters during the noon break: "We have reached tentative agreement on the out- line of an amending formula." "This is the first I have been at four conferences I really hold out hope. I feel it will be possible to complete it (the formula agree- ment) in Victoria." Justice Minister John Turner refused to confirm or deny that agreement bad been reached, but he said: "There lias been a lot of progress." TRUDEAU PLEASED Prime 'Minister Trudeau said the first session of the two-day constitutional meeting went "very well" but he would not elaborate on progress. "It was just the first part of the first day and everything went very well." Premier Richard Hatfield of New Brunswick also declined to give details of the morning dis- cussions. But he did say "it is certainly my determination to see sn amending formula estab- lished at the June meeting." The on-again, off-again search for an amending formula has been making slow progress for decades. But efforts faded in 1966 after there was near agree- ment on the so-called Fulton-Fa- vreau formula. The 11 political leaders went into today's conference to dis- cuss a suggested formula that would allow more amendment of the constitution with the con- sent of Quebec, Ontario, one western province and one Atlan- tic province other than Prince Edward Island. Tree falls on head of victim VALLEYVTEW (CP) Ber- nard Daniel Vetch, 19, of Whitelaw, was killed when a tree fell on his head while working at a lumber camp 30 miles southwest of Valleyyiew. Vetch, driving a caterpillar, left the tractor to attach a chain to a tree already cut but leaning on others. As he mounted the tractor, the tree fell, killing him instantly. V a 11 e y v i e w is 180 miles northwest of Edmonton. Two killed at crossing DRUMHELLER persons were killed and four injured today when a Dayliner collided with a station wagon at a level crossing near Mor- rin, 15 miles north of here. A Canadian National Rail- ways spokesman said the col- lision occurred in heavy fog ami the four injured were taken to hospital, two in seri- ous condition. The Dayliner was north- bound from Drumheller to Ed- monton. Further details were not available. Return Tuesday HOUSTON (AP) Apollo 14 and its cargo of moon treasure streaked past the halfway mark of its homeward journey today, moving faster and faster toward a Tuesday splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. Alan B. Shepard, Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa re- luctantly awakened after a 10- hour rest, which followed a Sun- day night telecast in which they expressed hope the space pro- gram might help achieve peace and understanding on earth. Mission Control said it had considered letting them sleep later because they had only a light schedule on their last full day in space: monitoring sys- tems, making stellar navigation readings and resting for the busy re-entry into the earth's atmosphere Tuesday. "We thought we'd let you keep banker's hours capsule communicator Fred W. Haise told Mitchell when he sent the wakeup alarm. "But we can't let you sleep in tomor- row, so we thought we'd get you back on schedule." Mitchell reported he had to do a little extra shaking to "wake up these other two guys." PICKS UP SPEED While the astronauts slept, their command ship Kitty Hawk zipped past the halfway point of the trip front moon to earth and was picking up speed as earth's gravity exerted an ever greater influence. During the sleep period, the speed increased from to 3.157 miles an hour. By the time the astronauts hit the earth's at- mosphere Tuesday, they will be racing at miles' an hour. They are to land at p.m. EST Tuesday with their record cargo of 108 pounds of moon rocks and material. If they are on target, it will be Wednesday at the touchdown site. The re- covery ship waits three miles west of the international date- line. South Vietnam army units pour into Laos U.S. provides air support SOUTH VIETNAMESE THRUST INTO LAOS Tremor destroys medieval town National Guard patrols streets WILMINGTON, N.C. (AP) National Guard troops patrolled the streets today as Negro and white leaders grappled with ra- cial violence that led to two deaths during a weekend of sni- per and police gunfire. TUSCANIA, Italy (AP) President Giuseppe Saragat today embraced weeping swyi- vors of the earthquake that de- stroyed much of the medieval hill town of Tuscania and promised them government help. About 30 archeology experts assessed damage to historic sites in the town of and Mario Moretti, superintendent of national antiquities, said: "The damage is extremely grave but perhaps not irre- parable." The president and Premier Emilio Colombo flew the 50 miles from -Rome by helicopter to the Etruscan town where.at least 2 persons died, 120 were injured and almost were left homeless by the tremor Saturday. At the end of an 80 minute inspection, Saragat came across about 100 townspeople, many weeping over lost rela- tives" or property. A laborer in tears pleaded: "Help us. Don't forget us. I lost a granddaugh- ter of five and my house." An aftershock rumbled through the town's rubble Sun- day night, but the survivors had been evacuated to tents and hotels in nearby towns and there were no more casualties. Tuscania was a centre of Etruscan civilization several centuries before Christ, and the quake cracked walls of the Etruscan museum. But it was believed most of the statuary and tombs inside were un- damaged. The town's famed Church of St. Peter suffered damage to the apse, adjacent towers and a rose window on the front. From SAIGON (CP) Thousands of South Vietnamese troops swept into southern Laos today in an attempt to cut North Viet- nam's Ho Chi Minh trail, some- thing six years of American bombing has failed to do. Six U.S. helicopters were reported lost in the first waves. American helicopters and South Vietnamese armored cars took the troops across the bor- der. The U.S. command pledged its full air and artillery support, but said no American ground combat forces or advisers would cross the border. A communique said the American troops who moved into the northwest corner of South Vietnam 10 days' ago would act as a blocking force on the Vietnamese side of the bor- der. Almost simultaneously with the drive into Laos, North Viet- namese forces stepped up at- tacks throughout Indochina. Eleven Americans were re- ported killed in half a dozen at- tacks in South Vietnam, three of them along the Laotian border. EXPECT REPERCUSSIONS The new move represented a widening of the war and was certain to cause political reper- cussions across the world. Prince Souvanna Phouma, the premier of Laos, issued. a. pro- test against the South Vietnam- ese, action but said the "pri- mary responsibility" for the sit- uation rests with North Viet- nam. He called on "all foreign troops" to withdraw from Lao- tian territory. The pro-Communist Patbet Lao denounced the action as an Shouting FLQ suspects cited in Montreal court invasion. In a statement dated Saturday and released today, the Pathet Lao protested that U.S. and South Vietnamese troops were "carrying out a new and extremely serious ad- venture by invading Laos." Pathet Lao statement was sent as an urgent message to Britain and the Soviet Union, the co-chairmen of the 1962 con- ference making Laos neutral. President Nguyen Van Thieu in a message to the country said the Laotian operation was "limited in time as well F.S space with the clear and unique objective of disrupting the sup- ply and infiltration network of the Communist North Vietnam- ese troops lying in the Laotian territory." Thieu said South Vietnam "does not have any territorial ambition whatsoever, and never interferes in the internal politics of the Royal Kingdom of Laos." BRITAIN UNDERSTANDS The British government meanwhile expressed full un- derstanding today on South Vietnam's military operation into Laos. The foreign office, in a pre- pared statement, placed the blame for the situation on the presence of North Vietnamese troops in neighboring Laotian territory and said the South Vietnamese operation seems likely to ensure the continued progress of the United States policy of Vietnamization. The Soviet Union called the incursion a criminal aggression and said the U.S. government must bear the responsibility for it. before the world and the American people. The United States said that the strike will be limited in "time and area" and will pro- tect American lives in tha course of further troop with- drawals. PRINCE PHOUMA issues protest 'You sure this is the way out of Vietnam, MONTREAL (CP) Three men charged with the kidnap- ping and slaying' of Pierre La- porte made a tumultuous ap- pearance in court today and two of them were cited for contempt before trials were postponed to the next assizes beginning March 1. Jacques Rose, 23-year-old la- borer whose older brother Paul is already on trial for the same charge, was cited after shouting "Vive le Front de Liberation du Quebec, which claimed responsibility for stran- gling Mr. Laporte Oct. 17. Francis Simard, 23, was also Jacques escorted from court after insult- ing the judge. He was cited for contempt. Bernard Lprtie. 19, main- tained an even decorum within the courtroom but shouted "Vive le FLQ" in the corridor outside after leaving. The trials of eight other men and six women on charges re- lated to Quebec terrorism were postponed to the next assizes. One of them, Lise Balcer, an- grily shook free of a matron with the warning "Don't push." SHOUTS IN FRENCH Jacques Rose entered the courtroom shouting, in French, "Long live the FLQ, "Long live Montreal voters select Laporte successor MONTREAL (CP) A byclection is being held in the provincial Chambly riding today to pick a member of Ihe Quebec legislature to succeed Pierre Laporte, Qusbc< labor minister kidnapped and slam last Octo- ber. the Quebec workers." He refused to stop yelling and was forcibly removed. Simard, after shouting at the judge, was also pushed out of court. CHARTRAND APOLOGIZES MONTREAL (CP) Labor leader Michel Chartrand, one of five prominent Quebecers being tried for seditious conspiracy, today apologized to the court for 'an outburst Friday. Mr. Justice Roger Ouimet an- nounced he would again allow the public to be admitted to the trial after pleas by Chartrand and author Pierre Vallieres, an- other of the accused who was involved in Friday's turbulent scenes. Valh'eres admitted he had raised his voice but said there was "useless- provocation" by Gabriel Lapointe, one of the Crown prosecutors. Seen and heard About town JUNIOR WINTEMUTE tell- ing his host, "don't give my wife Puggy any sugar. She's sweet enough the way she is." Andy Russell commenting, "I feel like a new when asked how he felt about high sales on his book, Trails of a Wilderness Wanderer. PRESIDENT VAN THIEU operation limited Peace door open JERUSALEM (AP) Israel is expected to refuse to pull all its troops back from the Suez canal until it gets a peaca agreement, but will leave the door open to a reduction of its forces along the front lines with Egypt. Informed sources say Pre- mier Golda Mier will outline that position Tuesday before the Knesset, the Israeli parliament, in response to the demand made last Thursday by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. In accepting a 30-day exten- sion of the ceasefire along the canal, Sadat demanded that Is- rael make a "partial with- drawal" of its forces from the Suez during the truce period. He said Egypt in return would re- open the canal, which has been closed since the 1967 Arab-Is- raeli war. Where are FLQers flown to Cuba? HAVANA (Reuter) The four Quebec separatists allow- ed to fly to Cuba in exchange for the release of British dip- lomat James Jasper Cross have not broken surface since they arrived here Dec. 4. Cuban foreign ministry sources said Saturday they had no information about rumors the four Front de Liberation du Quebec kidnappers had left the island for Algeria. Their whereabouts have teen a well-kept secret and informed sources said that even the few other French-speaking Cana- dian activists still living here have not been able to make contact with them despite sev- eral attempts. Other reliable sources said it has been established the four men and their families seven pesons in all spent their first night in downtown Ha- vana at the Deauville Hotel where a number of tourists or Western businessmen usually stay. The four men are Marc Car- bonneau. 37. Jacques Lanctot, his brother-in-law Jacques Cos- ette-Trudel and Yves Langlois, all of Montreal. An unconfirmed report said Mrs. Lanctot who arrived in an advanced state of pregnancy, gave birth that, same night in the holel bedroom. Except for a brief official communique issued soon after their arrival, which empha- sized that Cuba's government accepted (he Canadian govern- ment's official request to let them come to Cuba for the sake of the British hostage, no- thing lias been said about them. The interview and photo- graphs taken soon alter theis arrival at the airport never have been published. However, in Toronto. The Star Saturday published pictures of the four men which it said were the first taken of the kid- nappers since their flight to Cuba. The Star said the photos were taken by a Cuban cameraman in Havana. All four photos were head-shots and there was no background detail. One theory to explain their total disappearance is that the four men, two women and one or two children have been token outside Havana, prob- ably to an isolated farm. Informed sources said it is likely the FLQ members would eventually leave Cuba for Al- geria. Most other FLQ people living here have done so. However, no information has been received to that effect The same sources noted it would be easy to take them dis- creetly out of the country either aboard the weekly Aero- flot flight to Moscow, which stops in Algiers, or on board of one of the Soviet mixed cargo ships flying between Cuba and the Black Sea. In Montreal, lawyer Bernard Mergler said speculation that the kidnappers might travel to Algeria seems reasonable. Mr. Mergler, who negotiated for the kidnappers when they released Mr. Cross, said they told him they did not plan to stay long in Cuba. He said he advised them to remain in Cuba "for at least six months or even a year." The families of the kidnappers say they have not heard from them since they left Montreal for Cuba Dec. 3, ;