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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 7, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD Fridiy, February 7, IJHIOItlALS The Conservative possibilities The Conservative party must choose a new national leader this fall. The Liberal government, despite its election victory last summer, is in serious political trou- ble and a strong Conservative leader with a united party behind him could clean up on the Liberals in the 1978 elec- tion. Yet there is no really strong candidate in the contest for the Conservative leadership. Claude Wagner is not such a person. Although thoroughly French Canadian he is not all that popular in Quebec and he would be hard to sell in the rest of Canada. No other member of Parliament stands out. Premier Davis of Ontario is not gold plated. The list of his known limitations is growing weekly. Premier Lougheed of Alberta is not quite the white knight that he might have seemed a few months ago. But with an overwhelming provincial election vic- tory behind him by the time of the national convention he could probably have the leadership for the asking. He might prefer to wait a few years, however. That is where Mr. Jotar Robarts, former premier of Ontario, comes in. Probably no Conservative in Canada en- joys more public esteem and confidence. It is interesting that this week he said he is not seeking Mr. Stanfield's job but he did not say he would not take it. Within the next couple of months the pressure on him will become almost irresistible. Higher education Help for Canada's egg industry may be available from an unsuspected source. In a half page advertisement in Britain's weekly Economist, the British Eggs Authority announced two different types of egg marketing awards for further study of the subject. The first is called a post graduate research studentship in egg marketing and is worth more than a year for a period of three years. It is expected that the work done under this research grant will lead to a PhD degree and will be carried out at a university or research centre concerned with agricultural marketing. More than one studentship may be granted. The second award, of which more than one may also be granted, is termed a post graduate scholarship in egg marketing and it is worth about a year for two years. Successful can- didates must undertake research into some substantial aspect of the marketing of eggs. This grant is available for study toward a master's degree at one of four universities in the United Kingdom and candidates must hold degrees from a UK university. Applications for both types of grant must be submitted by April 16. Although it is doubtful whether many Canadians will be moved to apply for 'these grants, even though there would seem to be no restrictions which would bar them from the first at least, several condidates come to mind who could benefit from such ah endeavor. They have been in the news lately. In a more serious vein, possibly something will come from all this research which would be useful in the future in solving some of Canada's agricultural marketing problems. It is at least some consolation to realize, on the basis of the advertisement, that this is not the only country in which egg marketing is in need of attention. Letters Welfare reduction "Don't forget we're all in this together." Resisting fear tactics By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator Neil Crawford, minister of health and social development, plans to imple- ment a program whereby any unemployed employable welfare recipient must find work or have their welfare payments reduced by 15 per cent. For some, welfare is an easy way to abuse the tax- payer's money, for the ma- jority, it is the only alter- native. The majority of welfare recipients are mothers with dependent children. Lack of government subsidized day care centres as well as proper supervision for school age children before and after school, prevents mothers from job participation. And what about the summer holidays? A 15 per cent reduction averages out to about per month. Living costs will not be reduced. We doubt that our landlords will accept a IS per cent rent reduction. The city will not accept 15 per cent less for utilities or the gas com- pany for their gas. We will still have to buy some clothing. The 15 per cent decrease will therefore have to come out of the food allowance. The money welfare allows for food is already at a subsistence A balanced diet has become a foreign concept to welfare recipients. Welfare clients will be forc- ed to "accept whatever type of work is available in any area of the province." (The Herald, Jan. 31) Doesn't Russia have a similar program? That state also up- roots individuals and trans- fers them anywhere the state specifies. We were under the impression that Canada is based on Democratic prin- ciples. How can this happen in a province so rich it doesn't know what to do with all its oil money? TWO CONCERNED WELFARE MOTHERS Lethbridge Editor's Note: Our under- standing is that the stipula- tion mentioned in tbe first paragraph is not that they must find work but that tbey must take available work. An anti-Semite or a reporter? By Carl Rowan, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON When I wrote my recent column (The Herald, Jan. 23) about what I perceive to be a subtle erosion of support for Israel in this town, I was under no illusions as to what the reaction would be. I was prepared for a barrage of letters to me and newspapers carrying my column ac- cusing me of being "anti Semitic." I ex- pected letters saying that I have "been bought by Arab oil money." I knew there would be people screaming that I have now become the leader of "black hostility toward Jews" and that I Owe "an apology to the Jewish people." The mail rolling in has met my worst ex- pectations. The only surprise is that some of this silly nonsense is being mouthed by people who ought to know better. This whining, baseless name calling is a certain way to turn friends into enemies, but I shall ignore it except to make it clear that I owe an apology to no one; furthermore, I never expect to see the day when I apologize for doing what a responsible, honest colum- nist ought to do. I would like to comment, however, on a fair and reasoned reaction by Rabbi Allan Tarshish of Chicago. He writes that "People are asking: is this (column) just a reporting effort; is this a friendly attempt to let Jews know what their detractors are saying, so that they can be forewarned; or is it a subtle method of spreading calumnies about Jews and Israel and actually a reflection of the per-' sonal views of Mr. Anyone who reads this column knows that deviousness is not my style. When I want you to know my personal views, I tell you straight out, in language most readers can under- stand. That has been true whether I was writing about Richard Nixon, abortion, black hairstyles, or any of the other issues about which people tend to become emotional. When I want to give my views on what I think is Israel's right to survive, Or the need for Israel to make territorial concessions, or the need for the Arabs to engage in direct negotiations with Israel, nobody has to read between the lines. It would seem to me that friends of Israel would welcome honest reporting and com- mentary from any responsible journalist who thinks he sees an erosion of support for Israel. I have been made acutely aware, however, that some supporters of Israel don't want such reporting because they consider it "counterproductive." They think the Arabs will become more intractable, more belligerent, if they are led to believe there is any wavering in the U.S. commitment to Israel. Maybe so. Maybe not. In any case, I am'a reporter and a commentator, and. not a propagandist or strategist for Israel, .the Arabs, the U.S. or any other party to this grim dispute. I cannot let considerations of strategic reactions in one camp or another prevent me from writing what I believe my readers ought to know. There are some Jews who make this fair and reasonable objection to my recent column: they say that I am wrong in concluding that there is any lessening of of- ficial support for Israel that, in fact, Presi- dent Ford is a more solid supporter of Israel than any previous president. They say that I am wrong in assuming the Ford administra- tion is putting pressure on Israel to make concessions that, in truth, the U.S. is tell- ing Israel to "hang tight" until the Arabs concede the right of Israel to exist in peace. They may be right, and reading of the situa- tion could be wrong. We can all pray that the situation never deteriorates to the point where we must find out just how far Mr. Ford and other Americans will go in support of Israel. It is on these kind of issues and interpretations that honest people can dis- agree depending on whom one talks to and whom one chooses to believe, i It is on matters such as this that I am happy to carry on a civilized and hopefully fruitful dialogue. But I shall not waste a breath or a BOSTON In arguing for continued American involve- ment in Vietnam, Henry Kissinger for years has stress- ed the need to avoid political trauma in this country. If the Saigon government fell after what we had spent in lives and money, he warned, there could be a terrible right wing reaction in the United States. Mr. Kissinger has sounded that theme gravely in private since he came to Washington. It has also surfaced oc- casionally in public. A Nixon speech of Nov. that he helped to draft warned that "precipitous withdrawal" from Vietnam could lead to "remorse and recrimination" among Americans. The concern seemed natural enough in one who had known the horror of German recrimination at the loss of a war. Now, however, a curious thing is happening. The warn- ing of a possible right wing reaction is becoming a threat to create one. That was the unmistakable message as the administra- tion last week started its cam- paign for more aid to Indo- china. The words were ear- fully orchestrated to imply the threat: if a Democratic Congress refuses to increase aid and Saigon falls, the Democrats will be blamed for "losing Vietnam." First President Ford formally re- quested million more in arms for South Vietnam and Cambodia. He told Congressional leaders, ac- cording to his press secretary: "If the money is not put up, and if in six months there is a disaster, it would be a very traumatic experience for the American people." Then Nelson Rockefeller took up the theme. He used his first big political speech as vice president, to a Republican dinner in New Invitation extended Jersey, to warn that "the fate of South Vietnam is at stake." He said the United States had a commitment to Saigon "a moral obligation negotiated by the secretary of state, which the Congress authorized." Rockefeller told reporters that Congress would be responsible if it did not vote the additional aid and the Saigon regime collapsed. Then he said: "If we don% if the Com- munists take over and one million people are killed they are going to be liquidated I think we ought to know where the responsibility lies." The crude tone of Mr. Rockefeller's statement evokes memories of one of the ugliest and most damaging episodes in our recent political history. That was the effort to blame individual Americans for "losing China" to the Communists. It began with a series of ar- ticles by Joseph AIsop, in the Saturday Evening Post in 1950. They were called "Why we lost and they argued that U.S. foreign ser- vice officers biased against Chiang Kai shek's Nationalist regime and toward the Communists had helped undermine the Nationalists. The charge of wrong policy was converted by Joe McCarthy and others into one of "treason." Before long the State Department had been purged of those who knew anything about China. For two decades American policy toward China was paralyzed by political fear and ig- norance, with tragic conse- quences for us and for Asia. Henry Kissinger knows as well as anyone the price the United States paid for that shameful adventure in political scapegoating. The greatest single achievement of his six years in office has been the opening to China. He knows that the movement of events in China leading to the People's Republic was beyond the effective control of Americans, and that we only hurt ourselves by pretending otherwise for 20 years. It would be grotesque irony, therefore, if Kissinger lets his old talk of right wing recrimination over Vietnam be perverted into a campaign to threaten Congress. That he had an influential role in the first shots of the aid campaign last week is difficult to doubt; the ideas bore his stamp. In truth, there is no present sign of extremist political danger over Vietnam. Of course Americans will care about what happens there, and they should. But an overwhelming majority now rejects the notion of a perma- nent United States respon- sibility for the politics 'of Saigon. We cannot "lose" Vietnam any more than China, and most Americans know that. In any event, given Kissinger's view of history, his role should be to minimize rather than exacerbate domestic divisons over the issue. That there should be even the beginning of scare tactics is a sign of how far the irrational obsession with Viet- nam has gone. The scare tactics, if they continue, will put a particular responsibility on one Democrat. Sen. Henry M. Jackson of Washington has such a reputation as an ad- vocate of American'military strength that he is in- vulnerable to charges of softness of Vietnam. He has already indicated deepening doubts about endless aid to Saigon, and he is in a crucial position to help his party resist the pressures of fear. This is regarding the letter that was in The Herald, Jan. 31, and signed, A Friend, about teen-agers 'needing more activities in the city. Being a board member of the Lethbridge Native Friendship Centre, it is my assignment to work with the native youth. Because of dis- tance and transportation problems from reserves, the turnout to sports activity night has been low. We are sending an open in- 'vitation to all youth, ages 13- 17 years, to drop into the centre and see the director, Mr. Gordon Keewatin, or Mr. Donald Cotton, the program director, and find out what ac- tivities we have outlined for the coming year. The Native Friendship Centre is located at 324 4th St. South. JIM GOLDIE Lethbridge Irrigation project Since my family and I resid- ed in the south half of the province up until a year ago, I thought this letter could be of interest to the taxpayers in the Lethbridge Calgary area. In our area, (the Paddle River Basin, situated approx- imately 60 miles northwest of it has been proposed that three dams be constructed in the Mayerthorpe, Connor Creek, Rochfort Bridge area. These dams are to be constructed at an estimated (1974) cost of 718.5 million dollars and construction is estimated to take approximately 10 years. Can't you just imagine the total cost after a period of years has gone by? All this in order to alleviate flooding conditions in the Pad- dle River Flats. In my estimation this pro- ject is nothing more than a first rate irrigation program to aid approx. 123 fanners in the flats, thereby inundating acres of good productive agricultural soil in the highlands where we reside. Not to mention the fact that 12-15 farms will be totally wiped right off the map. Some of the farmers in this area have lived in the same home, on the'same farmstead, the third generation over. A number of alternative, and much cheaper, plans have been presented to the environ- ment people, during the public hearings held two weeks ago, and we sincerely believe that by looking into these more ful- ly all people will benefit in the long run; not just a selected few (123) who would like to receive all the benefits and share none of the awards. It would seem to me that you people who are having to pay for irrigating your lands would' be most certainly interested in reading this, as I would think you'd want to in- form your government that if free, controlled irrigation can be done for so few up here in this part of Alberta, why then is it not being done for you in the Southern half of the province? Progress? I wish sometimes I'd never ever heard of the word. It's disgusting! The outcome of these public hearings should be known about Feb. 7th, when the provincial government budget will be read. VIC and DONNA KUCINSKAS Mayerthorpe Jackson's new approach By John Graham, London Observer commentator Increase restrictions WASHINGTON Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson, the early favorite for the, Democratic party's 1976 presidential "If yon ask me, it's part of plan to mike all his friends aftlveat li Freach." postage stamp trying to appease people who nomination, has driven another stake into the dish out this "anti "bought by the heart of the Ford administration's Vietnam Arabs" rubbish. policy. His defection from the ranks of the hawks comes at a time when the Communists are stepping up their military offensive against President TTiieu's forces. Mr. Jackson is rapidly moving away from his unswerving commitment of the 1960s and early 1970s to defend the Saigon regime against communism at almost any cost to the American people. His new approach is clear- ly part of his presidential quest. At a recent dinner in the plush Century Plaza hotel in Los Angeles he announced that he would not vote for.President Ford's request for another million for South Vietnam. He was also op- posed, he added, to other White House attempts to bail out the Vietnamese. America had a commitment in Vietnam, but it was not an endless one, and there was no end in sight to the present one. "Some things must come to an end at some he said. Now that Senator Jackson has opposed any further attempts by America to alter the deteriorating military situation of the South Vietnamese, the White House may have lost its chance to rescue its pride, not to mention President Thieu, from the.ashes. Senator Jackson, after all, was one of the influential Democrats most loyal to Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon over Indo -China. His hawkish views, indeed, impressed Republican President Nixon to the point where he offered Democrat Jackson the job of his First Secretary of Defence early in 1969. The present Ford Kissinger policy, ex- traordinary on its face, is that military and other aid to Vietnam and Cambodia must be increased. Last year, President Ford asked for million for Vietnam, which Congress finally cut back to million. The administration has let it be known this year that it will ask for supplemental amounts of million for Vietnam and million for Cambodia. Ex- cluding some diehards, the universal view among congressmen and their staffs is that these requests have about as much chance of being approved as a request for supplemen- tary income for ex president Nixon. What is puzzling Washington is why the White House is going out on a limb on such an unpopular mission. The answer may have to do with President Ford's character he was an even stauncher supporter of the war than Senator Jackson but more often the origin is ascribed to Dr. Henry Kissinger, the secretary of state. Dr. Kissinger's record and estimation are more closely bound to the 1973 "cease fire" than anyone else's he won half a' Nobel Peace Prize for it. Pentagon sources say that the push for the 1975 supplemental is coming from his office. It is not difficult to see how it might be diplomatically and personally more convenient for him if the final collapse of South Vietnam whether dramatic as in ob- vious defeat, or graduated, as in serial deterioration were to come after he left of- fice rather than before. It will certainly be an irony if the new reform minded Congress were to be asked as one of the first pieces of business to fork over again for South Vietnam; an irony that would become miraculous if the appeal worked. For the first time I can remember, and I hope the last, I saw three local items of shootings on one page and all together (The Herald, Feb. And, on another, the letter written against strict gun con- trol. All I have to say on the control is this, I prefer to live in a country where I do not need to have a gun to defend myself. If I have to have a gun to defend myself, I am going somewhere else. What I want the police to do is take all those weapons, that are not required for legitimate uses away, and be very strict in whom they allow to have guns. I want strict laws and I want court facilities to take care of all cases as promptly as possible. I don't want criminals dumped on us for any reason whatever till there is some hope they will do something else besides commit a crime. I want our policemen protected from assault and. murder by strict laws. If anyone kills or even wounds a policeman with a weapon, I want him executed. As a citizen, I am not hiring a policeman as a safe target for criminals. I don't want to ever reach the stage where a lynching party is the only way protection can be gained. Authorities should increase the restriction on guns till we know who has any guns allow- ed and increase the penalty till it really is a penalty. J. A. SPENCER Magrath The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI. S. Lethbrldge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Published Second Class Mill Registration No. 0012 ClEO MOWERS. Editor and.Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;