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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 7, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, Ftbruary 7, 1875 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD -The HeraW- Trave I Arabs probably built stone fortress COUNCIL TOWER AT ZIMBABWE: Headhunting still goes on in Indonesia back country MANEP, Indonesia (Ren- ter) Human skulls neatly laid out in the huts of stone- age Asmat tribesmen testify that headhunting is still prac- tised in remote parts of the POP PIZZAS Like Italian dishes? Then, don't miss Mdrgq Oliver's recipes for Pizza Dough, Sausage Pizza, Meatball Pizza, Wiener Pizza, and other interesting pizza variations. They're In Weekend Magazine this Saturday. The Lethbridge Herald WISES WITH STEWMWSS FLORIDA DISNEY WORLD. WASHINGTON, D.C. TOUR Washington, D.C., Cape Kennedy Space Centre, Cocoa Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Miami Beach, Nassau in the: Bahamas, Walt Disney World, Pensacola, El Paso; Jurarez Mexico, Phoenix, Las Vegas. March 17th.-. 24 M low torn im rijMM, Feb. 8th 23rd, 16 days. Reno. San Francisco, Fisherman's Hollywood, Knbtts Berry Farm. 2 days, in Disneyland, 2 days _in SartJ Shopping" tour of Mexico, 2 days In Palm In Las Vegas. As low as JtiJLl. mm pi scmu ME on JiSfiSL Fntfs' Mi lUictin' TNT (To Idaho, 'Nevada, (Mtornla, FTandscTHollywood. Disneyland, Las Vegas aboard JumSo Cruiser of Northern Bus. San Limited amount ol per Jour amount ol per Jour .IMJaV.fllll.Iilf TIV al MB .a.. It Syi'Htno, S.n Fl.hwm.ns Wharf, Berry Farm, Hollywood, DWwylMd, Diego, Mexico, Palm Spins.. Vegas AS LOW AS NORTHERN TOURS backward province of Irian Jaya. The ban on headhunting, im- posed by Indonesia soon after it took over these square miles of swamp and jungle from the Dutch in 1963, appears to have had little ef- fect in this region deep in the interior, where tribesmen say they are bom to hunt heads. In Manep, a village of 600, the men were reported to have recently returned from a headhunting expedition. The chief said he knew headhunting was banned but added: "If the enemy attacks, I must attack." The Manep villagers had. been raiding the nearby set- tlement of Garo, where the tribesmen are known peaceful. The quarrel was over the disappearance of some pigs from Manep. During a recent head- hunting raid, seven Garo peo- ple were murdered. The warriors brought their heads back home, hammered a hole in the temples and shook out the brains, which were then eaten. Origin of Zimbabwe ruins a mystery ZIMBABWE, Rhodesia (CP) Few of the world's great ruins have aroused as much heated controversy as the ones here at Zimbabwe. Almost 100 years after their. discovery the debate over the origins of the building goes on. In the meantime hundreds of thousands of visitors have toured the ruins described as i being as important to South- ern Africa as the Pyramids are to Egypt. One of the earliest explor- ers to see the ruins was Ger- man geologist Carl Mauch in the 1870s. His suggestion was "that the ruin on the hill is a copy of Solomon's Temple on Mount Moriah, and the building in the plain is a copy of the palace where the Queen of Sheba lived during her visit to Solomon." In support of such theories the Arabs living around the ancient port of Sofala in the 16th century claimed that the Queen of Sheba's gold came from Rhodesia, which they called the land of Ophir. They told the early Portuguese that this fact was related in their "old More support is given this theory by the fact there are an estimated ancient mine workings scattered over a wide area of Rhodesia. Ex- pert analysts have concluded that the oldest and finest rock mines in Rhodesia were prob- ably of Asiatic origin. There are about 80 .stone ruins in Rhodesia, but none are as impressive as Zim- babwe. In fact there is noth- ing of comparable scale in black Africa. The Temple or Great Enclo- sure, for instance, is a mas- sive elliptical structure 250 yards in circumference and tapering upwards from a base 21 feet wide to a maximum Railway anniversary slated Britain will celebrate the 150th anniversary of the first passenger carrying railway for three months this summer. Exhibitions, fairs and special events will centre around Darlington in old County Durham, one of the original stops on the first railway. In 1825, railway pioneer, George Stephenson built an engine called the hitched it to 32 passenger carrying cars and steamed from Shildon to Darlington to Stockton in Northern England. Top speed was eight miles an hour. Shildon, the starting point, will celebrate .with ex- hibitions, concerts, special film shows and an ox roast. At Darlington, visitors will be able to see the original "Locomotion" at the Railway Station. In addition to concerts, steam train rides and a parade, there will be a Fair featuring an exhibition of 15-inch railway equipment from narrow gauge railways all over Britain. Stockton has restored its old railway station and turned it into a railway museum.' Ad- ditional railway relics will be exhibited on the grounds of. Preston Hall and there will be a pageant in period costume. height of about 35 feet. Nearly a million hand-: trimmed blocks were used in its construction which was carried out without the use of cement. Zimbabwe has a perfect blending with the surrounding countryside. This is shown on the Acropolis', which towers 32 feet above the lush valley be- low. Here the hill, itself a natu- ral stronghold, has been strengthened by massive walls, passages, parapets, staircases and entrances in- corporating gigantic granite holders. Skeletal remains were con- spicuously absent and various experts have been unable to .agree on whether the radio- carbon dates given by two pieces of timber date the walls in which they were in- corporated'. These are 700 AD, plus or minus 95 years and 590 AD, plus or minus 120 years. Archeologists gave added substence to the theories that the ruins were the homes and gold depots of an ancient gold- mining people. In particular the Conical Tower, the Chevron' Wall, massive soapstone birds, in- got moulds, gold plating, or- naments, wire and tacks, Ara- bian glass beads, Celadon and Ming china, spindle whorls and pottery of non-Bantu ori- gin found here convinced many experts the ruins were' not the work of native ances- tors of the Bantu people now living a simple subsistence life in huts. The latest book on the ruins, the Origin of the Zimbabwean, Civilisation by R. Gayre, has Isolation keeps NepaVs village in Middle Ages BAGDHARA, Nepal (AP) Jit Bhadur Tamang lives in this village the way his people always have- simple and proud in the shadow of the Himalayas, the world's highest mountains. "For me, everything is he told a recent visitor. "How would I know anything The 85 mountain folk who inhabit Bagdhara, about 20 miles east of Nepal's capital, Katmandu, know little of the 20th-century world. Only a few of its traces are visible in their homes made of mud and rocks. Thousands of similar little settlements pock the terraced mountainsides of Nepal, pro- viding shelter and a way of life reminiscent of the Middle Ages for about half the coun- try's 12 million people, living, between giants India and China. Their isolation remains one of the biggest obstacles to progress in Nepal, ranked last on the United Nations' list of least-developed countries. Only miles of road link the country's main towns, most of it centred in the Kat- mandu Valley. The problem is difficult to conceive for North Ameri- cans, many of whom travel back and forth to work every day farther than a Bagdhara villager ventures over moun- tain trails in his lifetime. CARRIED ON BACKS Everything in Bagdhara was born here, built here or packed in from the Katmandu Valley on somebody's back. A visitor from Katmandu has to drive for an hour until the end of the road, then walk up a steep path for two hours. Tamang, who thinks he's about 40 years old, makes the trip in the other direction once every three or four years. Many of his countrymen live in villages so remote that (hey never visited the capital, a city of "I like Tamang said of Katmandu. "But who is going to give me that? I wish I could stay, but it is not in my luck." Tamang's luck is to farm a family plot on the hillside near his two-room, mud- floored house and deal in rice and corn as a go-between for mountain farmers and grain dealers on the edge of the val- ley. "I have-to maintain a fam- ily of 13. So farming alone is not enough and I have to do he said. "I am not selfish for myself. Whether I'm happy or not doesn't EUROPE Tours from 1 day to 32 days includes accommodations most meals, tour escort. Tours depart from and re- turn to London. Even some one way tours. THOMASCOOK Travel Information Center Please send me information on your Europe programs. Thomas Cook The first name in travel. Everywhere. IN LETHBRIDQE St. 8. Phont 329-3336 count.. I have to trade and farm to feed my family. If they are happy, I am happy." HAVE FEW CARES If the remoteness of Bag- dhara makes life primitive and hard, it also detaches vil- lages from some of the cares of a more civilized life in the valley. "We usually get up at the same time as the mang responded through an interpreter to a question about his work schedule. "But if I have no work in the day, I sleep all day, too." The name of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, which stirs respect and fear throughout the Katmandu Valley, is unknown in Ta- mang's family. "I know there's a king and I respect him, but why should I go and ask his asked the farmer. His wife supervised as a 12- year-old daughter boiled eggs. The girl would soon be ex- pected to find herself a hus- band, Tamang said, but he considered a dowry out of the question. "If you are rich and you have something, you can give he added. "But if not, you just give your daughter." convincing arguments as to 1 the origins of the ruins. Gayre argues that the earliest and finest phase of stonebuilding here was prob- ably the work of pre-Moslem Sabacan Arabs of about the: seventh century AD, assisted perhaps by Indians, Ethio- pans, Malays and even Chi-, nese. There are those who say that the ruins are the remains of a lost art of the Bantu but this argument holds little water when it's re- membered that the Bantu didn't move into the area in any great numbers until the '12th century. A book on the ruins was published as early as 1552. In it de Barros, a Portuguese, wrote that the Africans in the area did not know who had built the ruins. He said they attributed it to the devil be- cause the buildings were be- yond the Bantu's powers to ex- ecute. The ruins are located in the Zimbabwe National Park about 20 miles southeast of Fort Victoria, the base for the European settlement of Rho- desia. "TRY AND STOP US- Coming to 1090 CHEC Passport Photos Candid Weddings Picture Framing Photo Supplies A. E. CROSS STUDIO Phone 328-0111 7103rdAve.S. Phone 328-0222 ADVANCE BOOKING CHARTERS BOOK NOW FOR 1975 DEPARTURES NO MEMBERSHIP REQUIREMENTS CALGARY LONDON AMSTERDAM viaWARDAIR DEPOSIT WILL RESERVE SEAT A.M.A. TRAVEL AGENCY 608-5thAve.S. Lrthbridge Phone 328-7921 or 328-1181 Office open Monday thru Friday a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday a.m. to p.m. Arranging a savings Ian isas easyas _ A lot of people look forward to their retirement. But they don't look forward to a reduction jn income. That's why the Royal Bank has available three separate Registered Retirement Savings Plans. If one doesn't suit your needs precisely, you can choose a mix of two, or all three. Current tax legislation permits you to deposit up to 20% of earned income to a maximum of annually if you are self-employed or do not have a registered company pension. If you do have a registered company pension plan your combined contributions may be up to 20% of earned income to a maximum of Your contributions are deductible for tax purposes. Give us a call today. We can assist you in making a meaningful choice. 1. Royal Bank Retirement Deposits, Your contributions will be placed in a special deposit account and you will receive an interest return geared to the general deposit rate structure. Because of the long-term nature of the deposits we expect the interest rates to be at the upper end of the scale. Each depositor is insured up to by Canada Deposit InsuranceCorporation. 2. Equity Fund. Your contributions are placed principally in Canadian common stocks. This portfolio is managed by profes- sionals, backed by investment analysts and economic consultants, who also manage well over million for other people and corporations. The emphasis here is in long- term capital growth with reasonable rate of return. J. E. (Jim) Martin Manager Main Branch 3. Income Fund. Your contributions are invested in high-yield bonds, deposit instruments and in mortgages insured under the National Housing Act. The portfolio is managed by the same professionals, whose policy here is to achieve as high a current income as is compatible with maintaining reasonable price stability as well as moderate capital appreciation. i ROYAL BANK serving Alberta ;