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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 10-THE LETHIRIDOf HIHALD Thursdsy, February i The 3 R9s and M may someday be core subjects Language of music taught in schools By GAIL MILLER Christian Science Monitor Hungarian Eva Vendrei silently performs a series of signals, moving her hand up and down in cupped, flat, and thumb-pointing positions each one representing a note on the musical scale. In response, fourth graders of the High Rock School in Needham, Mass spout "I know! I and seconds later burst into a folk song Soon a chorus of "ta ta ti- ti ta" (Rhythmic patterns of the same song) fills the classroom accompanied by children's clapping and shoulder-touching to show strong and weak rhythmical beats. And all the while this observer is shrinking smaller and smaller in the presence of 25 10-year-olds so fluent in a language she was never taught It is the language of music Today an increasing number of schoolchildren are being taught to read and write music as easily as words by the Kodaly (pronounced Ko-dye) concept of musical education TheSR'sandM (music) will someday be the core subjects of all schoolchildren if the Kodaly educators continue their present success. "Music is an elemental force Stop and think of what it is composed rhythm, breathing, melody, says Denise Bacon, who founded the Kodaly Musical Training Institute (KMTI) in Wellesley. Mass., in 1969 Singing is the heart of the concept inspired by Hungarian composer- educator Zoltan Kodaly "The human he once said, "is the finest of all instruments, free and accessible to everyone And he coupled this conviction with another: "Music is an indispensable part of human culture There is no complete man without music." Disgusted with the superficial music of his times, Kodaly, along with composer Beta Bartok, spent years combing Hungary's villages for what he considered the genuine musical mother tongue folk music the simplest, purest melodies, the richest cultural heritage Only these, felt Kodaly, are good enough to Feet the beat Eva Vendrei teaches fourth-grader Nancy Currie to listen with a "beautiful ne the first notes that a child "plays" on his "finest instrument" (his And so, after weeding out the best of thousands of Hungarian folk songs, he turned to his pedagogue friend Jeno Adam and asked, "Could you figure out a scientific sequence for teaching music to children based on Adam agreed to help. Little did Kodaly know at the time that by the 1950's his goal to have music as an integral part of Hungary's national curriculum would be realized Nor did he dream that by 1973 the Kodaly concept would be spreading speedily across the United States. Today it is estimated that well over schoolchildren in the United States concentrated in the Northeast but spanning from Maine and Florida to California and Washington are being taught music the Kodaly way. "As a result of daily music study, their coordination has increased. Their listening skills, reading skills, and discipline have improved.. I've been teaching since 1937 and have never seen nine-year-olds reading musical notes, writing their own scores with such understanding of the theory behind exclaims Mrs. Estelle R. Cassidy of High Rock School, speaking of the pilot class of the KMTI which has had daily music lessons since first grade. "Kodaly is moving mountains. At last music is being treated like says Jack Alexander, supervisor of music of the West Hartford, Conn., public schools, where there is a large concentration of Kodaly classes. The goal of the concept is to develop a love and understanding of music through a step-by-step., logical approach: music- The sequence of teaching steps derives from the most typical musical elements of each country's folk songs. In order to adapt the concept in America, the KMTI has collected 800 best Anglo-Saxon tunes and 150 black folk songs, drawn from over studied. American Folk Songs to Sing, Read, Play, Let's Sing Together for 3, 4, 5 Year published by Boosey Hawkes, New "Children must learn to feel the pulsation of the says one Hungarian teacher. A specific rhythmic language of sounds equals a quarter note, "ti-ti" equals two eighth notes, etc.) and written symbols (which are no more than actual rhythmic notations minus note heads) enable even the youngest to recognize a song by its clapped rhythm alone. Singing the syllables do-re-mi-fa-sol- la-ti to identify notes becomes second nature to pupils before they are taught how to read and write notes on a five-line staff. signs: As soon as the child can consciously recognize sound intervals, he is taught seven hand signals assigned to notes. This visual and sensory aid to singing in tune was developed by an Englishman, John Curwen, in 1864. But researchers say musical hand signals go back as far as the Egyptians in 100 B.C. It was in 1967 thatDenise Bacon took a trip to Hungary on a Braitmayer fellowship that changed her entire career and sparked the flow of Kodaly classes in America. She recalls- "I went to Hungary to study music education and found something that was so much more, a concept that affected the child's total education. If only we could bring to the United States the same joy I see on the faces of Hungarian children, I thought." Peter Erdei, a rising young Hungarian conductor, journeyed to the United States to help Miss Bacon establish the authentic Kodaly concept. Their ensuing work conducting both daily and twice-weekly experimental Kodaly classes led to a grant from the Ford Foundation and the establishment of the Kodaly Institute. Here in a large turn-of- the-century brick house on the edge of Wellesley is the home of Kodaly teacher training, research, curriculum planning, and chorus programs. Here KMTI compiled its two instructional books, "Kodaly at Beginning Levels" and "43 Two-Part American Folk Songs." Negotiations are under way with a major university and conservatory to expand the present two-year diploma course which KMTI offers (includes a year in Hungary) into a full BM- degree program. This past summer 50 delegates working with the Kodaly concept around the world (17 countries were represented including Poland, Argentina, Iceland, England, Australia, Germany, Japan) met in California for a three-week symposium And in Wellesely over 120 American music teachers participated in a four-week course learning how to implement the concept in their own school systems. The Kodaly method has been attacked by American educators as being too structured and demanding to fit into the American way of life. The usual response of a Kodaly teacher is simply, "Just look at the expressions on the faces of the children." Others point to Hungary as a model. For in this tiny European country, research has shown that 25 years of Kodaly concepts in schools has been accompanied by a higher scholastic level and a new generation of music-loving citizens whose love is based on a deep understanding of the elements of great music. 8838SS B1NQO SCANDINAVIAN HAUL 22912ft St. T N. FRIDAY, February 8th-8 p.m. DOORS OPEN AT 7P.M. NEW GAME IN 54 NUMBERS 10th GAME WIN ON EMPTY CARD 4ft, Ml, 12ft IN 7 NUMBERS OB LESS 5 CARDS FOR POT OF GOLD wNNMT FwM 13t QMMM9 ImnjBjMbOni A96VW9 SQtt GOLD CARDS MY DOUBLE EACH S1.00 DOOM PRIZES M FREE CARDS S DRAWS FOR NEXT WEEK Sorry one under 16 years of age allowed Chimney-cleaning a challenge VICTORIA (CP) Chimney-cleaning is a tough, dirty business but Doreen Hobson likes the challenge. "When people scoffed and tried to discourage me, it made me even more determined to do said the 38-year-old former air traffic controller. Mrs. Hobson started Hobson and Sons Chimney Sweep and Cleanup Service to help contribute to raising her four sons. Her husband Graham, a chief engineer with the Canadian Coast Guard, is away two weeks each month. When he is home he helps with the business but meanwhile Mrs. Hobson's assistant is Harriet Freeman, 61. The company operates out of Duncan, 60 miles north of here, but it has a large territory to cover. Once the word got around about the two women chimney cleaners, Duncan residents were curious. "Strangely enough we get more static from women than said Mrs. Hobson. One woman wouldn't let them sweep her chimney. "She said we just weren't capable and asked that my husband take over. He did but said he could not guarantee the same quality of work as wife." Another woman was delighted because she feels women are more meticulous than men. The work is not hard, said Mrs. Hobson, it's just a matter of using the right brash. The Hobsons studied with an 'experienced chimney sweep in Victoria before starting business. On steep roofs, Mrs. Hobson asks her husband to take over. She's terrified of heights. "Once I get positioned against a chimney it's fine... but I really am afraid walking up and down the roof from the chimney to the ladder. "Harriet doesn't climb op on the roof when we do a job, but I know she would if I asked her." On her highest climb-a 40- foot Hobson used a life-line. Golden Mile Open Monday through Friday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday from 1 to 5 p.nr. Saturday: Dancers entertain at Green Acres Lodge p.m. Next week: Monday: Keep fit 10 a.m. Leathercraft 2 p.m. Tuesday: Singing 10 a.m. Dancing 2 p.m. Noteworthy: The pool and shuffleboard tournament will begin Monday. Participants should get their names in as soon as possible. The Daffodil Tea will be held March 9 from 2 to 4 p.m. Baked goodies, handicrafts, white elephants and grab boxes will be on sale 1974 membership cards are on sale at the centre Deposits are being received for the Disneyland trip in April. Simple punch For a simple punch add pineapple juke to champagne. Sears Announcement 1 1174 III TIN Ms Hs -The Herald Family Consumer issues assisted by action committees By JEAN SHARP TORONTO (CP) In a sense, government gave birth to consumerism, left it to paddle bravely around on its own for 25 years, and now is acknowledging its responsibilities by lending a hand. Maryon Brechin, president of the Consumers' Association of Canada said it began 27 years ago with the support of 16 women's organizations, as an off-shoot of the women's section of the wartime prices and trade board. "When the CAC began our concentration was on food." Some of its most publicized efforts still are concentrated on food "We got standards on mixed nuts, a small thing, but we got them in only a year. 'We've never had results that fast. It took us longer to get the stripes off bacon packages." But Mrs. Brechin bristles at any suggestion that the organ- ization is preoccupied with trivia. "I don't consider credit legislation and invasion of privacy trivial issues, and we have been involved in both." The CAC works in several ways. It values the efforts of its volunteer members doing local work or making part of a collective voice. WORK FOR CHANGE Small consumer action committees are formed around particular issues. One in Kelowna, B.C., is studying the lack of availability of homegrown produce and working to change things. A Quebec committee got its community's water supply standards and treatment improved. At the same time, the organization is working with the government and with professionals on more complex problems less easily handled by volunteers. "We are working with government on how consumers can have a greater say in how health care needs should be met. We'd like a sort of bill of rights in health care. "These to me are big, basic issues, with areas like agri- culture and banking I wink the little things we do come out because they're eye-catching, newsy It's much harder to remember the long, hard slogging that goes into getting an improvement in health service." Two of her pet programs at present are advocacy and class action One of the ways the federal government has helped recently is in giving the CAC a grant to begin its advocacy work, to go before courts and regulatory bodies on behalf of the consumer TOOK ON HYDRO "So far we have opposed an Ontario Hydro application to bring in dirty coal, develop power in Ontario and exoort it to the States. We lost that and are considering an appeal. "We have presented a submission on proposed Ontario warranties legislation that will be pace-setting legislation. "We've been trying to get into it for years. It's terribly costly. We go after what we can afford and where we think the biggest gains seem possible "The climate is right. People are beginning to feel the consumer's voice hasn't been heard before There are all sorts of laws and regulations that haven't been tested. "Next year we're hoping to get into class action. That is an action on behalf of a group of people with similar complaints. There is no law in Canada that allows it, but nothing that specifically disallows it. "There have been two cases in B.C. One protested excessive connection fees by the power company, and everyone who paid the fee got a refund." The largest way in which the government has acknowledged consumerism, of course, was in the formation of the federal department of consumer and corporate affairs. THE BETTER HALF By Barnes "I'm not speeding. This speedometer reads high, just like our bathroom scales." JACKPOT BINGO TMs TbirsJif Evnfif Nbntry 7th STARTS P.M. PARISH HALL Vtftk tiBi fin vllt 91 ast Mr Card mi tat S1.M MM tm taut. RH BHM Itt t Iwr Mn ersons under 10 years not i after you your doctor bring your prescription to i ;