Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Thuraday, February 7, H74 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD Land ownership law challenged By STUART LAKE l OTTAWA (CP) -JA11 provinces have been invited to present arguments in an appeal to be heard later this year by the Supreme Court of Canada on land ownership in Prince Edward Island. So far only Ontario has given notice it will intervene on be- half of P.E.I. Deadline for acceptance is Monday, Feb. 25. At stake in the appeal is the legality of a 1972 law passed by the P.E.I, legislature which says aliens and Canadians liv- ing outside the province cannot own more than 10 acres of land or more than 330 feet of shorefront without special permission of the island government. The validity of the law was upheld by the P.E.I. Supreme Court but its decision is being challenged in an appeal launched by two Rochester, N.Y., residents who want to ac- quire land on the island. Richard A. Morgan and Alan Max Jacobson, the two Americans involved in the challenge, want to buy 36 acres of land in Prince County. The land now is owned by an Ontario resident. Lawyers for the two Americans say the law is beyond the powers of the legislature because it is legislation in relation to aliens, a sole responsibility of the federal government. They also say it contradicts the federal Citizenship Act which gives aliens the same rights to hold property in Can- ada as Canadians. In addition they argue that the legislation interferes with a Canada-U.S treaty dealing with land ownership. In dealing with the arguments, the P.E.I, high court re- ferred to the pre-Confederation problems-on the island arising from absentee ownership. It was solved by a huge loan from Canada and the forcing of absent landlords to sell their property. Restrictions on land ownership also were 'imposed by P.E.I, in 1939 when it became known that large purchases were being made by non-residents. Development of national parks on the island and its at- traction as a tourist resort prompted the government to bring in its present legislation, the court declared. The island court said there was no doubt that provinces have the right to legislate on property and civil rights. "It cannot be asserted that every reference to aliens, how- ever oblique, has the effect of rendering inoperative any pro- vision of a provincial enactment relating to property and civil rights within a it added. Doctor acquitted Dr. Vincent Montemarano is hugged by an un- identified friend outside the Nassau County court- house In Mineola, N.Y., after he was acquitted of injecting a lethal dose of potassium chloride into a dying cancer patient. Montemarano was accused of injecting the drug into the arm of Eugene Bauer, a 59-year-old railroad engineer. Jobless rates slightly lower By NEIL GILBRIDE OTTAWA (CP) Unemployment rates through most of 1973 were a little lower than originally estimated, latest revised A' figures showed Wednesday, but a Statistics Canada official said the changes were not significant. The new figures revising seasonally adjusted jobless rates put them from one-tenth to two-tenths of one per cent lower than original reports in nine months of last year. The figure for one month, July, was revised slightly upward, and there was no change for the first two months of the year. For instance, the December seasonally adjusted unemployment rate now is listed at 5.4 per cent of the country's labor force, down from the 5.6 per cent given at the time of Statistics Canada's regular monthly labor force report. Each one-tenth of one per cent in the estimates involve about people. The origi- nal estimate for total December unemployment was workers without jobs, or 5.6 per cent of the total labor force. The downward revision to 5.4 per cent puts the new estimate of unemployed in the last month of the year at or less than the original report. BASED ON SAMPLES Employment and unemploy- ment figures are, like any poll or census, based on a sampling of households, with the result projected to the entire country as an estimate The revision in the figures is nothing new. Statistics Canada does it every year to include the most recent experience in seasonal factors, such as the student influx into the labor force in the summer, higher ag- ricultural employment in planting and harvesting times and the seasonal nature of construction work which slows down in the winter. Seasonal patterns change over the years and the annual adjustment brings the figures more into line with actual ex- perience, a Statistics Canada official said He noted that the general pattern" of unemployment last year was similar in both the originally reported estimates and the revised estimates For 1973, January and February figures were not affected by the revision and remained at the originally reported levels of 6.2 per cent and 5.9 per cent respectively.