Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - February 7, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
t .volume xi. u:\imnmGK, alberta, tiiihsday, February 7,""inis WILL CUT OFF British Losses Week, 15 Ships POLISH ARMIES This Is Threatened by Bolshevik! As Reprisal for Defiance of Poles POLES REFUSE TO DEMOCRATIZE ARMY AS BOLSHEVIKI DID London," Feb. 0.-The cl'fielal summary from (he admiralty reporting tho loss of 1.5 British merchantmen eunk by mine or submarine in th's paat week follows: Arrivals 2tU:ift; sailing :.,:!TH. British merchantmen m' mori than IjJ(M) tons sunk hy mine or submarine 10. British ' merchantmen of less than 1,(100 tons Hunk by-mine or submarine NUMBKIt 51 Transport Tuscania Sunk Aboard FUNNY TALES 01 RIOTS IN ENGLAND i WITH UKRAINE latest Reports 101 Missing it. Fishins vessels sunk, lYrir. Merchantmen unsuccessful I v at- tacked 1 j. Petrograd. Feb. 7.- Ensign Krylon-�Ico, tlio Bolsheviki commander in chief lias issued a decree ordering that all supplies be cut, off from the Polish legion in the Russian army and declaring its 'commander Dovur Mosnit-sky, an outlaw, fie also appeals lo all Bolsheviki to leave Polish commands'. The decree was prompted by the refusal of the Polish commands to reduce their officers to the ranks and submit to Bolsheviki democratization. Knsign Kryienko says that the Polish officers are under the control of the Polish bourgcoise, who are unwilling to submit to popular rule. E A wirelcsH dispatch from Kiev at Berlin and forwarded to Amsterdam Tuesday said t^at Ensign Kryienko and his staff bad been arrested by the insurgent Poles. Resent Misrepresentation Petrograd, Feb. 7. - The lzvestia and other Bolsheviki newspapers denounced bitterly the campaign of misrepresentation in the German press. They charge that the German government is misleading the Socialists there by depicting the Bolsheviki as being in alliance with British and American imperialists. The Russian delegation at Brest-LJlovsk has complained repeatedly to the German dele-sates regarding the duplicity of th-a Germans but without effect. * The German newspapers, the lzvestia declares, have given the German public the impression tlraf (hev Bolsheviki in Russia are a hand of disorganized hooligans in an effort to persuade the German public .pot to listen to the demands of the working classes. v Bolsheviki Expenditures r Petrograd. Feb. 7.-Estimates of expenditures for 'li)lS by the various ministers of the Bolsheviki government total 28 billion roubles. The budget is said to show an expected income of only 5,000,000,000 roubles. Kitty persons were killed and many more injured in a train wreck at Kal-ashnJko in Samara province. The wreck was caused by soldiers who seized the train and forced tiie crew to rim it on the schedule of another train. It is announced that Bolsheviki army headquarters . will be moved from Mohllev to Petrograd. Denmark is providing money; food and transportation for Austro-German war prisoners congested in Petrograd. The Bolsheviki government announces that large numbers of these prisoners will be permUted to return home next �week. Remove Duty Cattle From U. S. Shortly Negotiations Are Resumed at j Brest-Litov'sk in a ! Fog of Doubt BOLSHEVIKI STILL CLAIM TRIUMPH IN THE UKRAINE Torpedoed Off Coast of Ireland with 2100 Troops of U. S. Aboard-Latest Report Says 101 Are Missing First Real Disaster Suffered by Transport Carrying U. S. Troops-Survivors Cared For. London. Feb. 7.-A German govern-ment wireless message thus described a number of non-existent strike riots: "Hardly a day has passed in the whole of January without strikes, rlo'rs and conflicts with the police in Knglish towns. A conflict occurred in j Oxford street, London, 011 January 17. | in which the police were worsted, j Troops were summoned but refused i to fire. Eighty troopers were arrest- ! oil. All the, windows in a big .store i wore smashed." WHITE GUARDS I It Ts Understood That Union Govt. Will Take Off The Duty i (Special to th* Herald) Ottawa, Feb. 7.-Everything points to the removal of the duty on cattle entering Canada from the United States. The matter has been under discussion for some time in the agricultural and customs departments, and it is understood that within a few days an order-in-council will be passed t6 this effect. It will be remembered that, the first, act, of Hon. A. L. Sifton, minister of customs, after joining the union governmenrTwas to sign an order removing the duty on breeding sheep entering Canada from the United States. The contemplated action with regard to cuttle is along tl\,e same ^tne. The argument in favor of the duty removal is that Canada has vast acres of range which might wjell he stocked and aid in the production of more beef for the allies, and the free entry of cattle will be a great aid in this direction. It Is (feinted, out that the duty removal will not affect, the United States for the reason that there r I London. Fob. 7.--The resumption of the peace negotiations at Brest-Lit-ovsk today, if it occurs, will take place in a Tog oi vague reports and contradictions as far as the outside world is eonVerned. Separate Agreement Statements In many Herman newspapers indicate a probable breach between the Germans and the Bolsheviki and the conclusion of a separate arrangement, between the central powers and the Ukraine. So light on the i situation comes from Russian sources.) i A despatch from (lie Petrograd cor- | I respondent of the Daily News under; I Tuesday's date says there has been 1 no direct telegraph news received! from Brest-Lit ovsk for four days. The) Germans alleged that the wires were damaged whereupon the Russians sim-I ilarly "damaged" the direct wire bo-j i ween Petrograd and Berlin used by ; the Austro-German delegation. Foreign .Minister Trotzky is reported to be at Hrest-Litovsk. but nothing has been heard from him. Triumph in Ukraine In the meantime the Jiolsheyiki continue to circulate!, hy means of the) wireless, statements regarding the iri- j umph of the Bolsheviki raiia in. the j Ukraine. A statement issued yesfer-I day says the seat of thy government was transferred to Kiev on Sunday and that agreements had been reached between the Bolsheviki government and Germans and the rada regarding fedev-1 al union with Russia and the complete unity of foreign and internal affairs. It is added that representatives of ' all the army fronts have recognized has been no duty on cattle entering \ Bolsheviki rada as the sole au- from the United Spates, lor a long ftlu"'u> in ^.n\ramc- , time, so that the finished product mav.i t Kasakoti, former chancellor of j the Russian embassy at Tokio has been arrested by the Bolsheviki. He is London, Feb. 7.-The loss c^f life on the Tuscania is now estimated at only 101. This total is given in a dispatch from a correspondent of the Associated Press in Ireland and subsequently was confirmed by the American embassy. At one point there are 550 survivors, eight of whom are in a hospital. At another point there are 1,350 survivors, 80 of them in hospitals. A number of survivors, including the second officer of the Tuscania, were landed at a Scottish port. The majority of the missing ware members of the crew. The admiralty announced late this afternooir&hat ten more survivors had reached a Scottish port. GOT THE SUB Londonderry, Ireland, Feb. 7.- The submarine wh-ch torpedoed the Tuscania was attacked by a destroyer. An American officer gave an intimation that the submarine was destroyed. SURVIVORS LANDED Washington, Feb. 6.-The British steamer Tuscania carrying two thousand United States troops has been torpedoed and sunk in the war zone. A thousand survivors were landed in Ireland. 2179 TROOPS ABOARD Washington, Feb. 6.-There were 2179 trocps aboard the Tuscania. Survivors numbering 1100 were landed at Buncranna and Lame, Ireland. * First Disaster . Washington, Feb. 7.-Officials aero squadrons and several companies of the Twentieth Engineers, a i'or(>stry regiment, were aboard. The list of \ units as made by the adjutant gen- i eral's office is as follows: I Headquarters detachment and com- I panics U, E, and K of the 2oih En- ' gineers: 107th Engineer train; 107th Milliary police; 107th Supply train; i 100th Aero Squadron; ir>Sth Aero ' Squadron; 2UUh Aero Squadron: Replacement detachments numbers 1 and 2 of the 32nd division: Mst casualty officers. The official table of organization of the 32nd division shows thai the 107th engineer train is composed of the first battalion of Michigan engineers and the first battalion of Wisconsin engineers. The, organization is distinct from the 107th engineer regiment. The 107th military police was made up from the fourth and sixth Wisconsin infantry. and the 107th supply train from the 4th, 5th and Cth Wisconsin infantry. � I The 20th engineers, a forestry regi-I ment, and the aero squadrons prob-! ably were recruited from various sections and tiie place they trained was not mentioned by the war department. The state department's dispatch 1 said Ambassador Page had sent two j army officers to Belfast and represen-l tatives of the American Red Cross j and tiie V. M. C. A. had gone with I full power to spend all the money needed in the relief. Although the American transport Antilles was torpedoed and sunk in the war zone while returning from France and 14 soldiers and lot> others . were lost, the Tuscania is the first ! ship carrying American troops to | Europe to be sunk by a submarine, to- American warships, convoying trans- j day anxiously awaited further details ' ports last June twice fought off suh-of the first disaster to American sold^l marine attacks and sine>j then there WILL BE REPLACED "Dispatch From Petrograd De-j clares They Control All Save Capital ANOTHER REPORT SAYS FINN LEADER SUFFERED DEFEAT Petrograd. Feb. Thi New Order By Militia Department-Leave Absence to lie Given Ottawa, Feb. 7.-An order has been issued by the militia department which will facilitate the release of men who have been drafted under the military service- act to the detriment of agricultural production. There are, it appears, a number of such cases. Some of the men in consequence of being draltcd imo the army havo�bcen compelled to abandon cultivated farms. These men in a number of instances either through ignorance of the law or reluctance to appear unwilling to offer themselves for military service, did not apply for exemption. In order lo deal with the problem thus created the militia department has provided for the leave of absence boards in each military district to pay special attention to applications for leave of absence made in behalf of bona fide farmers and farm laborers. An agricultural representative will be appointed in each district by the department of agriculture, Ottawa, to act, as adviser to the board in such cases, and due weight must be given to his opinion. if needed, fiow 'back to the States without The hindrance of a duty barrier. The proposed order-in-council will therefore result in free trade in cattle between Canada and the United States. ^ -;- WOOL BREEDERS ! i. KEEN IS SPEAKER OF 8. C. LEGISLATURE 6econd Session of Fourteenth House Opens-Mrs. Smith Takes Seat Victoria, B.C., Feb. 7-The second session of the fourteenth legislature of British Columbia was formally opened at 3 o'clock this afternoon by Sir Frank Uarnard, lieutenant governor. John Keen, the veteran member for Kaslo, was elected speaker in succession to J. W. Weart, of Vancouver, who resigned. The first woman to sit in the house as a member was present In the person of" .Mrs. Ralph Smith, elected in the recent Vancouver bye-election. Representatives of women's organizations were, on hand to witness her initiation. The session promises to be an interesting one and the speech from the throne outlined a considerable amount of legislation which will be undertaken by the government. The expectation is that, the most important debate of tiie session will concern the fate of the Pacific Great Eastern railway, Which may be taken over and completed by the province. After the formal opening today the liouse adjourned until Monday. Form Stock Company in Toronto To Market Wool Clip of Canada charged with attempting to influence Japanese and British embassies and the Chinese legation against, entering into relations with the Bolsheviki government. A Renter despatch from Petrograd j says that the Moscow branch of the I state bank has been closed indefinitely because of lack of fjmds. General Alexieff, it is added, is reported to be marching northward and has occupied several railway stations in the direction of Kharkov, and Vor-ouesli. * The Bolsheviki government, according to Petrognid despatches'" to the Times- is proposing to revolutionize ('binary supporting the movements in tiie southern provinces agaiiust the central Chinese government. A Kus-sian delegate will ho sent to southern China to work on this plan. The object is to produce a socialistic revolutionary agitation with a view to helping to break down China's refusal to let Russia have Chinese produce. leva etrroute to France due to the torpedoing of the Tm^;Hnin. It i^'believ-ed that most of'llie 2fi7 missing have been saved. . Michigan and Wisconsin The troops aboard the Tuscania were mainly from Michigan and Wisconsin, National Guards now attached to the 32nd division training at( Camp Mac-Arthur, ' Texas. Several GEOFFREY HALE DEAD London, Out., Eeh. (I. - Geoffroj' Hale, who was retired recently from the management of the Bank of Commerce, died here tit is morning after two days* illness of pneumonia. He �was a native of Quebec City. V ? ? SPECULATION IN COFFEE BANNED Washington, Feb. 7.-Speculation In green coffee on the Now York coffee and sugar exchange was ordered discontinued yesterday by Food Administrator, Hoover. v ? ? Toronto. Fob. 7.-Representative Wool Iireedevs fn>m : * ? > ;� * o * * ? � Wellington, (N. Z, Feb. 7.-In an interview, Premier Massey said that any arrangement allowing Germany to re-potsess Samoa would be a national calamity for the British interest* in the Pacific and therefore he urged that Australia and New Zealand be represented at any peace conference. CLOSE EXCHANGE New York. Feb. 7.-The New York coffee and sugar exchange today decided to close the exchange for trading purposes on all th\ remaining-1 hcalless Mondays. "H'ead at three o'clock this afternoon by Lieut. Governor Brett at the opening of the first session of the fourth legislature of the province of Alberta. After congratulating tiie two soldier members. Lieut. (Nursq) Roberta Mc-Adams and Captain Robert Pearson 'on their safe return from the conflict overseas, the speech deals with the appeal that will lie made for greater production of foodstuffs, with a lessened consumption at home. A measure of public service reform will be laid before the legislature in order to effect "a better organization of the different departments of the service at p. lower cost of administration." j While not believing that it should | be a provincial undertaking, the government will be asked to devise some system of taxation for the make the survivors as comfortable possible and were sending supplies the places whore they landed. as lo In the Champagne the French carried out a successful raid on German trenches east of Teton. In Alsace, after violent artillery preparation (he Germans made an ineffectual attempt to penetrate the French lines at two points near Bunhol?.. "Yesterday morning a German airplane was brought down by the fire cf French anti-aircraft guns." MARQUIS DUFFERIN IS DEAD IN LONDON ing his investigation of conditions at the industrial farm of the province at Burwasb was tabled in the legislature yesterday by the Hon. W. McPherson, provincial secretary. In summarlzintt the result of his inquiry, the judgi: said in matters of discipline the prisoners are treated fairlv and that when punitive measures are necessary they cannot be successfully conducted with i out final resort to reasonable corporal punishment. With regard to those of the prison* ers* complaints for which he has' found some justification, the judge observes they did not originate out of the policy of the institution, but were partly a temporary result, of pioneer development and chiefly o^iug to the uncontrollable war condition'-. The evidence of ex-AV'arden Dr. Gill-;" more regarding corporal punishment ; is included in the report and Dr. Gill-[ more gives it as his opinion thai: cor-j poral punishment the kind in (pies- ufc by 1 Some Losses, But These Are Small t Compared to Sailings London. Feb. 7.- (Via Renter's Of-! uwva Agency).-In ihe house of commons, replying 1o .Mr. Houston; Hon. H. J. HacXamara. under-secrntary of! London, Feb. 7.---The Marquis Dufferin and Ava died in London to- I day of double pneumonia, aged .">1 j years, lie was long in-the diplomatic j service and had been attached to the | foreign office since JSi)U. His brother, j i Lord Masil Hlackwood, who succeeds I j to the title, was wounded in action in | H*14- and latterly h:is been private sec-S retary to' the lord lieutenant of Ireland. John Temple J la mil ton-Tom pi e- j tion is generally approved 0f phrenologists of experience. * 85,000 BRITISHERS IN STATE of N. y, t. ii.. * * i .i . r i Blackwood, seconu Marquis of Dut* Caindian *be aumira y, stated that out of a crew t e . , ; 1 r fl i-auauian ..... . ^ ferin and Ava was the son oi the dis- Patriotic Fund (hat will distribute the!0*' twenty and twenty-five military ! .. and naval passengers, 11 and IK were; ' vv* ^11 " respectively lost, owing to the enemy I J,."!/Vi%fi?nC1i?"i B recently sinking a channel passenger, 10 ^' burden equitably. The estimate for ihe coming year have been "prepared with due regard , to economy and the requirements of sh!p 1,0111111 ior 11 ,,|,enon m)rt- He also mi hi is> service " I staled the Captain was the only sur- ] vor out of twenty-five aboard a steam- (inguished statesman and diplomatist euoral of Cannula the publje service. Speech From Throne M r. Speake r a n d M em hers o f the Legislative Assembly:-- . * It gives mo great pleasure to welcome you to the first, session of the fourth legislature of the province of Alberta. During a time when the utmost production of foodstuffs is so urgently required, our thanks are due to a most beneficent pVovidenco for the harvest ? ? > > > ? ? 1 (Cqntixved on Page 6) 3 MORATORIUM IN U. S. Washington, Feb. Ik-The soldier and sailors civil rights bill, providing a moratorium for men in the military establishment., was unanimously passed today by (he senate virtually in the form it'passed the house. er from Ireland to Liverpool Bay. The steamer carried 400 head of cattle and 200 sheep. Mr. Houston asked who- | ther a steamer hud been sunk in Liverpool on January 2*i with a toss of 12 lives, jr�(i cattle. .1(11 sheep and Ul!> pigs. Mr. MncXamara admitted that the details of the cargo were as stated. He added that the percentage of losses of vessels making the voyage � > from Ireland to Britain was extremely small compared with the number of voyages. ? HEAVY ICE IN THE GREAT ( LAKES London, OnL. Feb. 7.-Reports from various points along Luke Huron indicate that with ice from 2i) inches to two feet thick general navigation will be later than usual in opening this swing. There is a heavy snowfall throughout the country and serious floods are feared. ? V Albany. N". Y., I^eb. 7.-British subjects in this state number 85,612, according to lists compiled from the state military census figures and furnished to the British-Canadian recruiting mission. Under an agreement just signed by Great Britain and the L'liited States many of these subjects will, be liable to draft, but the recruiting officers from Canada aro making a great effort to enlist as many as possible. YOUTH OF COUNTRY ARE VERY WAYWARD ? V V v V V V V V > > > < *:* Alberta To Get Resources 0 Montreal, Feb. 7.-During a discussion at the annual meeting of the Synod of the Diocese of Montreal yesterday on unfavorable influences now at work on the youth of the land, Bishop Farthing referred to the regrettable fact that many were confirmed who never took communion. Many seemed to regard confirmation, he declared, as though it were on a level of vaccination. The "Movies" were blamed by some of the speakers 1 for the wayward tendencies of youth of different cities. i WEATHER Hiflh *.................. Law.................... Forecast: Partly fair, colder. 41 33 Winnipeg, Feb. 6.-A special despatch to the Free Press from the Ottawa correspondent says: "The conference of provincial premiers ,and ministers with the federal government hsre next week will, it is expected, result in a scheme of land settlement involving the hand ing over to the prairie provinces hy the Dominion of the ownership and control of their natural resources." LOOK AFTER BLIND SOLDIERS An Atlantic Port, Feb. 7. - three members of the British commission oragnized by Sir Arthur Pearson to look after the welfare of soldiers blinded by the war arrived here today on $ British steamer. They are Raymond Blathwaite, Miss Eva Feutou and Mrs. Ruby-'Mitcheli. - 05854?