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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 7, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETIIBRIDGE, ALBERTA. TIIUI^SDAY, FEBHUARY 7, 1918 ' NUMBER 51 COT Off SUPPLIES FROM 'fThis h Thieatened by Bol-sheviki^ As Reprisal for Defiance of Poles ^OLES REFUSE TO DEMOCRATIZE ARMY AS BOLSHEVIKI DID roti-OBrail; Fob. 7.-Ensign Ki-yleii-;1co, tlio UolsUovlkl comnmiuler in chief lias issued a decree ofdorlng tlint all supplies b'e cut oft from tlio Polisli legion in tlio Russian army and do-. daring its "commander Dovur Alosnit-8ky, an outlaw.-He iilso appeals lo ail Bolslicvllsl to leave Polisli coiu-Jiiands,  The doci-eo was prpuipted by the Totusal oi; the Polish commands to re dnce their officers to the ranks and submit to Bolshevlki' democratization. IShsign Krylenko says that the Polish officers arc under the cpntrol of the Polish bourgeolso, who are unwilling to submit to popular rule. A wirelpas dispatch fi-om Kiev at Berlin and forwarded to Amsterdinn Tuesday said t^t EnBlgn Krylenko and his staff had been arrested by the insurgent Poles. Resent Misrepresentation Petrograd, Feb. 7. - The izvoslia and other Bolshevlki newspapers denounced bitterly the campaign,of misrepresentation- in the Gorman press. They charge that the German'govern luont is. mlBleading the Socialists there'by depicting the Bolshevlki as being in alliance with British and Am erican imperialists. The Russian dole ^gation ,at Brest-Lltovsk has compiaiu ed repeatedly to the German dele-' gates regarding the duplicity of the IQe'rmfins but without effect. > The German newspapers, the Izves-tla declares, have given ^the German public the impression tlmt the.^Bol-,ahoviki Jn Russia are a baud of dlsor-sanizod-liQoHgans in an effort to. persuade the'Gprmah ,public.4iot to listen .to the dbipauxis pt.thcjkrorJklug.ciasses. X Bolsh�yik)*-iixpen(iltures British Losses ^ WeeVlS Shiips London,^ Feb, 0.-The official summary I from the admiralty,. reporting the loss, of 15 British merchantmen gunk by mine or submarine in the past week follows; ' Arrivals 2,339; anllings :',37f!. Hrltish merchiiutmen if hioru tlian ],')(I0 tons sunk by minc.or submarine British'merchantmen of loss than 1,600 tons sunk by. mine or submarine ij. Fifihing vessels sunk, I'o'ir, Merchantmen unsuccessfully attacked 13. Remove Duty Cattle From U.S. ShcTrtly IL DEAL |Trandport Tuscania Sunk; an Troops Aboard; eports 101 Missing It Ts Understood That Union Govt. Will Take Off The Duty ^ (Special to lh� Herald) Ottawa, Feb. 7.-Everything pointer to the removal of the duty on cattle entering Canada from the United States. The matter has been under discussion' for some time in the agricultural and customs departments, and it is under-Stood that within a few days an order-in-councll will be passed t6 this effect. It will bo remembered that the first act of lion. A. L. Slfton, minister of customs, after joining the union governraentTwns to sign an order removing the duty on breeding sheep entering Canada from the United States. The cqntemplated action witli regard toVattlo is along tUe same ^ne. The argument in favor of tiio duty rienioval is that Canada has vdst acres of range which might wjell be stocked and aid in the production of more beef for the alUen, and the'free entry of cattle will be,a great, aid in this direction. It is i*}lnted> oiit that the duty removal will'iiot affect the United States for tliio reason that tliere has ffeen no duty on cattle entering from the, 'Unl^edjIStat^j for.-a. long time, so that-the finished product may, v - - ..T LlUlCi, OM lltULlJIIV. milOllCJU fJlUUUUL lllU^, Potrograa;rFeib. 7.-Estimates Of'fa; it needed, flow -bacft to the. States i)0hdltuiesjqi^'m8 by' the'viiMotiS without the hindrance of a duty bar- ministers of 'Uie' Bolshevikl govern 1 merit total 26' bUIIon roubles. The budget is said to show an expected Income of only 5,000.000,000 roubles. Flft/ persons >yere killed and many more Injured tn a train wreck at Kal-ashnlko in Samara province. The , week was caused by soldiers who" seized the train and forced the crew to run it ou the schedule of another train. It is announced that Bolshevlki army headquartisrs .will be moved from Mohllev to Petrograd. Denmark is providing money; food and transportation for Austro-Oerman war prisoners congested in Peitrograd. The Bolshevlki government announces that large numbers of these prisoners will be permitted to return home next week. rier.  The proposed order-ln-council will therefore result in free trade .in cattle between Canada and-ahe United States. ;, I. KEEN IS SPEAKER  ' OF B. C. LEGISIAIURE Second Session of Fourteenth House Opens-Mrs. Smith Takes Seat \'ictoria, B.C., Feb. 7.-The second fiessioh of tiie fourteenth legialaturo of British Columbia was fovmally opened at 3 o'clock this afternoon by Sir Frank Barnard, lieutenant governor. .7ohn Keen, the veteran member for Kaslo, was elected speaker in ' succession to J. W. ^oart, of Vancouver, who rosignod. The first woman to sit in the liouae tis a member was present In tlie person of" Mrs. Ralph Smith, elected In the recent Vancouver bye-pleotion. Hepresentativea of womonls orgahlzntioiis were on hand to witness Iter initiation. / ' The session promises to be an inter-, eating one and the speech from the throne^outllned � considerable'i�niourit oC legislation-which will bo undertaU-, en by the government, The expectation is that the most Important debate of the sessipn will' coudoru the fate of tUo Pacific Groat Eastern rallv^ay, Which may bo tak6n over and completed by the province. / After the formal opening today the liouse adjoui'ried until Monday. HAVE COtERATIVE I Form Stock Company in Toronto To Market Wool Clip of Canada Negotiations Are Resumed at Biest-LitovSk in a Fog of Doubt BOLSHEVIKI STILL CLAIM TRIUMPH , IN THE UKRAINE London, Kcl^. 7.-The resumption of the peaiiu negotiallouH at today. It it occurs, will take place in a fog of vjignc rnport.s and contradictions as tar ns the outside world is corfcorned. Separate Agreement Stat(jmeiits In many German newspapers Indicate a probable breach between the Gernmns and the Bolshevlki and the conclusion of a separate ar-rangomont, between thd'central powers and the Ukraine. No light on the situation comes from Itns.slan sources. A despatcli from the Petrograd correspondent of the Ually News under Tuesday's date says there has boon no direct telegraph news i-ccelved from Brest-Lltovsk tor toi^r days. The Germans alioged' Hiat the wires were damaged whereupon the Russians similarly "damaged" the direct wire bo-tweou I'etro.i^rad and Berlin used by th(! Austro-German tlclogatlon. Foreign .Minister Trotzky is reported, to be at Urest-I.itovsk, hut nothing Jias lieen heard frdm him. Triumph in Ukraine In the meantime the Bolshe^liil continue to circulate, by meafSs of the wireles^, statemouls regarding the triumph ot the Bolshevlki rada in the Ukraine. A statement issued yesterday says the seat of th^ government was transferred to Kiev on Sunday and that agreements Rad been reached be-, tween the Bolshevlki government and Germans and the rada regarding federal union with Russia and the complete unity of foi'oigu and Internal affairs', it is added that representjitlves o� alt the army fronts have recogni/ed the BoLsh^viki radu as the sole au-.thorltj in tlie Ukraine. . V M. Kasakoff, tormerNchancellor of the Russian embassy at Tokio has been arrested by the Bolshevlki. He is charged with attempting to Influence Japanese and British embassies and the Chinese-legation against entering into relations with the Bolshevlki government. A Renter despatch from Petrograd says that the Moscow branch of the state bank has been closed indefinitely because of lack of f;inds. General Alexletf, It is added. Is reported to he marching northward and has occupied several Railway stations In the direction of Kharkov�and Vor-onesh. ' The Bolshevild government, according to Petrograd desp.y Edmonton, Pebl 7.-Economy, and greater production are the keynotes of the speech from the i^hrone which wa^ |-t'ead at three o'clock this afternoon by Lieut. Govornoi- Brett at the opening pf the first session o( the fourth legislature of the province of Alberta. After congratulating the two soldier members, Lieut. (Nursq) Roberta Mc-Adams and Captain Robert Pearson on their safe return from the conflict overseas, the speech deals-wRU the uppeal that will bo made tor greater production of foodstuffs, with n los-simied consumption at home. A measure ot public service reform will be laid,before the legislature/In order to effect "a bolter organization'of Iho dlttorent; departments ,of the service at a lower cost of administration."-, While not believing that It should be a provincial undertaking, the gov-erniuQut will be asked to demise some system of taxation for the Canadian Patriotic Fund that Will distribute tha burden equitably. ' Tho estimate for the coming year have been "prepared with due regard to economy and the requirements of tho publ^ service." Speech From ThroM 'Mr. Speaker and Members of the Tjeglslative Assembly:- . .'It gives ma great pleasure to wel-; come you to the first session ot the fourth legislature of tho province of Alberta; " � During a time when the utmost production of foodstuffs Is so urgently required,-our thanks are jliie to a most beneficent ifrovidenoo tor tho harvest aero squadrons and,.several companies of the Twentieth 15ngineers, a forestry regiment, were aboard. Tho list of units as made by the adjutant gen-oral's office la as follows: Headquarters detachment and com-I)anies D, B, and F ot tho 20lh Engineers; 107th Engineer train; 107th Miltiary police; 107th Supply train; 100th Aero Squadron; loSth Aero Squadron; 2l3lh Anro Squadron; Replacement detachments numbcr.s 1 and 2 of the 32nd division; hint casualty officers. The official tabic of organization of tho 32nd division shows that the 107th engineer train is composed ot the first battalion of Alichigaii engineers and the first battalion of Wisconsin engineers. Tho organization is distinct from the 107th engineer regiment. The 107th military i)olice was made up Irom the fourth and sixth Wisconsin Infantry, and the 107th supply, train from the 4th, 5th and 6th Wisconsin infantry. � The 20th engineers, a forestry regiment, ond the aero squadrons probably were recruited from various sections and tile place they trained was not mentioned b.v the war department. The state department's dispatch said Ambassador Page had sent two 1 armyjOfficers to Belfast and representatives of the American Red Cross and the Y. M. C. A. hud gone witli full power to spend all the money needed In the relief. / \ Although the American transport Antilles was torpedoed and sunk in the war zone while returning from France and 14 .soldiers and 156 others were lost, the Tuscania is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe lo bo sunk by a submarine. American warships, convoying transports last June twice fouglit off submarine attacks and sinc\3 then there have been no reports ot attacks on ships, carrying Aijierican troops to France. 168 Not Accounted For Washington, Feb. 7.-Indications early today were that 1G8 American officers and soldiers have not yet been accounted for In the sinking of the Tuscania. Dritish admiralty dispatches account for 2,011 American officers and men as survivors. War department records show 2,179 Ameri-,cau officers and men were aboard. Anchor Line Suffers New York, Feb. 7.-According to the records ot the Anchor line here the Tuscania carried a crew of 2i0, under command of Captain Peter MqLean, the majority of the crew being subjects ot Great Britain. The loss ot the Tuscania completes the deatruction by submarines of a fleet of five pasiaenger ships aggregating 57,818 gross tonnage owned by the Anchor Lino ai the beginning of the wor. The other ships were: Caledonia, sunk In 191C; Cameronia, April 15, 1917; "Pransylvanla', May 1, 1917; Call-tornla, February, 1917. 600 Survivors Land. Additional dispatches reached tho war department today, saying  that, some 600 survivors are at Larne, Ireland, and that 2'7 are at tslay, Scotland, The dispatches said the British authorities were doing everything to make the survivors as comfortable na possible and were sending suppliea to the placoa wlioro they landed. WILLBERMED New Order By Militia Department-Leave Absence to Be Given " Ottawa, Feb. ".-^-An order has been issued by the militia departilient which will facilitate the release of men who have been drafted under the military service act to the detritnent of agricultural production. There are, it appears, n number ot such cases. Some of the men in consequence of being dralted into the army, havorbcen compelled to a^jaudon cultivated farms. These men In a number ot Instances either through ignorance of the law or reluctance in appear unwilling to offer themselves foi,' military service, did not apply for exemption. In order to deal with the problem thus created the mlUtta department has provided for the leave of absence boards In each military, district to pay special attention to at)pHcations ,tor leave of absence made In behalf, of bona fide farmers and farm laborers. An agricultural representative will be appointed in each district by the department of agriculture* Ottawa, to act as adviser to the board in such cases, and duo w.eight must be given to his opinion. Dispatch Fiom Petiogiad Declares They Control All -Save Capital ' ANOTHER REPORT SAYS FINN LEADER SUFFERED DEFEAT. Petrograd, Fob. 7.-The White Guards, or government troops, in Kin-land, now control all of Finland cx-' ccptlng Helslngtor.M and Tammertors, and a strip along tho Gult of Finland. .\ battle is reported to be in progress at Tammcrfors, an important railway junction. Both sides are said to be using "artillery. The Kinntsh . Red Guards have been reinforced by Bol-, sliovikl Rod Guards from Petrograd and arms and ammunition, again .are going , to ' the Finnish revolutionists from Russia. While some ot (he Bolshevlki regiments in Petrograd voted to send help to the Kinnish *ted. Guards, others refused to assist- the' Finnish Bolsheylkl. Another Report r.tmdon. Feb. 7.-The Finnish Red Guard have surrounded Tammcrfors and have deteatod General Manner-helm, commander ot the. government forces in Finland, according to o despatch from the Russian official news agency in Petrograd. Gen. Manner-holm's forces .ire said to bo In retreat with the Red Guard in pursuit. ' Gen. Mannerheim and his White Guard are retiring towanUthe Gulf ot Bothnia. Tammertors was defended by 10,00(> government troops. The losses on both sides were heavy. The fighting la said to have begun early Monday morning. Despatches from Stockliolm Wednesday said that Gen. Mannerheim, who li acting under authority of the Finnish diet, had captured Uleaborg, In uorth^ ern ^^lnland, and also had taken 'Tatii-, merfors, which Is 100 miles northwest ot Helslngtors, the Finnish capital. Heavy Artillery Fighting Reported on Aisne and Ycrdun Fronts MORATORIUM IN U. 8. I Washington, Feb. G.-The soldiers and sailors civil rlghta bill, providing a inoralorium for men in tho military ostabliHiiment, was unanimously patiH-ed* today by the senate virtually in tUe form It'passed the house. TELLS OF SINKINGS IN . MM CHANNEL Some Losses, But These Are Small Compared to Sailings London, Feb. 7.-(Via Renter's Ot; tawa Agency).-in the house of commons, replying (o Mr. Houston^ Hon, H. J. JlacNamnraj, under-socrotary of tho admiralty, stated that out ot a crew of twenty and twenty-five military and naval passengers, 14 and 18 were respectively lost, owing to the enemy recently sinking a, channel passenger ship bound tor.a ifrepch i)ort. He also stated "the Captain was tlio only aur-vor out ot twenty-five aboard a ateam-or from Ireland to Liverpool Bay. The steamer carried 400 hoi^d of cattle and 200 isheep. Mr, Houston asked who-^ tlier n steiinior liad been suuk.'in Liver-! pool on January 2(i ,wfth a loss.of 12 lives, 15G cattle, .161. sheep and 139 pigs. Mr, MncNamarn admitted that the details ot the, cargo were aa^ stated. He added that the percentagTe of losses of .vessels making tho voyage | from Ireland to Britain was extremely small .compared with tho number of voyages, . ..- . t i' , - ,  ' 1 ' Paris, l''eb. 7.-vHeavy.artillery; fighting on the Aisne and Verdun fronts and in Alsace is reported in today's ot-ticlal communication. It follows: : "The artillery on both sides waa.par-tlcularly active on the.front north of tho Aisne, in the region .of Chavlg-non, Pagny and Filain on the right bank ot the Jieusc, in l.hCksecjtp'r between Samogneux and-Hill-3'44, and In the vicinity ot Hartmannawoiler-kopf. German detachments which attempted to appr,oach small French posts northeast of Braye-Exij^Lannols, in tho region of Mortlet; AVood were reimlsed. '; . � "In the Champagne the French carried out a successful raid on German trenches east of Teton. In Alsace, alter violent artillery preparatioil the Germans made an ihetfectual attempt to penetrate the French' lines at two points near Banholz,, "Yesterday morning a. iGermaii air-piano was brought dowii'by the tiro ct French antl-alrcratt guns." Report Shows Prisoners On Industrial Farm Wer.e Fairly Treated MARQUIS DUFFERIN IS DEAD IN LONDON London, l Laku Huron indicate that with * Ice from 20 iuchea. to two feet,  thick general navigation will 4> ^ �� � Albany, N. Y., I^ob, 7.-British subjects nv tills state number 85,612, AO-, cording to^ lists compiled from-the' state military census figures and fun nished ; to tho British-Canadian re-' oruHIng mission. Under an agree-, ment juat signed by Great Brllain^and tlio United Statea.raany ol these.sub-, jocts will, he liable to droh, but ;tho^ recruiting officers from Canada aroi; making a great effort � to enlist'a's; many as possible. ,i J YOUTH OF COUNTRY ARE VERY WAYWARD Alberta To Get Resources High WEATHER If^rieoV: Partly falrj iiiiiiff.'' ;t: 41 33 y^innlpsQ, Feb. 6,-A �peciatde-paten t9 tha Free Prest from tha OttawA eorraapondant aaya: *fTha eonUjvne* of >trovlnelal pramlart ;and^mlnl�t�ra with the fadaral aov'-: rnmant'h*r� naxt waak wilT, it it expected, retulti'i^H�ma of land aettlament inVelvtnf'tha'hand Ing over to tha.pnlrl^ aroytriMf' by tha Oon�inlon Vthf^^^i^AnXiH Montreal, Feb.7.-During adls9UB-slon at -the annual meeting of .< the; Synod of the,Diocese ot Montreal yes; torday on unfavorable intluonoes' now, at work, on the youth ot the (audi! Bishop Farthing referred to the re-� grettablo fact- that many were , con-; firmed who never took eommdnlont  Many regard conflrmatl90i he declared, as though it were.on a! , level of vaccination, The"MavleB%. were blaiued by some of the speakers � tor the' wiiyward tendonciea ot yotttli : .01,difteront, cltlos. / "- ,  LOOK AFTER BLIND �0U0lift'�4 Ai� Atlantic Port. Feb, Tii-sr^ShfC' ; members ot the British' kVipmiMidii - i oragnlzed by Sir Arthuy'^FeWlJJni ta-! lOOlC atter the wnlfnrA n# a'i-iUltch-anhllriili^i od by the war British Bteamer.iTbay Dlathwaite. Miss Eva- Femuu ud ;4i^ R�hy.'Mltch�Jl ^' * . . � sir ArthU!;^mr�J�Hi ta;. I welfare of poldlctfp.^^l^Ha.  'iM r arrived harfi todaSflii'prA' aer. They are-Bjiyinonft* 91 38 ;