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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, February 6, 1975 Quick, the best one. Picnics part of life for Korean children -The Herald- Youth WALTER KERBER photo Well which one do you pick These are the candidates entered in the Chinook Winter Carnival queen contest this year at the Lethbridge Community College. The winner will be crowned at the carnival cabaret Saturday in the 4-H Building. From left to right are Georgina Hecker, law enforcement student; Shari Hohm, physical education; Judy Modrzejewski, business administration; Darlene Terry, business administration; Dori Steubel of radio arts; Marie Therriault, outdoor recreation; and. Patricia McKenzie., physical education. By re-emphasizing fundamentals of the movement. Declining scout membership 6can be reversed OTTAWA (CP) By re- emphasizing the fundamentals of the movement, scouting can reverse its recent membership decline and go on to new strengths. That's the view of Lt.-Gen. William Carr, Canada's deputy chief scout. The Boy Scouts of Canada, the movement's English speaking sec- tion, has lost members steadily 1 since it reached a peak of in 1965. By the end of 1974, this figure had declined more than 26 per cent, to But scout officials see reason for optimism in the fact that the 1974 drop was only 1.5 per cent from 1973 figures. "I. am not preoccupied with numbers but rather with the relevance and quality of our said Gen. Carr. "Then, automatically, the numbers will come." He said loss of membership can be related in part to a general decline in the number of young people eligi- ble to participate in boy scout pro- grams after the end of the post-war baby -boom. There are scout programs for all from the age of five to 24. Gen. Carr is deputy chief of defence staff and one of the top military men in the country. But his real passion is the scouting move- ment in which he has participated for 40 years as a scout, scout leader and scoutmaster. He assumed his present position in the movement about 18 months ago. The Chief Scout of Canada is Gov.- Gen. Jules Leger. Gen. Carr said the movement began to lose members in the mid- 1960s because it strayed away from- its guiding principles. "In our attempt to keep up with the times we tended to over- sophisticate our programs." The movement began to use jargon that more properly belonged in a business organization, referring to establishment of goals, measure- ment of success and similar terms. At the same time there was a tendency to "over-democratize" the movement. The traditional role of leaders was undermined, resulting in lower morale among adult volunteers. "Youth wants leaders. They know they need leaders." After a period of intense self- examination, the organization has also decided to redouble its emphasis on outdoor programs. Gen. Carr cited increased atten- dance at summer camps and weekend camps in 1974 as evidence of renewed interest. But there was a growing recogni- tion that the attitude of scouts to the outdoors would have to change. In its report to the November meeting of the Boy Scouts of Canada national council, the program com- mittee said: "In recent years we have been corning under increasing criticism by outside authorities; the phrase 'behave like scouts' often be- ing used to describe destructive camping practices." Gen. Carr agreed that scouts will have to change their approach. Live trees should no longer be cut, grease pits no longer dug and all garbage should be taken from campsites. Again he said, it's just a matter of returning to the fundamentals of the movement. He quoted its founder, Lord Baden-Powell: "When you leave a campsite, leave nothing but your thanks." He said scouting must become more adaptable in its approach to boys in urbanized settings. There are pilot .programs in cities like Toronto aimed at the special needs of youth in ethnic communities and in high-rise apartment buildings. But scouts have long since learned to adapt their programs- to the special needs of different areas, the deputy chief scout added. In the Arctic, where about 45 per cent of eligible youths are scout members, it was found that awards for campfire and woodcraft skills were not practical in the barren en- vironment. So the movement introduced awards for interpretation skills, dog-team driving and snow-house building. By DIANE CASSELBERRY Christian Science Monitor SEOUL, South Korea How often does your child's school class go on a picnic together? Once a year for some special occasion? Maybe twice? In many countries in Asia, schoolchildren can almost tell time by the number of picnics they have each month. May, June, and July, they'll tell you, pass especially quickly because that's when most schools have the most picnics. In Korea, for example, schools have special picnic days in the spring and summer to remind students of important things such as alphabet day, (school) founda- tion day, and treeday. But more often, they have picnics for no real reason at all, ex- cept to have fun. School picnic days in Korea start early in the morning with children helping their mothers prepare a food that's usually eaten only at picnics! Fried chicken? Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches? No it's "seaweed which tastes better than it sounds. Large squares of dried, salted seaweed are laid flat on a table, and'several spoonfuls of rice are spread in a straight line across the seaweed. On top of the rice go thin strips of meat, fried egg, spinach, and pickled turnips. The seaweed is rolled up tight around the rice, making a round loaf like an ice cream roll which is cut into thick slices. These "seaweed rice" slices are then packed several layers deep in flat rnetal lunch boxes, which are tied in bright plaid cloths for easy carrying. With lunch boxes, ther- moses, badminton racquets, and sometimes soccer balls (in net bags) slung over their shoulders, the children then catch public buses to meet their classmates at a favorite park, forest, or lake. Here in the capital city, thousands of schoolchildren each week have their picnics in what used to be very sacred places the palaces of kings. Korea no longer has kings, and parks, gardens, and ponds which were once the playgrounds'of young princes and princesses now are open to all children and adults too. Some of these palaces the huge, quiet, walled- "Secret Garden" in downtown Seoul for example are famous for the flowers and trees that blossom each year. And instead of taking cameras on picnics, many children carry their easels and watercolors to paint the snow white cherry and pear blossoms, the bright yellow forsythia, and the deep pink and purple azaleas. Koreans of all ages love to sing, and picnics call for songs with lots of hand motions. Children sit in large circles, following the actions and verses of a leader in the center of the circle. Korean children begin to learn foreign languages in elementary school, and pic- nics also give them a chance to practice their English, French, or Japanese. One of the best known American folk songs in Korea is "Home on the Range" with hand motions, of course. After lunch, there's usually time to visit the park conces- sion stands for dessert. And Seoul children say that cotton candy, strips of dried squid, or banana flavored ice cream bars are the perfect end to a picnic day. KOREAN YOUNGSTER WITH LUNCH BOX LEISTER'S MUSIC LTD. Campus Corner Glass-worker gets break after years of bad luck VANCOUVER (CP) Bob Rouda says he has been fired from almost every job he has ever started but now he has found something which is not only paying his bills but is also of great personal satis- faction. Things may have appeared pretty bleak until some friends in southeastern British Columbia's Kootenay area asked Mr. Rouda to repair some broken windows. Now he makes a living by sell- ing artworks made of pieces of glass. SEE THE LENS THAT DARKENS THE SUNLIGHT (VARIGRAY) Mr. Rouda had no formal art training but when his friends asked him to fix the windows at their house he de- cided to do something creat- ive. "They'd been so nice to me it wasn't enough just to cut a window for them. So I made a three-dimensional hopper and a heart-and-flower window, and an elephant window, and a frog 'said the 29- year-old artist now Hying in Vancouver. Living in a converted base- ment laundry rooni, sur- rounded by boxes of broken glass, bits of wood and lengths of lead, he builds his art pieces. "I've always had a vision that eternity is transparent: that the world is forever, and brilliant, like said the artist. "I really get off on cut- ting it. And I like working with stained glass. You can paint Give To THE ABILITY FUND (Formerly the March of Dimes) Ability Fund gifts help to develop and main- tain assessment programs for the disabled so that a realistic goal can be set on an individual basis. A letter was sent to all householders recently. Donations shoud ber sent to the address on this letter. Help the physically disabled develop the abilities they do have HELP THE ABILITY FUND it, pure, solid it's a luxury." Now he has plans of build- ing candle shades, lamp shades and three-dimensional glass sculptures. "I have this compulsion to build three-dimensional win- dows that you can put plants in." Frogs also interest the glass-worker. "Some day I hope to make a stained-glass frog window. I'm fascinated by frogs. When they're mating, you could have the Grateful Dead play- ing Beethoven's Fifth in their ears and it wouldn't disturb them." Now with the frogs, ele- phants and plants as subjects of his work, he classes him- self as an "independent capi- although he maintains his primary goal is not profit. 5 Beavers promoted FOREMOST (Special) Five Busy Beavers have been promoted from the Sunshine Beaver Colony to the First Foremost Wolf Cubs. They are Brent Cawthra, Elaine Huisman, Mark Klatt, Cyril Machacek and Terry Stafford. The ceremony was led by Beaver Leaders Jo Street, Dorothy Dyck and Hazel Tagg, assisted by "Silver Beaver" Lome Buis. The new Cubs were receiv- ed by Akela Irene Wallman and assistants Paulette Garbcr and Dorothy Dyck. By ANNE NYMAN Kate Andrews High School Coaldale The year is 1975. The place is Canada. Canada has awaken- ed to the fact that she no longer controls herself. Canada realizes something must be done, and done quickly. And Canada wants her own identity! The United States has concentrated her investments in our raw material industries. They bring in their own equipment, technologists, and engineers. So consequently, few key jobs are provided for Canadians. Most of the research and technology for the U.S. companies in Canada is also done in the United States. And through political pressure, unfortunately, the American businesses have an overwhelming impact on the Canadian government. Sometimes, in both research and government, and the interests and needs of Canadian business- es are hardly considered. Where the United States has taken over manufacturing, they produce too many brands of one product for the smaller Canadian market. Sometimes, the products are shipped to the U.S. parent company and then back to us, making prices un- reasonably high. The Canadian market is considered a very minor part of their global marketing strategy. The American owned companies most often buy the parts and equipment need- ed in manufacturing from their parent companies, even though they could avoid taxes and transportation costs by using Cana- dian suppliers. But many Canadians underestimate the benefits we receive from the United States investment. Canada pays about a billion dollars capital on borrowed money to the U.S. each year. However, the money collected in taxes from the American owned corporations, exceeds Canada's capital payments to the United States. Canadians find it too big a gamble to invest in large, risky projects, that have no guaranteed market. An American firm would be in much less danger of going broke because of the American parent company backing.' United States provides more than just the capital in their investments. For example, they provide their own advertising, marketing, and business skills If Canada were to try to replace these, it would be very costly and a long drawn out process. Through the years Americans have been investing here, we have become more independent. U.S. money has allowed us to develop intellectually, socially, and culturally. U.S. investments have provided jobs for many outstanding Canadians who, consequently, remain in Canada. Without American investment, not only would our level of living have been much slower developing, but our economic growth would have been retarded also. Canada's tariff U.S. control, can take the blame for the inefficient way U.S. branch plants produce. This tariff makes it possible for them to produce high-cost goods and per- mits them to compete in foreign markets. United States capital has benefited the Canadians in developing natural resources that Canadians couldn't risk nor afford. They have increased the manufacturing in the country and created many jobs for Canadians. We should be grateful for this help UP TO A POINT! That point has been reached and passed. Canada no longer has control over her own resources, and this is dangerous. The thing that would be most advantageous is for Canadian investment to slowly begin buying out the Americans until Canada owns at least 60 per cent of her own country. Then she could again be her own master. Winter carnival queen Cathy Rohovie, 17, was named 'Queen' last week during the winter carnival at Catholic Central High School. Cathy, a Grade'12 student, is crowned by last year's queen, Kathie Wilson. Her duties as queen included helping out with the carnival activities and she will crown next year's queen. She was one of four entered in the contest. Entry closing date for the Lethbridge Kiwanis Music Festival is February 8th Should any music be required please place your order nowl LEISTER'S MUSIC LTD. IMnrf ju. A t. RUM 327-ZJ72 ;