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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuotdoy, February 6, 1*73 - THE IETHBRIDGE HSRAID - 11 Newcastle disease brings word of caution By R1C SW1HART of The Herald The outbreak of Newcastle disease that occurred in a poul- try flock in Olds was the only case in the province during 1972 and none have been reported elsewhere in Alberta. Dr. Norm Harries, director of the Lethbridge Veterinarian Diagnostic Laboratory, said vaccination helps to protect against the disease. Larger commercial egg producers rou- Swine disease confirmed in provincial hog herds Transmissible gastroenteritis rj'GE) has been confirmed in several swine herds in south-central Alberta. Although its presence has been suspected in the past, it was the newer diagnostic techniques now being used at the provincial veterinary laboratory in Edmonton that made possible a positive diagnosis. Dr. Norm Harries of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory in Lethbridge, said swine producers who find sudden outbreaks of vomiting or diarrhea in thdr herd or a high death loss in animals up to two weeks of age should get in touch with their veterinarian or the diagnostic lab. He said this disease is the cause of the largest hog industry loss in the U.S. and Britain. It can get out of hand if producers don't keep a watch on their herds, "If it does, a lot of money will go down the drain," said Dr. Harries. TGE is caused by a virus, and like other virus diseases, it is very contagious. Once established it usually spreads rapidly to all the pigs in the herd. In older pigs, Tike feeders and sows, its effects are fairly minor; but in a farrow- ing barn where there are new Jitters, it can cause very serious losses. A high percentage of young nursing pigs usually die from acute vomiting and diarrhea. Symptoms in older pigs decrease in severity with increased age. Sows suffer least, often showing only a transitory diarrhea, loss of appetite and, perhaps, some vomiting. They usually recover quite, quickly. Treatment for TGE- is of little, or no value, according to Dr. G. R. Whenham who is head of the field services branch of the Alberta veterinary services division. He says the sick pigs either die quickly or recover without assistance, depending upon- their age. Since there is no vaccine available in Canada to protect a swine herd against this disease, it is important to try to avoid bringing it onto the premises through the purchase of a pig which may appear healthy but is in fact be a earner of the virus. Any additions brought into the breeding herd from an outside herd should be isolated from sows and gilts that are due to farrow within a month or less, Dr. Whenham says. Visitors should be kept away from the swine herd because they could carry the virus from another farm. There is one bright spot with TGE, and that is that immunity follows recovery. This means that the herd is immune for at least a year after an outbreak. Also, because an immune sow passes specific antibodies through her colostrum to her newborn pigs, they too are protected. In the case of an outbreak of TGE, Dr. Wheraham recommends letting it spread through the herd as quickly as possible, except in the case of the sows that are in the last three weeks of pregnancy. The sooner the sows get the disease, the sooner they will become immune, but those late in pregnancy will not have time to develop immunity to protect their new born litters. Dr. Whenham strongly advises anyone who suspects his herd may have transmissable gastroenteritis to consult his veterinarian immediately or to send sick pigs, or newly dead pigs, to one of the provincial veterinary laboratories, accompanied by a detailed description of symptoms and the general situation. SPECIAL FRONT-END ALIGNMENT �.99 NOW ONIY............................ W Including the following services:  Adjust camber  Adjust toe-in  Adjust caster  Adjust torchon bars  Check all tire pressures  Inspect condition of front-end alignment FREE HEADLITE ALIGNMENT WITH FRONT-END ALIGNMENT KING CHRYSLER DODG6 Corner of 3rd Ave. and 11th Phone 328-9271 St. S. 4-H report TURIN By Terry Oseen Turin 4-H Beef Club had its regular meeting Jan. 8. The pledge was lead by Janet Papworth and roll call was the name of the calf. Laurence Papworth was elected club librarian. Jan. 13 the club staged a successful bottle drive. Feb 16 at Lee's Palace in Picture Butte the club will hold its annual 4-H banquet to honor last years members. Club members are reminded record books must be handed in and public speaking trials performed. Next meeting Feb. 12. NORTH SIDE BAK ''The Home of Qimlity Baking' SPECIALIZING IN . . . % * OLD COUNTRY STYLE RYE BREAD  BUTTER CREAM CAKES  FINEST IN PASTRY PHONE 328-1629 BAKED FRESH DAILY 61 OA 13th Street North ALL PRODUCTS AVAILABLE FRESH DAILY AT COALDALE BAKERY tinely vaccinate birds as chicks. Newcastle disease is a fatal virus infection which spreads quickly through flocks. Dr. Harries said in view of recent outbreaks of the disease in Ontario and Quebec along with the one in Alberta, the need is even greater to continue vaccinating chicks. Owners of un vaccinated flocks should also seriously consider protecting their birds especially if they have one age of birds or if they are going to introduce replacement chicks, said Dr. Harries. As a word of caution, Dr. Harries said problems may arise if the vaccine is suddenly introduced t o premises where there are multiple ages of broilers or layers. Normally young birds are vaccinated and the stress always associated with the procedure isn't noticeable. The vaccine virus is live and will spread from the chicks to older birds. Broilers run the risk of a growth check or may become susceptible to other diseases. Dr. Harries said such setbacks could be very serious in broilers which to be profitable need to make continuous and rapid gains over (heir short life span of eight weeks. He said egg production will similarly be adversely affected if unvaccinated layers contact the vaccine virus. The decision to vaccinate is complex, he said, since a poutl-ryman must take into account his proximity to known outbreaks in the area, the density of poultry populations in his area, the type of flock he is operating and the movement of poultry within his region. Assistance from the provincial veterinary laboratory or from Rod Chernos, poultry specialist with the Alberta Department of Agriculture is available upon request. MODERN BEEF EXCHANGE LTD. 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