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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Quebec ballot building up as big test MONTREAL (Staff) The byelection that will be held next Monday (Feb. 8) to choose a successor to Pierre Laporte, the Quebec labor minister who was murdered by terrorists last fall, is building up as a test of federalist and separatist sentiment in French Canada. Although seven candidates have entered the field, there is little doubt in the mind of anybody that the election in suburban Chambly riding is a two-way fight between the Liberals, who form the government, and the separatist Parti Quebecois. The Union Nationale, which forms the official opposition in the National As- sembly, decided wisely not to present a candidate. The U-N is preparing for a leadership convention in the wake of last year's election setback and has no distinct policy alternatives to offer the voters. The Liberals are taking the separatist challenge seriously. The special circumstances surrounding the byelection, the economic and linguistic makeup of the constituency, and recent voting trends, give the con- test special significance. The linguistic divisions of the riding correspond approximately to those of the entire 20 per cent English-speaking and 80 per cent French. The constituency is a mixture of middle and working class districts. PQ fared strongly In last April's general election, the Parti Quebecois fared strongly in its first election bid. While Mr. La- porte won the National Assembly seat with 56.8 per cent of the vote, the separatists polled 31.8 per cent of the ballots cast. The other candidates, including the Union Nationale standard-bearer, trailed far be- hind. However, coloring the picture is the fact that about of the voters are English and almost cer- tainly voted for the Liberal party, which strongly de- nounced separatism. They will do so again on Mon- day. That leaves a balance of French-speaking votes between the election tallies of the Liberals and the Parti Quebecois. This year, with a newcomer to the riding Jean Cournoyer running for the Liberals, and the separa- tist candidate in last year's campaign also making an election bid, the feelings of the voters could1 change. Mr. Cournoyer was chosen by Premier Hobert Bourassa to fill the vacant labor portfolio because of his "special competence" in industrial relations. In accepting the job, however, Mr. Cournoyer changed par- ties having filled the same post in the former Union Nationale government. He lacks the personal contacts Mr. Laporte built up during nine years as the "dispute" from Chambly, and bad election record. As the Union Nationale incumbent in the Mon- treal riding of St. Jacques, he was defeated last April by a Parti Quebecois candidate, a precedent Premier Bourassa wouldn't like to see repeated. Voters will be very conscious of why National Assembly seat became vacant. This could result in massive support for Mr. Cournoyer, and would be interpreted as a show of support for the govern- ment's actions during the kidnapping crisis. It would' also show that no significant number of Quebecers Have become disenchanted since last year with Mr. Bourassa's strong stand in favor of federalism.' Parti Quebecois organizers are hopeful, however, that their candidate lawyer Pierre Marois will make a strong showing if he doesn't win the seat. They are running a candidate if only to show that people who believe in achieving independence by demo- cratic means feel no sense of guilt over the death of Mr. Laporte. Separatist leader Eene Levesque admitted at a Montreal press conference recently that he had doubts about the political wisdom of running a candi- date. But, he noted that the Parti Quebecois. has be- come the most vocal opposition in the National Assem- bly and said there existed a duty to provide the voters with an alternative. May sabotage campaign Both Mr. Cournoyer and Mr. Marois have been campaigning as hard as they would in any general election. The labor minister has been travelling extensively in the riding, turning up wherever he feels he can meet as many voters as possible. Aware of the politi- cal liability in crossing party lines, he is posing as a technocrat who is in public life only because there were problems which required his special skills. Mr. Marois says his main worry is that the trial dates of people charged in connection with the F.L.Q. crisis could sabotage his campaign. He says the gov- ernment has set up a "judicial Brink's" by making the dates of the main trials coincide with the current byelection campaign and the actual day of the voting. Parti Quebeccis supporters still haven't forgotten the bad publicity that accompanied a transfer of securities from Montreal to Toronto in Brink's trucks the week- end before the last provincial election. Drunk laws repeal urged OTTAWA (CP) All legislation making public drunkenness an offence should be repealed, a report lo the Canadian Criminology and Corrections Associa- tion says. Entitled Drain the Drunk Tank, the report recom- mends detoxication .centres under health and welfare rather ran law enforcement authority. "Until now the criminal justice system has failed to provkle any hope of improving the situation of the public sayd the report. It estimates that about jail sentences a year are served for drunkeness, costing the public for detention alone S10 million lo ?20 million. Most of those picked up were chronic drunks. From the MEMPHIS, Terai. (AP) Louise Beckett, 4, lis- tened quietly while a group of adults discussed the latest space mission. "But asked one of the adults, "are they sending men to the moon again." When none had a ready reply, Louise said: "I know why. They have to out the rocks back." It's war in Irish capital BELFAST (CP) Prime Minister James Chichester- Clark of Northern Ireland said tonight his government and the British army are fighting a war in this Ulster capital against Irish Republican extremists. He spoke as British troops clashed for the second straight night with rock and bottle- thro .ving rioters in the streets of Londonderry, embattled U1 s- ter's second city. And the British defence minis- try in London announced it was urgently dispatching 600 extra troops to Northern Ireland to reinforce the soldiers al- ready there, many of them ex- hausted by four nights of battle in Belfast. In Dublin, Eire Prime Minis- ter Jack Lynch blamed the Northern Irish government and the British army for the deterio- ration of the situation in Bel- fast. Lynch said today that "politi- cal mistakes and tactical er- rors" were mainly responsible for the new wave of violence. LISTS MISTAKES He Usted the decision to per- mit the formation of rifle clubs of former B Specials, the para- military police reserves of Uls- ter, what he called "insensiti- vity" in dealing with the Roman Catholic minority, and the fail- ure to fairly discriminate in army arms searches in North- ern. Ireland. SOLDIER KILLED In renewed rioting which broke out Friday night, a Brit- ish soldier and two Wshmeii were killed here in a Shootout between British troops and civil- ians reported to be members of the IRA. Another civilian died when a bomb he was about to throw exploded. They huffed, puffed on mountain Moonwalkers head home after losing climbing bet BULLETIN HOUSTON (AP) Astro- nauts Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell blasted off from the moon at p.m. EST today, beginning the tricky sequence to catch up and dock with their mother ship for the way home. HOUSTON (AP) Apollo 14's explorers completed lean's longest moon walk today but a gaspicg struggle to climb a steep slope halted them short of a prime goal, the run of a cra- ter named Cone. Alan B. Shepard and Edgar D. Mitchell returned to the lunar lander Antares after 414 hours on the moon and prepared Ho-w about this fellow? Shepard golfs on moon THERE'S YOUR DADDY' Mrs. Stuart A. Roosa, wife of Apollo 14 command module pilot, points out to television screen in the Manned Space Centre at Houston, Tex., and explains the telecast to a son, Stuart Jr., 8. HOUSTON (AP) Al Shep- ard, an occasional golfer on earth, became tile first to swing a club on the moon today and also tried his hand at tossing a javelin. Using a club-like handle from his tool cart, Shepard drove off two golf balls, ap- parently concealed aboard the space ship. And then he heaved off a spear-like part from their solar wind experi- ment. "I'm trying a sandtrap he said. "I got more dirt than ball." "Looked like a slice to me, said Mission Control, ob- serving the shot. "There we go, one said Shepard as he hit the second ball. "It goes miles and miles and miles." With no atmos- phere and one-sixth gravity an object travels far on the moon. There was no need to yell the traditional warn- ing to other golfers. Back home at Rivers Oaks Country Club in Houston, pro Jack Harden said Shepard plays golf occasionally and has a "pretty good" swing. Harden explained that a friend of Shepard's "who was working on the deal with him" approached him before launch and said Shepard was experimenting with the idea. "I designed this golf club head, a No. 6 iron, to fit on tile handle of one of his Harden said. "And I suppose he took some golf balls I gave him from my driving range." Precedent will be set if Ruste subpoenaed Italian students rampage ROME (Reuter) Thousands of angry students rampaged through central Rome Friday night, fighting with police and throwing gasoline bombs at buildings to protest an apparent resurgence of fascist violence in Italy. About students wearing crash helmets and armed with clubs, overturned cars, threw fire bombs at police and build- ings and set fire to the office of a neo-Fascist political party. Police said five policemen and two students were injured. Many more students were be- lieved to have been injured but did not go to hospitals for fear of arrest. About 50 youths were arrested but most were released after an identity check. The students were protesting a grenade attack Thursday against left-wing demonstrators outside the local headquarters of the Italian Social Movement in Catan- zaro in southern Italy. VANCOUVER (CP) Tha steering committee of the Com- mon's agriculture committee will consider Tuesday whether to set a precedent and sub- poena Alberta Agriculture Min- ister Henry Ruste to appear before members in Ottawa. Bruce Beer, Liberal chair- man of the committee, said during hearings here Friday that if Mr. Ruste, who failed to appear before the members two days ago, is subpoenaed "it would the first time a pro- vincial minister has been call- ed before a common's commit- tee, to Try knowledge." Canadian buyer best solution ATA pension benefits OTTAWA (CP) Federal of- ficials retained hopes Friday night that a Canadian buyer would be accepted in place of a potential U.S. purchaser for Home Oil Co. of Calgary. Informants said Energy Min- ister J. J. Greene expected no firm conclusion from current negotiations before next week at the earliest. A report earlier Friday that Home Oil president R. A. Brown had closed a sale to Ashland Oil Inc. of AsWand, Ky., was greeted with skepticism by the minister's aides. Mr. Greene had been left with the impression that no firm ac- tion would be taken by Mr. Brown this week. His deputy, J. C. Austin, has been conductirg conversations with businessmen involved. Clyde Webb, Ashland rice- president, subsequently denied that a deal had been closed to purchase control of Home Oil. Two Canadian-controlled com- panies, connected with the pe- troleum industry, have been in- volved in discussions, inform- ants said. In addition, there have been other one proposal that would have in- volved federal loans to finance the purchase. Seen and heard About town TJEVY of snow fiesta can- didates from Kimberley spreading smiles and beauty around the city as lolly Mamie Munro and Shirley Rossi, Kimb e r ley Centennial Snow Fiesta offi- cials kept admirers at bay seven-year-old Kathy Allison wondering why the city took the traffic light from 6lh Ave. and 9th St. S. "when so many kids cross there to go to the Family Y and to skate and mums and dads to The motion to call Mr. Kusta was made by Cliff Downey (PC-Battle River) during the committee's hearings in Ed- monton. ALBERTA LOAN Mr. Downey said some of the committee members want to question the Alberta minister about the Alberta government's loan of approximately mil- lion to the Alberta Poultry Marketing Co-Operative. Mr. Downey said the co-op now controls William Scott Ltd. of Vancouver, which controls about 35 per cent of the B.C. broiler slaughter and has been negotiating to take over major poultry companies in S'askat- chewan and Manitoba. It already controls 79 per cent of the Alberta poultry business, 37 per cent of the broiler allotment in Al- berta and 81 per cent of the poultry processing facilities in that province. He said if negotiations are successful the co-op "would control 81 per cent of the poul- try industry in Alberta, 65 per cent of the industry in Manito- ba and 80 per cent in Saskat- chewan as well as having con- trol of a major poultry com- pany in B.C." RUSTE SURPRISED Mr. Ruste, meanwhile ex- pressed surprise Friday at a recommendation. Mr. Ruste said he had been in touch with federal Agricul- ture Minister Bud Olson and also informed Mr. Beer that he would not be present at the Ed- monton meeting. The minister said h e h a d made it clear he would make his own presentation in Ottawa. Mr, Ruste said Alberta had accepted the legislation in prin- ciple. 'They say it's to protect their boys'' Rack up third space record for Mr. S. HOUSTON (AP) -Alan B. Shepard, already the first and oldest United States spaceman, picked up a third notch in the U.S. space record book today. H i s nine-hour three-minute trek on the moon gave him the longest time on the lunar sur- face, an hour and 12 minutes more than Apollo 12 astronaut Charles Conrad, who also made two walks. Conrad's time also was topped by astronaut Edgar Mitchell, who logged eight hours and 24 minutes on his two walks with Shepard. S'nepard became the first U.S. spaceman May 5. 1961, when ho piloted Freedom 7 on a 116-mile, 15-minute suborbiltal flight His third mark came Friday when at 47 he became the oldest man to land on the moon. boosted Rolls-Royce crisis may be solved EDMONTON (CD-Increas- ed pension benfits for Alberta's teachers were announced here by Education Alinister Robert Clark and the Alberta Teachers' Association. A 55 year old teacher whn supplies medical evidence of inability to continue teaching will be allowed by 1974 to re- tire without penalty. Teachers who retired before 1960 will receive a 30-per-cent increase, with progressively smaller increases to teachers who retired in subsequent years. Those who retired after July 3, 1970, will receive a cost-of- Bving increase of 2.5 per cent. WASHINGTON (Reuter) Hopes of saving the Rolls-Royce engine for the Lockheed Air- craft Corp. trijet airbus were boosted today with reports that a financial formula to solve the crisis might be in the offins Informed sources here said the British government has indi- cated its readiness to meet some of the extra costs that would be involved in going ahead with the engine. Lockheed Chairman Daniel Haughton arrived here Friday night from high-level talks on the problem in London and is believed to be ready to offer certain financial proposals. These would presumably centre on how Lockheed might be able to raise further money from U.S. banks, possibly with government support. British and American officials have been in hero on the Rolls-Lockheed crisis since it was announced in the British House of Commons Thursday that the British com- pany had gone into receiver- ship, mainly because of sky- rocketing coste of the RB-211 engine. Air Canada had ordered 10 of the buses. In Toronto, Eric Nelson, man- aging director, of Lockheed Air- craft Corp. of Canada, has initi- ated a move to have the Rolls- Royce engines built in a Cana- dian plant. Nelson said Friday lie has the support of "three or four" Ca- nadian companies in the field and of government officials in his attempts to have the engines built in Canada. Among the Canadian compa- nies interested in taking over the RB-211 project are Orenda Ltd. of Malton, Ont., and Bristol Aerospace (1968) Ltd. of Winni- peg. Nelson said facilities are po- tentially available in Canada to build tie engines there and ho is. looking into the possibility of getting the men and tooling equipment to move to Canada from Britain. Lockheed is exploring the pos- sibility of changing to other en- Eire trie or Pratt and sources close to the discussions said such a changeover might delay the L-1011 for 12 to 18 months. The sources believe Lockheed would prefer to stay with Rolls- Royce if at all possible rather than risk the delays and the doubts that would arise over the L-1011's viability if a change of engine were made at this late staee. themselves and the ship to start the return voyage to earth. The second walk lasted as long as the first one had Friday. Despite their disappointment in not reaching Cone Crater as part of their geological field trip, they gathered ancient rocks, dug trenches and sank core tubes four feet into the soil. More than anything else, how- ever, they wanted to reach the rim of Cone. They had bet many of their fellow astronauts on earth that they could do it. But as they climbed higher and higher on the long boulder- strewn slope they became more and more exhausted. They breathed heavily and their heart beats nearly doubled. Mission Control advised them to stop about two-thirds of the way up the 400-foot-high moon mountain. "That's the order of the Shepard lamented. "It's farther than it said a disappointed Mitchell. So they came back down the slope and continued their scientific expedition, and by the time they were back at. .Antares, they were in a jovial mood. With color television record- ing bis moves, Shepard took out two golf balls he had smuggled to the moon and whacked them with a club-like handle from his tool cart. Then he took a spear- like part from a solar wind ex- periment and' hurled it like a javelin. In the airless one-sixth grav- ity of the moon, the objects really travelled. "It goes miles and miles and Shepard said. Mitchell re- marked. WEIGH ROCKS Once back inside the LM, Shepard and Mitchell reported they collected 108 pounds of rocks. There is a scale on the lander's exterior. That's almost as much as the combined total of the Apollo 11 and 12 astro- nauts, 122.5 pounds. Scientists at the Space Centre were pleased with the day's ex- pedition. "I would say results of the geology traverse were excel- said Dr. Robin Brett, chief of the centre's geochemis- try branch. He added it was impossible now to tell whether any of the samples date back to the moon's origin. Shepard said many of the rocks were "very fine grained crystalline, very smooth on the outside." "Ed got a small piece of white rock and we brought back one typical of other reddish brown he added. "The smaller boulders closer to the ground were covered with dust. Those sampled near Cone Crater had no appreciable dust." The expedition across the dusty soil, planned to cover feet, had gone well and the moonmen had collected a treas- ure of rocks and soil samples for science when they reached the base of the sloping 400-foot rise leading to Cone. RUN INTO TROUBLE But on man's first attempt to climb a moon mountain they immediately encountered trou- ble and had to alternately pull and carry their two-wheel cart up the long grade, making their way around rocks as large as 20 feet across. They huffed and puffed and stopped often for rest. At one point about halfway up, Shepard doubled they could make it. "Aw, gee whiz, let's give it a Mitchell urged. "I think we'll find what we're looking for at the top." They were seeking some of the oldest rocks on tile moon, perhaps dating back 4.500 mil- lion years io UK birth of the moon. They moved ahead, but Shep- ard reported: "It's hard, hard, hard." With their heart beats at 150, np from a normal 84 for Shep- ard and 90 for Mitchell, pround controllers again told them to rest. They sagged down against a boulder, and at this point were directed to go no farther, ;