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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 6, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETIIBRIDGE, ALBERTA. WEDNESDAY, EEftHUARY (5, 15)I� NUMBER 48- ARMIES LINING UP FOR GREAT CLASH ON WEST FRONT SEPABAIE SIAIE N itUSlNOW Bolsheyiki. Take Steps To Eliminate Clergy From Affairs of State FURTHER EVIDENCE OP HUN RASCALITY ^�rlt, Feb. 6.-The Petit P�rli-Itn publithea a tatter of Inttruc-tlena to German military agertte in the United Statee dated Jmnuary :m, -1915, and algned "Qeneral HeMquartera, Dr. Ffaher." In the letter direetlena are given concerning ttie destruction of property In the Ut^lted Uatee-by cxplo-�lona and oMierwIia and the following la added: "Agents to carry on deatruetivD wonlrcan be recruited among the worklngmen's unions which have anarchlttlc tendencies." CLERGY WILL NOT DRAW SALARIES , NOW FROM GOVT, t Polrogml,. Veb. a.-(delayed).-The So^yet Issued a decree today, nigned by NIkolol Lenlne. and other mom-bora of tho de facto govornment,.absolutely separating the church and t)ie state, eliminating church Income fteni the state and contlscatlDB all �diurch really, turnUUlnga and jiara-pbBrnalla. The decree Btlpulatea that rcUglOua RoctotleH may continne to jiHe the property exclusively for rpllK-loUH aervlces, aHhough. tho title la vested In the state. RellRiouH' freedom la guaranteed so long as religious societies do not interfere with Hocjal order, limit the rights of individuals or hinder the republic. No religious .scniples are to exempt persons from their ilutles as citizens. The religious oath Is can-�:elled and replaced by iiromlse. Slar-riage ceremonies and birth registrn-llons are to be performed by the civil iiulhoritlea. Religious teaching Is abol-Jshed in state ^schools and private .schools with a. similar curriculum. No state assistance will be given to any church, speiejy or religious .ngent. No religious society will bo per-lultted to own any property but will iHcroIy be permitted to borrow it from the state > for ch'urtfli services. Tho statement adds that moflks attacked a Rod Guard with clubs and ftm't Boidiors were forced to shoot in 6o!t defence, No SalarlCG for Clergy  ^ Udl|don, Feb. (i".-The separation, of �tHte\'and church by the BolshevikI Kovemitient is explained in a- long Htatemetit.-3oili,t,.i05road by th.e noisho-vikl"offlfelDrtiteVB agency. From this it Is apparent that all eccleclastical l)rouerty]haa been declared, to'bBlong fo thfe^^people and Is to be used for the common weal. After niarcli 1 the clergy will receive no salaries from the govern-jucnt. However, they will receive four iwe U(i' salary In advance. Eccleciastic-nl fuiiciions and cnrempnies may ^bn ,ahel)ed very frequently by the enemy dnd is considered very dangeroits. tli tiirned the childrou over'to'aii ainbulaiicS driver who returned them to their iiomes In a near-Ijy vlltfege.- ' AFTER SCALPOF .F. Cold Storage Men Brin^ Pressure to Have Him Removed From Office A HtE AUTO Harold Ritchie Killed, Another at Death's Door-Car Went Over Bridge Ottawa, I'-eb. C-The Morning Citizen says that "strohg pressure is being brought to bear on the government to have W. P. O'Connor, K.C., removed froln the position of cost' of living commissioner.", The Citizen adds that the pressure comes from the cold storage interests wlilch are displeased with Mr. O'Connor's reports. . ilr. O'Connor,,In referring to the criticisms his reports bavo called forUv in an interview with the Canadian Press Limited, j'esterday, said: "Whenever' my conduct as cost of living commlasipner is unsatisfactory, I have no doubt'that Ishall receive an Intimation t� that effect, whereupon I shall no longer bo'cost of living commissioner." . ' il^ondon, Feb. (i.-The negotiations at Brest-hllovslc have been, broken off, tho correspondent at Petrograd ,of the Kxchange Telegraph company says he is intorraod. Koports from Brost-bltovsk In the last few days indicated that a deadlock had been reached on tho' nucstlon of Ukraine. After the Ukrainian dole-gatesnmd almost completed an agreement with Uie Germons and Austrians for ii separate peace, the Bolslieylkl sent to- Hre,m-I..itovsk nt�w delegdteB who, they said, were the real represea-(atlve.s of Ukraine. The ruiu'esentn-tlvc'i of the central powers, anxious to make peace with I'Hralne and obtain food supplies there, u-efused to recognize the new delegates, who represent the soldiers' and workmen's deputies of Ukraine, whereas the delegation was selected by the Ukrainian rada. This situation was considered^t the crown council in Uerlln on Monday, after which tho German and Austr:)-Muiigarian foreign ministers left for Brest-liltovsk. Russians Cross the Lines Amsterdam. Feb, 0.-The German and Austro-Hungarlan foreign ministers. Dr. Von Kuehlniahn and Count Czernlu, left Berlin last night for Brest-LRovsk to continue the peace negotiations, aciiording lo a despatch from the German capital. Three Russian army corps on the Russo-Rumau-ian front, the Lokal^nzelger of Bor-1 lin HUya. twice attenipted to cross the ' Rumanian frontier, but' only -small detachments' succeeded In getting through. It is adflctl that 3,000 Rus-.".ians, with 200 horses, crossed into the lines of lUe army of the central powers.. ' , Don't Want Separation.' London, Feb. 6.-An official Russian wireless dispatch contains a ded.ira? ,tlon by l.,ettish representatives from the Lettish councils of socialists .and soldiers protesting against the usfio.--tlon of the Austro-German delegation at Brest-Litovsk that the Letts had expressed a desire for separation from Russia. , / The demand is expressed that the German and Russian forces be withdrawn from the Lettish territory so that the Inhabitants can freely express their will for unconditional unity and undivided existence. The Russian commission of w^r prisoners announces that local workmen's and soldiers' councils ijre releasing enemy prisoners ot war by tho thousands.' These men are moving toward Petrograd In great numbers- and it is said that 40,-000 already are iu the Petrograd-dis-trict. ' ' , . �. A declaration similar to that uade by the Letts has been Issued by the Bsthonians. It demands full and unfettered self-determi.nation for tha-whole ot Esthonla, including .Oesel, Dago and the neighboring Islands Inhabited by Gsthouians. Paris, pA;'6.-Ilolo Pasha, who is on trial befpro the high court on � charge of treason, lost something of ^Is customary norve at the close of yesterday's, flCHsloii, when the twvcrn-merit's first witness, an expert arcount-ant. M. Doyen, tvflcr solemnly turning to tho prisoner with the declaration: "AU of Bblo's sUilomentH arc Uei; he never received the commission ho alleges n� the basis of his fortuuc," handed to the court receipts, chetiues and other docunieiits, showing that Bolo had received half a million dollars each from the Guaranty Trust Company dt Now Yoik, agents of the Deutsche Bank before the w.fl-, and Vliu R f al Bank of C;innda. It t \ii only when .M. Doyen bogan his testimony that llolo slumped cown In Ills aeBt.'and with face that strove t'j look uncpncernftd listened to the accusations hurled ju, him. Ho i)rii-sented a strong contrast at first to his co-prlnoner, Porchcre, his former secretary, who, In a pitiful shakiug voice, with hand upraised, had .s'worn lie was Innorunt, In the'laKcr liiiU of thn session, however, I'orchero ci^emod cooler than Bolo. This was especially true when M. Doyon read a specimen letter from a collection of photographic ^eprocjuciions ot cheques aM other papers, which had been scut here by tho ullorucy-general of Now �york. This letter was addrossod to the Amslnck Bank, reading: "You win receive smns for my account, the amount of which I'avcn-stadt, (former head .of this bank) knows." Among the other exhibits showing the payment by the Guaranty Company to the Amslnck Bank for $500,000 paid "for the.account and by order ot lUo Deutsche Hnnk," a * * * OUa.w�ujKob. G.-The request of the Helail .Merchants' Association tc^i have the dates tor the fuel controller's closing down order changed from Saturday, Sunday and .Moner Month Faster Than Germany*Can Build Them-Wall St. ^ .lournal Gives Facts DOMINION TO TRANSFER Troops in Great Numbers Be,-ing Massed on Both Sides of Line Saskatchewan and Alberta ftlay Also Come in 'on This Deal Winnipeg, Feb. G.-.\mplifyitig the brief remark' in his budget speech of Monday night that he was looking.forward to the early transfer by the Dominion to tho province o^f its natural resources when the province will acquire title to some Ufi.OOO.OOO acres of land, held by the ''Dominion, to say notliing of the vast mineral resources, llon.-^ Kdward Brown, provincial "treasurer. In an Interview confirms his Intimation that the Dominion government -intended to transfer tlie natural resources' ot Manitoba to the control of the provinelHl gouemnient. Mr. Brown said he believed thattho transfer would be made during the^ presj.ent year. Edmonton, ,Fe.b. (i.-Tlte skidding ot �n nutomobilb on the bridge over the iLatt{( I raylne was resiionslblo for one 'Of the most disastrous motorsaccldents tjiat has occurred In Edmonton iu years. ) Howard Ritchie, son of J, W. nitcUie, of ,the, Ritchie Lun'ibei' company, was iMtantly killed, while one of his four c'oihpanlbnH lies nt death's door at the general^hbiipUal, It was reported this inornloK'that their conditlotv te still tfrltJcal.,' Thqse^wljo are at are Eflward Schnbltler, JSldcm S. Claire, li'rBiik'Huldhlsbh and Albert Clark. > Polled investigation of the scene hows Hbat the'car skidded for gome feet, and that It crashed into the railing ou the south side of tho bridge, at *|Kbbut the centre Of the structure. It had carried �way about forty feat of the ratlluR diid lay a total wreck at^] the bottom of. tho ravine, htt*!ng made �ta�eor;4r6pot forty/^^ >' PAID EXTREME PENALTV , : Hrahtfordv^Ont., Fob. �.-Curmoilo CalloJtt, MaUe�e,' at 7:30-this morning paid the price In dBntl\ tor tho murder of Giobntta Bornello, n fellow country-maJ), in 'Aujy last, the robbery of the dead map, who carried a money bolt ^^Ul|-all;HlHv�n,YluB� In It,'being taken, the motive, .Oalloja wont to his |Uuntlr (ii;(ft6atlnii; his Innocence, REFORMATdRY BURNS, LOS^ IS A MILLION .Jefferson, Indiana, Feb. �Ki.-^FIve of the thirteen .buildlnge In the group comprising the Indiana static, reformatory were destrjoyed by tire early today entailing an estimated tpsii of $1,-000,000, Twelve, hundred, and eighty-five prisoners ^eta. removed to the institutional schoo^ building, 200 yards away frbm the fire where, they were placed under guard,', No on^ tried to escape. f.'t (SpecinI to tUo Hcrnlil) Kdmonton, Feb. H.-^The new senatorial appointnieiUs uot only reduces the membership of the legislative assembly by one but Imposes on the op-posltlofr the necessity of choosing a neW loader to fill the place Mr. Mlch-enennow automatically vacates. However, as the member for Red Deer's elevation was expected the opposition will not be taken by surprise.. The names mentioned are A. F. Bwing and .lames Ranuiey here, but the choice may devolve upon George Hoadley, who proved himself equal to the situation 01^ a number ot occasions last session. The first business of the house after tho speech from the throne will be the re-olectl�li of anf ten to elghti-;provides lhat-|Ue pi'^J'l-dent may Initiate if tea aui^vthelntor-atato conimeroe Qopiinla^lan^hall hold Uottrlugs and BUlimli.i^ iindinic to the proatdeitt who ahaU'HAKV,:�iiah action as h� may ilerim �'uetiesBaryv; it complaint arises; '.);.: :, \: Ottawa, Feb. C.-The advisory council for scientific and Industrial research had fprwardcid a memorandum to the government urging that Immediate action be taken to make available the varied fuel resources within the Dominion for use in tho coming year, 'flio services of the council, to,that end, have been placed at tho dlapoaal *ot the goverijment, At the roduost of the institute t)t Civil Ehglneera of Great Britain (he council has also taken, alopa to bring before the government and' certain manulaclureraof importance of Canada associating itelelf with the movement recently organized In Great Britain, (he United States and K'rance for combined action in connoctlqii with the standardization of .various enf{in' oerlng. products "usei^and exported from these countries, . tho mannfacturo of tho lignite oualav ot western Canada Into briquettes 'lutt-j�b)e for domestic ubw PROM DRAFTING Wsihington, Feb. 6.-Represe/i-tative Miller, who recently visited the battlefront in France, told the hpuse yesterday that he believed German submarines are being destroyed about as rapidly as Germany can build them." Mr. Miller said that during the | past ten months times / as many submarines were destroyed as were destroyed during the previous two and one-half years. Some Facts �N'ew York, Feb.,C-The Wall Street Journal publishes today some lURtde tacts on tho destruction oC U-boats. "It was not. quite a year ago that we annovmced that important measures had been inaugurated by which the Germon submarines wore doom-efi," it stated. "The report now is ^hat tho capture and sinking of German submarines has reached 1 1-4 ii day, or 38 per month-more German losses each month than there were German submarines at (he, outbreak of'the war-Nvhlle German construction Is at the rate of only 2,1 a month. A submarine cannot, safely sink lower than 200 feet as tho water pressure Is too great. Airplanes and seaplanes can detect them from above at almost this depth  and certainly well beyond 100 feet. Thn aeronauts and the birds see the bottom of every lako over whicli they fly. By reason of the w.itor pressure the ocean depths are without lite and their'bottom Is volcanic ash and meteorites. The submarine mpst keep within the domain ot the fish on shoals and shores and Ilka-the fish, their air bladder bursts under pressure or con-, cuaslon. "When the United States and her allies have a sufficient number of air-plai�*3 and sea planes, they can clear the ocean ot every submarine just as ffrtectlvely as the British navy swept the German raiders from the sed and sweeps up the mines that Germany sets afloat." , Petrograd, I'^ob. 4.-=-(Delayed)-The BolshevikI authorities tiavo instructed Maxim Lltvinotr, their,represemativo in-jLondon, to protest to tho British forhlgn office against the drafting of KiiBslan citizens in the'British army. PERMIT RACING TO ENCOURAGE BREEDERS Toronto, Feb. 6-A resolution was passed at tho annual meeting of the Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Association yesterdliy to the effect that tho government bu petitioned to permit aUtnltdA amount of racing on such tracks as encourage Canadian breeding, under similar conditions us .pertained before tho passing of legislation prohibiting betting. Among the directors for 1918 is M. B. Carlin, Victoria, B,'C. MANY KILLED IN COLLISION, FINLAND London, Feb. C-A great number of persona were killed or\Injured in'coil-sequonco ot a colliaton.^ between a train loaded with Red Guards and a government train sent to Intercept tho Red Guard troln near Kemi, northern Finland, according to 'aii Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Oopanhageir. The traiha came together'at fiill speed all tho^ coaches being'amnBhod, ^�^^�V."j'.'!i '. , , '' '" ''.i HONS TERRORIZE : ITALIAN TOWNS Eight Civilians Killed-Radiia Suffers Most ~ Curious Powder from Bombs - .: ARTILLERY AND AIR ACTIVITY IS RAPIDLY INCREASING llaHan Headquarters in  Northern Italy. Fob. a.-Padue was again terrorized iast night by eofillnuous air ru'.dR^ Several .houses were damaged 'hut there were few casualties. A bomb which struck.the_ cathedral. the previous night, scattered .'i curious yellow powder which is being analyzed. Italian aviators brought"do.wn fo'iir enemy iiiachlnes and the British got 'olghli- at various points where air battles are being fought without cessation.  . Other Towns Raided liailan Army Headquarters, Monday Feb. 4.~(]iy the Associated Press)- A series of air raids have been taking place almost-continuousiyi during the ))ast 24 hours over Venice, Padua, Trevlso, MeStre and outlyiiigfapm'aec-tions. ISiight civilians have been kUl-e,d and twelve wounded and much property has been destroyed. ' The smnli hotel Italia,'s/luated in tho centre of Padua, was rent fiwm top to bottom by n bomb. A huge crater was also � opened in the main street of the town by another missile.- " ' The municipal hospital In Treviso was struck by n shell. Hrltish Ileadquarters in Prance, i'-'eb. i;.-fV'fa linuter-K Ottawa Agency).-Haid.s and patrol encounters and trench mortar "quarrels" arc the only features of the present opera- : Hons on the western front. Last night one party of our raiders got into tho i enemy positions near Poelcapelle. After killing twenty-nine of the enemy tliey brought hack three prisoners^ Our oustialtles were very sIlEti.t. But these little uffairs are only In^ the transit phase. MeanwlT,Uo,,enomyV relninforcements continue to arrive from tho east, but the allied forces In the west also continue to Increase in an ever-flowing current. The cla.'ih, when it does come. w\^!l' be lire most stuijendous Ih jiolut ot numbers ever known. Indications Grow Stronger niiiding operatiouB and artillery duels are Increasing, on .the western front as the time for'the beginnmg of^-the spring operations approaches. Two years ago, after a successful attack at Souchez, the Germans began their drivo o.n Verdun with heavy artillery, fire on' February 21, while last year-' the British captured Grandcourt, on the Somme front, on February 7 and the, Germans two weeks later retired from-' the Ancre, the first step in the retreat to the Hlndenburg line. Official Report ' London, Feb. >6.-Following Is 'to-j day's official report: ' � "Raids attempted *y the onenfy' ' I during the night In tho neighborhood I of Mericourt and Avion in .each caso} [�were successfully repulsed. "Wo cap-' tured a few prisoners. - ' ' ; A'Bxcept for some artillery activity on both sides in the nelgliburliood of Hnrglcourt and south of Lens there-is i nothing further to report." Violent Artillery Paris, Feb. 6.-^A violent artillery battle on.the Verdun front is reported In today's official statement. The announcement follows: 5 "There was violent artillery fire late in the night in the region ot Fosses' Wood (Verdun,frent, east of the> Jleuse). In the Woevre, French patrols brought back,prisoners. On thrj reraain�er ot the trout the night calm." ADDITIONAL FRENCH TAXES - Paris, Fob. fi.-Louis Klolz,.the minister ot finance, announced toMay that additional taxes ariiounting to 361,000,-000 francs must be levied in order to meet war expenses in IDIS. WIJATHBR � \ \ V. V Igh . ,1.,,.. V. y;..,.;..:.....,. 45 .lyOW.............'.............. S7 \ llio fifty-four tlioiisarid military and naval, votes cast iii 'North America, ohly_two have not been allocated. The' \Vritlng on tlie ballot, envelopes is indistinct and thn scrutlncera, Ih consequence, have boon unable to locate thCi addresges given. The North American votoa are now all being entered up in tho. polling books, ^y1lou the cntrlotb are completo, which wlU probably bo In - about n week or so, counting will begin, v Allocation overseas Is still )n progress, OompletQ returns may not be received for so,veral wepkSi- NVashingtou, Feb. 6.-^PresIdeht Wilson took up personally, the shipping problem last night and at ta conference with Chairman Hui'iey of the shiijplng board, went lnft>;'4he groat problem -of ,procuring tonnage for the movement of American troops and supplies overseas. Every, phase ot the,* ouestipn\wPB discussed, including the progi'ess' of tlie building program, plau.s for obtaining allied ships foj':_;traii8iibrl|ng soldiers, and nfegotiatlo'iis with the European neutrals for tonuago to re-leftse American vessels for.. truns-At-lantlc service. The pi-osldeut was'particularly interested In the proposal 'to obtain additional ships by reducing Iniports one, half. , Tho Tonnage'Needed A million men on the, figh'tlqg front will reouire, according to best eatim-al^s'ijvalluble, from fourtoaeven. million tons> of shipping In continuous service across the three : thou'sand ihiloa of water between: .'Vmei'lctt wd Europe. Tho United States'can lay Its hands on about 4,00Q,O.0O,lQii8 pow and expects to build durlnff;the year anywhere from three to'-'six nvlllton tons more: , ^ ' �' ' ',' ' Thousands Have No Fuel-Sit- nation, fs Hope- ^.^ less - -- i Detroit, Mich., Feb. C-Measures' to ' relieve the worst domestic fuel shortage tho city has ever experienc-1 ed,wero taken by city fuel adminlatri-t-^ lion oHIcinls and local coal buslu^ut' men yesterday. Bight thousand tons'Af : coal were turned, over by several manufacturing concerns to be distributed' among the thousands of families without fuel of any Itlhd. With very llttlo coal coming in to tho city and a tern-, perature that reached a minimum ot;' sixteen degrees below ?ero, the sltua*: tiort had been termed hopeless. All � public schools In '� Detroit; verp;� ordered closed until February 18 amr the' police department began cheeking", up.coal stipplles of all factories.^Thp� local fuel administration announced,;! that coal consigned to plants haying 1 more than two weeks' supply on hand?, win bo confiscated. " ' ' THREE KIkbfiO Caribou, Maine, FeUivO,-engpra and a tralnm�)(ii:�verei(|tlll#df