Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, februaiy 3, im INI UTMMIMI HIUW 10 Protestant president for Ireland? KENNEDY The deputy premier of the overwhelmingly Roman Catholic Republic of Ire- say it's possible next a Protestant. This in itself is a striking ex- ample of the differences in status and opportunity between the tiny Protestaint minority in lite south and the much larger Catholic minority in embattled Ulster. Although nothing in Ulster's constitution precludes a Catho- lic holding office, it was only re- cently that one was appointed to cabinet rank and in a tempo- rary, new posting. Of course, Erkine Childers, the Republic's second-in-com- mand, may be a special case. He has impeccable Republican ancestry, being the son of a fa- mous author who fought in the Irish civil war and was shot. Nevertheless, the first Irish president, Douglas Hyde, was also a Protestant and modem Ireland holds other examples. ARE ON BENCH Of the top 12 Irish judges, two are Protestants. Dublin's distin- guished Trinity College is still largely Protestant-run and elects as many representatives to the Irish Senate as the larger National University, a Catholic establishment. The remaining Protestant en- clave in the south, about five per cent of the country's three population.-still retains of the wealth and social position of the original Anglo- t. ish "ascendancy" which ruled until the nationalists achieved Independence 50 years ago. They were prominent in such fields are banking and insur- ance. One Catholic politician quoted in a recent newspaper report described them as living in a "plush-lined ghetto." The Irish constitution specifi- cally guarantees all citizens the free profession and practice of religion, subject to publia mo- rality and order. It bans dis- crimination on religious grounds. But the country's way of Me is heavily oriented towards the Catholic faith, including prohibi- tion of divorce and family plan- ning, censorship of books and films and control of education by the Catholic church. RESENT ATMOSPHERE Some Protestants resent the cultural atmosphere and frus- tration tends to mount with their feelings that there is vir- tually nothing they can do about the situation. Many of them are reported to favor retention of some links with the British Crown and are unsympathetic with the general Republican approach of reunifi- cation of all Ireland. However they remain silent knowing thai their views are not shared by the vast majority of their coun- trymen. In practice, many small Irish towns are divided by an invisi- ble wall between the Protestant often em- braces the local the Catholic majority. Here subtle discriminations have tradition ally been exercised, usually over such questions as mixed- religion marriages and entry to exclusive social clubs. Isolated examples have oc- curred of Catholic pressure against the Protestant minority Church of Ireland An- glican with about Presby- erians and other denomina- ions. Usually these expressions of disapproval are aroused by disputes over the religious ing of children of mixed mar- riages. A Church of Ireland rector near Dublin said recently that when he became involved ia such a dispute, he received >hone calls at all hours from ingry Catholics "who let it be cnown they didn't think Protes- Nation in its best year tants had any more right to live here than lice or rats or any other vermin." SEES VICIOUSNESS He says: "We're living in a fools paradise if we think there isn't this viciousness underneath the crust." Observers suggest that if Ire- land were united, many north- ern Protestants would probably remain in tiie north among their, own community. Some might wish to join the Irish civil or foreign service, but under present regulations would have to learn Gaelic. Opportunities in the theatre and press might lure some northern Protestants to Dublin. Belfast's theatrical activity is J in history says Davis VANCOUVER (CP) The Canadian economy is growing more rapidly than the eco- nomies of most other coun- tries, although the country still has an unemployment problem, environment minister Jack Da- vis said here. In a speech to the Canadian Pact near in lengthy phone strike ..WASHINGTON (AP) The federal government's chief me- diator anounced today a tenta- tive agreement has been reached to end longest tele- phone strike in United States history, a seven-month walkout in New York State. Director J. Curtis Counts of the federal mediation and con- ciliation service said he is opti- mistic the tentative agreement wfll be ratified by strikers. Terms were not immediately announced. Counts said he had no com- ment on whether the tentative New York agreement would, if accepted, upset terms of the U.S.-wide agreement that ended a strike against the Bell System last summer. The New York locals refused to acept terms of the pact and had remained on strike since July 14. The AFL-CIO Communication Workers of Americas has members off in New York State. The strike has given the New York Telephone Co. a backlog of more than uninstalled telephones. During the walkout strikers drew unemployment insurance, because New York is one of two statfes that pays benefits to strikers. Telephone service by and large was not interrupted by the strike because supervisors were able to keep highly automated switching equipment going. Club? Mr. Davis said Canada's industrial output "is going up much faster than that of any other in the western world." "Obviously Canadians have been doing much better than they he said. "Our economy has been grow- ing at a fantastic clip." Mr. Davis said the country's growth rate has been maintain- ed at a time when the rate of growth of many other coun- tries has fallen off. Canada's growth, m comparison to that of the United States, was "phe- nomenal." While Canada has too many people seeking work, fte gov- ernment has "a good record on the employment Mr Davis said. The country was coping with an enormous rise in the work force and, in per- centage terms, was putting more people to work than any other country. The problem with the Mgh unemployment rate, he said, is the influx of new job-seekers but he predicted that after 1975, when there are fewer peo- ple entering the work force "unemployment will drop to more acceptable levels." Mr. Davis predicted that 1972 will be "the best year in Can ada's economic witi a rise in all economic indica tors. A text of his address was made available before de livery. scant compared to the richness of the Dublin stage, and the our southern morniag news- >apers are less tied to sectarian nterests than their two Belfast counterparts. Southern Ireland's tax-haven tatus for artists and writers might prove another magnet. But for the bulk of the Ulster wpulation, welfare benefits in he republic would have to dou- >le to match those handed out under the British umbrella. JHANGES A MUST Many other built-m features of life in the republic would loubtless have to be modified >efore unity could find accept- ance among northern Protes- ants. Although Dublin's ultra- conservative Archbishop John itcQuaid now has retired, the church still wields a powerful influence over daily life and the Catholic-directed book censor- ships still in force. Last week the Dublin govern- ment declined even to give a rirst reading to a bill designed to allow the sale of contracep- ives in drugstores. Many shut tar aspects of Eire life are ac- cepted by its present Protestant minority but would grate on Ulster sensibilities. The poet William Butler Yeats, when a senator in the Irish Parliament of 1925 warned the Senate then that if southern Ireland was seen to be governed by Catholic ideas alone, "you will never get the north." Second best year DETROIT (AP) Genera Motors Corp. reported here that 1971 was its second mos profitable year in history, witt earnings totalling billion on record sales of billion GM's record profit year was 1965, when earnings were billion on sales of billion DRAW WINER STRANGLED NICE, France (Beuter) An 86-year-old woman was foun certificate in Nursing Service Administration or teaching and supervision and evidence, through work history, of man- agement capability sufficient to perform the administrative responsibilities of the position. 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