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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 16 TNI IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, february 5, 1972 SEVEN YEARS' PAPER WORK lawyer Roman Scholdra 'reviews the files he accumulated during a seven-year law suit against the German Federal Re- public. Mr. Scholdra was born in the Ukraine and educated in Austria, Canada and the United States Faulds Photo City lawyer wins war reparations est Germany for Alberta man j By LARRY BENNETT Staff Writer A H o 1 d e n, Alta. man rep- resented by Lethbridge lawyer Roman Scholdra has been awarded slightly more than in damages for injuries he suffered while he was a political prisoner in Germany during the Second World War. Mr. Scholdra said his client, William Wasylashko, 57, orig- inally from the Ukraine, had been held as a prisoner from November 1939 to April 1945, when he was liberated by Am- erican forces. The legal action against the government of the German Fed- eral Republic was permitted by Germany's Federal Restitution Act, which was established af- tor or hospital was available in the camp. A transfer to Buchenwald con- concentration camp followed Mr. Wasylashko's arm injury. While undergoing a disinfecton treat- ment required for all new arri- vals he passed out and remain- ed unconscious for two weeks. He was kept in the hospital for three months. While in the hospital he was attended by a Czech doctor who was also a prisoner in the camp. He was forced to work in a stone quarry when he was re- leased from the hospital. Mr. Wasylashko was unable to use his left arm, so he asttempted to handle only rocks that he could carry in his right hand. He attempted to move a rock ACi, wmcii was eauiuuaucu io allow Germaa attempt to roll the rock rather than lift it, and smashed his left wrist against the rock with a club. The injuries to his wrist caus- ed by the blow resulted in the eventual complete disintegra- tion of all of his wrist bones. Another term in hospital fol- lowed and he was assigned to the camp shoe factory upon his release. He had been a shoe- maker before he was taken prisoner. During an air raid to the citizens to receive payment for damages they had suffered dur- ing the regime of Adolph Hitler. The restitution act was am- ended in 1951 to allow non-Ger- man nationals the privilege of Becking payment for damages they had suffered during the fjfazl regime. During his captivity In Ger- many, Mr. Wasylashko was forced to work as a laborer on a farm near Proetzier in cen- tral Germany. He was paid only 96 a month. Political prisoners In Ger- jnany during the war were treated as a species of sub- Oman's Mr. Wasylashko was prohibited Iron speaking to German citi- zens in public, eating in a res- taurant, attending church or go- ing to a movie. After three years as a farm laborer, Mr. Wasylashko was transferred to a concentration camp called Braunschweig, where be was forced. to be- come a smelter worker. Workers at such camps were fed only starvation diets con- esting of bitter black coffee and one loaf of bread for 10 persons at 7 a.m. They did not receive any food again until late in the evening when they were provided with thin turnip A fall from a railroad car in the factory resulted in a bro- ken arm for Mr. Wasylashko, and he was forced to continue to work for two weeks with only one hand because no doc- camp he was struck in the leg by a piece of bomb shrapnel and returned to the camp hos- pital, where he contracted ty- phoid fever and was dying when the American liberation force arrived in 1945. Mr. Wasylashko was treated by a group of allied forces doc- tors for many months before he substantially recovered. It was then also discovered he had contracted both tuberculosis and a peptic ulcer in the con- centration camps. He still suf- fers from the ulcer. Mr. Scholdra said he entered the case in April, 1965 when he received an invitation to do so from an Edmonton legal firm. The Edmonton firm informed Mr. Scholdra the case had been initiated in 1962 by Mr. Wasy- lashko, and a German immi- grant also living in Holden. In 1965, when Mr. Scholdra entered the case, it had become swamped in legal red taps. The German authorities required all information submitted to them be translated into German, in- cluding a German transcription of Mr. Wasylashko's Cana- dian citizenship certificate. The first application for dam- ages was rejected by the Ger- man authorities in 1967 on the ground that as a Ukrainian pa- triot. Mr. Wasylashko had con- stituted a threat to the Ger- man state and he was not en- titled to claim damages. That decision had to be ap- pealed. Following considerable addi- tional paper work. Mr. Scholdra travelled, in 1968, to Ger- many and under special leave of the court was allowed to represent his client in person and argue the case before the German Appeals court specif- ically designated to hear such cases. The appeal was allowed, but the court decided further invest- igations were necessary. Herman Bleckniann, an offic- ial of the German consulate in Edmonton said in a telephone interview that was an unusual situation when a foreign lawyer appears in person in a German court to represent a client. "The foreign lawyer usually works with a German lawyer as his he said. "To understand the Federal Restitution Act a lawyer must be an expert. Many of our Ger- man lawyers have trouble when working with this three-volume said Mr. Bleckmann. Air. Scholdra said after furth- er investigation the court sug- gested that Mr. Wasylashko bad been born with a defective wrist and even questioned the auth- enticity of Mr. Wasylasnko's prisoner's card from both con- centration camps suggesting he had forged the card. The entire matter was again left buried in legal red tape and paper work until 1971, when Mr. Scholdra again travelled to Ger- many to finalize the matter in a hearing at Cologne, Nov. 30. The hearing resulted in the conviction of the German Fed- eral Republic by a judgment dated Dec. 21, 1971. Reaching the settlement took 10 years, and for seven of them Mr. Scholdra carried out a steady stream of correspon- in with the authorities and the court, trans- lated documents from English and Ukrainian to German, ar- ranged several medical exam- inations and travelled to Ger- many twice. Mr. Scholdra said the amount awarded by the court was only 39 per cent of the maximum his client might have been entitled to receive, but the court ruled Mr. Wasylashko had been born with a defective wrist. In addition to the cash award Would you like to learn about transcendental meditation? By MARLENE COOKSHAW Staff Writer A workshop on transcendental meditation is in progress this weekend at the University of Lethbridge. Featured lecturer and in- structor is Ray Harris, a sec- ond year psychology and Eng- lish student at Vancouver City College. He is at present tak- ing a year off from his studies to travel and teach meditation to interested Canadians. Mr. Harris studied for f o u r months under Maharishi Mah- esh Yogi. The Maharishi brought the technique from India 13 years ago and has since trained teachers. He is currently in- structing students in Spain. The Maharishi will be in Can- state was one of profound men- tal and physical rest min- utes of experiencing it was of more value to the system than a full night's sleep. Breathing rate was reduced by 80 per cent, although it re- mained regular and did not af- ed Mr. Wasylashko a lifetime pension of about per month to be paid by the German Fed- eral Republic from Jan. 1, 1972. The German appeals court did not award payment of costs to Mr. Wasylashko, and ordered the German Federal Republic to pay only 2-3 of all the medi- cal expenses he incurred to present evidence to the court. duct a symposium on medita- tion at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario. Transcendental meditation, or TM, originates in the ancient Vedic tradition of, India and was recently brought to West- ern Canada. National headquar- ters are established in Victoria for the International Meditation Society. Mr. Harris said there are now between and peo- ple practising the technique throughout the world. The subject already has been accepted as an accredited course at York University in Toronto and similar arrange- ments are being discussed at other institutes. It is fairly com- mon in the U.S. The subject is taught under the title the Science of Crea- tive Intelligence and covers the investigation and experience of the topic. According to psychologists, only five to 10 per cent of the human mental potential is achieved. The purpose of TM is to provide a method of tap- ping this latent energy and u> telligence. Accomplishing this was not previously possible with such a practicable technique. Almost unlimited expansion is possible. Transcendental meditation is unique in its simplicity there is no control, concentration or contemplation involved. The system makes use of the natural tendency of the mind to go to a field of greater happi- ness and fulfillment. Its use is intensely practical is applicable to all areas of life and creates the attitude nec- essary for more efficient enjoy- able dealings with life. TM gives rise to a quiet inner sense of peace and energy, and the deeper understanding of oneself causes a corresponding empathy with other persons. Sensory perception is notice- ably increased and clearer, more logical thinking is experi- enced. The student finds his ability to solve problems is en- hanced, because his discrimin- atory ability is developed. Dramatic physiological chan- ges occur during TM, as dem- onstrated by results of medical research in the U.S. A distinct physiological state was achieved, distinguishable from the other three of waking, sleeping and dreaming. This about five beats per minute, accompanied by slight falls in blood pressure. Blood chemistry was also af- fected, and the electrical skin resistance increased to five times normal. Both reactions indicate a deep muscular re- laxation and reduction in emo- tional tension. Activity in previously static areas of the brain was noted. Similar patterns were recorded in regular employers of TM after six months and in Zen monks of 25 years experience. According to psychologists, many medical illnesses are stress produced, and because of the tension reduction in us- ers of transcendental medita- tion, this suggests a promising clinical application. Instructors of TM teach tech- niques, not a system of belief. It is compatible with any reli- gious faith. TM is practised morning and evening as a prep- aration to activity. The core of instruction is that life has three fields activity, tliinldng and Being, which is the basis of life and the source of thought. The quality of the activity field is dependent on the qual- ity of thinking. Therefore, to be- come more energetic and crea- tive the inner thought must be improved and straightened. The attention is turned inward to experience increasingly finer, until the finest is transcended to experience pure inner aware- ness, or Being. The medium of sound is em- ployed to help in bringing the conscious attention to the most intimate level of life. As a person becomes increas- ingly familiar with these deep- er levels, their application to his life becomes more apparent and natural. Transcenden t a 1 meditation has another interesting aspect application has been rec- ommended by the LeDain com- mission investigating non-medi- cal use of drugs, as a possible deterrent for drug users and cure for addicts and alcoholics. Investigations in Harvard Uni- versity involved a survey of 862 rela" heavy drug us- ers after they tod experienced at least three months of regu- lar meditation. Results showed that 19 out of 20 gave up drugs, their reason being that they felt their sub- jective meditational experience was superior to what they achieved through drugs. Mr. Harris pave two free in- troductory public lectures on Thursday and Friday. He will be in Lethbridge until plans to return on a monthly basis in the fu- ture to lecture and teach. The registration donations for the workshops are regulated in accordance with the applicant's ability to pay. Those who could not attend the lectures or this weekend's workshop but are interested in transcendental meditation may contact the International Medi- tation Society at 515 12th St. S. in the city, or phone Rick Gibbs at 329-2334 days, or Bob Gala- tiuk at 327-3689 evenings. By RUDY HAUGENEDER Staff Writer STANDOFF You can't keep a good man from work er and road conditions are. Jake Kraemer, personnel manager of Kainai Industries says the absenteeism among the 70-plus production line work- ers at the prefabricated house plant here, is less than 5 per cent. The staff turnover rate is also tower than it is at other plants which do not exclusively use Indian labor. And the workers are proud of the "high quality" homes they are constructing for sale across Western Canada. It has been slightly more than a year since a handful of management personnel came in to train Indian workers who had no experience in the as- sembly line type of work re- quired to construct the homes. At first there was an absen- teeism problem, but the native workers gradually adopted new work habits until they devel- oped into the strong and steady force they are now. The workers are building one house par day, and production is expected to be stepped up to two per day as soon as weath- er conditions improve to the point where western Canadian contractors can again start building foundations to support the structures. Although no financial figures are- available for press release at present, it is- believed the plant operating at an over-all profit. Mr. Kraemer said economists indicate there will be an ex- tremely strong market for housing in Canada and that the Kainai Industries homes will gain wide acceptance and pop- ularity. The prefab homes, each indi- vidual to some extent from oth- ers constructed, are marketed under the "Wicks" name. This is done because it is felt that there is a false stigma at- tached to houses' built by In- dians, which could result in The rapid molding of Kainai Industries into a highly-effi- c i e n t industrial production plant has exceeded expecta- he said. To support his comments, Mr. Kraemer pointed out that similar types of industries de- veloped elsewhere always have a bulk of experienced labor available when production be- gins. In Standoff operations began "fresh" with few seasoned workers in that field available. The distribution and sale of Kainai's finished product is in new hands now HaiCo Manu- facturing of Lethbridge. Combined with the federal economists' reports, a new imaginative and far-reaching marketing plan is currently being implemented and devel- oped. Indian workers at the plant, who receive the going union wage rates, are also motivated towards improved production because any profits realized will help improve the over-all reserve economic situation. The initial native participa- tion in the first major reserve industry in Canada occurred hi 1969 when HaiCo Manufactur- ing Ltd. a privately owned company Red Crow De- velopments the economic de- velopment wing of the Blcod reserve, signed an agreement for the construction of a million, square foot pre- fab housing manufact u r i n g plant here. Under the terms of the agree- ment, Red Crow financed and owned the fixed assets of the plsnt HaiCo provided mil- lion for operating capital as well as management and man- agement training, for an even- tual takeover by Indians. Permits issued The inspection and develop- ment department issued build- ing permits totalling during the week ending Feb. 4. Engineered Homes accounted for the full amount taking out permits for construction of 10 houses in north Lethbridge. HEINITZ PRINTERS STATIONERS LTD. 324 9th St. S. Phone 328-1771 FOR YOUR COMPLETE WEDDING REQUIREMENTS Invitations (24 Heur Service If Necessary) Brlffe Thank You Cards Matches We provide Complimentary Personalized Head Table Place Cards with each Orderl FREE CU5TOMIR PARKING NOTICE THE LETHBRIDGE MONUMENTAL AND TILE WORKS LTD. are continuing operations and will offer the same superb craftsmanship and service as in the past sixty years. Our office and showrooms are located at 325 8th Street South across from the Paramount Theatre MIMBER OF THE MONUMENT BUILDERS OP AMERICA THE MARK OF EXCELLENCE 15% DISCOUNT ON ALL WINTER ORDERS OUR COURTESY CAR IS AT YOUR DISPOSAL Martin Bros. Funeral Homes Ltd. (2nd GENERATION) Presents TABER KNOX UNITED CHURCH JUNIOR CHOIR DIRECTED BY MALCOLM EDWARDS PERFORMNG 'JOSEPH AND HIS AMAZING TECHNICOLOR DREAM COAT' SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 6th TO P.M. CJOC-TV, CHANNEL 7 (RE-TELECAST SUNDAY AT P.M.) THE TRADITIONAL CHAPEL 812 3rd Avenue South THE MEMORIAL CHAPEl 703 13th Street North 2nd GENERATION FUNIRAl DIRECTORS AND ADMINISTRATIVE COUNSELLORS FOR PRE-ARRANGEMINTS (Authorized by the Alberta Go vernment Security Commission) Includes Transportation and Aecomodation TRAVEL LAS VEGAS CONTACT: STEVE KOCH AT NORTHERN BUS UNES MARCH 3 MARCH 9 Deadline Feb. Phone 327-3536 ;