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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 5, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THi ItlWMDGE HtRALD Military S. 1971 Joseph Kraft Tempest over Francophones The recent storm in the House of Commons over a confidential report suggesting the hiring of 250 French- speaking university graduates by the federal public service, was raised with no true objective. What the report recommends in fact is merely putting into motion what came out of the report on bilingual- ism and biculturalism. This report disclosed that at the higher levels of public service French speaking offi- cials made up only 22 per cent of the working force while the propor- tion of English speaking officials rose to 69 per cent. If bUingualism and biculturalism are to become a Canadian fact, it is desirable to encourage French-speak- ing personnel to participate in the decision making of the country. To allow them to continue limiting them- selves to a ghetto like life or par- ticular status in their own province would defeat the aims of the B and B report and be a sad loss to the national unity of Canada. The uproar in the Commons was directed in part to the suspicion that by giving priority to French speak- ing graduates the government was deliberately favoring a particular eth- nic group. This however is not the case. On the contrary, the suggestion to involve more French spfeaking recruits into the machinery of the country is aimed at ending a priv- ileged situation which until now fa- vored the English-speaking group. It has to be said that French-speak- ing candidates have not always ta- ken advantage of the opportunities of- fered by the federal public service, preferring instead, to stay snugly in Quebec. However, the internal prob- lems raised by the FLQ last Octo- ber have made their impression on educated young Quebecois who dp not wish to see any split in our national life. It's to be hoped the 250 positions will be rapidly and successfully filled. Explosions in Belfast The lengthy quiet period which pre- vailed in Ulster during the last few months of last year has exploded again into violence, destroying the hope of Major Chichester-Clark's government that outbursts of resent- ment could be diminished to the point where he could push ahead with massive reorganization of lo- cal governments. Militant Catholics seemed to have reached the point of confidence in the integrity of the moderate Unionists who were trying to bring in a less sectarian admin- istration and to alleviate Catholic grievances. One of the events which sparked Catholic resentment was the six- month sentence meted out to Mr. Frank McManus MP for marching in a banned procession. Leading Unionists have been fined only to ?50 for similar offences. British soldiers had evidently been doing a good job of improving rela- tions in the slums of Belfast and Derry by putting on parties for chil- dren and pensioners and by other expressions of sympathy and good will. Most of it seems to be for- gotten now, much to the delight of the IRA which is delighted by any opportunity of confrontation with the British military. ___ Although the Home Secretary, Mr. Reginald Handling has adopted a strictly neutral line vis-a-vis poli- tical infighting at Stormont, the fear of Roman Catholics in Ireland re- mains. That fear is that can- not expect justice from a Unionist government which has far rightist Protestant bigots like Rev. Ian Pais- ley in its ranks. Oil will cost more Under the leadership of the Shah of Iran, the ten members of the' Or- ganization for the Protection of Ex- porting Countries the big oil producing companies of the Middle East have evidently decided to act in concert. The price of oil is going to go up, there can be no doubt of that, but unilateral negotiations bet ween each producing country and the re- finers have been prevented. This is all to the good for everyone concern- ed as long as the agreed on price is not so high that the traffic finds it impossible to bear. The opening of the oil pipeline from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterran e a n may have had something to do with the situation, because it will reduce tanker freight rates. This, in turn, weakens the negotiating position of Algeria, which has been holding out tor enormous increases which would have turned the economy of France, in particular, upside down. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON Word from Cambodia is that U.S. military teams assigned to check on American military aid will be dressed in civilian clothes and attached to the U.S. embassy at Phnom Penh. It has been made perfectly clear that these mili- tary teams are not advisers and that they are not violating the "spirit of the law" of the Cooper-Church Amendment If things continue the way they're going, Cambodia may soon have the largest American embassy in the world. I would not be surprised to read the following dis- patches from this part of the world. Phnom Penh, Camboaia, February 12 Five-hundred commercial attaches arrived here today at Phnom Penh airport. U.S. Ambassador Emory Swank explained to reporters that trade wilh Cambodia has reached an all-time high and he needed1 the extra personnel to negotiate tariff agreements with Cambodian officials. The 500 commercial attaches, all carry- ing brief cases and wearing identical seer- sucker suits, marched the 5 miles from the airport in double time, led by the U.S. commercial attache band. Phnom Penh, Cambcdia, March 5 One- thousand USIA employees were flown in to Phnom Penh last night to beef up the 5CO commercial attaches that were assign- ed to the American embassy last month. An American spokesman explained that the USIA stepping up its information activities for school children in Cambo- dia, and that the new employees would all be assigned to the new USIA library which was being built underground en the outskirts of the capital. Phnom Penh, Cambodia, April 30 Five-thousand cultural affairs officers were airlifted into this Cambodian capital today. On hand to greet them v.-ere Ambassador Emory Swank and Prpn-ior Lon Nol. The cultural affairs officers, all carrying violin cases, were lined up on the rumva" and reviewed in a jeep by Premier Lon Nol. After the review, the chief cultural af- fairs officer, "Bull" Thorndike, told Lon Nol "No country deserves culture more than Cambodia and my men are here to see that you get it. And we'll stay here until the dirty job is done." Phnom Penh, July 12 The state de- partment has broken 'ground for tie largest U.S. embassy building ever constructed. The embassy will comprise a complex and the main building, shaped like a pentagon, will be able to accommo- date American embassy employees now working in Cambodia. The state department explained the rea- sons for expansion were the unusually heavy demand for visas and passports as well as the increase in embassy diplomatic communications. "We said Ambassador Swank, "our former two-story chancellery was not large' enough to handle all the embassy's business. The new building will allow us to expedite tourist requests as well as have a place where we can hold exhibits show- ing the American way of life." Phnom Penh, Cambodia, November 13 A U.S. Marine guard detail composed of men and officers was landed in Phnom Penh today. Secretary1 of State William Rogers re- vealed the increase in the Marine guard detail was needed after two Cambodians had broken into the embassy PX and stolen three Japanese cameras. He believed the new security measures would discourage any such thefts in the future. He told reporters, "The security of a U.S. embassy is the first consideration of this country and as long as I am secretary of state I will sec that our brave diplomats have all the protection (bey need." {Toronto Telegram News Service) Tarnished nobility CAXDI Gullctt and her little daughter Monica usually in church with us. liTopuviMuii: often has .some rather interesting ir.fonnaiion 'o impart ss elcng. One Sunday, as made one of the nu- merous turns required to gel from our area By Doug Walker Circus trials: the price of neglect TOS ANGELES "Hey, Pops, look at me, Charles Manson called to the judge after the guilty verdict in his trial here the other day. "We weren't allowed to put ou a defense, old man. I think the jury's guilty." Stuti like that has caused many people to wonder if there isn't some way to prevent trials from becoming long-run cir- cuses. The more so as two other highly publicized the cases of Angela Davis and the Bemgans are shaping up in ways that suggest particu- larly noxious public effects. abuses now so rampant are well-known. The prosecu- tion almost always gets to the public with its version of the crime before the judicial pro- cess begins. Every newspaper reader knew the gory details in the Manson case weeks before they were broached in court. With- out having the faintest idea of Angela Davis's true role in the affair, the whole world thinks it knows about her role in the courtroom sbooung for which she is being blamed. The charges in the Berrigan case have been widely aired, thanks to an informer who could be, for all any of us know, a patho- logical liar. On the other side, defendants, instead of fighting the charges, appeal to the public by ges- tures and statements supposed to show them as victims of the system. Manson appeared in court with an X marked on his forehead. His lawyer called the whole trial "entertainment for to Uie church, Monica said, "my dad doesn't know the way to l.ho church." 'Hint's because Bruce noMy .stays home on Sundays lo lock after his son Derek. It is not very likely that Saudi has to do much arm twisting to Ret Bruce to do that as long as football and hockey are on TV. w irro.Bf wtt, IK, Tatty, 901119 fa time an up-to-date tint of f rut et ialit onswers ore 'high probability' or 'law pntnbilitj'." 'Woff, wofcft this one {or 'frateclirt Paul Whitelaw Quebec has all the action desired QUEBEC: William Tetley, Quebec's English-speaking minister of financial institu- tions and consumer affairs, en- tered the turbulent world of Quebec's polities at the height of the language crisis two years ago. He now says that he is able to play a full role in the liberal cabinet of Premier Bourassa, with no fear that being English is a drawback. The 43-year-old Jawyer left a lucrative practice to contest a byelection in the westend Montreal riding of Notre Dame de Grace in Dec. 1968. The pre- dominantly English and tradi- tionally Liberal constituency had been left vacant by Erie Kierans when he entered fed- eral politics to become Liberal MP for Montreal-Duvernay, and a cabinet minister. The Union Nationale made a strong bid for the seat, with an English speaking municipal politician as candidate, and language rights specifically whether parents could choose French or English schools for their children was the chief campaign issue. Mr. Tetley feels some respon- sibility for legislation guaran- teeing the right of parents to choose their youngsters' Ian- Letter to the editor guage of instruction. Premier Bertrand entered the campaign in support of his Union Na- tionale candidate rare in a provincial byelection and promised the language bill that was eventually passed one year later, after he bucked opposiL tion within his own party. When the Liberals won the April 29 general election, Mr. Tetley was obvious cabinet ma- terial. His corporate law work equips him for his cabinet port- folio, which includes overseeing provincial regulations governing financial institutions, insurance companies, and the developing field of consummer affairs. What is it like being the se- nior English cabinet minister in the Quebec government, which has only two other English- speaking Canadians Lands .and Forests Minister Kevin Drummon and Dr. Victor Gold- bloom, a minister without port- folio? Mr. Tetley says lie sees him- self as having three roles in the national assembly: as a member and therefore unoffi- cial ombudsman for the resi- dents of Notre Dame de Grace, as a minister, and as a spokes- man for Quebec's English- speaking minority about 20 Nomads make little mark Perhaps the visionaries who are so determined to spend money on this transient youth program should be reminded that all so-called social services must be paid for. All taxation must have a basis in actual production somewhere and gov- ernments produce nothing but deficits, waste and bureaucrats. Fifty million dollars would seem to be a fairly sizable sum of money, and while ideal- ism may be the prerogative of people who have never paid for much of anything, no ono has told us where the money is to come from. For two thousand years dreamers have been fab- ricating bold measures to spend themselves rich and govern- ments have tried every extrava- gant, scheme that could con- ceivably buy a few votes, but no one has ever even spent him- self out of debt. Anyone can come up with endless fanciful plans to elimi- nate poverty, to overcome fears, to allay suffering and ad- vance insight. It's easy to be- lieve these miracles will be wrought especially when some- one else is going to foot thn bills, but we already have too many of those schemes which went sour. '.Vc can't get rid of them and the taxes to them have caused most of our inflation. Maybe transient youth can solve the problems of overpopu- lation, hunger, and disease, though the probability seems a little remote, but those of us who aren't quite so wise and adhere to our small views would suggest that if the fifty million were to be spent build- ing houses there would be some difficulty in recruiting a thou- sand laborers from the legions of roadside unemployed. If world citizenship is to be properly researched in Africa, India and China, should we not also schedule a swing through Russia, or are our students a little young to learn that they could end up with hoes in their hands after all savings, earn- ings and property have been confiscated and dissipated? Nomadic tribes down through the years have never accom- plished great things; they've seldom paid enough taxes to support one of our cabinet min- isters, to say nothing of thirty of them with their imaginative spending programs. Strangely enough it was the unenlightened natives who worked and saved, who built the homes and the schools and roads and indus- tries, who created the jobs, the society, and the wealth now so despised by our idealists: Wandering vagabonds may have had a lot of visions and dreams and fantasies but they have never been able lo afford their own buses, in fact a lot of them ride second -hand camels. L. K. WALKER, Milk Rivr. So They Say 1 wouldn't take off my clothes. I'm too old-fashioned and I'm easily shocked. Bergman, on midio movies. per cent of the province's 6 million population. In addition, there are his duties as the head of a family in Montreal. He has no fears for the fu- ture of the English in Quebec, since the election in which his government was carried to of- fice on Mr. Bourassa's promise of sound economics, more jobs, and an outright denunciation of separatism. "The English-speaking mi- nority in Quebec is the key to Canadian he said over lunch recently in the Cafe du Parlement of the national as- sembly. "If the 20 per cent of the population in this province which speaks English as its primary language cannot ad- just to a minority role, Quebec will never adjust to its minor- ity role in Canada. "Something that should be known across Canada is that, for a minority, we have more rights than anywhere else in Canada. The language legisla- tion introduced by the previous government which was not strongly the right of attending either French or English schools." The Liberal government may be in for some stiff opposition from businessmen and English- speaking residents because of a plan, announced on Jan. 18 by Minister Guy St. Pierre, that up to _40 per cent of the instruction in English- language public schools will eventually be carried out in French. However, Mr. Tetley is not overly concerned. Fluently bi- lingual after attending both McGill University in Montreal and French-language Laval where he obtained his law de- gree he says the English must take a more active role in their province, and French is a necessity. "Talk of a priority language, in this case French, implies the existence of a second language, which is English." He adds that in trips he has made to various ridings in the province since he became a minister, he found, "it is the desire of French-Canadians to speak English." This is espe- cially true of the housewives he met at social occasions or- ganized by local constituency of- ficials. "When I talked to the women during the election campaign, they all told me they want their children to learn English in order to get -a better job." During the last session of the current legislature, the Li- berals introduced a bill lhat re- quires a working knowledge of French after one year of resi- dence in Quebec for non-Cana- dians wishing to become mem- bers of various professional corporations, including those governing engineers and social workers. The bill received sec- ond reading but died on the order paper when the house ad- journed at Christmas time. It will be introduced again. "There -is nothing to fear in says the English-speak- ing cabinet minister. "In Al- berta, for instance, you can't even write the exams of the professional corporations if you aren't fluent in English." Mr. Tetley says he might write a book on the govern- ment's actions during the Oc- tober crisis, caused by the kid- napping of diplomat James Cross and the abduction and murder of Pierre Laporte. He kept a diary of the cabi- net discussions during that pe- riod. He says, "Nobody realizes how strong Bourassa was during the crisis. He is a truly brilliant man. We could have released six people named in FLQ ransom notes who were before the courts but who had not been convicted. The justice minister, Jerome Choquette, simply had to sign a writ of 'nolle prosequi' non-suit but Mr. Bourassa stood his ground." A result of the FLQ terror- ism is that Mr. Tetley, along with other Quebec cabinet min- isters, is accompanied by a Quebec Provincial Police body- guard. The policeman sleeps in a room next to his at a mod- erately priced Quebec city ho- tel, within walking distance of the national assembly. Does Mr. Tetley have plans to enter federal politics? "I think all the action is here in Quebec. That's where some of the really important deci- sions are made. During the re- cent crisis, Mr. Bourassa and his cabinet made all the really important decisions. And, we have a very democratic caucus and cabinet." (Herald Quebec Bureau) the public." And in s 1 m r vein, attorneys for Davis an intimating race prejudice while the Berrigan lawyers' seem about to indict the military industrial complex. Besides that, there are delib- erate efforts to make a mock- ery of the judicial system (and perhaps to detonate over- reaction on the part of the authorities) through the of abusing traditional safe- guards. Hanson's lawyer pre- sented no witness for the de- fense but look seven days to make his closing statement. Another defense attorney in the case pitched his whole on the court's denial of a motion for a change in venue from Los Angeles. Venue and the choice of jurors look like they're being made into big deals by the defense in both the Berrigan and Davis cases. Ways to limit some of these abuses are not beyond the wit of man. Manson was quieted after he was removed from the courtroom and made to listen to proceedings from, an adjoin- ing room. The most extravagant pre- trial publicity can be circum- scribed by court orders, issued under pain of contempt cita- tions, which define to lawyers, witnesses, and defendants pre- cisely what they can say in public and not say. Nomination of the jury could easily be simplified and stream- lined. For example, the broad latitude customarily allowed for challenge of jurors from a time when lawyers ex- plicitly worked with a com- monly accepted framework of established practice. There is no compulsion to continue those loose practices, with as many as 80 peremptory challenges al- lowed, when the system itself is under fire. Still there are distinct limita- tions to the amount of procedur- al reform that is feasible.or healthy. A total ban on pre- trial publicity, as is the prac- tice in Britain, would almost certainly discriminate against the defendants. For the tradi- tion of scrupulous fairness is not nearly so pervasive among prosecutors in this country as in Britain. Publicity, even pre-trial pub- licity, represents a check on abuses by the prosecution. And the check is important to all of us when defendants are deter- mined to prove they were rail- roaded. Moreover, the judicial system is intrinsically maladjusted to cases with a mass public in- terest. For the judicial system is designed to provide a one-at- a-time way of dealing with dis- crete actions. It can work very well in a murder, a robbery, or an act of embezzlement. But it cannot handle traffic cases well because so many people are involved. Similarly with will probate cases and ac- cident cases which run to the million. The circus cases fall into the same category. They are sym- bolically involved with prob- lems that, far from being sub- ject to one-by-one treatment, can only be solved by social ac- tion. Thus the drug culture is mixed up with the Manson case, the race problem with the Davis case, the Vietnam war with the Berrigan case. As long as this kind of issue remains tense, the court sys- tem is going to be highly vul- nerable to harassment and abuse. And patience with the circus trials however odious many of the tactics may seem is the price we all have to pay for having allowed so many acute social and political prob- lems to have festered unat- tended for so long. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 A spring dance floor for Lethbridge is a proposal be- ing discussed in the city. The Army and Navy Veterans As- sociation is contemplating placing such a hall at Hender- son Lake. will be no direct relief to the transienl jobless refusing to go to the fair grounds according to an an- nouncement from city council. Beaver Club, one of London's most popular cen- tres for Canadian soldiers, lost the use of its top floor in a fire bombing, but like most centres it continued to carry on and immediately started to use the basement as the dining-room, which had been on the top floor. 1951 British newspapers reacted with editorial howls of pain to the release of muni- tions maker Alfred Kmpp and other German war criminals. had an un- usual visitor, a member of the Lethbridge family. He is W. A. Kingsford-Lethbridge, a great- great nephew of William Leth- bridge, after whom the city was named. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Ho. 001! Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Ertilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;