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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRID6E HERALD TUMdty, Ftbruiry 4, 1975 lllllM Eggs again One of CEMA's proposals'for handling that elusive egg surplus is to encourage Canadians to eat more eggs. If this isn't the height of the ridiculous it at least reaches the level of irony. It is not we who are starving, and the picture of Canadians stuffing themselves on eggs in order to keep the industry solvent ought to get an "X" rating for violence the violence it does to good sense., However, to say that Canada's surplus eggs should be used to help feed people in India or Bangladesh is one thing; to arrange it is another. After the logistical problems of processing and transporting are solved there remains the problem of financing. And when the money is found, there still remains the not incon- siderable problem of persuading the recipients to incorporate something alien into their diet. Nevertheless, these should not be in- surmountable. Considering today's ex- pertise in logistics and capacity for financial aid, solutions to these problems should not be too difficult. And when it comes to persuading people to eat eggs, a starving child is probably an easier target than a satiated Canadian. Poor self-advertisement Both the U.S.S.R. and The People's Republic of China have recently cancell- ed large orders of wheat from the United States. China cancelled an order for more than 22.4 million tons of wheat and two days later it was reported that the Soviet Union had cancelled an order for tons while continuing to negotiate for the cancellation of another tons. The explanation given for these developments is that the supply of wheat in the two countries is not as bad as it had first seemed. This may be a suf- ficient explanation but it is tempting to think that other factors may have been at play. The shortage of food which seemed to occur so abruptly in the world has been blamed in some quarters on the huge purchases of wheat made by China and the Soviet Union. That left the United States with very little to spare for other nations. Perhaps the two Communist giants have become uneasy about the criticism this has evoked. Maybe the kind of judgment expressed in The Wall Street Journal recently has made the Communist chiefs concerned about the matter of image. Mr. Irving Kristol, Henry Luce Professor of Urban Values at New York University, in a long article in the Journal blamed the world food shortage and threat of famine on the condition of agriculture in three countries: Russia, China and India. In all three countries agricultural productivity is low, compared to what it might be "a condition that has only a little to do with geography or demography, much to do with economics, and everything to do with politics." The thesis that Mr. Kristol argues is that detailed government intervention and regulation can ruin agriculture. The Communist regimes in Russia and China along with application of socialist principles in India demonstrate the truth of this, according to Mr. Kristol. Agriculture in these three countries is not as productive as it should be because of the heavy hand of state control. That, of course, is a familiar enough argument and one that Communists and Socialists reject. But it may only have dawned on Peking and Moscow that their huge imports of wheat tend to cast doubt on the effectiveness of state directed agriculture and to reduce attractiveness of the philosophy they wish to export. HATKWMPE can suamge Letters Teen-agers need work "Got change for a quarter? Delay would be tragic By Paul Hellyer, Toronto Sun commentator OTTAWA The Syncrude anything that is worthwhile. A tion that the international oil This is democracy Judging from appearances before the land use forum held recently in Lethbridge, Hutterite spokesmen are quite able to defend thair right to exist in Southern Alberta. This is reassuring, because Hutterite colonies make good scapegoats for all manner of ills, including the modern tendency of rural towns to wither and die and the tendency of the modern young not to want to become farmers. Now, rural towns can be observed in their death throes far from the "maledictory" effects of a colony and Hutterites seem to have a great deal of success in producing young farmers. These thoughts don't seem to occur to their critics. It is not necessary to reiterate that reason does not always prevail when peo- ple feel endangered, as seems to be the case with some Southern Alberta com- munities. It is another foregone conclu- sion that wild ideas tend to surface at such hearings as the land use forum and perhaps they should not be taken too seriously. Nevertheless, when attacks are mounted on Hutterites in the name of democracy and protecting democratic institutions, they should not be left un- challenged. One of the briefs presented to the forum bordered on the barbaric, suggesting enforced dissolution of colonies, distribution of their property throughout the province and even limita- tion of size of families. This is not democracy. It never has been and it never will be. Perhaps the protective associations should give a little more thought to what they are protecting. ERIC NICOL It's a murderous business Canada's police chiefs have urged the government to reinstate the death penalty for killers of policemen and prison guards. Dogpaddling in the groundswell of public opinion that favors a return to capital punishment, I reached Mr. Ellis, the official hangman. Now an elderly gentleman, he was shakily braiding lengths of hemp into a rope. "It looks as though you may be back in business before I said.' "Looks that nodded Mr. Ellis. "With the federal cabinet commuting all death sentences since I said, "It's been some time since you've practiced your skill. Do you anticipate any difficulty getting back into so to speak the swing of "No, sir." Mr. Ellis tied a granny knot, and seemed a bit irritated when it slipped off the- end of the rope. "Operating the gallows is like riding a bike you never really lose the hang of it." "But I understand that it requires practice and expert judgment to determine the length of the drop, per pound of prisoner, to avoid the messy extremes of decapitation or death by strangulation, instead of the cleanly broken neck." "Oh, sure, if you want to be a perfec- snorted Mr. Ellis. "But I know the ropes. I won't let the profession be ruined by some amateur flibberty gibbet. If necessary, I'll take a refresher course in Executive Management." "Where do they offer a refresher course in Executive "At the University of Haiti. They have a very active program of capital punishment in Haiti. Graduate studies in Drawing and Quartering. Only trouble is, if you fail the course, you may be suspended, ha, ha." "Ha, I said. "I suppose you do have to consider other methods of execution besides hanging. Some people feel that the scaffold is barbarous." "The bleeding hearts are always with signed Mr. Ellis. "But in my opinion you can't beat a wee drap o' trap." "You don't see the electric chair as a more progressive means of "These days when we're trying to conserve energy, it would be nothing short of a scandal to shoot those two big jolts of juice into the condemned. We have to think of future generations." "We do indeed. As an. environmentalist, you probably also have reservations about the gas chamber." nodded Mr. Ellis. "If the prisoner has been breathing city smog for any length of time, he's built up resistance to the cyanide. I figure you'd have to drop so many pellets into the acid, authorities would have to evacuate the town." "And the firing squad? "Too expensive. You need at least six guys, and an officer to point them in the right direc- tion. That runs into money." "As our official hangman, how much will you be charging, in the event that the death penalty is Mr. Ellis scratched the grey stubble reflec- tively, and said: "Well, you have to figure on the inflated price of materials lumber for the scaffold, rope, hood. In hanging, everything goes up except the prisoner. Believe me, it's murder." Logical place for it By Dong Walker Elspeth's great interest in the girls' program she oversees at our church is not shared by some other members of the family. While their mother natters on about CGIT the boys mostly look bored and make smart remarks. At best they are merely indulgent. One night as Elspeth was steaming around getting ready to sail away to the church she cried out, a little desperately, "Has anyone got my CGIT said Keith, nonchalantly, "I have it in my room. project to build an oil extrac- tion plant in the Athabasca oil sands of Northern Alberta should never have been placed in doubt. The uncertainty has been distressing. Oil sands development is a must for Canada. The Syncrude project is the next in a series of essen- tial steps. It is a critically im- portant link in the anchor chain of energy development. It is not, as some writers have suggested, a question of whether we should invest one billion dollars in Syncrude as an alternative to exploration in the Arctic, or in hydro electric development, or nuclear energy. We have to do all these things. They are all priority items. They are all links in the chain. But Syncrude is the next critical link and without it the chain will be broken. Oil sands development is another marvellous opportuni- ty for Canada to lead the world. The huge deposits in Northern Alberta of mucky oily sand represent the largest potential reserve of heavy oil in the world. It is true that present recovery methods are crude and expensive but they can only be improved by trial and error. As of now, the prospects for oil sands development are better than those for the large U.S. shale deposits if we press ahead. The advantage is on our side but one slip and it would dis- appear. Canadian indecision and equivocation in respect of ma- jor projects is becoming legendary. We developed the first commercial jet aircraft in the world and then abandon- ed it in favor of a fighter. Later we developed the Avro Arrow which was the fastest plane in the world with the most powerful engine. When the Americans refused to buy it, we cut it up and allowed the scientific, engineering and technological base that created it to disperse to the four corners of the earth. The Bobcat armored per- sonnel carrier was ahead of its time. Governmental in- competence in decision mak- ing retarded development to the point where it was over- taken by foreign competition. We did the research necessary to build an intense neutron generator which would have given Canada the capability of making a unique contribution in that aspect of nuclear physics. We decided that it would compete for too large a share of the existing limited research budget and rather than stretch-the budget and change the priorities we scrapped the project with the inevitable loss of all the pioneering work that had been done. The list could go on and on. The characteristic seems to be endemic of, our national psyche. We move out front in an area and then, we retreat. We seem to be more comfor- table in the second or third ranks. Our national pride and identity reflect the reality. The oil sands development is one more in a long list of unique opportunities. It is risky and expensive but so is billion dollars additional is re- quired. Shades of C. D. Howe dare I say it a billion is not a lot of money in relative terms the equivalent of one new super airport at present prices and it is less than half our annual expenditure on un- employment insurance. One thing is certain, we are going to have to get used to big figures because the capital expenditure essential for energy development in the next few years runs into the tens of billions. Without, ex- penditures of that magnitude, we will have an energy crisis or an exchange crisis or both. Several columnists have scolded the Syncrude partners for setting a deadline for government action. Few of them, I suspect, have the ad- vantage of business ex- perience and consequently they cannot fully appreciate the awesome responsibility of investing other people's money and being held accoun- table for it. Governments can do make unprofitable investments. Businesses sometimes do but seldom knowingly and usually as a result of bad judgment rather than the pursuit of political objectives. From a strictly speculative point of view, oil sands development is not the most profitable investment available in the energy wqrld. Consequently- the Oil com- panies can be forgiven for wanting to share the risk. There's a financial limit for every corporation and if the Syncrude project proceeds, some of the partners, at least, will feel that they are involved to their limit. No doubt, in the circumstance, they would en- joy the security of govern- ment participation. The rules of the game in energy development as in other areas of business have been chang- ing quickly. Faith in govern- ment and its ability to under- stand and sympathize with the complexities of business is declining. There are no C. D. Howe's to 'damn the torpedoes. This loss of faith, coupled with reduced profitability as a result of tax changes, resulted in 45 rigs leaving Canada for the U.S. One Edmonton oilman told me his new million rig would be going to Iran. This loss of conventional exploration Capacity puts an even higher premium on immediate oil sands development. In this climate, the invita- companies have extended for Canadian equity participation should be welcome. It is a great opportunity for Cana- dian economic nationalists. This is a chance to buy into a great Canadian project. Not only, is it a great Canadian project but one that is critical from Canada's standpoint. If we want greater participation in the ownership and control of our energy resources, here is the welcome mat waiting, expectantly, for a timid Cana- dian foot. Hon. Donald Macdonald, federal minister of energy, mines and resources, has in- dicated the federal government's willingness to invest between 200 and 500 million dollars in a combina- tion of equity and convertible debentures. This is good news. The responsibility, he suggests, now rests "with other parties, private and public, to whom the Syncrude partners have addressed themselves." While it would be desirable for the province of Alberta, and perhaps the province of Ontario and the Shell Oil Com- pany to participate, the pro- ject should not be allowed to fail if one or all of them opt out. Mr. Macdonald may feel that the federal public sector should not have to bear the full burden but in the final analysis the federal govern- ment is responsible for energy policy in Canada and it will be held accountable if the project does not go forward. It makes little difference to the average taxpayer which government his money is funnelled through. We must overcome our timidity. Canada must-stay ahead of requirements in all areas of the energy develop- ment spectrum. Tommy Douglas reminded the House of Commons last Thursday that the National Energy Board has included oil sands output in its estimates of producible oil and unless Syncrude comes into produc- tion on schedule we will have a serious problem with supplies in the 1980's. Equally important, any delay will mean a loss of technology. One Edmonton company employing about 500 engineers has most of them, in one way or another, involv- ed in the Syncrude project. In addition, equipment on order, if cancelled, could not be put back on stream for years and then only at higher prices. The loss of momentum might never be regained. Canada's self-sufficiency in energy is' involved in the Syncrude decision. So too is our balance of payments. If Syncrude doesn't go ahead and the National Energy Board projections are correct we will have to start im- porting the extra barrels of oil a day in the mid- 1980's at a cost of a million and a half dollars a day or more. The outflow of foreign exchange in two years would exceed the total billion dollar shortfall. To say that we can't afford the money is ridiculous. 'A decision not to proceed would be tragic. I read the letter of the 14- year-old girl who has nothing to do and so gets into trouble and I read the thoughtful editorial of The Herald on the subject (The Herald, Jan. I agree that there may be many who will say that there are plenty of facilities for recreation or hobbies and I am.inclined to agree that there are plenty of such facilities and many dedicated people doing their very best to help at this critical stage in the life of people. They are the light of our eyes and for us the salt of the earth and if we lose them there is nothing that can make amends for the loss. Un- fortunately we haven't found the answers, or do not use them. I think the suggestion that we review the facilities is more in order than any other suggestion: May I go farther and say we don't need more facilities for recreation nearly as much as an opportunity to do something really useful and get paid for it: Recreation is no answer to a young person just becoming an adult and terribly anxious to prove it. When I was that age, I was on a thrashing gang and quite up- set if anyone said I wasn't holding up my end. I was a man and I could do a man's work or thought I could, and aimed to prove it. But when I had 15-year-old grand- sons they couldn't even be legally hired. What these youngsters need is important work to do, that is, work that older people do. Let them have the pay. Sure when they spend it they may get into mischief but it will not be all the time, and it will be their own money. Making father fork out to keep one in useless recreational activity, in which there may be only a passing interest, inevitably leads to trouble for many who end up hanging around. In some way we must find something for these people to do. May I point out an example. A high school in Lethbridge has a typing pool. The student has to be good to get an assignment. I used that pool this last year and the results were excellent. Furthermore, I understand that the students gained an average of. 15 per cent, and when they go for a job, whoever is lucky enough to get qne will have a jewel. They will not have been pass- ed through, useless to- themselves and anyone unfor- tunate enough to deal with, them. Now may I remark on the shows. The girl is absolutely right. The actors and producers have lost the art of entertainment. Filth and sex is all most of the pictures have. Otherwise they are flops. And just what sort of adults do we have that will even go near them? What, sort oj respect can a 15-year-old have for people who do go, and who use the same language on the street in the presence of those youngsters? Godlike ac- tion is to have the right and power to do anything at all but more sense than to do it. Till you have the necessary responsibility, you do not deserve freedom of action. I once had a platoon of recruits, who had among them several very good enter- tainers. At the going away party they really put on a show and had a fine, lively time going when the camp chaplain came in. We had him say a few words. "You were having such a big he said, "that I thought you had had your beer besides what you had had before, but Ifind you have had none yet and this is a really fine party. How right he was. Some groups did drink and there was no humor that could be recognized by anyone not drunk. Sure we do have the talent. Let's use it instead of this one-track filth that not only isn't fit for 15- year-olds but isn't fit for anyone. But remember work comes first. J. A. SPENCER Magrath Display of ignorance I attended both of the Lethbridge Bronco's hockey games on Jan. 24-26. At the game Friday night I was slightly irritated with a number of the fans for freely throwing insults at the referee. On Sunday night my irritation of Friday turned to disgust and embarrassment at having to admit I was from Lethbridge. The reason for these strong feelings was a home-made sign approx- imately 3 feet x 12 feet hung in full view on the west side of the rink. The sign read "PRETTY BOY HARDING, KING DUMMY I.Q. EQUALS Needless to say the name of the referee is Murray Har- ding. Now, I have no special understanding of hockey but I feel confident that I can recognize poor or good refereeing in a game. In my view the job done by Mr. Harding was fair, and I am sure he wouldn't be refereeing this caliber of hockey if he wasn't skilled at his job. As far as that sign is concerned I am sure nothing can be done with the childish minds that devised it, however, I think the manage- ment at the Sportsplex should take some initiative to pre- vent gross displays of ig- norance such as this. If some steps are not taken by the city to stop this Lethbridge will soon gain a very tainted reputation with players, fans and officials from other cities: I'm sure the majority of the Lethbridge fans wouldn't appreciate that label. PAT HIRSCHE Lethbridge War talk too hasty The possibility of the U.S. going to war over oil has a superficial appearance of be- ing justified in order to pre- vent economic ruin befalling this great nation on which the remaining free word depends so heavily. From my analysis such a radical measure taken at this time would be not only im- moral but much too hasty. It would be wrong to send military personnel to sacrifice themselves so that the American public can go on consuming fuel in a wasteful way. The automobile remains a luxury and like most other, luxuries comes in time to be regarded as a necessity. Mass transit properly developed in conjunction with a little healthful walking could take care of the trans- portation needs of most peo- ple in industry and commerce, at least for the duration of a fuel crisis or until other resources can be developed. The U.S. public should make this effort and in doing so there is almost a certainty that the fuel crisis could be greatly mitigated. Further- more, they would not have it on their conscience that they didn't even try before sending men into military action. There is no doubt that the present price of Arab oil is inequitable. The Arabs will be a long time living down this stupid and outrageous assault on world brotherhood and goodwill. LLOYD WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge The Uthbridgc Herald 504 71h St. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F: MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Editor ROBERT M, FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH'E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;