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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, February THE LCTHBRIDQE HMALD I Soviets modify Soyuz for orbital docking with Apollo in '75 New York Times Service WASHINGTON In preparation for the planned orbital docking of Soviet and {American spacecraft next :year, the Soviet Union is believed to be modifying its Soyuz craft to enable the astronauts on board to function more as pilots than as passengers. Nevertheless, on the basis of details of the Soyuz design and operation that have become known, the Soviet craft apparently has far more limited capabilities than the elaborate Apollo spacecraft the Americans will use. American space officials, obviously eager to avoid any invidious comparisons, emphasize that the American craft was to carry three men on a journey to the moon and back, performing an elaborate series of maneuvers and docking operations. The Soyuz craft, whose characteristics until recently were a closely guarded secret, was designed for more limited missions in earth orbit. The American approach, based on a highly developed electronics and computer technology, made it possible to include many back-up systems and procedures for use if something failed. It also provided for extensive intervention by the astronauts to correct malfunctions or make on- board decisions. Such provisions, it was felt, helped justify the inclusion of men rather than using completely automated systems. The difference between Soviet and American designs have been highlighted in articles published in the last two issues of Aviation Week and Space Technology and in interviews with space officials. They are evident, as well, in the contrasting instrument display consoles of the two craft. Among reported characteristics of the present Soyuz design is that throughout the launching procedure the Russian astronauts are unable to abort, or terminate, the flight Apparently only officials on the ground, monitoring transmissions from the spacecraft, may do this. In an American launching the flight can be aborted either automatically, or by command from the ground, or by astronaut action. The Soviet craft provides the astronauts no display of their attitude relative to the earth's surface for example, whether they are "upside down." On an American craft, continuously operating gyroscopes provide a "stable platform" that remains in a fixed orientation relative to the stars. The Soviet spacemen must depend primarily on sighting through a periscope to determine their attitude and motion relative to the earth, although gyros turned on during maneuvers show _ them in what manner they are swinging or turning. 'Sunlight' let in on Watergate WASHINGTON (AP) A former speechwriter for President Nixon says he disclosed private WniteHouse conversations on Watergate because "sunlight is the best disinfectant." John Andrews said on the weekend he was quoted corr- ectly in a Washington Post article reporting his account of efforts by State Secretary Henry Kissinger and White House chief of staff Alex- ander Haig to persuade Nixon to dissociate himself from three former aides linked to the Watergate investigations. The Post quotes other sources as saying Nixon did not heed the advice and is maintaining his ties with former aides H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and Charles Colson. In talking with Post reporters this week, Andrews read from notes he had made in private discussions with Kissinger and Haig before he resigned from the White House staff in December. With his statement, Andrews became the first former White House aide not involved in the Watergate controversy to criticize openly the president's handling of the issue Press Secretary Ronald Ziegler, who was reported by Andrews as rejecting suggestions that the president express contrition, described The Post article as "containing a mixture of supposed discussions, some of them out of >t Ziegler said he, Haig and Kissinger had discussed the news account and agreed that it was out of context. Andrews said later that The Post article did not distort his statements. Meanwhile, the lawyer Jfor presidential secretary Rose Mary Woods has called on ex- perts who examined the ISVfe- minute gap in a White House tape to back up their con- clusions with evidence. "I thought if these people, if they were experts would have acted like experts and would have brought the scientific data to support their lawyer Charles Rhyne said Friday. "I'm beginning to wonder if they've got lie said in an interview. The six experts told U.S. District Judge John Sirica the erasure was caused by someone pushing the record- erase button at least five and possibly nine times. The experts were chosen jointly by the White House and the Watergate prosecution. The erasure was discovered in the tape of a June conversation between Nixon and Haldeman, then White House chief of staff. Haldeman's notes of the meeting indicate they dis- cussed the Watergate break- in, which occurred three days earlier. Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott is being advised his leadership position may be jeopardized oy his repeated insistence John Dean lied in contending Nixon knew of the Watergate cover-up. A Watergate prosecutor says that Dean's testimony has thus far stood up. Aides say they have advised Scott of the perils of prolonged support of the president. One possibility they are watching for is a challenge to his leadership post ai the start of the next Congress in January, presumably from Senator Robert Griffin (Rep. Midi.I, his ambitious deputy. Griffin has refrained from expressing much support for the president recently and made clear to reporters Friday that he is happy to let Scott do the talking on the Nixon-Dean credibility problem. Rare bird NEW YORK (AP) A mail order bird bought by a 15 year old New York boy has turned out to be a rare American bald eagle. A United States official said there are only 19 other known birds of the species in the Northeastern part of the U.S. The bird injured its wing soon after it flew away from the boy on Uie first day he took it outside his home. Officials said the bird will be placed in a national sanctuary. Jerry Potts... Scout. Interpreter. Half White. Half Indian. A great figure in Alberta's history. He drifted in to Fort Benton, Montana, at the same time Macleod and French were buying supplies for the Mounties. He offered his services as guide and interpreter. He was hired. He understood the Indians, he spoke their languages, and, when he wasn't flat on his back from a night's carousing, he rendered able service during the touchy period when Macleod and Crowfoot were trying to reach an understanding. For twenty- two years. Potts guided the Mounties around the prairies until his death in 1896. But despite his occasional unreliabilities, he played a great part in the early years of this province. He provided a bridge between two cultures. Through him was hammered out the understanding that helped put this land on the road to being a province with a history one hundred years proud. From our proud post, the promise of our future. ALBERTA R.C.M.P. CENTURY CELEBRATIONS COMMITTEE, P.O. BOX 1974, EDMONTON, ALBERTA. T5J 2P4 ;