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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, February 4, 1t74 THI LITHMIPOI HEJIALD 11 Newfoundland prepares for upswing in snowshoe usage ST. JOHN'S. Nfld. (CP) Snowshoes, standard winter equipment for many New- foundland outdoorsmen, are likely to become the most popular item in sporting-goods stores when the provincial government announces new snowmobile regulations. In anticipation of the de- mand, all the large depart- ment stores in St John' be- gan displaying racks of snow- shoes, harness and boots shortly before Christmas sales were reported brisk, advice was not always easily available at store counters For about half the esti- mated to snow- mobile owners in New- foundland and Labrador are urban-dwelling weekend pleasure-seekers who have Forgotten or never learned the lore of snowshoemg. The government proposes to include snowshoes as man- datory safety equipment for snowmobiles operating two or more miles from a road. Two outdoorsmen who agree with the government's proposal also raised the ques- tion of whether a person unused to snowshoes could reach safety by walking over deep snow from a motorized toboggan disabled 20 miles in the woods. Types used There was no real answer to the question but some advice based on experience emerged. Ed Ralph, a forestry con- sultant and a former chief forester of Newfoundland, said he uses three different types of snowshoes for vari- ous parts of the province. In northern Labrador, where snow remains light and powdery throughout the win- ter, snowshoes with a ba- caribou skin were best. "That's the kind the Nas- kapi Indians use There was no need for the caribou skin to be varnished or shellacked since the deep cold prevented melting of snow and consequent stretch- ing of the babiche. Ralph said the spacing of the webbing should be about three-sixteenths of an inch. In southern Labrador ca- ribou skin could also be used, but with wider spacing, say five-eighths of an inch, since there were occasional periods of soft snow. He suggested varnishing the cnnbou skin with the edges of the snowshoe protected from wearing away by a wrapping of raw sealskin Large spacing Ralph said the varnished cowhide found on snowshoes bought in stores is of little use in spacing es- pecially is too large for the far north. In insular Newfoundland, where winter temperatures can change overnight from below zero to 50 above, ca- ribou skin was useless. He said cowhide has to be watched carefully to ensure the protective varnish does not wear away, allowing dampness to penetrate the fabric Nylon trawl line, a type of monofilament about one- eighth of an inch thick used by fishermen, now is becoming popular with Newfoundland snowshoe makers, usually woodsmen who make their own as well as a scattered pair for friends. Ralph figured trawl line might be the best of all "but I'm old-fashioned, I like caribou skin Ray Simmons, a real estate sales manager who writes a weekly outdoor column for The News, said cowhide laid flat around the frames offers no resistance while walking. But the myriad turns of trawl line around the bows might create friction while sliding over the snow Avoid harness Both said they would avoid the leather foot harness being sold here. Simmons said the leather straps become wet stretch and during the course of a day's walk it might be necessary to punch many ex- tra holes for the buckles Ralph said the buckled har- ness also would be dangerous if a snowshoer fell through snow over an unfrozen brook The current might catch the snowshoes like paddles and pull a person to death by drowning "With a sling you can just give your foot a twist and the snowshoe would be gone." The sling is a method used Federal science spending boosted OTTAWA Federal ex- penditures on science during 1974 are expected to increase 116 percent, to according to a federal science ministry forecast released Friday. The largest growth in federal science spending will be in the industrial sector, with an estimated increase of 17 4 percent or in 1974 compared to 1973 Of the total, the industry share will amount to approxi- mately 15 percent or lion, the federal science ministry predicts. And support of research and development will account for 64 percent of the federal science budget, with the remainder going to such related scientific activities as information gathering and the maintenance of standards. Federal in-house science spending will remain the larg- est portion, representing 65 percent or 9838-miUion. In- house expenditure on the human sciences are predicted to grow the fastest, 19 per cent in 1974 compared to 8 per cent in 1973. fii-house spending on the natural sciences is expected to grow by only 7 percent in 1974, compared to 15 percent the previous year. Canadian universities and non-profit institutions (such as provincial research institutes) are expected to wpiw about 16. per cent of the federal science dollar (about 1212 repres- enting an increase of 8.6 per cent or 917 million. The federal environment de- partment will continue to be the largest federal agency spender, with an in-house budget of one-quarter of die total S838-million; slightly more than 55 per cent of the in-house spending will then be performed by Statistics Canada, agriculture, defence, the National Research Council, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., and energy, mines and resources. Federal establishments will employ the full-time equivalent of persons involved in natural ana human science activities in 1973, with slightly more than half doing R and D work, 46 per cent doing related scientific activities, and the remaining 1 percent responsible for administration of extramural programs Oil companies may cut orders REGINA (CP) Five oil companies served notice on the Saskatchewan govern- ment yesterday that they may cancel or reduce planned February purchases of the province's oil if Saskatchewan oil prices are not competitive with Alberta's. The companies Imperial Oil Ltd, Gulf Oil, Son Oil, Texaco Oil and Murphy Oil indicated they will make a decision on purchases after they see the results of the current federal provincial energy conference in Ottawa. The companies' positions were stated at a meeting with government officials where the companies were to con- firm their earlier "nominations" uiiconriiiu- ed indications of oil purchases for the coming month. But the companies declined to confirm February purchases. A letter submitted by Imperial Oil stated that "Imperial's nominations are to be regarded as ten- tative, subject to confirma- tion or withdrawal following the clarification of the total federal and provincial take in respect of petroleum produced in Western Canada." After receiving statements and letters from the five com- panies, the director of petroleum and natural gas for the Saskatchewan mineral Department, fling Lee, said he can offer no solu- tion until conferring with higher officials, many of whom are attending the Ot- tawa conference. The companies had nominated about barrels of oil a day for February. by Naskapi Indians and their Eskimo neighbors in Labr- ador. It consists usually of a caribou-skin string crossed over the toes and twisted and tied behind the heel. Simmons said the sling is easy to adjust, simply by pull- ing the twist and knot a bit tighter. Narrow boots Ralph said boots would likely be a problem for most novices. They should be fairly nar- row and without heels. He said the best are made from the skin of a three-year- old harp un- tanned. Only the foot-part of the boot need be of the leggings can be made of caribou or cured sealskin. Although such boots once were common in New- foundland they probably are unobtainable today, except from some Eskimos. Meanwhile, the stores here sell heelless boots with leather uppers and rubbery, corrugated soles which Ralph said are suitable for most people Simmons said the style and size of snowshoes depends partly on the weight of the wearer Oval, bear-paw shoes would likely be best for thick bush while those with a tail were handy for crossing open country Mai de raquette, the old French phrase meaning the soreness of lower leg muscles suffered by the uninitiated, can be avoided by taking it easy at first or by exercising with a German goose-step, Simmons suggested. Supercrow Artist Russeil Yuristy of Bilton, Sask. stands beside the giant wooden crow (left) he was com- missioned to create for the Spokane world fair as part of the Canadian gov- ernment exhibit. The bird will form part of a wooden animal playground. 1 MeeMlbertcfe Human Rights Commission. In January 1973 The Individual's Rights Protection Act was passed by your Alberta government. This law, administered by the newly appointed Human Rights Commission, is meant to protect people against discrimination in jobs, service, rooms or housing because of their race, religious beliefs, colour, sex, age, ancestry or place of origin. It also protects persons between 45 and 65 years of age against discrimination in their work or when looking for jobs. To make this important program work, your government has chosen a group of seven citizens from various centers in Alberta: Muriel Venne, Edmonton; Marvin Fox, Standoff; Connie Osterman, Carstairs; Nomi Whalen, Calgary; Vincent A. Cooney, Calgary; Jean Forest, Edmonton and Dr. Max Wyman, Edmonton. THESE PEOPLE ARE WORKING IN THE INTEREST OF ALL ALBERTANS. or get in touch with the office nearest you. In Edmonton: Room Building, 10808 99th Avenue, Phone 429-7451, Ext. 62 In Calgary: Room 307, John J- Bowlen Building, 620 7th Avenue S.W, Phone 261-6571 DEPARTMENT OF MANPOWER AND LABOUR HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION ;