Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 IHi UTH1RIOGE HERALD Thursday, February et another scrab- ble game again.-l Klspeth. That ex- tender! a winning .stn-ak In (un '.'ames. Klspeth had led the Maim: all the way but lost on tho play when I eaugbt IUT v.itli ;t which forced her lit snb- some difficult mental arithmetic although even here we now have pocket-sized 'Econo- Meters' that will answer questions about prices. The only other need for human cal- culations will be the construction of simple budgets for those who prefer to pay then- way in this age of the credit card and charge account. All in all, it means that there is very little need for anything but the most elementary math in our modern society. Undoubtedly there are some students who derive great pleasure from the study of mathematics and there is no reason why they should be denied the opportunity to make math a major area of study. Why shouldn't options start in the elementary school? But for those children who do not find math easy, stimulating, or enjoyable then let us change our school curriculum and provide students with a wide choice of worthwhile and interesting alternatives. The most urgent need is to provide a better choice for those children who are solemnly classified as slow learners and whose math- ematical knowledge is just as vague in Grade G as it was in Grade 1. The time taken up by math could be put to much better use by our students. We should be spending much more time on physical education, music, art, social stud- ies, reading and learning for leisure activi- ties. We bear a lot of talk about establish- ing priorities in education. One of our most urgent priorities should be to do something about irrelevant and rigid curriculums that are still imposed upon teachers and stu- dents. A dre.stic reduction in the amount of time wasted on mathematics would be a fine start. winner tract 10 from IUT .-icoro and add Uiiit .'unniinl to mine. Having deduced that she had the "q'1 I adroitly played the final "u'1 in .sud> a that, it could not he added to. II was fair inil. Maurice Western Dictionaries no help with 'Francophone' is a Franco- V phone? What, for that mat- ter is an Anglophone? The question arises from dis- cussion in Parliament about an allegedly secret governm e n t Francophone program which, as it now appeai-s, is neither secret nor a program, but mere- ly a gleam in the eyes of un- identified persons in govern- ment. Robert Stanfield, choosing his words somewhat carelessly, asked the president of the treasury board on Tuesday if it was consistent with acts of Parliament for the filling of po- sitions "to be confined to per- sons of a certain racial origin distinguished from the ques- tion of language specifications." Mr. Drury, shocked by the im- Letters To The Editor precision of the question, re- proached the opposition leader for leading the House into sem- antic problems "because I am not sure that Francophone in- dicates or connotes a racial or- igin." So much for race which, it will be agreed, has nothing to do with the matter. What does Francophone indicate or con- note? Or, as Paul Yewchuk put it: "Would he (Mr. Drury) mind giving us the govern- ment's official definition of the word 'Francophone.' Hansard records a mixed re- action to this question. One hon- orable member said: "Good question." Joe Greene, stiffen- ing the government's anti-sem- antics front, retorted: "Can't you afford a The question may have been rhetorical since many members of Parliament nowadays com- plain that they cannot afford anything. Fortunately, the mat- ter may be pursued in other ways. Pursuit, however, is not the simple business that Mr. Greene may have imagined. There are four dictionaries in the FP Ottawa bureau. The Concise Oxford, often com- mended to zealous students, contains no trace of the word Francophone. Neither, more remarkably, does the Concise Oxford French Dictionary. Nei- ther does Cassell's New French Dictionary, and neither does the considerably more massive Random House Dictionary of the English Language. Even with ministerial gui- History of language situation It should be understood that recognizing that there are two official languages in Canada, other than aboriginal lan- guages, does not imply that the use of either of these languages should be shoved down the throat of anybody, and it causes deep resentment to be told that any Canadian, not speaking both languages, will be a second-class citizen, no matter how well intentioned the statement may have been. We do not have second-class citiz- sens, nor should any regulations tend to make any one second class. There is some misunderstand- ing regarding the status of French in Canada in compari- son with its use (and Spanish) in the United States. The situa- tions are not, or were not, the same. In the United States, French citizens were sold, along with the Louisiana territory, like so many sheep with no stipulation of any rights and none were granted. In the case of various Spanish territories, they were conquered and the United States did just what it pleased with no intention of being considerate in any mat- ter they did not want to con- Keep Canadian water The large-scale sale of Al- berta water resources to the United States was recently rec- ommended by an Edmonton professor. The University of Al- berta's Dr. Arleigh Laycoek, who received his PhD degree in the U.S. and is president of the American Water Resources Association of Urbana, Illinois, also recently presented his views at water resources meet- ings in San Antonio, Texas, and Glacier, Montana. The U.S. has no shortage of water for human consumption. Additional supplies of Canadian water are desired to support the agriculture and livestock industries of the south west states. These areas compete di- rectly in many markets with Canadian agriculture and live- stock producers as can be veri- fied by checking the origin of produce in any local supermar- ket. Any money obtained by Canada from water sales would be more than offset by cor- responding losses to our coun- try in farm income. The water supply of the Mexi- can border city of Tijuana, is now obtained by dcsalinization of ocean water. The cost of desalinization, assuming large and efficient nuclear powered plants, has been estimated by Americans to be approximately the ;is the uf iinpnrl- ing Can.'idirm w a t e r. They might even he able to sell Ca- nadian uranium to fuel such de- .salinizntion plants. The recent northern Alberta disaster caused by the W. A. C. Tlcnnett D.im (described in the booklet Death of A DelUi) shows how little our experl.s know about what will happen when natural water flow is disturbed. Forcing vast quantities of Al- berta water to flow south could cause the "death of a prov- ince." Sale of Canadian water to the United States in any quantity, at any time, is a bad deal for Canada and must be recog- nized as such by all Canadians. CALGARY CANADIAN. Research To former residents of Sas- katchewan who have left the province during the years I960- 1969: would you care to help us by writing me a letter as to why you moved out of the prov- ince? I am working, together with four other women, on a sociology paper dealing with the change in the Saskatchew- an population in the past dec- ade. Your personal reasons for leaving would indeed help us. Hail letters to: (MBS.) PATRICIA EOREEN, P.O. BOX 271 Churchbridge, Sask. sider, any more than the Indi- ans they displaced. There was no one to make them act dif- ferently. In the case of Canada, how- ever, there were other consid- erations. In the first place, France had more troops, more men and more munitions than Britain and also more ships. There had been the conquering of Acadia with not-too-happy results, and an effort had to be made to give Canada a better deal and keep the people from rebelling. Secondly, there was consider- able unrest hi the New England colonies (they would not have rebelled if Canada had re- mained and who wanted to create another spot of trouble? So the French Ca- nadians were granted official language rights, religious free- dom was guaranteed, and civil law in Quebec was French style. But it was never intended that anyone should be forced to conduct his business in one of these languages or anyone refused education unless he used one of these languages he- did not want, or be forced to speak the official language not his own choice, when immi- grating to Canada. The insis- tence of the use of either lan- guage, beyond the bounds of its proportion to the use of it by birth, goes far beyond having two recognized official lan- guages and cannot result in anything but disaster, if such policy is persisted in. However, though our at- tempts to be fair resulted, then and now, in getting kicked in the teeth, fail-ness is still our policy, hut it ought to be used with common sense. J. A. SPENCER. Margrath. dance, one cannot count on in- stant success. But there is the Parliamentary Library. A check of six more dictionaries, English, French and English- French, yielded the same re- sult. Francophiles, yes. Franco- phobes, yes. Francophones, no. One of these, as -a matter of interest, was the New Canadian Dictionary, published by the University of Montreal. A helpful colleague consulted the Shorter Oxford, so called because it exceeds in length, mass and authority, practical- ly everything. Same result. Two more probings, one involving Webster's two volume Lexi- con, were equally barren of re- sults. This is not, -admittedly, ex- haustive research. It does demonstrate, however, that Mr. Yewchuk, could have invested his money in at least 13 well- known dictionaries without in any way adding to his store of knowledge about Francophones. But dictionaries nowadays are not produced over night or by one man, they represent the la- bors of many scholars over many years. It is depressing to realize that so many masters of world languages such as English and French oan go through life without ever meet- ing or at least recognizing, an Anglophone or Francophone. Despite the outward assur- ance of Mr. Greene, one cannot escape the suspicion that Par- liament is dealing here with synthetic, functional words of the stnt regularly developed by Ottawa mandarins. Many of them are easily recognized since they chill the blood or set the nerves on edge. Symp- toms of irritability are in fact discernible at the moment in the national capital. The RCMP according to an unconfirmed report, are searching not for Francophones, but for the guil- ty person who revealed a confi- dential memorandum on Fran- cophones to the astonished eyes of a television reporter. Assuming, however, that Francophone is an ersatz word, was it invented by the public service or was it inspired from outside? H the latter, the most probable source is the B and B Commission. It should sur- prise no one that the term, with an explanation of sorts, is to be found in a footnote on page XXIV of book one, the general introduction to the commis- sion's work. The footnote reads: "To avoid constant repetition of clumsy expressions such as 'those who speak and 'those whose main language is French' we shall often replace both of them with the simple terms 'Anglophones' and 'Fran- cophones.' Before leaving genesis, it should be noted that the B and B, although infallible, has not provided definitions. For a per- son whose main language is French may well speak' Eng- lish. What then is a Franco- phone? And who is not? The problem is far from sun- pie. In the census people are, or .were, classified according to "Mother Tongue." But there are many Canadians who learned German or a Slav language in their homes. They may not have used it for decades, they may now have difficulty in con- versing in it, they may consid- er themselves to be English- speaking. But they cannot be what they think they are if mother tongue is the test. A living language is constant- ly growing by the addition of new words. One cannot deny that government has the same right as science to enrich Eng- lish or French with new and useful terms. But as the execu- tor of public policy, it also, pre- sumably, has a responsibility to define its terms, especially when they are ersatz and un- familiar to the learned writers of so many dictionaries. Other- wise tempers will become fray- ed and we may find ourselves mired in the semantic prob- lems which Mr. Drury so right- ly deplores. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald site for the Carne- gie Library has been chosen. It will be placed in Gait Gardens, just opposite 6th St. and will face 3rd Avenue. Dominion does not have to account to the prov- ince of Saskatchewan for lands within its borders alienated by the Dominion government prior to Sept. 1, 1905. The decision was handed down by the Su- preme Court of Canada. 1941 Golfers took advant- age of the mild weather to in- dulge in their favorite sport. The temperature reached 49 yesterday. 1851 More than 130. farm- ers in tin's district have ap- plied for sugar beet workers for the 1951 season. This will involve 535 workers, most of whom arc- expected to come from displaced persons camps in Germany. ISfil-The town of Taber has been chosen as the site for the new potato processing factory, known as Sun-Alta Processors Ltd. Who do you vole (or? In view of the proposed mar- ri.ige between the Progressive Conservative and the Social <'redit parties in Saskatchewan one wonders what difference there is between these parties. With an impeding election in Alberta, the question is whether you vole for tho husband or (ho wife. Obviously they seem to co-operate well with each other or marriage would be difficult indeed. 11. seems to me that the only alternative in our province is to Inok Tor something new in ixililit'.s. The only left with a dedicated leader is the New Democratic Parly. Wouldn't it. be wonderful to get .somct h i n g refreshing for a change? U-lhbridgc. The Lethkulgc Herald 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETIIBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN jfieonct Class Mail Rpqlslralion No. fmi? Member of Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager Managing Edilor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM MAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"