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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 4, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IN THE PUBUC �� WMrau d�lfWr�d by. President J. h: ' Vr^rtt eftti*: North Dakota Agricuttur--'*'.�( y �"l^Celfeg* at :^he International Dry "rT'.v Panning Conareti,.Spokane, Wash, j PrMJdent X Uak. AsrJcuUural College ^ '"ShftU .elementary agriciiltuve be ||lijiilit�5invtlie Public Schools?" was ja. hlf^is, Sipbitableiqiiestlon only yesterday. T6-*||?Jay^jltlio;;,QTiestion is:-"How .shall ^)!3;^5Si�meBtarj-, �gf)C�lt,\ire be taught in rf#i^!?EUblitf^sScliools?" �' P"*'''^ sentiiueat is ^iffimgijIUnsiaiTonfiy toward a-ocational In-,(,|'^i;/i(ruc^tlon in. the public schools^ eape-i^i^p|jJyci�1lFitoward emphasizluff elemeaiary llfesK'Sw^lciiUure^ the schools of the .rural of^j-iiicommimities. it is not a Tad. It Is ^'�'^Htik'Vsonnd; social and economic move-. ii?*jnent>i ,there is aii\T�ys a remedy, "' *' "JtVheret there is a will, there is a S'JvaProvislonniust he made, there-: vifor.' the'more popular volckllonal ^practicunis at wiiatex-er old regime. � ^4a5j|lnriportance;of'Agriculture'); ,�f iS^Aif ricul tii re vis, conceded; to be the s^Jf^fivsiiMt^important industry of the coun-*;'lry^th�- one indispensable vocation fc"^. Jnd,uatrlea and upon which the varied commercial, business, and profesaion- 'i?(i^prlginiite with the soil. Those, thei^ ^'fore,, iwho"from choice or necessity jihdertake the management: of the soil 'J^.'J ^?^th�e -farming claBs-should be' aided ^ff'-^^Hby f�ll/lhe knowledge that science aE. ISV^'^fordsas well as by all the experience "J!.',*'/ that eminent experimenters and prac-' ^tical -agi'icultui-aliBts jhave put upon ^^55% j'''V'r'ecord. The begt there is in technical vf^':.-3 .training is none too good for them. M^i-^^f � "fl?he President oi the "United Slates. Tf^ ' In his message at the beginning of the i,3'r iNi'i second session oi the Fifty-Ninth Con-iH^IV.fg^-s said:.' - : ,i^"xhero'Js no longer'any failure to .?s\(i}^t,';.reallze "that .fanning, at least in reir; talfehranch'es,Cmii�t!,become aytechni-'"Ccal,-?�iid:i?'8clentlflc. 'profession. Th^B 1|/Vf;A'nwM>�''' �'fPer'ntendcd by the stale must c^"!''  i'ae'ekirather to produce a hundred good V,^r\':\;J'citiMnB than merely one echolhr, and \^ . \ . Jt'rauat be turned now and then from imi:s^kby : new legislation in pr6gTess;:ls,',thorouglily alive to the importance and neioessity of enlarging and intensltyius. the scope, of. agri-cultural: education;. This body of agricultural, knowledge now available for the children of- the. rural districls is too precious to be neglected^ too useful to be-'ignored. Somehow it must be conveyed to,them. The Agricultural College The agriqultunil college cannot reach the;masses. , It comes within its. province ito- prepare -chemists and bio^: logiats for research and investigatloc;. to i prepare; 'agtlGultural joumallsis, dairymen,*^ engineers, teachers,- physicists, superintendents of farmers' instil tutes, experimenters, horticulttirlats. and: foresters;, as. well as scientific farmers and experts in all lines that bear directly or indirectly upon the industries of life. � In short, the agricultural college trains the e.Tcep-tion-al man: for exceptional service, as well as .many, skilled fanners and englnecrte who alsd render silent serf vlce��ln*their i.-severai communities. But.if:maroonedtupon its campus, as some,::thinklit should .be, but a fraction of those for whom the Agricultural College was endowed would ever come ;within its influence. Its. mission .is to the "industrial classes;'.'.whether.on the campus or In theischools of the state. The public schools -muft, of necessity, therefore, become the purveyors of the elementary-Instructiop in. agriculture .and subjects closely allied to it, if ; the great jmajority, ot. our children ^re to be reached and benefitted. In other words, the public schools must supplement the . the agricultural colleges it that vast and -useful body of knowledge collected, and arranged fo.- the children of the industrial classes is ever to benefit them. Do not misunderstand me. The preparation of .exceptional 'men for exceptional sei-^-ice in the field of agriculture is not the only, nor yet the chief mission of the agricultural college. It must keep the actual farmer in view and encourage its graduates in ever-increasing numbers to'settle down upon the land as scjen-tific farmers. The country needs an educated and public-spirited agriculture as truly as it needs raeu educated for business, law, or medicine. Everj-farmer thus educated and thus employed becomes a valuable asset to the community in which he operates, both as a model farmer and as a man of affairs. Rural, talent must be capable of participating as freely in shaping the political and financial policy of the country as any other class of citizens. Every Important: movement affecting the publiy welfare should be directed liy country people to the extent of I heir numbers and their interest iu the movement. OLliurwise the urban population takes, everj'ihing and gives nothing, except \vhai. it cannot .use. The producor is as Important as the diai.ributor. �^'^'V'" FEEDS AND NOURISHES ' 1 BjO^BIC i^;concentrated pirime beef-it ^0Make�I'lclired blood and gives iiafural s Avarmth.. Drink BOVBIL, it foillties the .sys-, itejn and maintains lieallb. But Few Graduates luit a comparanvely small number of our young people; and eapeclnlly of thosf country-bred,'can ever hope to enjoy the ndvantages of a college education. The educational statistics, tor the year 1906 show that a trlffe over one-tenth ot one per cent of yas enrolled m colleges and universities. For the same v�ar, less than one per cent of our population was enrolled in high shools, while almost twenty per cent of our total, population was enrolled in the elomontary schools. Jloreover,-it is estimated iu the .Middle West that 9S per cent of those enrolled in the country schools begin and end their education in tho one-room school house. Speaking ot these children, Supermteudent O. J. Kern, of Illinois, comments as follows: "It would seem reasonable that the training in tho SiVibject matter of the Course of Study should more closely relate lo their life on the farm; Tj-aditlou and a courso of training Tor a professlomvl life, should no longer dominate the secondarj' and the eleihfintary schools, especially the country schools, . . It is now time that the ne tual needs of the co�ntr.v child be considered in selection of material of sttid.v. Especially Is this true for this 9S per cent of the country children who do not attend tiie high school.? Broadly speaking.- then, for the vast maiority otthe 17,000,000 school children comprising our pupil iPOftulatiou; efficiency for citizenship rather than popular 'scholarship or literary culture should receive paramout consideration These children rarely expect to become 'professional men or women, hence the. folly of training them exclusively along the road that leads ---to the professions. They do expect, however, to become useful citizens, the viist majority of them industrialists of one character or another, 'therefore what training the {public schools can offer should (It them for the sphere of activity they will occupy. The public" schools should teach persons how to live even if it becomes necessary to diarard �ome of the cherislied Ideals entertained by reactionarj- educators. The material welfare of the many must not be sacrificed for the benefit ot -the favored few. Those who are destined t6 perform the world's work, create the world's wealth, and bear t>fe . chief burdens of the government, but who will be in a position to enjoy fewest of the luxuries otUfe, are entitled to the most dlre.ct and effecient educational aids that money or genius can provide for them. , The short cqurses in elementarj' agriculture and domestic science which the agricultural colleges liav? arranged for farmers' children-courses that could readily be adopted by the high schools-have been more than justified by the oagemess with which the subject matter has been pursued, the interest it has awakened and the added enthusiasm with which boya and girls, after completing these courses, look forward to their lifework. ' Bur, as before stated, the agricultural colleges cannot reach the tens of tho^asands of the country's best young blood, every one of whom ha-s a personal intere'Si in and ""need of this type of education. And doubtless realizing this fact. Congress wisely authorized the agricultural colleges to use a portton of their Federal ciidow-meut for the preparation of teachers of elemejitary agriculture and the mechanic arts. Naturally, reasonably and logically the agricultural colleges are the best (lualifi^d to suggest courses of study in elementary agriculture, superintend the Instructional work and as far as pod and digests it Just the same as* if your stomach wasn't there. Relief In^flve minutes from all stomach misery Is at any drug store waiting for, .you. These ilarge 50-cent cases contain more than sufficient to thoroughly cure almost any case of di'spepsia; indigestion'or any other stomach disturbance",.* more surely than to have it administered by incompetent hands or directed by those not in hearty sympathy with its purposes. - Why Teach Agriculture "Every race dug its civilization out of the ground." _ �-' That which is most vitjvl to com-mon-wealth-^to Its prosi)erity and very| existence-cannot with safety be excluded from the purpose for which Hb educational energies are expended. The fanner? and .his' mode of life- are vitally easential to the existence of both state and nation. His is the only class that prodnces-^-for practically everything comes^aoM the son. The soil, therefore, tl? thg-jCjttlef source ot wealth. Its care, management and protection, the 'common heritage ot all, is at his mercv-*. TH^'^coUnlry's greatest natural resource lain his keeping- to conserve or'ihjurejn - v�i / fihe farmers' inveatment aggregates more than ?.50.000,000,000. Their number comprises nearly halt the iwRuIa-tion.of the entirecountry and the wealth they producevicxceeds, 18,000,-OOOiOOft. . .., .joT � .The farmer feeds .-,tbe world. ,Jn addition, he produces the raw material that supplies the factory, which in turn gives erapiojTn'ent to millions of skilful workers. From the fjirm and factory flows our unprecedented commerce. He is' a usefur citizen. Without him cur greit ships would rot, locomotives become junk and cities fall into deca.v. -' The farmer holds this masterful position among the country's productive forces. The soil-God's benediction to humanlt.v-over which he is lord, will soon descend to his children. The country demand* that they be not educated away from .the farm, but toward the farm, and that country life be made not only agreeable, but desirable. "The educational propaganda for a better country Jitc is now the very first requisite for an economical and socially sound and enduring civilizo-tion." For those and many other reasons, agriculture should occupy a prominent place in the courses of study provided for the public schools. Nor are the subjects embodied in agriculture wanting in either Interest or educational valeu. Agriculture embraces the soil and what grows from the soil, It also includes all the transmutations from vegetable to animal life and animal products. The physical sciences hold perpetual conventions on the farm. It is God's great workshop and who works there works with God, Agriculture and Nature are almost, trems. Train the Child The first lessons in agriculture are simple and readily understood by the child. They embrace the natural objects he is familiar with, that he takes a lively a'nd home interest in. He sees them every day, works .wltli them...and depends upon them for lite and pleasifre. Prom the beautiful and Curious, he gradually comes to understand the useful. Learns of tht> soil and its constituent elements; relation ot moisture and fertility to plant growth; how to conserve the one and Increase the other;, habits of plants, insects, and animals; which are beneficial and'which nre. harmful; diseases of plants and animals and how to manage them; how the laws of nature operate and how to vary or modify their effects; how to improve plants by selection, hybridization, and breeding; how to judge domestic livestock, etc., and lastly, how to produce domestic animals, approximating perfectioii, or how to doul?lr,and 'eveif' treble the yield of crops ot,every.. aescrlption --j'^'.." �.--'-**';- ^' ";. andicnjoyjtho'werk more thanito.take a vacation. . ' Kvery aubject related to agriculture fOBterB'the-habU of observation; While they may not take equal,rank with mttbematlcs In iormlui habit* of concentration; yet they train an altogether dtflerent set of fa'cultJes-facultle* thni'are even more frequently .called into use lu with'-lfte Alrni^hty. A'^olumes may be written without exhausting the beauties; the mysteries, the fascinating interest that attaches to every one bf the thousands .-of subject* contained In God'B; great text book^agrlculture; and when children are introduced to it by the heart earnest teacher, then compulsory laws and truant officers will Income absolute. Interest will dra^ij them to the school roo mwith keener alacrity than comr pul�pry. laws ever drove them there.' Naturally, our young people and their parents must see In their school something attractive, something useful, some Interest and profit, before they will'make the right degree of effort to patronize and support such a school. v Never Consulted One fataliweaknesB that attaches to our course of study prepared for lhe,| public schools is tho fact that neither parents nor children n'ere ever consulted -as to their wishes or neieds. How; to!prbvide' a,way io' reach the freshman class of ' the university, seems to "have been the domlnttlhg Idea, and for that purpose human genius could scarcely have devised' a more perfect scheme. B.ut where 17,-000,000 children start arid only 136,-000 land, the sacrifice of children's rights is too great, especially as the sacrifice falls roost heavily upon those that can least afford it. The well-to-do can go to college under any circumstances;' tho average child cannot. Exception should be made; therefore, for the great mapority of'our children, and subjeots for study provided that they arc personally'interested in, -subjects, the value of which they can readily see. Overcrowded Curriculum To overcome the difficulties of an overcrowded curriculum, many academic subjects should be abridged. Take arithmetic as an example; The pupil that does not expect to pursue his studios beyond the eighth grade should not be required to master half the subject matter contained In tho average arithmetic. The ordinary man has no practical use for much that the child Is- no wrequlred to study, and as a consequence the pupil is apt to acquire a hazy knowledge of many arithmetic processes and a clear quick, accurate knowledge of none. In view of other and more useful subjects that should engage the pupil's time-subjects containing material more closely related to the life of tho future farmer and thpt still possess cultural and disciplinary value-arithmetic should be so abridged that only the study ot those problems In or-dinai-y businesB use should be required. 'What Js required, however, should be thoroughly mastered and opportunity given for its mastery. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, common and decimal tractions, tho tables in general usCj^ a very few ot the applications of percentage aiid some of the problems In mensuration emhodj' practically all of the ordinary business calculations that are reqiilred by the average farmer. Better that he be sliijrp, quick, accurate In these calculations and totally Ignorant of others, such as square and cube root, tban to be uncertain and foggy in all. Then the subject mater contained In the text examples should relate almost exclusively to farm products, articles of farm consumption and such business problems as confront the average farmer, not forgetting that through tho subject matter of the problems themselves these may be made instructional as well as disciplinary. It must be remembered that S18-per .s. i Jt.-'.'i!;,^;.' Used by the best Bakers K(' \aSaA Cateretw everywhere alio by Chefs in lha ^ih'rge hoteb and on Dining Can, Steamships^' .-...::.S^Munboate....etc.-:..,:.. v.,,. . 1/ ,' _ It is wise to.uie food pioducts thi^ are V^f^ produced in c!can facfories. S.W.CII,K,BTTCO.I.TD. TOHOMTO, OUT., ' '' cent: of eighths grade pupils cannot hope tO: become scholars In. the popular sense nndlienuesliould not bo required to -lay the fomidation, while studying arithmetic, for the entire'pro-ilralnnry, ground; :\york of the raath-metfcs"required In. the higher' education. Furthermore; byJthusieliminat-ing needlcBS details and rcdudant matter for '.several of tli,o, reqiiircd academic? Bubje'dts, considerable tlme^ wiii'i be saved for the study.of elementary agricul'ture. If any 'inconvenience is occasioned, let if fall upon the. 2. per cen.v who desire to-go beyond, rather fthanHUjfon tho 9S per cent, that can-t not. ' �' ./Jluoh'of geograpjiy also may ^ be "omitted -With advantage' 'to eighth grade children by limiting the 8|Ub-ject more closely fo home and local geography. Many of thelletBlIs with; reference to campaigns and battles should be omitted: from the United States History required in the coimtry schools, and: tviUy one-halt of the pasfis devoted to technical .'grammar. could, also be . omitted .with profit: Wlt,h_ the academic subject's. Ihus'"^ abridged;' ample, .time would be available .for laying A very fair foundation for elementary agriculture,, domestic science or manual training-, in tho'icommon'; schools. �� :.-.' � - ; i � ' The iellmlnations here irecommend-ed may seenj like educational; hetero.-, doxy; but~.l am .pleading the cause^ot that mighty army - of 'children, the future bulwark ot the hatloni^the greaMndustrlal> class that,,18. doomed never to grace the halls ot college or university^ "but,' .jjoonrr^perliaps too sooii-must enter life and engage in prodiietive labor. J = would ^ free them from the.tyrannyiot-the higher Instir. tutlons that prescribe for them courses of Btudy; that, Jike istepplng, stones, .lead fidm.i>era|^^ ^bwgrade*'toaedi^ca-tlonal heights they can never rea^li: 1 would give them instead at least some elementary -vocational ti'alning that will make their work. pleasanter, ^jKhethe^ oft-the'farm; in the shop/or' in theifactfory. ' . ' Producers and Consumers Society Is made up of two general classes-producers and consumers. Naturally, producers stand first in im-portanoci yet"~the. consumers have.;|a monopoly on-tlie means ot education'-^ especially of higher education. The farming'class stands out preeminently conspicuous among ,the producers of the^pountry. Farmers' children should not be denied the privilege of-studying elementary agriculture-In the public schools. It is theirs by right and the quality of instniction provided should be earnest and not perfunctory. .The public schools must be redirected and adapted to the need.-j ot the people. Tliey must be vitalized and point to things direct^ and certain, Instead ot thliigs. general.,and conventional. . The changed economic and industrial conditions of the country make a change in our educational ideals imperative. We liave devoted and are still, doybting too. much', energy m. preparing a favored class to make Its'. llvInig,,o�f the,(Otber fellow..The higher' institutions have too long made a business of education, and are dealing In millions: of'hum'kn units to train a few thousai^d, .generally, for professions already overcrowded, tliough the industries "are begging for - workmen and tho margin of the world's food supply is growing small. Tho farm and not the office is in need of occupants. The- army of educated consumers Is pressing too hard upon the untraine"a producers. In Conclusion A recent number of .the Outlook contains an article on "The Martian and the Farm." The writer supposes that an inhabitant of the planet .Mars xlsits the earth and tells his impressions ot education In the United States. As the writer's imagination seems to apredlcated upon popular oo-ser'vatioii, I close" with tiie' following brief extract: "it the proverUlRl inhaliUant from Murs were to visit an ordinary American rural school, he would be inclined to comment somewhat as follows: 1-notice that these Americans s^em to think the raising of crops qiivte unnecessary and they are applying their remarkable intelligence to the .task of depopulating their rural regions. They'have the acuteness to see that. If they are to drive th? people out of the country, they cannot begin with Uie adult population. Life ill the open' couttti-y is so alilirlng and natural that even when It lias not  been made as comfortable as if easily might be,'it holds people fast. So these far-seeing .Americans, in order to,crowd people into the cities, where they obviously want them 'to bo, haye devised a campaign of education directed against the children. Thoy have planned nil their rural schools on city models. Rven iu such detail as arithmetic pro-blenjs"; they see to It that the chil- dren's ' mind should V ^be directed : towards urban life, 'rhcy so fill-the field, of a child's attention with the affairs ot the town and oitythat they -have no room for Idea* that � eoncorn life, In .the open country. vYear after �year '.(hesc AraericaiiB fill thelr;children's minds with cl^ ldealB;;^and as soon as the children are llberikted;from school they leap for the,city. jH* "a . igroai' task^these Americansrfliavesitiir.',^ dertaken,' buf^ tiey iwlll flnisS' it In a generation or 'two; and then they 5; will hiive the sati8fa> lives does hot regard the farmer''s:w-'' cupatlon. as ^ svorthy ,of study? ' How can ho be'expected id-look with am-bltlon toward agriculture as a!vooa-f Hon when he finds^that training for-It Is regarded as less important than preparation for ,a_ clerkship? Haw can ho think of village aiid^rural'life * as anything more than m'akeBhlft when he finds that in the school^he-attends, there is not a word taught concerning crops or cattle or roads?'' : MARKETS Winnipeg WHeiit . W^innipeg; Keb. -4.-TrM'a.v opened 98 l-ar, closed 96 1-8; July opened 98;. closed 98 3-8ji,pct. closedjSSj-1:8;-cash wheat f.Nocf93; 2 N'or;f9Q 1-4 C 3 Nor. 87 1-4; No.* 4, 82; No. 5, 75; No.. 6;. 70 1-4; Feed,!. 63; Oats No. ,2'.:C.W;{| 31; Barley No. 3, iO 1-2; No.:;4, 40i?: Kpjected, 38 j JFeiadii 36', .'inialx,! I'iN. .W!.j )' Birkenhead Cattle Markat ? � -ijlvorpooli FelJ. 4.:-John Rogers & ,Cq.,report here,today there was very fll'ttle business' traiisacted In Birkenhead market and there v/as a general . reduction ot .one quarter cent pel' pound. The undertone was weak and there is every . probability there, will', be a..farther slight reduction. States, steers today made from 12% fco 15c iper pound. , �!'�'� August Mattson, a :Finn, Is .in tlie hospital and 'John Rondeau arrtBtefl charged with having etahbed bim in the right 'breast- In'a fignt at Porcupine. They "had quarrelled^ovor |2 one had spent. ~ j ' . : ".\Ubb Passay is.furioua^tk that society reporter." . ' "Why' so?''-.'-- , . , ,r: "Ue jiiubllsh^ the announceinmit of ner'apiy'o'ac'hlng'' wedding inder tho 'cdlumu headed .'Late ^Eugageniento,'." r^ute.  ' ' ' BEAItlNGDOWIV PAINS What woman at sometime or other : does not experience those dreadful bearing down pains. Mrs. B. Griffith, '1 of Main street, Hepworth, Ont.; says: , "Ahoavy bearing-down pain .had'.setriio lied across my back and-sldesr I was . often unable to stoop or straighten myself up. Many times each night 1:: would have to leave ^ my bed with the , irregular and frequent .seoretionB'ail the kidneys and just ae done\out,ll: the morning a.s on retiring. ' ;r:vf|[H ' . . ,. languid. . agjj, .would have to let my'h'ouse-AVork. Btknd. . Nbthlng;i>53ihd tried' ' would benefit a I learned of Booth's ' Kidney Pills arid concltled that.I W'o.uld try  them which I did, and soon found the long sought relief. .My back strengthened and I began to feel better and stronger. ..^I; now enjoy my sleep without being dis-,; ; turbed, and feel grateful to Booth's -  Kidney Pills for what they did for. me."  ' � . Booth's Kidney Pills are a boon to:,? women. She wo.uld know leas of back-v,' aches if she took more of these won-: . derful pills. They'are nature's great- : est epocifio for all diseases of the kidney* ond bladder. All drugglsta, 6O0 ; . box, or iKJStpald from Thn II. T. Booth Co., Ltd., Fort Erie, Ont. Sold ana', guaranteed ,bj' Jdckaon & Cope.. ;