Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 3, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
District The LetKbrldge Herald Second Section Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, February 3, 1975 DOUG COLE, 11, AND DALE GRISAK, 12, PRETEND TO FIRE A MACHINE GUN Pages 11-20 Leonardo da Vinci I opens at city library An exhibit of models of inventions of Leonardo da Vinci is' on display at the Lethbridge Public Library. It was created by International Business Machines from the drawings of the 16th-century genius. He is best known for his painting, Mona Lisa and was the artist who down the conception of the Last Supper. 'Jut he also was an inventor who lived centuries ahead of his time. He is credited with inventing airplanes, parachutes, machine guns, odometers, movable bridges, the military tank, devices for testing the strength of wire and so forth. His lifelong lust for nolle recognized no boundary between art and science. He made thousands of notes for a series of never-completed works on anatomy, pain- ting, sculpture, architecture, water and military engineering. Glimpses of da Vinci the engineer are provided by the exhibition. Art historians point to da Vinci's passion for observing nature at work and show how the Italian artist applied natural laws to practical invention. Da Vinci analyzed everything in terms of function. In the structure of and working of bone and muscle, he recognized the mechanical principles he applied to machines. Da Vinci was able to stop motion with his eye to see, for example, how water moved. His fascination with the flow of water led to his principle of the transmis- sion of energy, which today is called the wave theory. His observations on the weathering of mountains and formation of river beds led da Vinci to pioneer new designs for canals, locks and ships' hulls. His inventions, now on display in the library, show that da Vinci came closer than any man since the ancient Greeks to mastering the whole range of human knowledge. DALE VANDENBERG, 11, INVESTIGATES ROTATING BRIDGE LARRY ERDOS CHECKS OUT PARACHUTE Court reporter shortage slowing legal action By KEN ROBERTS Herald Staff Reporter A shortage of court reporters across Canada has affected the operation of Lethbridge provincial court. One lawyer addressing the court called the situation "desperate." Before a date for a preliminary hearing can be set, lawyers and Crown prosecutors have to check to see if a court reporter is available in many cases. On one occasion a district court judge hearing a bail application hearing for a man charged with rape was told a preliminary could not be held for months because no court reporters were available. MAN GONE The judge reluctantly granted the man bail because he didn't want to keep the man in jail for that period of time, the man has since dis- appeared. "A tremendous sudden up- lift of is how Senior Court Reporter Rollie Jardine explains the shortage. The number of cases being heard in courts throughout the province has increased, Mr. Jardine says. The work has increased but the court, reporter school in Edmonton hasn't been able to supply graduates to keep up with the increase. The school to which Mr. Jardine alluded is the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, which offers the only recognized course for court reporters in Western Canada. Mr. Jardine hopes he can get two of the school's' graduates in the spring to work in the Lethbridge area. SOME GO AWAY However, there is keen competition for the graduates as a shortage of court reporters is being experienced all across Canada. Some of the graduates go to Ontario where the pay is better and some go to British Columbia. Ontario is the top- paying province in Canada for court reporters, but Alberta ranks second, Mr. Jardine says. Gary Moore, head of the court reporters program at NA1T, says the problem is two-sided. First there is not enough publicity about the court reporting profession and second, there is a shortage of court reporting schools. Most people think court reporters work for a news- paper and don't realize court reporting is a separate profession. Court reporting is a demanding job. Reporters must understand complicated, technical evidence. Reporters graduating from NAIT are capable of comprehending evidence and taking it down at a speed of 200 words per minute using stenograph shorthand machines. GRADS ONLY Because it is such a demanding profession, NAIT requires people enrolling in the course to Have senior matriculation. There are no waiting lists for people to get into the course but many are turned away simply because they don't have the, qualifications, Mr. Moore says. Two years ago NAIT opened the first accredited court reporting school in Canada with the approval of the provincial government. Since then, one school opened in Toronto and one is starting in Vancouver. Mr. Moore feels before other schools can be opened, the present schools have to become established well enough to consistently turn out topnotch graduates. He thinks there eventually should be one school per province. He feels it will be 'another two years before the NAIT program begins programs in other centres, such as Calgary and Lethbridge. There is a need for reporters from the Lethbridge area, he says. In the spring of 1974 the school turned out its first 12 graduates and hopes to turn out another 16 this year. TO CONTINUE However, Mr. Moore thinks' it will be another five or six years before the shortage of reporters -is overcome. Electronic tape-recording systems as the one being used in the Calgary provincial court house will not replace court reporters, Mr. Moore says. This system is designed to pinch-hit if there are no reporters available. Maybe one day we'll get enough reporter's to replace the recorders, he says. Mr. Jardine does not agree with Mr. Moore that there should be more schools for reporters. He says one is satisfactory because the de- mand for reporters could level off and one has to think of the economics of starting another school. (Related story on page Legislature affected oil, welfare, small businesses By AL SCARTH Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON For those of. us lost somewhere last week in the dizzying swoops at the legislature between multi- billion dollar oil sands plants, multi-dollar prods to work for welfare recipients and multi- thousand dollar tax cuts for small businesses, here is a partial box score: If I am a welfare recipient, I face a 15 per cent cut on any subsistence stipend for refus- ing "to accept work of whatever type is, available, even in a different part of the province." If I am a small business, I can have my provincial taxes eliminated for three years if I locate anywhere I like in the province. And if I am a giant oil sands consortium, I can threaten to take my marbles out of the province, sending several governments into a tailspin. .Last week was probably as good an object lesson as any in the juggling act that is government. The difference is it uses priorities instead of plates. There is a priority for oil, for small business, for welfare recipients, for old age pensioners and for recreation centres. Premier Lougheed and his government are attempting to keep them all in the air at once. Sometimes the plates get mixed up. Sometimes they fall and break. One plate the government tossed up last Friday had million for recreational facilities written on it. More than 14 million of that will go to Lethbridge in the next decade.' Exactly how much more depends on the city's raise in rent, secure in the population growth. knowledge that their said Leighton grandchildren were dancing Buckwell, Social Credit MLA in a new recreation centre." Commentary for Macleod, in his sardonic that should make the pensioners happy. As they shuffled down the cold streets, they could ponder their raise to a month, and some of them their Accentuating his remarks was a daily series being written by an Edmonton Jour- nal reporter living on a senior citizen's stipend. He pondered in one article on the rows of Oldsmobilcs and Chryslers parked outside the legislature. He had just lost a glove and didn't see how he could afford a new one, even in the bitterly cold weather.. The Journal's series is attracting enormous interest in the threadbare life of many pensioners. Meanwhile, three of Canada's most powerful oil mandarins arrived in the capital to discuss aid for their threatened Syncrude oil sands plant. The 'mandarins were not responsive to questions from a clamoring press corps. They pushed through the reporters, pulling on gloves and shrugging into expensive- ly tailored overcoats before disappearing to burn more midnight oil. Don Getty, Alberta's spokesman during the negotiations, appeared on the scene to offer at least a modicum of humanity in response to reporters' queries. Asked "Will you match" Ot- tawa's offer of up to million to save the project, he looked thoughtful, then counted the change in his pockets to indicate good humoredly he was taking the question literally because he was bound not to discuss the delicate negotiations. Today, the oil sands negotiations continue in Win- nipeg, the government's printers rush to fill orders from businessmen and ac- countants for copies of Alber- ta's proposals to cut corporate welfare recipients ponder proposed incentives to work and penalties not to, while The Journal's pensioner still shuffles the streets of Ed- monton.