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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 3, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta NUCLEAR EXPERIMENT SOUGHT FOR OIL SANDS CALGARY (CP) While the provincial and federal governments are being asked to consider an ex- perimental nuclear blast in the oil sands area of Alber- ta no formal application has been made, a spokesman for Phoenix Canada Oil Co. Ltd. said late Sunday. He said S. Donald Moore, president of Phoenix, was in Edmonton last week sounding out provincial of- ficials on the possibility of the experimental use of a nuclear device in the oil sands where conventional ex- traction has proven expensive. No formal written application was made, he said. The spokesman said such an experimental blast would cost between million and million "including all the ramifications" and would take at least a year to get ready even after approval by a variety of provincial and federal agencies. Phoenix Canada, a small Canadian company with head offices in Toronto, owns ,the patent rights on a "recovery of .mineral values" technique involving nuclear power to heat the sluggish oil found in the sands and allow it to be forced to the surface. The spokesman described the oil sands as being like a bowl of jelly with the sand grains floating in it. The trick to extraction is to free the jelly, leaving the sands behind. Nuclear energy, with its incredible heat generating force, could conceivably do the job, he said, although it is not known how economic- ally. i "The question is will the amount of oil freed by such an explosion justify the expense of the explosion." An' underground nuclear explosion would generate the necessary heat, he said. Police chief scores 'lenient ball attitude' By KEN ROBERTS Herald Staff Writer A man charged in Calgary with indecent assault, with rape in Lethbridge and who has since disappeared should never have been given bail, says Lethbridge police chief Ralph Michelson. The man, Roy Meivin LaFrance, was first charged with indecent assault and freed on his own recognizance in Calgary. He was subse- quently charged with rape in Lethbridge. Mr. LaFrance was refused bail in provincial court but appealed the decision in Lethbridge District Court Nov. 27 and bail was granted. It was set at Mr. LaFrance has since dis- appeared. He was to appear in Alberta Supreme Court in Calgary Jan. 6 for .arraign- ment on the indecent assault charge but didn't show up. A warrant was issued for his arrest but he's yet to be found. Says Chief Michelson: "He's an example paused by this more lenient bail attitude. I don't believe a man that's out on bail and charged with another offence should be out on bail again." A high ranking court official told The Herald Judge C. G. Yanosik granted Mr. LaFrance bail with the "greatest reluctance." Judge Yanosik was told a preliminary hearing for Mr. LaFrance could not be held until Feb. 14 because there were no court reporters available. Faced with the prospect of keeping Mr. LaFrance in jail for 75 days or granting him bail, Judge Yanosik granted him bail, the official said. Judge Yanosik declined comment. Chief Michelson says the un- availability of court reporters "is a weak excuse" for letting a man out on bail. "My view is that a trial date should be set by the court, it's just as simple as that. If they need a court reporter on that date it's up to the court to see one is he says. If a judge is available it should be possible to get a court reporter. "If there is not enough staff increase the staff. "There are enough un- necessary delays without that kind of a Chief Michelson says. If a reporter is needed for a criminal case, he should be taken from a civil case. A man's trial should be as soon as possible. Provincial Judge L. W. Hudson told The Herald he refused to release Mr. LaFrance on bail because "I didn't think it was in the interest of the public." He says Mr. LaFrance was out on bail for a similar charge in Calgary. As well it had been brought to his atten- tion the girl who said the ac- cused raped her complained he had threatened her if she went to the police. "Judge Yanosik let him out because the preliminary hear- ing wouldn't be for two months because of a shortage of court Judge Hudson says. "The length of time until his preliminary was not brought to my he says. Rollie Jardine, Lethbridge's senior court reporter, told The Herald that in emergency situations something can be worked out. A man can be taken from a civil case to work on a criminal one. This happened recently with a preliminary for a man charged with assault causing bodily harm in connection with the beating of a old girl. The preliminary was fitted in, Mr. Jardine says. (See Page 11 for related 7 days to go The Lethbridge Herald Countdown LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1975 15 Cents Ontario ponders Syncrude money WINNIPEG (CP) Premier William Davis said today Ontario will consider investing in the Syncrude oil sands project if necessary to keep it alive. But the premier, here to at- tend a meeting on the future of the project, declined to say how much the province would be willing to invest. "All I can say is we've studied the matter carefully in the last few weeks and if necessary for the project we will consider he said. The meeting of government ministers and top oil company executives was scheduled affer Syncrude's owners agreed during a meeting Fri- day with federal Energy Minister Donald Macdonald to keep the billion project go- ing until at least today. The owners Imperial Oil Ltd., Gulf Canada Ltd. and Canada Cities Service Ltd. had threatened to cancel the project at midnight last Fri- day. Mr. Macdonald said this morning he did not know if agreement on new financing would be reached today, say- ing further meetings may be necessary. Premier Peter Lougheed of Alberta, another province which has shown an interest in providing funds for the ven- ture, had no'comment. Syncrude said costs are run- ning at million a day and any delay would also result in the company having to make interim payments on million in equipment orders. But six hours before the Fri- day time limit, the owners emerged from the meeting with Mr. Macdonald to say they were "sufficiently en- couraged by progress" to wait until after today's session. and heard About town Steve Kotch running between stove and phone to keep supper from burning Janet Main wistfully hoping tea would come forth from the second of two coffee urns at a recent meeting. Gas deaths Nine persons tried frantically to outrun death in New Denver, Texas, and almost made it, but leaking gas from an oil well wafted through the fog and drizzle and killed them'. Tom Merrill, who saw death coming, gathered his family and escaped. The family cat wasn't so lucky as firemen discovered when they entered the Merrill home later. Record deficit foreseen WASHINGTON (AP) Painting his bleakest picture yet of the United States economy, President Ford ask- ed Congress today to approve a record peacetime budget deficit of billion for 1976 to help end the worsening recession. Ford is noted his long-time opposition to deficit spending, but told Congress that "if the economic recovery does not begin soon, the treasury will Classified ..16-20 Comics..............6 Comment...........4 11-13 Family............15 Markets...........14 Sports............8-10 Theatres............7 TV.................7 Weather............3 Low tonight -li (-ISO; mainly cloudy, snow 10 pltntd I'm off tht'i bought Ift9 9 liOUOf GtotfUtl lose anticipated receipts and incur even larger deficits in the future." His budget for fiscal' which begins July 1, calls for U.S. government expenditures totalling billion, up from an estimated billion in 1975, and receipts totalling billion, up from billion this year. The back-to-back deficits for 1975 and 1976 would total billion and, increase the federal debt to billion, equal to for every American. Ford's budget predicts a difficult time ahead for Americans and forecasts an average unemployment rate of 8.1 per cent this year, 7.9 per cent next year and possibly 6.9 per cent in 1977. The cost of living will in- crease an average 11.3 per cent this1 year, up from 1974, the budget shows and the U.S. gross national product will de- cline another 3.3 per cent this year, worse than the 2.2 per cent drop in 1974. Ford told Congress his budget provides "decisive ac- tion to restore economic growth and energy self- reliance." It includes billion in tax cuts, which Ford had an- nounced previously, on top of billion for 1975-part of his package to stimulate the econ- omy by giving people more money to spend. Immigration paper signals great debate Nixon 'wouldn't being envoy in China NEW YORK (Reuter) Time says former president Nixon, who reopened the United States' relations with China after 25 years of cold war. has told friends he would like to be sent to Peking as ambassador. "To intimates, he has fantasized that he would not mind being U.S. ambassador to China some the magazine says. Time also says Nixon, who has been convalescing at his San Clemente, Calif., estate since a serious bout with phlebitis, "has been cheered by the most optimistic report yet from his personal physician, John Lungren." "The doctor said that Nixon can now swim and take long walks and in a few .weeks may be able to take occasional trips pages in four volumes touches by car, plane or it says. j" every possible aspect of: the OTTAWA (CP) The federal government launched what is expected to be a year- long debate on immigration today, introducing a green paper outlining four policy alternatives including a possi- ble quota system. It says no one single proposal is the complete answer. The outcome is intended to be new immigration law leading into the next century. It will have the effect of de- termining to a large extent the shape and size of the country's population. A study of more than 500 sensitive immigration Rebel villages flattened, Eritrea battle escalates From AP-REUTER ADDIS ABABA (CP) Ethiopian air force jets have flattened two Eritrean rebel villages in fighting between government troops and Moslem insurgents 'bent on secession; diplomatic sources reported today from Asmara, capital of Eritrea province. The destroyed villages were on the outskirts of the belea- guered provincial capital and normally had of persons living in them, reliable informants reported. There was no word on the fate of the villagers, but the sources said that many of them could have left ahead of the bombings on Sunday. The Ethiopian army was re- ported in control of Asmara after'beating back an attempt' by the guerrillas to re-enter the country's second largest city. Reports from Asmara, the capital of Eritrea province 450 miles north of Addis Ababa, said at least 75 rebels and civilians have been killed and 200 wounded in heavy fighting since Friday. There were no reports of army casualties. Reliable sources said 52 government tanks, .20 ar- mored vehicles and a number of trucks carrying troops were on their way to Asmara and expected to arrive later today. Ethiopia's military govern- ment issued no information about the fighting in the cpun- (ry's northernmost province and blocked the Asmara. roads to But informed official sources gave these reports of the Eritrean Liberation Front's (ELF) most serious challenge to rule from Addis Ababa in the 12 years it has been fighting for Eritrean independence: 'Error' may have resulted in murder of 13 in Montreal MONTREAL Gazette says it has learned from a reliable source that the murder ,of 13 persons in the north-end Gargantua Club Jan. 20 was an "error." The newspaper quotes the source as saying more than one gunman went to the club to kill someone believed to have told police the names of several persons who set a fire in the city in December. The newspaper had no further details on the fire in question although the source said it had been planned in the club. "They (the gunmen) were convinced the leak came from someone who was in the Gar- gantua Club because that's where the December torch job was the'newspaper quotes the source as saying. The newspaper said there were more than 13 persons in the club when the gunmen en- tered but some were per- mitted to leave because they were "friends." Smoke gets in your lungs even if you don't smoke By LAWRENCE K. ALTMAN New York Times Service NEW YORK Nicotine gets into your blood and urine even if you never touch a cigarette, according to a British study of nonsmokers that adds further evidence about the risks of smoking to society. "Virtually all urban'non- smokers have measurable amounts of nicotine in their body fluids throughout most of their the authors of the study concluded. They added: "It is derived from the in- door aire they breathe and it requires no more than one or two smokers to contaminate a vehicle or In a report in. the Jan. 25 issue of Lancet, a medical journal published in London, Dr. M. A. H. Russell and Dr. C. Fcyerabend said that the average amount of nicotine in the urine of a nonsmoker was about one per cent of Ihe average in smokers' urine. Though the amount was small relative to that measured in smokers, the doctors said "the fact that some nicotine is present in the urine of almost all non- smokers suggests that episodes of passive smoking are common in urban life." Russell, who works at the addiction research unit at the Institute of Psychiatry at Maudsley Hospital in London, and Feyeraband, who works at the poisons unit of New Cross Hospital, also in Lon- don, said that passive smoking occurred mainly in poorly ventilated confined spaces where people had been smoking. Though such pollution is of little consequence to smokers, the doctors said, the smoke annoyed and caused acute irritation of the eyes and respiratory passages in non- smokers, who also absorbed carbon monoxide and nicotine. Citing evidence from earlier studies, they said that "passive smoking may be harmful, and infants are more at risk." past, present and future. It mentions a need for greater emphasis on im- migrants to French-speaking areas, concerns and tensions resulting from immigration in urban areas and alternative directions of future policy. The alternatives: status quo, continuing the flexible system by which immigrants are admitted on the basis of points which must add up to a total of at least 50. They are granted for education, wealth, job .availability for the applicant and other factors such as age. Younger working-age applicants-get more points. This policy is called an "open- ended" one because no limits are set for annual arrivals. -Job availability, gearing the immigrant flow more directly to the national economy and the labor market needs in that economy. announcing global targets for immigration, in-, eluding quotas for zones or countries. actual ceiling, setting a global limit each year, in consultation with federal and provincial governments and other groups. The study says .Canada is under no obligation to accept immigrants to help solve the world population crisis. Nor did it need to take in im- migrants simply to provide markets for its own industry. It strongly emphasized a need for greater federal- provincial co-operation in im- migration matters, Basically it challenges the public to decide what im- migration policy is wanted through the year a time when deaths and births should come into balance to zero pop- ulation growth. It notes that the country's population as of October was 22.5 million and that various projections say that by 2001, the figure may be anywhere between 28.3 million and 34.6 million. There would be increasing pressure from outside as Can- ada remained a destination of preference for immigrants and the world scene continued to produce millions and millions of refugees. It calls for new immigration law, clearly understandable by the layman, to spell out principles behind immigration policy and make changes that include an alternative to deportation. Robert Andras, minister of immigration and manpower, tabled the' green paper in the Commons Monday. A state- ment accompanying the paper said he hopes that a new im- migration act will have cleared Parliament by about this time next year. Mr. Andras said the govern- ment will introduce shortly a new immigration bill to be sent to a Commons committee along with the green paper. The outcome of the year's debate will be "no less than the -future of Canada's pop- its size, rate of growth, distribution and com- position." ;