Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Saturday, February 3, 1973 A wanting, perhaps ? The recent oil spill in the vicinity of Alert Bay occurred when a 19,000-ton freighter - not an oil tanker-grazed a rock and damaged her hull, while negotiating the sea passage that lies between the many islands that are along the coast of British Columbia. This is the route that would be taken by tankers delivering Prudhoe Bay oil from the terminus of an Alaska pipeline to the markets in the U.S. The accident opened a gash in the ship's bottom, allowing something like 100,000 gallons of oil to leak from her fuel tanks, as she cruised along without stopping, evidently unaware that a serious spill was occurring. Since then, thousands of man-hours and hundreds of thousands of dollars - Canadian dollars, by the way --have been expended in continuing efforts to clean the fouled beaches throughout the area, some as far as 80 miles from the scene of the accident. No one can say with any certainty how long the entire job will take, or what will be the total bill, for wages, hiring of bulldozers, frontend loaders and other machinery, purchase of tons of absorbent materials, and so forth. A week or more alter the original spill, every high tide was bringing in more oil, which makes estimating difficult. The best guess is that the end of the clean-up and a final accounting are more than a month away. The important point for Canadians to note is that this incident involves only (sic) leakage from the damaged fuel tanks of a comparatively small freighter, and not the wreck or break-up of an oil tanker. This ship is of 19,000 tons, and carried wood pulp as its mam cargo; some tankers weigh up to 400,000 tons loaded, and the cargo is oil, nothing but oil. Peace prize for Nixon? U.S. President Richard Nixon has been formally proposed for the Nobel Peace Prize. There is some justification for such a proposal but enthusiasm for the idea is apt to be in short supply both at home and abroad. It is true that Mr. Nixon has repeatedly declared that his aim is to usher in an era of peace. He has given substance to the rhetoric by tak:s!g the initiative to restore relations wih the People's Republic of China and improving them with the U.S.S.R. And now he has achieved a ceasefire in Vietnam. All this obviously contributes to the lessening of tension in the world and holds promise of a more peaceful period of histoiy. Yet somehow there are nagging doubts about Mr. Nixon that make it impossible to burst into paeans of praise over the idea of awarding him the peace prize. His unctuous an- nouncement of having achieved peace with honor in Vietnam is hard to swallow when there is no peace, only ait American pullout, and when honor is shadowed by what seems to have been an unnecessary bombing ordered by Mr. Nixon at the end of an unjustified intervention by the Americans. An American paper has speculated that the Swedish government will influence the selection committee to reject the Nixon nomination. If the commattee does reject him, the paper concludes, it will "demean" itself in world opinion. That is a very debatable conclusion. Sweden is far from being the only country opposed to the American action in Vietnam and condemnatory of the pre - Christmas bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong. Giving the award to Mr. Nixon now might result in greater protest than rejecting him. University serves area It was interesting to note the recent challenge presented to the senate by U of L Vice-President Dr. Owen Holmes when he urged the members to go back to their communities and talk up the university. In the rural comimunities of southern Alberta 35 off - campus courses are being taught, including Blair-more, Broxburn, Claresholm, Foremost, Fort Macleod, Magrath, Medicine Hat, Vulcan, Pincher Creek, Raymond, Taber, Warner and St. Mary's School on the Blood Indian Reserve. In addition nine off-campus non-credit public service courses being offered in Magrath, Clares-holm, Taber and Lethbridge have a capacity enrolment. These courses are offered on the request of the community. Persons desiring courses are invited to get in touch with the department of continuing education so their choice can be included in the next semester. Bringing the university to the community is meeting with tremendous success as residents of outlying corn-Weekend Meditation munities, wishing to upgrade their qualifications, work towards a degree or engage in general interest courses, take advantage of the fact professors come to their town on a regular weekly basis, fringing the university opportunity to them. Interesting public service courses being offered later this spring are in computing science and the problems and prospects of the small communities of Alberta to be offered on April 9th and February 22nd, respectively, and geared to the special interests of residents of this area. Senior citizens are charged the small fee of three dollars to enrol in any of these public service courses. Bringing the university to the people is one of the side benefits of having a university. The residents are the beneficiaries in so many ways, culturally and otherwise - but in many cases they are completely oblivious to these opportunities. Residents south of Calgary need to become more aware that they have their own university, geared and ready to meet their particular needs. Behold, this dreamer cometh A certain schoolteacher used to warn her pupils repeatedly, "This world has no place for a dreamer of dreams." Perhaps not, but the world should have; it would be much wiser and happier. Men are ruled by their dreams. Dreams have conquered kingdoms, built pyramids, and inspired explorers. If you can shape a nation's dreams you can shape its destiny. Joseph's brothers said it derisively as they saw Mm coming "Behold, this dreamer cometh!" Joseph had seen in his dreams the sheaves in the field bowing down to one Bheaf, himself, and the moon, sun, and stars doing obeisance to him as welL Some writers take a dim view of this. Thomas Mann thinks that Joseph's descent Into the pit and drawing up from it represented his transformation from an arro-grant, bumptious boy into a mature man. Perhaps. But it is certain he would never have been the man he was without his dreams. His dreams established his destiny. God had a purpose for him, and not Potiph-ar's wife nor prison would turn him aside from its realization. His dreams kept him pure and strong. When his brothers appear again on the scene after selling him to the Ishmaelltes, Joseph would forgive them readily seeing the plan of God in it all, "You thought evil against me, but God meant it for good." Joseph's mistake was to tell his dream prematurely. The brothers were unable to take it in. Their pride would not let them, for one thing. Moreover, Joseph only saw his dream in part. He saw his brothers and father bowing down before him, but he did not see the reason. The reason was that he might preserve his family and his race. He also would need the love and family relationship they could give. Perhaps this was Woodrow Wilson's fault. He had a great true dream, but to his fellowmen he sounded self-righteous and arrogant, which he was not. Wilson was an austere man, but he was a good man and he was no isolationist. Addressing the League to Enforce Peace in May, 1916, Wilson declared, "We are participants, whether we would or not, in the life of the world. The interests of all nations are our own also. We are partners with the rest." His dream of a Iieague of Nations was defeated, but it would come back in the form of the United Nations, and if the United Nations fails it will come back again and again. Joseph discovered he could be no isolationist - if he bad ever thought for a moment he could. His life and destiny were bound up with his brothers. He also demonstrated that forgiveness is not only loving-kindness, but profoundest wisdom. Brutal men may cheer force and revenge, as brutal men have cheered them in Vietnam and would cheer them in the treatment of Russia and China. Such men are not only brutal but abysmally stupid. The foolishness of God is wiser than the wisdom of men, as Paul said. Forgiveness is the foolishness of God, the foolishness of Jesus, and of Joseph. How profoundly wise it is! PRAYER: Since only a miracle will enable me to love my enemies and forgive them, grant me that miracle, O God. F. S. M. "Well, Bill, now let's see what you've got!" Private bills go cryin; By Maurice Western, Ottawa commentator for FP Publications OTTAWA - On the evidence of the 1973 crop of private members' bills, a fixed term for Parliament has now become an important objective of the minor parties. At least three such bills, sponsored by NDP members, are on the order paper while a fourth stands in the name of Real Caouette, the Social Credit leader. AH would necessarily involve amendment of the British North America Act. The most appealing for a party in bitter sweet possession of the balance of power is perhaps that put forward by Arnold Peters, Timiskaming New Democrat. It would require every House of Commons to continue for four years "and no longer than five years." There is, however, provision that the governor general might grant dissolution earlier upon a resolution of the House decided by not less than two-thirds of the voices. This is rather ambiguous. It might mean that a simple majority would suffice if 165 members took part in the decisionmaking. Or the thought may be: No dissolution without the consent of 165. In present circumstances the NDP would appear well protected and would be in a position to ensure us revolving door government until 1976. Mr. Peters, evidently, is not worried about the fifth year. The implication of his bill seems to be that the public interest will be well served if the government can be manacled for four. In this respect the identical amendments offered by Douglas Rowland and Mrs. Grace Maclnnis go farther. They would permit a Parliament to continue beyond the fourth year only if two-thirds of the members perceived real or apprehended war, invasion or insurrection. Essentially, the purpose of all three bills is to deprive a prime minister of his existing rights in respect to dissolution. Adoption of the Rowland - Maclnnis proposal would mean that dissolution could not be sought unless the government had been defeated on a direct motion of no confidence, a bill (or portion thereof declared in advance to involve confidence), or - without defeat - if the House voted for dissolution. Oddly enough, neither amending measure would do much to pare the powers of a prime minister with a majority such as that enjoyed by John Die-fenbaker and repeatedly by Louis St. Laurent. The inspiration for a fixed term amendment is presumably the United States. In the case of Mr. Peters' bill this is placed beyond doubt in the explanatory notes which include a very long passage from the Farewell Address of George Washington. It is distinctly curious that Washington should be regarded as an authority on the parliamentary system and that his reflects on "Governments of a Monarchial Cast," having been written in 1796, should be considered helpful by a modern New Democrat. There have been many proposals for grafting bits and pieces of the congressional system on to the parliamentary system. It seems to me that such experiments should not be undertaken lightly since the two systems are obviously based on quite different principles. The advantage of the Canadian system is flexibility. Attempts are made in these bills to set out limiting rules but it is difficult to foresee all the possible contingencies which might well justify dissolution. Apparently, NDP members themselves have different views as to the rules which ought to be specified and it is not even certain that those suggested would accomplish what is sought. Thus, they might limit the "arbitrary power" of some prime ministers (the weaker ones) but not of others (those with greater parliamentary muscle). It is strange for another reason that the New Democrats should be eager at this time to borrow from the American system. The U.S. Democrats - sounding very much like U.S. Republicans at other times-are now complaining bitterly that their country is close to "one-man rule." On the evidence of George McGovern's speech at Oxford, the American system (complete with fixed terms) has been unable to resist "executive encroachment." Mr. McGovern's musings on the subject of arbitrary power seem in fact to be very much gloomier than any we have yet heard from New Democrats in Ottawa. Perhaps in these circumstances we should be somewhat cautious about bits and pieces of constitutional Americanization. It is most improbable in any oase that we will rush into adventures of this sort because the fate of private members' bills is well known. At every session they are shovelled by the score into the parliamentary hopper but very rarely does one emerge as law. Parasites to save world's food By Max Wilde, London Observer commentator GENEVA -. Experts working for the United Nations in Rome have asked the U.S. government to use the biological warfare research station at Pine Bluff in Arkansas (which is to be converted to civilian work) for research on biological killing agents of insect pests which threaten the world's food supply. It is part of an effort being made to find alternatives for chemical pesticides, not only because of the damaging effect of pesticides on the environment, but also because disease-bearing insects and agricultural insect pests develop increasing resistance to chemicals. Canadian insect-parasites are already being mobilized to combat river blindness in West Africa. River blindness (onchocerciasis) is a major health problem throughout the wide savanna h belt running across Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia. The disease is carried by tiny black flies. In some villages in Upper Volta and Ghana 30 to 40 per cent of the men are blind. The disease shows mostly in adults, because its onset is slow. There are heavily-infected villages in which most of the adults are blind and led by children. The adults are, of course, lost to the community's work force. An estimated 10 per cent of the savanah regions of West Africa - potential food-producing land - lie abandoned. In East Africa insecticides - mainly DDT - have entirely destroyed the disease - carrying black fly in Kenya and Western Uganda. Occasional DDT doses keep the control area free. In Ghana tests are being made spraying insecticide from aircraft. But it is hoped to eliminate - or at least reduce - such "blunderbluss" methods by using biological insect killers. In North America t h e introduction of round worm (mermith-id nematode) has killed off 95 per cent of some black fly populations. In Newfoundland a promising species is being studied for possible introduction to West African black-fly infested areas. Quick results are not expected. The project is likely to last five years with labora- tory work in Newfoundland and West Africa. Africans are to be given training opportunities during this pioneering stage to assure continuity thereafter. In Taiwan insect parasites from Louisiana are being tested for the control of malaria. At 10 sites in Louisiana the U.S. department of agriculture has achieved 50 to 64 per cent parasitism in mosquito larvae. In California between 50 and 80 per cent control of mosquitoes has been achieved, but in Taiwan 95 per cent was established in rice field water. The World Health Organization is extending this'work to Thailand. Pest control experts in the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization have been concentrating on insect parasitic viruses fatal to crop pests, hut harmless to man and animals. They are regarded as the most promising new tool for killing off growing hordes of plant-eating pests. It is believed that apart from research, the Pine Bluff laboratory in Arkansas could develop a large - scale program of producing, testing, packaging and storing insect-killing agents to be made available throughout the world. Letters Sale of power plant The Herald (Jan. 17) carried an article entitled, 'Aging power plant sale being discussed. I take it from the article that this must have been going on secretly for some time between the council, Calgary Power and this hot-air manager we have when it has gone so far that Calgary Power is going to bring in consultants from Montreal to evaluate it. This takeover is not new by any means, as this company has been trying to monopolize the electric power in Alberta for years to increase the divi? dend to Montreal. Over 40 years ago they wanted to buy it, and Lethbridge turned it down in no uncertain terms, as it was a good money maker the same as today, though even at that time it needed money spent on it. The city council does not own the power plant and I fail to see where it can sell it without first going to a vote of the ratepayers as they are the owners. I also note that our present utilitites director hasn't had anything to say about it although the former director Doug Hall would be against the sale. The only city manager we ever had who knew his job and what was expected of him, the late Mr. Jack Watson, was in those days absolutely against the sale. Before becoming manager he was the chief engineer at the power house and knew the score. His job as manager was to keep the purse strings tied and this he did so that when he retired the City of Lethbridge was in good financial shape. It can be said that the manager's job is similar to that of Maxwell Henderson, auditor general in Ottawa - to see that the money is not wasted. This present manger we have hasn't done one solitary thing but suggest spending money and the council members instead of using what brains they have, say "Yes, Mr. Manager." We will be hearing a lot about it cost money to fix up the plant, buy new generators, etc. This money will have to be borrowed. Would it not be better to borrow the money for this, that will in return make money than to borrow the millions of dollars over the next three years, as this manager has suggested, to put the wires underground? I believe the time has come when we should have a good strong taxpayer's association made up of people from all walks of life. People should also write more letters to the paper and make themselves heard. They make good reading, and we need their opinions because all forms of the news media here are biased or afraid to say anything against the council. It wasn't that way in bygone years. The electric and water works departments are the only things we have that show a surplus and this helps reduce taxation. The last financial report I have is for 1970 and it showed a surplus of nearly one million dollars. If we sell where is this money going to come from? You said it: "TAJATION." Lethbridge PERCY MORRIS From the other side I appreciated the very interesting article on letters to the editor in "report to readers." Looking at it from the other side of the fence, may I add to the picture? Actually, I buy quite a number of Calgary Heralds for the letters to the editor. Why? Two reasons: the first is because they all bear the mark of sincerity. A man has to feel pretty strongly when he breaks up his routine and takes his pen and writes to the paper. A letter I wrote to The Lethbridge Herald concerning the administration of punishment at the university went through six typewritten editions before it was sent - and then I came to the office to have three words changed. A letter I wrote concerning the wholesale poisoning of coyotes was.carefully researched at the library-and a government article which ap- peared shortly after couldn't refute my facts, and didn't really do anything but say that they were going to poison coyotes no matter what the facts were. The second qualitty in letters to the editor is courage. It takes as much courage - and maybe more - to sign your name and face possible animosity, ridicule and unbelief as it does to face an audience or a congregation. I was in nervous misery for days after I wrote about the university, until highly respected citizens, of their own accord, told me that my letter was needed in the circumstances. Then I knew I had done the right thing. May "our" readers .long "take pen in hand" and tell the world, what is on their mind, so that we can work for better lives for all of us. HUGH PECK Lethbridge On the Hill By Beet Hargrave, MP for Medicine Hat The week ending Jan. 26. began with the establishment of the special house committee on food prices. It took a day of long debate to establish the number of members at 25. I personally would have preferred a broader study on the cost of living with a final report due in 90 days. I have to be somewhat pessimistic about the final outcome, if only because of the history of other such inquiries. All segments of our food industry will very likely establish valid reasons, at least in their respective minds, for the present price status quo. And this is what the interim report, due in 60 days, will likely just do - justify the status quo and recommend continuing studies that could go on indefinitely. The balance of the week was taken over by the lawyers in the House, and there are a good number on both sides. The legality of the governor-general's two warrants for $450 million to repay advances for the unemployment insurance commission, was the main issue being argued. Charges and countercharges flew back and forth over this UIC financing debate. Both the present minister of manpower and immigration, Mr. Andras, and the former minister, Mr. Mackasey, were heavily involved; in fact Mr. Mackasey was quite emotionally involved. The second UIC bill (C-125) to amend regulations and curtail abuses in the act has been withdrawn after the NDP clearly indicated they would not support it. To a first time member it seems to me that this bill could provide the first real test of confidence based on new or amended legislation. While this bill is being redrafted, the capital punishment issue has been rushed into debate - probably for many days - at every possible stage. Like the letters to editors, surveys and poll opinions, this issue is already a highly emotional one - after only one day's debate (Friday). There is a reasonably clear indication that the Progressive Conservative party and Social Credit will be the only parties to truly vote on a free basis. Since it is a government bill (to extend the five year trial period) the Liberals will generally support it and the same is true for the NDP who are traditionally abolitionists. It has been a frustrating first week for new legislation - at least for myself as a freshman MP. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS. K, WALKER Advertising Manager editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"