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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 UtniUIDCE HERAID FtbiiwY 3, 197J CnrJ Rmcan Philippines symbolic of class struggle Advism? or instructors? WASHINGTON There some thing worris The Cooper Church amendment forbids the use American ground troops or advisers in Cambodia, but just the other day American soldiers in Chilian clothes were photographed at the Phnom Penh airport. U.S. authorities said that the men were there to retrieve two helicopters which were damaged in the recent disastrous raid, and that other indi- viduals being sent to Cambodia are not "advisers" to the Cambodian forces but "instructors" who are there to train the Cambodian forces in the use of new weapons. It's a nice ques- tion in semantics. The fact is that the weapons cannot be of any use to soldiers who don't know how to oper- ate them, but it is also a fact that in- sructors stand a good chance of losing their lives during the instruction pro- cess. It might have been better if the president had taken the American people more thoroughly into his con- fidence about the continued involve- ment in Cambodia, even if some se- curity measures had to be breached in order to do it. The American peo- ple as a whole may be ready to ac- cept the U.S. inte'rdiction bombing as a necessity to protect the with- drawal of their troops. But they have grown suspicious that far more than -interdiction" has been going on, particularly since the secretary of defence Mr. Melvin Laird, told them last week that he would not set limits on the use of U.S. air power. The press secretary, Ronajd Ziegler, said that current air activity constituted both "interdiction and close support." The confusion about just how much American help has been extended to Cambodia, has hardly bolstered the climate of trust in the U.S. towards the administration. Now that the deep U.S. involvement in Indochina has come out in the open, it is going to be more difficult than ever for the secretary of defence to explain it, even though most Americans have suspected as much for months. There is no indication that ground troops have been employed in the offensive in Laos, and there probably are none of them there. But the people have a right to know the specifics concern- ing backup support for South Viet- namese troops in Laos. Since Mr. Laird has been less than candid on the involvement in Cambodia, he is going to have a tougher time assuring Americans that they are not in dan- ger of becoming embroiled in a ground war in Laos and that is a possibility that doesn't seem as re- mote now as it did a few weeks ago. .ere is some thing worrisome ar.cl sad about the recent turn of events in the Philippines. Ferdinand E. Marcos should have been in paradise a year ago, having just become the only man ever re-elected to the presidency of that island re- public. But Mai-cos felt compelled to put on a show of austerity and ride to his state of the union address in a Ford, hoping to .mute angry student claims that he and his wife's family had amassed great wealth dur- ing his tenure in office. When Marcos and his beau- tiful wife emerged from his speech to congress they were greeted with shouts of "Bonnie Sour grapes in space With the success of the soft landing of a Russian spacecraft on Venus, the Soviets have chalked up a major first in the conquest of space, and the American press has not hesi- tated to give them full marks for this remarkable scientific achieve- ment. Although the Venera -7 landed on December 15, the Russians waited until a few days prior to the Apollo 14 manned space flight take-off before announcing Venera's success. They didn't say why they had waited for six weeks to tell the world about it, but it is impossible not to suspect that the Soviet authorities would have liked to detract just a little from the glamor of the mes- merizing U.S. adventure in space. The Soviets can he forgiven for this tendency to the sour grapes syn- drome. No one, not even the most convinced anti-Russian, could in all conscience downgrade the miracle of technological expertise of which they have so recently proved themselves capable. It's simply that for the gen- eral public, man-in-space is the big attention getter, particularly in the age of television. Great artist, great man Rostropovich, the world famous Russian cellist was invited to Hel- sinki recently to give a concert. But at the last minute, he was denied the necessary exit visa. The his spirited defence of his friend, the writer Solzhenitsyn. It doesn't pay, in terms of one's career, to defend one's friends in the Soviet Union, particularly if t h o s e friends are non conformists like the author of Cancer Ward. But Rostro- povich, in addition to being one of the world's most distinguished musi- cians, is a man with a conscience, quite unable to withdraw into a musi- cal ivory tower in Moscow. He is not only a great artist but a great man. The male view By Fraser T thoroughly enjoyed Margaret Luck- hurst's candid expose on girl's wear of years gone by, and would like to present the male view on the same subject. I too wore longjohn underwear eight months of the year till I was out of high school, but after that only when I worked outside in cold weather. We wore buckle-at-the-knee pants too, but being boys we didn't care whether our underwear bunched at the an- kles or not. That is, we didn't care till we were about fourteen, then it was different as some iSce little girl might notice. I re- member cutting a wedge out of rr.y cuffs so there was no overlap in order to achieve a smoother outline. And those knee pants we had to wear! They had so many things wrong tha list could be endless. The metal buckle at the knee soon chewed the cloth strap into threads, and if our mothers allowed it, we just let the legs hang and flap in the wind. Some replaced them with leather straps, and of course insisted they be fastened above the knee. Few kept them there after they were out of sight, and fastened them daringly below the knee. Then there were the long black stockings we all wore. The engineering problem of holding those stockings up was never sat- isfactorily solved. Till I was eleven or twelve Mother ordered a complicated harn- ess of straps and buckles from the cata- logue guaranteed to hold together the most active boy's .stockings ;md pants. It was a combination of pant-suspenders and garters, End went over l'ic shoulders, around the waist, ;ind down to the stock- ings. Well they might have been guaran- teed, but they never lasted innre than one mild wrestling match. With this kind of rig. a blouse with elastic at the waist had to be worn, and at the first fall it came up and the other gladiator used the braces for a handhold, and straps and snaps flew every way. When 1 arrived ai an uireii T wouldn't accept v.hM f figurnl yirl's harness equipment, I graduated to men's braces and clastic bands above my knees to hold up my stockings. We si ill bad to put up with long underwear mo.sf of the but now we wore in.'ih-lypc shirts stuck in our pants. The braces may have had the adjusting clamps away up near our shoul- rlers. but we wore proud tu thfiu without a on, ami not try to hide the flimsy straps everyone knew under and rocks, sticks, and spittle. This months of disorders in which nine stu- dents died, farmers raised havoc, and the American Em- bassy was attacked Marcos has gone before congress to say that the Philippines is corrupted by a social and econ- omic order which is at best a sick society, that it is "a democratic political system described as oligarchic." Yet, newsmen note that Mar- cos was never interrupted with applause or any sign of ap- proval by a congress which represents the heart of the oligarchy, with perhaps half of its members millionaires. Unless the insensitive ruling class wakes up and abandons i t s voracious appetite for wealth, even as the people suffer, the Philippines Ls head- ing for as usual the United States will be caught in the middle. So exasperatingly often since World War II have we found ourselves trying to bail out a country after a foolish ruling clique has driven the mass of people into the arms of Com- munism or some ether tyran- ny. We did it in mainland China. We watched Batista's preda- tors push Cuba into a Com- munist revolution. We have watched shortsight- ed American business interests feed and fatten pernicious oligarchies in Latin America with the result that left-wing revolutionary groups sre prey- ing upon diplomats in their wars against military dictator- ships; the people of Chile have, in their frustration, put a Marxist into the presidency; and there are troublesome rumblings in many other Latin countries. It ought to be obvious to poli- ticians everywhere that there is a worldwide revulsion against ruling cliques which ignore tile needs of the people. Milton Obote has just been ousted as president of Uganda after charges that he "packed his government with fellow Hodgson our shirts. Our garters soon stretched to the useless stage, so a band cut from a tire tube did the job perfectly. The size was taken care of by cutting the band wide or narrow, so the amount of stretch was controlled for every leg. These rubber bands worked fine, too, in holding on loose low rubbers, and for making crossbows to shoot sucker sticks. So many things about people are shown in the clothes they wear, and many more are hidden by these same coverings. A nice new suit or dress sometimes hides holes in stockings, patches in underwear, and braces and suspenders tied together with string. Then there was the dickie I can just barely remember, it fastened at the back of rr.y neck with a hcok or dome fastener, then tied around my back to hold the fancy part you could see in place, instead of a shirt. That seems to be a iot of trouble to fool people into thinking you have a shir; on; why not wear a shirt and be done with it? The first few years I wore long pants the slyle was narrow legs that just reached ankle-high boots, so narrow in fact you couldn't change them without taking your boots off first. Then oxfords came along, and spats had lo be worn to keep warm, bide the low shoes, or maybe worn out socks. There was still that old long under- wear bulge to worry about, but spats helped hide that unsightly lump. I froze my head and ears in a woolen touque, lill I graduated to a cap with quilted lining and fold-up earflaps. I piled en one sweat- er after another as days got colder, till a leather-lined Mackinaw came along with a high "Plucked Beaver'' collar, and re- placed all but one sweater. I think by slipping our pantleg buckles below the knee, girls pulling their bloomer elastics ahove their knees, and all the other rebellious things we did, wo were really bucking what now is known as, ''The F.stablishmcrt." There were no sit-ins, love- ins, ualk-nuus. or riots, mostly because we knew we'd cct, our blocks knocked off if wr tried it. It's really too bad that, with world technology advancing as fast, as it. was in the twenties npd thirties, we had to have the Second World War come along to hurry up sensible clothes, and at the same time disrupt the youth of the world. Maybe if they had all Ihc longjohn and parter truuble wo were forced to put up with. Ihf'y wouldn't have time to the Ivslablishmenl. "And for how long do you plan to visit Ottawa, trilwsmcn, creating a wealthy elite while the broad mass of the people struggled under heavy taxes and rising food prices." Nigeria suffered the trauma of a horrendous civil war which sprang out of feelings that the ruling group was rig- ging elections and stealing the pecple blind through rampant graft and corruption. Vietnam remains a colossal headache and question mark despite our pouring half a mil- lion troops and billions upon billions of dollars into the strife there, and a major reason is that no one has been able to halt the stealing, the corrup- tion, or to persuade the mass- es to feel a real sense of trust in a privileged ruling class. The Communists have lit the fires of guerrilla warfare in Thailand, and they clearly feel there is enough graft and ex- ploitation of the masses in Thailand to make the people ripe for revolution. Marcos wants to bury the Philippines' ailments under "a d e 1 u g e of reforms." But who can be optimistic about the kind of reforms that will be legislated by a congress of rich men? It is always easy for special interests to believe that they can pacify the people by throw- ing them crumbs. Or that, if worse turns to worst, they can buy enough police power to quell the masses. Even we in the United States are not so wise that we do not entertain similar notions. They are evident in Congress's han- dling of the Food Stamp bill, and in the surly, grudging atti- tude of affluent lawmakers to- ward the health, welfare, and other needs of America's poor and hungry. And the situation will worsen unless we do something about campaign spending and re- verse the trend toward a sit- uation where only millionaires, or those beholden to million- aires, can sit in our Congress. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels said in "The Com- munist Manifesto" that "the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." One looks around these days and has to wonder if the power- ful and affluent of much of the world are deliberately trying to bring on the class struggles that Marx and Engels counted on so heavily. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell Saskatchewan to have visit from federal cabinet Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau will lead his cabinet on a two-day safari into Saskatchewan next week part of a program to bring' the federal government closer to the people and tteir prob- lems. While the occasion for the visit is the opening of the Can- ada Winter Games in Saska- toon on Feb. 12, Trudeau and his colleagues will also partici- pate in an intensive political program which will take them into every constituency in the province. Prairie communities that have not seen a senior politi- cian for years will find them- selves visited by a federal min- ister, with a smile on his face, hand out-stretched and anxious to talk over local topics. Ministers with departmental operations in tha area will also visit their officials in local of- fices. This type of political and ad- ministrative operation demands detailed logistical planning. Private planes are being char- tered for some trips and cars arranged for others, but much will depend on the weather. A Prairie buzzard could wreck much of the planning. The Canadian Federation of Agriculture and the National Farmers' Union usually come to Ottawa to present then- briefs on farm policy to the cabinet. Now the cabinet is going to them, in the heart of the grain country, where agri- culture is a major industry and public interest. The farmers' union has been invited to meet the cabinet about 15 members are expected to accompany Trudeau at a 90-minute public session in S'askatoon on Friday, Feb. 12. The agriculture federation will have its opportunity at a similar session in Hegina the following day. The atmosphere and the dia- logue will hopefully be very different than it was the last time Trudeau went to Saskat- chewan to meet farmers, during the 1969 wheat slump. The farmers' union then or- dered tractor pickets to sur- round his hotel, and farmers heaped rotting grain mixed with manure on his doorstep Visas for Canadian journalists and screamed insults when he agreed to talk to the crowd. The federal Liberal govern- ment in the past has also had difficulties with Saskatche- wan's Liberal premier, Ross Thatcher, often a fiery critic cf Ottawa. There will be an op- portunity for some quiet fence- mending when the two cabinets meet for lunch in Eegina on Saturday, Feb. 13. The plans for the Saskatche- wan safari now being com- pleted in the Prime Minister's office in co-operation with the province's representative in the cabinet, Manpower Minister Otto Lang meet two of Tru- deau's priorities. He insists that when he trav- els out of the capital for an event such as the opening of the games, or a political speech, his time must be closely programmed to get the maximum benefit. He is more anxious to listen to local concerns than to ex- plain his own views, and his regional desk officers try to ex- pose him to as many indivi- duals and organizations as pos- sible. The second priority is to Im- press the federal presence on Canadians to strengthen na- tional ties. Information Canada, for ex- ample, is one arm of this pol- icy; cabinet visits are another. The first experiment in cabi- net safaris was made on July 1 this year, when Trudeau and the federal team went to Win- nipeg for the provincial centen- nial. If the Saskatchewan safari is successful, an occasion will be sought to take the cabinet to British Columbia, and later to other provinces. (Toronto Slar Syndicate) "DEKING A few Canadian newsmen likely will be granted visas for reporting trips in China this year. Members of the Chinese for- eign ministry's information de- partment have indicated this unofficially several times since Canada and China established diplomatic relations in Octo- ber. It became more official when Yuan Lu-Un, the depart- ment's deputy director, broach- ed the subject with Canada's newly arrived Charge D'Af- faircs John Fraser at a recent Peking reception. Yuan told Fraser there should be exchanges of jour- nalists between the two coun- tries "to strengthen Hie friend- ly relations between the Chi- nese and Canadian peoples." (The New China News Agency and The Globe and Mail have correspondents resident in 01- By Norman Webster Uwa and Peking respectively.) Yuan wculd not say whether Chinese journalists will apply to visit Canada this year, but indicated strongly that at least a few of the Canadian requests for visas to China will be granted. Yuan was vague about when the first visa or visas would be issued. "It's a bit cold right he said. Nothing is like- ly to happen until spring. Before the cultural revolu- tion, journalistic tours in China were not uncommon. Among those who came here then was the late Blair Fraser of Mac- leans magazine, father of the Canadian Charge D'Affaires. Access to China has been severely restricted in recent year s. Among the few news- men allowed into the country was the Canadian Broadcast- ing Corporation's Hong Kong Tlic Herald welcomes Idlers from readers. Pseudonyms arc permitted hul correspondents must attach their name and address. A number of good letters have recently been receiv- ed ami reluctantly se.t aside because of lack