Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
12 THE LETHBRIOOE HERALD Saturday, February 2, 1974 Ask Andy Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Lynne Kelly, age 12, of Peoria, Illinois, for her ques- tion: Do both ail and gasoline come from the ground? The frantic energy crisis has tuned our minds to such items as oil and gasoline. For years we took these precious fuels for granted and most of us never gave a thought about what goes on behind the scenes. Then all of a sudden these faithful old friends are in short supply, or so it seems. Naturally we wonder where they come from and why their supplies suddenly seem to be funning low. Yes, indeed, our oil and gasoline fuels both come from the ground. In fact, they both are extracted from one and the same underground product which is petroleum. However, the raw petroleum piped up from below is thick, oozy material, dark and tacky. Only its tangy odor hints of clean, clear gasoline. Actually, petroleum is a highly complex mixture of many hydrocarbon chemicals. We call it a fossil fuel because hydrocarbons are created by once living plants ana animals. Many scientists suspect that underground reservoirs of petroleum form from the remains of small creatures that once teemed in ths andient seas. After many millions of years, their decomposed organic remains become a multi-mixture of assorted molecules, in which the main ingredients are made from atoms of carbon and hydrogen. Petroleum that comes from the ground is called crude oil and you might mistake it for gummy black garbage. Unless you were told, you could never guess that it contains multitudes of secret riches. For example, concealed in 100 quarts of average crude oil there are about 45 quarts of clean, clear gasoline suitable for running auto engines. In the same 100 quarts of crude oil there are 28 quarts of rich fuel oil. This is used to heat furnaces in homes and factories and to run ships, locomotives and power plants. The same 100 quarts of gooey crude oil also contain eight quarts of jet fuel and four quarts of asphalt and tarry oils used to pave roads and seal roofs. Another three quarts is kerosene, still used to light old fashioned lamps. And concealed in the mixture there are two quarts of precious lubricating oil, the smooth slippery stuff we use to make the world's wheels turn around much smoother. Each of these petroleum products is made from its own hydrocarbon molecules. And the big job is to separate the raw crude oil into these and other difference ingredients. Most of this chemical miracle is performed at an oil refinery. There the petroleum is piped and processed through furnaces and reactors, chillers and converters, compressors and separators, washers and driers. About 45 per cent ,of the separated petroleum turns out to be gasoline, about 28 per cent is fuel oil and about two per cent is lubricating oil. And about three per cent of the original mixture is processed to make a multitude of petrochemicals, including insecticides and fertilizers, synthetic rubber and paints. These same petrochemicals also provide most of pur plastics and synthetic fabrics. Questions askod by child- ran of Herald roadora should bo mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92848. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Feb. 2, 1974 The worst North Sea storms in 500 years flooded England's southeast coast 21 years ago today in 1953. The storms .also breached. dykes in the Netherlands and battered Belgium. In Britain the death toll was 443, while 941 died in Holland and 22 in Belgium. 1908 One-time heavyweight boxing champion John L. Sullivan died. 1892 The Canadian Red Ensign was authorized by an admiralty warrant to be fiown by Canadian registered merchant ships. 1869 Lord Lisgar took of- fice as Governor-General in Canada... ceded Texas, Arizona 'and California to the United States. s 1653 The Dutch incor- porated New Amsterdam, now New York City. USED BY ARTISTS Artists began taking an interest hi using neon more than 12 years ago. Qoren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN e 1W4L TM WEEKLY BRIDGE QUIZ Q. vulnerable, as South you hold: 4KQ19C54 083432 The bidding has proceeded: North East Sooth West 1 V Pan l Pan 1 NT Pass What do you bid now? Q. 2. Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: 4Q1M743 S7KJ82 47 The bidding has proceeded: North East Smth West 1 4 DMe. 4 S V 54 S NT Pass 6 Pass Pass What do you bid now? Q. South, vulnerable, you hold: 4AQJ19S CKQ74AQ The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 2 O Pan 3 0 Pass 3 Pass 4 Pass 4 Pass What do yon bid now? Q. vulnerable, as South you hold: OAQ72 4J1993 The bidding has proceeded: West North East Sooth Pass 1 4 Pass What do you respond? Q. 5 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 2 Pass 29 Past 2 NT Pan 3 Pass What do you bid now? Q. As South, vulnerable, you hold: 4AKU932 4KJ72 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 DMe. RdM. Pan Pan 2 <7 2 Pass What do you bid now? Q. As South, vulnerable, you hold: 4AQ82 OA543 493 The bidding has proceeded: North East Sooth West 1 4 Pan 3 4 Pan 4 4 Pan What do you bid now? Q. Both vulnerable, as South you hold: 4KJ7 ?AKQ9 OAKQJM 43 The bidding has proceeded: Sooth West North East 2 0 Pass 2 4 Pass y What do yon bid now? Your horoscope ByJeaneOixon fLook for SUNDAY, FEB. 3 Your birthday today: Coin- cides with a succession of many incidents which together add up to a complete break with most of your past, and entry onto a wholly fresh field of action. Relationships continue or fail as others grow with you or don't it's not altogether your responsibility, in any case. Today's natives are children of fate, equipped for almost any vocation, often masters of several, seldom stopping with one. ARIES (March 21-April Be up early to do what your community expects of you. News of distant events is sur- prising, distracting you from more important changes. TAURUS (April 20-May 20) For once you're better out of sight and .away from your regular rounds. The tempta- tion is to say too much, too abruptly, on any discrepancy or disagreement. GEMINI (May 21-June Put together detailed plans for the coming week. Younger people tend to get involved in anything that's happening to be taken along without ex- tra fuss. CANCER (June 21-July Without notice, it's suddenly time for you to speak up just don't overdo it or add comments on previously un- stirred issues. LEO (July 23-Aug. Be- ing conservative and discreet brings success today as nothing else does. When you scatter resources for extra amenities, do not expect much retu n. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Contrary opinion exists on all points at issue but is not often openly expressed. Plans made, earlier have yet quite a time to mature patience! LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Being serene is the goal in today's mixed going. Urgently, old issues reach the decision stage, but with little new understanding to go on. SCORPIP (Oct. 23-Nov. Crisis is implied all around but seems beyond your per- sonal circle for the most part. Stick close to home; busy yourself with household im- provements. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. 211: As is often the case, your opinion stirs controversy or precipitates some confron- tation. f Limit your range to what is properly your own business. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Force no issues now, and where you can, lay aside your work for a day of attention to the needs of others. Your per- suasive talents are not very strong now. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Be prepared for developments, advances beyond the Sunday customs of your community. People may do things they usually do not try, with odd results. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Abruptly an opening ex- ists, and you have to settle quickly on a course of action or some way of getting out of the centre of attention, as you choose. (1974, The Chicago Tribune) MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4 Your birthday today: Release from old burdens features the coming year; make a mental note not to replace them. Relationships wane unless you make definite moves to substantiate them. In business or career you will need good advice to supplement your judgment. Some apparent opportunities are misleading, apt to bring strange results. Today's, natives pursue theoretical goals, often with great energy, sometimes erratically. ARIES (March 21-April Family concerns prosper today; property tends to rise in value. Personal projects move ahead. Move to terminate any unproductive sidelines. TAURUS (April 20-May Aside from extra care and time required in any travels, it's an excellent day of overall progress. Changes in habits and routines are easy. GEMINI (May 21-June Your friends are in a bossy but most obliging mood. They'll lend a hand with your projects, but you needn't spell out all the details of what you plan. CANCER (June 21-July Round up unfinished business details and get them cleared off your schedule. Confidential advisors tend to be at their best, momentarily. LEO (July 23-Aug. Be receptive, wiling to study the initiatives and plans of others, reluctant to force your own ideas into general attention. Your turn comes later. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Even though some connection seems to be lapsing, press no issues for the moment. Select work which requires little or no direct co-operation. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Your ready resources are apt to be involved in local discussions, perhaps differences of opinions among those whose business they aren't. You needn't comment. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Serious reading and other self- improvement should fill any 'die moment be sure you have the means at hand to make use of even a few minutes. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-; Dec. You're in your element- doing what comes naturally. Get a health check-up even though you feel no distress it's useful for future reference. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Be on the alert for a chance to persuade others to join you. You have to supply the energy for what happens today, but much co-operation can be achieved. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. You write your own ticket, so to speak, without any great sense of urgency. Improvement of your home and working place should have top priority. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Pursue your favorite hobbies and self-educational programs. Different items of information, interest from diverse sources suddenly make more sense to you. 1973, The Chicago Tribune Universities council wins U of A approval EDMONTON (CP) The University of Alberta's general faculties council has approved plans for formation of an Aiberta Council of Universities, provided it be without control over academic affairs. The Alberta Universities Co-ordinating council, a body set up by the Universities Act of 1966 and comprising 2? members, earlier this month recommended it be replaced by a smaller body with a greater voice in academic affairs. The recommendation was presented to the Alberta government and the province's universities. Dr. Max Wyman. university president, said the academic decision making bodies at the Universities of Calgary and Lethbridge have favored increased academic powers for the new council. The board of governors at the universities, however, must still give final judgment on the matter. The general faculties council, at its meeting, balked at giving the new council control over developing, appraising and co-ordinating academic programs in the university system. Officials at the university proposed an amended version which would have the right to speak for the universities when they agree, but would not have jurisdic- tion over them. Dr. Wyman said he liked the amendment because common academic ground between the universities could cause strife. SHORT MBS by frank o'neal W AND LOIS by dik browne IF YOU RE LOOKING FOR THE EVENING PAPER, DITTO TOOK] IT BUGS BUNNY THAT MAKES CANS OF FOOP YOU'VE FVVOM ME PURIM6 THE PAST YEAR' MAYBE I'VE SHAMED HIAA INTO WETURNIM6 SOME OF THEM' MI6HT AS WELL MAKE IT A NICE, ROUNP by chic young DEAR, WOULD VOU HOLD THE PHONE FOR ME- I JUST DIP MY NAILS WAIT TILLVOU HEAR WHAT HAPPENED AT THE PARTY LAST NIGHT BY THE TIME SHE'S THRU TALKING I COULD WIND UP WITH TELEPHONE ELBOW ARCHIE by bob ntMrtana OF R1VERDALE.... IT LIKE "CHIC CHEMISTRY ...MR. AND NOODLES TO IKTOTHE HAGAfi THE HORHBLE dik browne BEETLE MAEY by wort wilder LOOK POPPEP A BUTTON IN TME WHAT'S FOR PINNER 2 I PO yOU WANT j TO MAKE SOMEONE 6ETOUTA X CANT THIS NOW TILL I FINP BUTTON byalcapp TUNftEWEBS THEN AH K.AH RESRECKFUIJ AXESMO'TO MAMMV.'.' 1 f AH'LL NEEDS OUR CHIEF 1 WOKEOP'TWOUTA HJSH WHAT'S WITH THAT?