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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Energy czar Simon defends our oil tax By FRANK RUTTER Herald Washington Bureau WASHINGTON Energy Minister Donald Macdonald, a self-styled "blue-eyed flew home Friday with a major convinced United States Energy Czar William Simon that Canada's oil export tax was fair Macdonald ended his three- day visit without any major agreements on Canada-U.S energy plans, but a policy breakthrough with Simon. After the formal meetings Simon appeared to line up with state department officials who have been the most vocal opponents of the export tax, set at this month, although Simon's comments were somewhat ambiguous. But he subsequently made a clear statement as Macdonald continued a public relations campaign Friday, on television and in a speech, to convince Americans that the tax was justified "I'm taking violent issue with state on Simon said "I'm absolutely on the oppo- site side. They still think its terrible what Canada has done. I disagree Simon's views carry heavy weight, as he is directly responsible to President Richard Nixon in his position of director of the Federal Energy Office. One of Macdonald's main missions was to explain Can- ada's national oil policy to the U S government, public and press He did the meetings, in a television interview on the Today show and at a National Press Club speech on Friday. The goal was to convince ev- eryone that Canada is not sit- ting on enormous oil and gas reserves which it could be selling to the U S and that it was not "gouging" on oil prices Macdonald would have liked to obtain a deal with the Americans ensuring' support for the Mackenzie Valley natural-gas pipeline through Canada. But he did not want to appear over-eager in case such a deal was too favorable for the Americans 'As it happens the Americans were playing it cautiously, too. They insisted on examining the alternative of a trans-Alaska gas pipeline before deciding on the best route Such an examination could keep Ottawa on tenterhooks for some time, because the rival application for an Alaska pipeline is far from ready, while the Mackenzie application will be made to the two governments in early March. The Americans were inter- ested in a larger form of agreement for energy- sharing, but Macdonald discouraged this He emphasized several times that there were potentially dangerous implicat ons for the Canadian econonr- in massive and early investments in the Athabasca oil In substantive terms, all that resulted from the talks was an agreement to talk some more. However, mechanisms for the talking and some action were established. There are now procedures for agencies of both governments to deal directly with immediate problems involving energy supply and allocation. The long-range issues, such as the Mackenzie Valley pipeline. Greeks seized KARACHI CAP) Three gunmen seized two hostages aboard a Greek freighter here today and said they will blow up the ship and kill their captives unless the Greek government frees Iwo Palestinian Arab terrorists sentenced to death. will be further discussed by the group of senior officials whose first meeting will be held in Ottawa within four weeks. However, Simon impressed the Canadians "as a man who can smile when he's making a hard and the personal contact he has established will pay off immediately in cutting away red tape to solve the lo- calized problems on trans-bor- der energy supplies where the two countries depend on each other. Macdonald acquitted himself well in talking softly in Washington, and got out without abrasion If his public relations effort is also effective in muting criticism of Canada at large, his visit wiil prove to have been highly successful. The next test will come at the Feb. 11 "summit" meeting of oil-consuming countries here. Pricing will be one of the dominant topics. Depending on how Canada lines up in relation to U.S. proposals at that time, the air could be a lot clearer at the next bilateral meeting in Ot- tawa The Yard says it has Biggs behind bars RIO DE JANEIRO (CP) Federal police today confirmed a report by Scotland Yard that one of Britain's Great Train Robbers has been captured in Brazil. Earlier they denied it. A police spokesman said Ronald Biggs was arrested Friday in his hotel room overlooking Copacabana Beach. Brazil and Britain have no ex- tradition treaty, but Brazilian authorities have been known to deport foreign criminals as "un- desirable elements" even if no crime has been committed on Brazilian territory The man, arrested in a Rio beach- side hotel Friday, denied he is the fugitive robber, hunted by police forces across the world since he escaped from a London prison nine years ago. Police sources said he carried papers in the name of Michael Wade when he was seen in his hotel room by two visiting Scotland Yard detectives. Brazilian detective Carlo Alberto Garcia took cHarge of the prisoner from the Yard men, Detective Chief Supt. Jack Slipper and Detective Sgt. Peter Jones. Scotland Yard said in London that the officers travelled here to follow dp information received from a British newspaper, The Daily Express. Brazilian police said the man will be held until his true identity is established. News reports that the man was arrested on the ninth floor of the Trocadero Hotel on Avenida Atlantica were denied by the hotel manager But a receptionist said over the telephone- 'Yes, Biggs did have a ninth-floor apartment at this hotel. He has been living here for about 11 weeks. "Biggs has been living with a girl aged 22 who has been staying with him all the time he has been here." He was understood to have been wearing red swimming trunks, and a girl with him a flesh-colored bikini, when police arrived. "Nice to see you again. one of the British detectives said "It's been a long time." The arrested man is under the jurisdiction of Brazil's justice ministry. If the arrested man is Biggs, he has travelled about miles since he climbed over a 30-foot wall at London's Wandsworth prison in 1965. Four years later he escaped capture by nine hours in Australia, where his wife and two children now are The more than Biggs is believed to have received as his share in the train robbery loot is thought to be practically exhausted. Thetethbrldjje Herald VOL. LXVII 44 LETHBRIDQE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1974 92 Pages 15 Cents Death leap from bank building Man jumps to his death as fire rages through 25-storey building Sao Paulo9s 6 worst fire ever9 may have been fatal for 200 SAO PAULO (CP) The death toll in the worst fire in the history of this Brazilian city stood at 181 today and officials feared it may reach the 200 mark Forty-three persons died when they jumped from the 25-storey bank building in an attempt to escape the flames. Officials say a short circuit in an air-conditioning system caused the blaze. The air-conditioning system was being installed on the 12th floor of the modem building when the fire broke oat early Friday. Flames spread Inside The hare stopped for gas. Classified.......36-30 Comics ...........12 Comment.........4. 5 District........19 Family.........22, 23 Local News 17, 18 Markets........24.25 Religion........10, 11 Sports...........13-15 Theatres ...........7 TV...........6 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT HIGH SUN., 3d; CLOUDY PERIODS quickly, feeding on flammable plastic materials used for contruction. The office building was completed only last year More than 200 persons were injured. About 1.000 employees work in the building but bank offi- cials said only 400 to 500 were already at their jobs when the fire broke out Officials said 34 of the victims were found dead in a single bathroom A volunteer rescue worker said he found eight dead women in another bathroom. Most other victims were bank employees A number of officials criti- cized the new building's safety features and said the fire department's resources were inadequate The building had no fire escape and rescue ladders could not reach the top 10 floors of the structure People trapped above the fire ladders tried to lower themselves on sheets One person fell to a ladder, knocking two firemen off. All three were killed Helicopters were prevented from landing on the roof of the building because of the intense heat and smoke But after the flames and smoke died down a Bazilian air force helicopter plucked more than 80 survivors from the roof in a series of landings. Earlier people on one roof waved frantically to five smaller helicopters which were unable to land. Others waited for help in open windows and balconies as flames engulfed the building. The bank, one of the largest investment banks in Brazil, rents the first floor and the top 15 floors of the building. A parking garage occupies the floors in between. The fire was believed to be the city's worst and one of the most destructive in Brazilian history. A circus tent fire in !9SJ took the lives of 320 per- sons, most of them children. "The flames spread rapidly, and everything got worse when the windows were Rene Cpntieri, the bank's administrative manager, said. "They began to explode, and the splinters injured many people. "When the first rescue ladder came up I made the girls go down. Then I descended. While coming down. I saw other persons throw themselves from up there Down on the streets, people tried to persuade those in the building not to jump Several sheets painted with the words "Calm." "Danger is past" and "Wait" were held on the street for people in the building to see. "People became desperate and jumped from the building when they saw that our ladders could not reach said Col. Teodore Cabete. a police official in Sao Paulo. Fire Sgt. Jose Rufino. cred- ited with saving 18 persons by swinging on a rope across to neighboring buildings, nearly lost his life when he was hit in mid-air by a jumper who knocked the man he carried from the fireman's back. "This guy came down screaming from the 19th floor and collided in mid-air with a guy coming down from the I6th floor." he said. "One hit me on the rope, knocking off the man on my back. The three plunged to their death I managed to hang on." One survivor hurled a shoe from the roof into the street Inside was the pathetic message- "For the sake of God send us up some oxygen." A porter in the building said he saw people trampled to death in the stampede for safety "Men were tearing off their ties and shirts. I saw women just stripping off their clothing and everybody was pushing like mad to get down When someone fell, the mob trampled over him "I saw a young girl trampled to death Everybody tried to save too Heath 'seems resigned' Miners waving their 6yes' votes LONDON (AP) British coal miners appear to have voted strongly in favor of authorizing an all-out national strike, say preliminary estimates from the coal fields. Oil group wants cost stability VIENNA The Organization off. Petroleum Exporting Countfies (OPEC) has completed -plans for a global assessment of oil values'and to work out a long- range price strategy. Economic experts from OPEC's 12 members were re- ported Friday night to be strongly in favor of fixing oil prices in exchange for similar stability in the cost of capital goods and raw materials needed by oil-producing coun- tries. The long-range study was set in motion by OPEC's high- level economic commission during a five-day private meeting at the organization's Vienna headquarters. OPEC sources said the study probably will take six months, providing data for a price structure likely to be completed by the end of 1974. The sources said it will de- pend on the price levels of in- dustrialized goods whether oil prices will be raised again April 1. OPEC sources said that sentiment within the organization is against a proposal by Saudi Arabia to reduce current prices. OPEC members are Algeria, Ecuador. Indonesia. Iran. Iraq. Kuwait, Libya. Nigeria, Qatar. United Arab Emirates. Saudi Arabia and Venezuela and htard About town Ray Morton wondering if Henderson Lake would tip if he stepped on Ihe ice today during the Skateja-thon Marguerite Kiinkhammer resolving one minor traffic accident, only to pet involved in another within the hour The miners' leaders, who predicted before the strike- authorization vote began that at least 65 per cent would vote to support a walkout, have revised their estimate to 75 per cent. A 55-per-cent majority is needed to authorize a strike. Estimates at some of the collieries were that more than 90 per cent of the miners voted for a strike in the balloting Thursday and Friday. At many pits, miners ignored private voting booths andrmarked their ballots {OF all to see, cheerfully waving their "yes" votes in front of reporters and television cameras. A strike would "further reduce Britain's power supplies which have already been severely reduced because of -the miners' 12- week-old refusal to work overtime. The power shortage already has caused the government to put non- essential industries on a three-day work week. Officials say a complete miners' walkout might reduce the week to two days or even one. The count, being conducted by the independent Electoral Reform Society, has started in London and is expected to end Sunday. Results probably will be announced Monday. If approved the strike is ten- tatively scheduled for Feb. 10. Prime Minister Edward Heath told a meeting of his Conservative party Friday in Stoke-on-Trent that be hopes Britain's "traditional belief in fairness and reason" will stave off a strike. Heath apparently believes a "yes" vote is inevitable and rather than await the outcome, he invited leaders of the Trades Union Congress the umbrella organization of British unions, and industrial leaders to meet in his Downing Street offices early in the week. Many observers believe the prime minister is gradually abandoning the tough, no-sur- render line he originally took against the coal miners and now is hastily searching for a face-saving formula that will give them more money without seeming to breach the government's statutory prices and incomes controls. There has been a great deal of ambiguous talk by both the government and the onions during the last several weeks and an extraordinary number of contradictory newspaper and magazine reports. Tories rap Lougheed's interference EDMONTON (CP) Two provincial constituency associations have criticized the7 Alberta government in resolutions to be discussed tttaay during the annual Convention of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta. The Calgary Elbow Constituency Association objects that the government has moved away from a basic party position by interfering with free enterprise in its health-care delivery system and by interfering with the free marketing of petroleum products and other energy resources. Calgary Foothills says only that it "deplores the increasing trend of government intervention in the field of free enterprise." A booklet distributed Friday night shows 75 resolutions prepared for presentation to the second day of the convention, which has attracted about delegates. Other submissions concern: of the recreational potential of the Eastern Slopes of the Rocky Mountains and other areas; Equitable distribution of tax money between supporters of public and separate schols; of land use near municipalities. A resolution submitted by Pincher Creek Crowsnest advocated welcoming Fernie, B.C.. to join Alberta as part of the existing constituency in Southwestern Alberta or as a separate constituency. Fernie officials threatened recently to succeed from B.C. because the community was omitted from a B.C. provincial map prepared for distribution at Expo 74 in Spokane. More OB convention on page 3. Try Chinese egg trick with your lunch Monday BROOKS Brooks restaurant operator Owen Lee says the Chinese have known for centuries that on Feb 4 you can balance an egg on end Mr Lee says timing is critical you must make the attempt when Ihe sun is exactly overhead at noon. He thinks it has something to do with gravity. Mr Lee has tned it on three separate occasions and it has worked But it only works on Feb. 4. exactly at noon He advises asing' a fresh egg only with the pointed end op Watergate wind up rejected WASHINGTON