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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wtdnwdoy, Hbruory 1, 1972 THE LETHMIDCE HRtALD 713 Were Australians cowards in Second World War? ANGELA ENTERS COURT Angela Y. Davis enters Santa Clara County Superior court in San Jose for Ihe start of pre-trial motions in the case. Behind her is defence at- torney Howard Moore Jr. Miss Davis is charged with mur- der, kidnapping, and conspiracy. The internationally fol- lowed case was transferred here from Marin County, Dec. 1. Woman freed after waiting six years to go to prison By VINCENT MATTHEWS CP Correspondent CANBERRA (CP) Were Australians cowards in the Second World War? This question is being asked here amid dramatic and embar- rassing allegations made by veterans and a former gov- ernment minister on the atti- tude of troops and civilians when the Japanese were on their march of conquest in the early 1940s. Tile allegations have tended to tarnish the image of the gallant Aussie digger as cheerfully heroic. And they have increased demands for the release of Australian war cabinet records. Argument over Australia's role in the war began with the disclosures in the released records of the British war cabinet that former prime minister John Curtin and Brit- ain's Winston Churchill had biller disagreements about the use of Australian troops. But the soul-searching and memory-digging took a differ- ent course when a former pri- vate in the Australian army wrote to a Canberra news- paper saying it was time the truth was told of ttie "coward- ice, desertion and collabora- tion with the enemy" of Aus- tralian soldiers during the war against Japan. The veteran Michael Cavan- ougli, a dispatch lider in MS' laya during the war and now a Canberra journalist, said he had written to (lie newspaper with his own personal recol- lections of the war because of "resentment that has been building up inside me for 30 years." 'NOT THAT TOUGH1 And the former Labor oppo- sition leader, Arthur Calwell, who was information minister in the government from 1943 to 1949 and a member of Par- liament before that, claimed that "we arc not the tough, invincible people we try to persuade ourselves we are and the complete story of Uie war years will prove it." Calwell, referring to the Japanese bombing of Dai-win, asked: "Why is there suppression of information concerning the bombings and the panic- stricken civilian rush south that followed and had to be stopped by force? "Why were so many ordi- narily decent Australians gripped so suddenly by such Calwell said Uiat former prime minister Ben Chifley told him that in the week after the Japanese midget submarine attack in Sydney harbor, the people of Sydney drew million out of their bank accounts. News analysis Sadat survives first real threat CAIRO (AP) President Amrar Sadat has survived Ihe first threat to his regime from the public since he took over from Gamal Abdel Nasser more than a year ago. He did it by using restraint. It was not much of a threat at the start. The milling, chanting demonstrators last week were mostly students. The rest of the public did not join in. But with a little bloodshed it could have got out of hand. The government's restraint deprived the students of a cause, a battle cry ;o rally the people behind them. Riot police whacked scores of heads, hut they were not issued firearms and used only bamboo sticks and tear gas against the rock- throwing students. If they had shot a few, as they did during the last demonstra- tions in Cairo in 1968, they could have precipitated city-wide riots that could have posed a real threat to Sadat's basically mod- erate regime. It's hard to whip up a riot, let alone a revolt, around such bat- tle cries as "Tell us the "Long live "Release DETROIT (AP) Eula Lee Warner, who waited six years to begin serving time for a 1964 narcotics conviction, has been granted her freedom by a fed- eral judge. U.S. District Court Judge Cor- nelia Kennedy said the delay was unreasonable and to en- Dog-calcliers aid under study SASKATOON (CP) City council is looking into the pos- sibility of having police issue summons to owners of dogs that evade the city dog-catchers. The city solicitor's depart- ment was asked to study the idea after a .report was receiv- ed from the dog licence inspec- tors. The report said inspectors often chase wandering dogs, which run for home and are let into the house to evade the catchers. force the sentence now would be a "denial of due process." Miss Warner, 37, was con- victed in 1954 of possessing her- oin. She was sentenced to five years in prison. The conviction was appealed to the U.S. Su- preme Court and upheld in 1965. She waited for federal offi- cials to take her to prison, working at. several jobs, curing herself of her narcotic addiction and staying out of trouble with the law. her lawyer Richard Zipstcr, said. It wasn't until January, 1971 Zipsler said, when "somebody shuffled some papers in the jus- tice department and discovered Miss that she began sen-ing her sentence at a fed- eral women's reformatory in West Virginia. Once in jail, she wrote a let- ter to Judge Kennedy explaining her plight and asking for court assistance. The judge appointed Zipstcr her counsel. "No one can account far the delay in placing her in Zipsler said. "But there was a mistake and it was the mistake of a federal official." ACTIVE TV FEBRUARY CLEARANCE R.C.A. 23" COMSOLE Walnut Cabinet. Reg. SPECIAL------ 1238 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-5070 Judge launches parole campaign OTTAWA (CP) Vancouver Judge A. L. Bewley, a delegate at the nationa' law conference here, has launched a crusade to get judges a veto over National Parole Board decisions. The British Columbia provin- cial court judge said in an inter- view Tuesday night the sentenc- ing judge should be consulted before a person is paroled. Judge Bewley arrived here armed with dossiers on 60 crim- inals who he said had commit- ted frequent offences yet were paroled several times. Some had committed serious crimes while on parole, yet were re- leased again. The emphasis Solicitor-Gen- eral Jean-Pierre Goyer and the parole system were putting on rehabilitation was filling rather than emptying the prisons. "Hard-nosed criminals are laughing all the way to the bank next bank they are going to he said, claiming that other judges share his views. He took particular issue with Mr. Goyer's suggestion that judges need guidelines in sen- tencing. The Supreme Court of Canada already provides such guidelines, he said. SENTENCES MOCKED His main point was that sen- tences were being "emasculated and mocked" by lenient federal treatment. He cited the case of a Penticton teller given a our arrested student comrades" and "Give us war or peace, but nothing in between." PROTESTED DOUBLE TALK The students were protesting the double talk they have been getting from the three-year sentence for stealing from the bank in which she worked. The Crown appealed and the British Columbia appellate court doubled the sentence to six years. The woman went to Kingston prison but was given day parole to study at Queen's University. Judge Bewley said she served about 18 months of the six-year sentence. Meanwhile, the bank manager was fired, lost his pen- sion and was near the need for welfare at one point because of the theft. "No one thinks of the he said. He related ir.uch of the crime in Vancouver to drug addiction but said he doesn't support the LeDain commission's recom- mendation that medical admin- istration of heroin, under strict controls, be made legal to help treat addicts. Judge Bewley said addicts cam go to Vancouver's Narcotics Control Foundation and be treated with methadone, a nar- cotic less severe than heroin. He added that many balk at the methadone treatment. The LeDain commission, in its recent report on non-medical use of drags, agreed, saying however that legal use of heroin might convince more addicts to go in for treatment. PRESIDEN SADAT use restraint fiery official statements calling for the "first battle with Israel" from a government that knows it is no better organized to bat- tle Israel than the previous ones that fought and lost. The demonstrations appeared :o be spontaneous, and the stu- dents also were relatively re- strained. They seemed too dis- organized to be guided by any ;inister unseen hand as Sadat charged. There was no vandalism, no pillaging of shops, not even the posters and banners that nor- mally accompany so-called spontaneous demonstrations in the Arab world. A few windows were broken in downtown Cairo but mainly from rocks meant for the police. For two days the disorganized thousands milled through the streets, chanting, waving their fists and scuffling with riot po- lice. The third day, Wednesday, was the feat of Bairam, the big- gest religious holiday of the Moslem year, and the steam went right out of the demonstra- tors. The riot police disap- peared, and the streets filled with holidaying families. But the trouble is not over, streets again. The students are still not satis- fied, and they may take to the And Sadat still faces the same dilemma he inherited from Nas- go to war or to sue for peace. "They must have wanted some spare cash to buy rail tickets across the Blue Moun- tains if the Japanese he said. The recollections of ex-pri- vate Cavanough were even more (Imaging to the Aussie digger image. ARREST TROOPS He wrote: "One of our first jobs when we landed in Java was to ar- rest and confine 300 men of the Australian infantry forces who had deserted in Singa- pore and forced their way aboard a British ship which was evacuating women and children from the island. "The troops, led by an Aus- tralian captain, forced their way on board at gunpoint and left British women and chil- dren on the wharf. "No one has ever told what happened to these men but not one of them was ever brought to trial." Oavanough said other vet erans had confirmed his ac- count of wartime events and one, Harry Loekwood, said he believed it was common knowledge that some Austral- ian soldiers had forced their way on to ships just before Singapore fell to the Japa- nese. Cavanough was captured and held a prisoner of the Japanese for four years. He went on: "Nobody has ever told how some senior Australian officers in Java got drunk each night with their Japanese captors and were carried to bed by Australian prisoners. "These officers slept be- tween sheets, had pillow cases and mosquito nets while other ranks had to use banana leaves or strips torn from shirts for bandages. "I have the name of padre who pilfered tobacco from prisoners in a Japanese camp. "The prime minister has a duly to perform in letting the records of those war years bo published." There was an Immediate outcry of protest at Cavan- ough's allegations. The na- tional secretary of the Re- turned Services League, Alex- ander Keys said it was sad to read such statements so long after the events. "The pris- oner-of-war episode was among the most tragic and also most heroic of the whole Australian wartime commit- ments." A former prisoner, Sir Ed- ward Duntop, said: "The per- formance of Australians under shocking conditions is something I will always re- member with pride." Prime Minister William McMahon promised to consi der release of the war records "as soon as possible." The Labor opposition party, which is directly involved be- cause it was a Labor govern- ment that ruled Australia dur- ing the Second World War, is urging that the record be set straight. But the government Is in a dilemma. There still are many people alive who could be "seriously as one official put it, by the publication of the war records. And hi any case the records are understood to be far from complete. STEREO FAIR See Page 7 COUNTER ATTACK: A GOOD WOLF is A DEAD WOIF Clifford Olmstead refutes a public outcry in defence of wolvei referred to in c Weekend Magazine article lost April. A veteran of 46 years of hunting and fishing, he ar- gues that wolves are voracious, and don't necessarily de- serve our sympathy. IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE FAY'S APPAR1L FINAL! COATS and JACKETS -50% Reg. to SPORTSWEAR lk j to SWEATERS GOOD SELECTION OF CARDIGANS and PULLOVERS LOUNGEWEAR 25 50% off ENTIRE STOCK OF DRESSES and GOWNS Petiie Regular and Half Sizes 50% Off BLOUSES UP TO 50% OFF RACK PRICES S2-S5-S10 Consisting of COATS, SUITS, DRESSES, SHIRTS, PANTS SPRING STOCK ARRIVING DAILY NO EXCHANGES OR REFUNDS 407 5th St. S. Phone 327-5176 OPEN MONDAY Thru SATURDAY CONTINUES LAST 3 DAYS PRICES FURTHER REDUCED MAKE AN OFFER National Dept. Stores have purchased part of the smoke damaged stock of Frock Town Ltd., Calgary LADIES' COATS Winter Untrirn Imported Wools and Tweeds 9.00 Smoke Damaged. Reg. to 79.95 BLOUSES j .00 SKIRTS PANT TOPS gi00 Values to 20.00 EVENING GOWNS Finett Fabrics 7-00 1 Reg. to 129.95 SWEATERS PANTS WOOLS ACRYLICS CARDIGANS PULLOVERS _ DOUBLE KNIT PANTS ,00 5-00 Values to 20.00 SPECIAL! SPECIAL! LADIES' DRESSES Party Casual Daytime Wear Fortrel Double Knits, Failles, Many more by leading manufacturers. Reg. to 35.00 1 ,00 O.OQ lo O White Black BRAS BRAS by Wonder Bras and Peter TJ tSU Pan. Reg. lo I SALE STARTS THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 3rd at a.m. Open Mondays to p.m. YOUNG MEN'S and BOYS' BOUTIQUE PURCHASE OF MEN'S KNIT PANTS Diagonal Bottom, Nylon Nylon Popular Drawstring Quilted Flares Bold Colon Sizes 28 to 36. QR Reg. to 15.95 All Sizes BOYS' Quantities 1Q.95 Reg. to 26.95 to 20.00. QQ Your choice vfe? LADIES7 PURSES and HANDBAGS Largest Selection at Lowest Prices Ever (We dare you to compare) Fold Over Clutch Bags Elegant Evening Bags Drawslring Vinyl Bags, flower designs and fabric Rayon satin with beaded front, Gold and Silver-drop-in shoulder chain Cosy, good quality imitation fur bags, with shoulder LOW, LOW PRICES DONT MISS THESE BARGAINS LADIES' PERMANENT PRESS WESTERN STYLE SHIRTS and PANTS Variety of sizes ond colors. Reg. to 11.00........ L.OO PANTY HOSE By MISS FRANCE BOYS' WASH and WEAR PERMA PRESS PANTS AND FLARE BLUE JEANS Reg. 4.95 ,99 FOR THE OUTDOORSMAN VISIT OUR CAMPING DEPT. NEWLY ARRIVED Snow Shoes Camp Stoves Jerry Survival Tend Lanrerns Sleeping Bags Packsacks Nylon Rope Tent Heaters 303 Leo Enfield Rifles JUNIOR ALL-STAR HOCKEY STICKS Complete with Puck and Roll of ,29 CHARGEX at NATIONAL DEPT. STORE CORNER 3rd AVENUE AND 5th STREET SOUTH WE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITIES OPEN Till P.M. THURSDAY and FRIDAY ;