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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 2, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta 1 Page Written by Canadians HOSPITAL NURSES AND 1 PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM POORLY PREPARED FOOD Rigid Economy Enforced by Boards of Directors Upon Housekeepers Who are Not Trained Dietitians Bad for Both the Sick and Those Who Take Care of Them. England's Fighting Suffragettes Now Housed in Modern Officpk ; By a TRAINED DIETITIAN. THERE is" to-day a serious problem to be faced in the supplying and serving: of proper food in hospitals and institutions- This iiuestlon not only affects those living in these places, but also the public at large. In charge of the food Supply are often found incompetent women, who are left in complete c|iarge. and provided they keep down expenses are considered satisfactory. Sometimes will be found in such positions women who are tired of teaching school and think they would like a change of work. Either through the iniluence of friends, or of those .connected with the institution, they are installed as housekeeper, etc., and are Kept on year after year. That such women should have charge of buying and planning the food fqr either sick or well is a serious matter. The result of their inexperience and incompetency is far reaching, and often- disastrous. In the culinary department in hospitals the first thing the parson in charge of the food supply is asked to oonsider is economy. If she keeps within the required amount allowed in her department her wages are not questioned, or her bill of fare examined. Provided no increase in expenses come to the office from her department she is considered a success by the board of managers. If the patients and nurses suffer from the rigid economy practiced, it does not matter-Hard on the Nurses THE result of this economy is felt first of all by the nurses. Prom season to season there is seldom any variation in their meals. They come to table knowing what is to be served, and sick of the sight of the same dishes served up week after week; in fact, seldom is there found on any nurses' tables spring vegetables or fruit iu season. Coarse winter vegetables are served in May and June. Prunes are the favorite fruit, corn: meal mush or bread  and milk will constitute the evening meal after a hard day's work. Any left-over that, can possibly be worked up into a pudding is utilized. "Is there any end to stale bread?" Avas once asked by a weary nurse. Cream Is unknown, and the milk ^served; is usually " blue: Special nurses � cannot'oat the food supplied in / the dining room/and; joke with their patients about being on liquid diet. � The nurses suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia, are anaemic, and in no condition to withstand disease- They very often will contract infectious diseases In hospitals where such cases are not handled. They have to abandon their training; broken down, and not fit for work, are dismissed from the training school and fresh material; used. Some training schools resemble factories In the use of their nurses. They grind them down, give them bad food; if thoy can stand the strain they are kept on! if not;, they may go. There are always women who want to train. � . It can safely he said that the food supplied to nurses'in their course of training in almost any hospital on the -"continent, with few exceptions, is insufficient to keep them in good health, and, is certainly not of the best planning or cpoking In a large hospital on this continent they are serving the same' meals' that were served twenty years ago;, the same uninteresting menu-appears badly" cooked and badly served., In another hospital in Ontario there is a cook who has been there for twenty years. She plans all the diets, and no one dispute her authority. Roast pork appears on private room trays served in chunks, and soups are swimming in fat- The Diet Kitchen ALITTLE improvement on this wholesale management is the institution of the diet kitchen. This has taken awav from the cook the preparation of such delicacies that are usually served between meals, or to private room patients. Even this, although an improvement, suffers from lack of proper supervision. Nurses who know nothing of cooking are left in charge, and thev struggle along as best they can, and pass their knowledge along to the next nurses, whether right or wrong. Again, economy Is the watchword of the diet kitchen. Some hospitals do not make broth at all .for their patients, and if they wish for it, it is usually supplied, from outside. Then again, chicken broth diluted with water is served. If chicken broth is made, one chicken after being used for broth is used for sandwiches, creamed chicken, salad, and every conceivable use a chicken can be put to. If beef broth is made, very often the steak from which all the Juice has been extracted for beef juice is the only meat obtainable. There is no reason, however, why this meat should not be used if proper beef tea meat were supplied. Nurses are taught to substitute clam broth for oyster broth and have even been known to bo asked to make mock oyster soup without clams. Where Patients Suffer THE result of this rigid economy and incompetent management on the patients is that they do not get what they are paying for. A private room patient paying ?25 a week upwards and possibly the salary of one or two nurses should surely get food fit to eat. Ail this is due to the inability and ignorance of the person in charge, whether cook, housekeeper, or nurse. Food -which should be good in quality is disgracefully wasted in preparation that should be used to nourish the patient. There is great need of proper, supervision and management In all hospitals. In this line nurses and patients alike suffer m order that economy be practiced. What is needed in.all;hospitals to-day is trained women who know how to buy, and buy in season, so that some variation may be made and still keep within the amount allowed 'in, their department These women' should also . have a thorough knowledge of food dietetics in order to plan meals 'to meet the needs of all patients, and-also to supervise the preparation of extras in the diet kitchen. Most Hospitals do not give enough consideration to this subject It will be acknowledged that it is necessary to put some one in to look after this work, but "it costs too much." This is usually the end of the matter. Some hospitals have already installed women trained in this work, who have a thorough knowledge of food and its application to health and disease, and under this management the planning of meals, their service, and the droper supervision of invalid cookery are carefully looked after. It might be well to point out here that when a dietitian is installed; she is not a housekeeper as well. These two positions might be combined in a hospital of sixty beds, but in a larger hospital the work of looking after diets and the training of the nurses in this branch of work is sufficient. There are schools giving a special course of study in this work. The Technical School, .Toronto, offers a special course for dietitians which is given during the winter and spring terms. The salary paid ought to'be a good one in such a position, and if the duties be carefully understood .from the outset it Is a work which many women would enjoy. f [By a Month This Year Than Last - A Big. Rush for ' . Dressmakers. OFFICE, OF Fuller of Fight Than Ever,. They are Determined to Make Things Uncomfortable for the Whole Nation Until Their Aim of "Votes for Women" Is Achieved. Special to The Star Weekly. LONDON, Jan. 25." REPEATEDLY raided by the police, their leaders flung into prison under long' sentences of penal servitude, their chiqf financial sup-pcrters, the Pethick Lawrences, withdrawn most suddenly from their secret councils,.the Women's Social and Political Union now have d-eated for themselves a home tl-.at is at' one breath the amazement of their friends and the despair of their enemies. Tho first photographs of these new headquarters of the militant suffragettes, in England accompany this aiti cle. At a glance it will be seen that Mrs. Pankhurst's redoubtable organization of Amazons has suffered no "sad sea-green change" in Its progress frcrr. its old, small und modest offices in Clement's Irn to its new location, "Lincoln's Inn House.''>in; Kings way. a street which was designed by the London County Coureil to be the most handsome thoroughfare in" the whole nretropolls. Yet six years ago a little rccm in Chelsea was sufficient to hold that tiny har-dful of women who met and conslpred to arouse England to the urgent need of "Votes/Tor Women." A year laler they had three rooms In Clement's Inn. In five years they required the use of twenty-seven rooms, to say i cthing of a largo book and printing stors^in Charing Cross road, ai.d numerorsbloeal branch establish^ ments dotted about London. Now they have at their disposal and command one of the most striking buildings elected in London of recent years-a palace built of Portland stone, in Italian renaissance style, distinguished by its height, by the four rounded-pillars which can be noted on the ground floor of the first elevation, and by a magnificent pillared entrance hall t� hich contains an ' imposing gallery und a ihulteil celling/twenty-one feet high. And yet. no sooner have they moved into it than they have discovered that this noble structure is barely large enough to accommodate their mjriad actlvltlep! The Leaders' Floor THE fiist floor Is naturally the leaders' floor. A centre room in the front is tne main parlor of the organization, the room where all kinds of visitors are received end when, some interesting photographs fire exnlbited. Two of these photographs show Mr. Lloyd George and Lord Gladstone on the witnese stand in Bow Street Police Court under cross-examination by Miss C^lcii ahfti "PpTikhnrst. LL.B.. during the trial of the Suffragist leaders In IfiOS- What causes the tears of the emotional BUffrfi&etteB to flow is a photograph of Miss Chrlstabel herself 0> life* BREAKING THE MONOTONY OF A LONG VOYAGE: LADIES' SHOE RACE ABOARD A LINER t � ' The competitors have to race the length of the deck to a sack containing their shoes; have to sort out their own, put thernfpri,?'and then race back again. To add to the difficulties of the ladies, it is usua! to mix with their shoes a number belong-jngtato5non^cornpetitors.~-fIHu8trated London News. -"a very raro one �.t the age of one year." Around this rarlor arc grouped rcoros occupied by the chief permanent officials of (he union-by the secretaries as offices, as'departments for stencilling and duplicating, as centres for the diiection of voluntary workers, and as storage for stationery-an enormous quantity of which is necessarily ccrsumed every week. The' second floor Is given over to an ej;rerii ionally handsome paneled general office.-38 feet long by 20 feet wide. Six typists are at work here under the charge of. a general manager, and here also is tbe union's telephone exchange. Then at the back is the "General's" office from which radiates the nerves of the union and from which the vast network of organizations classed under the heading of "local unions" is controlled. The third floor is sacred to the memory of the fair Chrlstabel. Hore a. g\:!de will show you a room not apart for (he absent and bemoaned LL.B., "ready," you aro told, "to bo occupied by the "absent loader of the W.S.P.U. on her return-be that when It may- from Perls." On the same floor, at the .hack, is the treasury, a deDartment calculated to evoko rennect from', all-' comers" vhen It In realized that it taises .120.000 or' SSo.nnn in n, few mlri--i:tes Dire" or r'oiir nmen venrlv by Its collection. >it ltn Mb��Tt T-Toii 'meetings. , A Commanding View CLOSE at hand 1e the staff of tho Finance Department, and other rooms required for general organization, while on the upper floors can be fcund the office's of their weekly pa-pei. "The Suffragette," a press depart-irejit, a tea room, and a wide roofi gardc-ji "commanding," declared one' enthusiast, "a magnificent view of the world' the Suffrnpettes are out to conquer:'' The entrance hall is to bo taken over shortly by the Woman's Press, but, in | addition, there will be stored there the, silk banners so familiar to Londoners! in the suffragette processions-two' can be seen In the photograph. I The greater centre of pilgrimage of suffragette sympathizers, however, is a, tiny room In the basement-a photograph of which Is given. This is Mrs. Pankhurw.s's own private and exclusive 'audience chamber. Whllo she | Is away Is it kept carefully locked. To. obtain - admission'' *n� 'l'Mv.v?ror"-^'*. n.nd. greater rfpf"U>no� to the old nld forceH of U'.w <\hd' order-whether tli"�v ..he police. p,,,.|'pin<./it. prlRo�g. or fioldl?r�.. Tin;. IhpI -manifesto l� the British nit'nn � states "ulto plnlnly! "Ttittrrt. run hp no !'("fl Wh'"' woir.cn are veielcos. ailil.ar.c,. a,.... rages throughout .the,-country, and will continue until women are ac-cordecL their citizen rights., ,7'hc. Pjiib  lie is being subjected io" Inconvenience, people are feeling tllatx their 'Business* may be seriously Interfered' J,\*lAi,'' their property rendered^1 unda'fe'Mn'l fact, a general sense- ofinsecurity tliaS1 been created, and the public Mki btoan made effectually to reaUne that.i it ;is to Its disatUiintago to leav^.. women outlaws in its midst, and that to turn them into law-abiding .citizens might prove the wiser course." SHORT mi By Tall Women of the English Court Circles-Effect Is Not So Good. COURT TO BE EARLIER Siiec'ial to The Star Weekly. LONDON, Jan. 26. "�HE most exclusive circles iti British society have been thrown into a flutter of excitement by the announcement of tha Lord Chamberlain that the first Court of St- James' for 1913 will be held on February 7th. -Last year the fir.^t Court was not held until March 8th, and the year before it did not acually tako place until May'9th. The consequences oC'thi's unexpected action of the Kirig'"'have been curiously 'widespread. The dhlef lights jC dlp'ldmaey and the' official world, as weli'ai the society dames with the privilege' of entree, havo had to cur-tall their New Year holidays and hasten to London, while the fashionable dressmakers of the "west end have been nearly distracted by the rate at which they have had to rush orders. The new rfgula.tions. as to- tho length of trains are causing a good deal of searching of heart.. The.trains are shorter by. hailf a yard than1 they used to be, and it'is now being/real--ized that that appendage is being shorn of a good deal of its dignity, Said one of the'most fashionable Court modistes in New Bond street to me: "You must remember that there aro a great many tall women to maite their bow to the King and Queen, and a train three, yards long is somewhat scanty, and the effect is nothing like so good. I know that the idea, in cur-tailoring the train is to shorten tho .ceremony .so that the passing can bo quickly managed, and that the now train Is less cumbersome to the wearer in many unexpected ways; but I and most of my customer's prefer, the old lengtlb-rlt is more stately.". It Is not .proba-blo/th'at there will bo more than "four courts held this year. There w^ere .jipt^jthe usual number of Important .....j^arriages jin. town this. ow^^a.R^.^^^fes^ia�sjw?b-?",? of^v ^brideSjy;. thaf., w'lii have; to be pregenie^. \No..yoyirig. Royalty" will maite'her' A"pp^arance;"Jand 'It is too early to say ye* iwho will be;